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PEP小学英语语法要点复习

发布时间:2014-02-25 13:07:13  

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(2)现在进行时表示动作正在进行或事情正在发生。

(3)一个句子中既有be动词,又有动词,且动词加了ing。

(五)书本例句展示:

What are you doing?—I am reading a book. Brother is doing homework in the study. What is your father doing?—He’s writing an e-mail. Look,the monkey is swinging. What are the ducks doing ?—They are swimming. What is it doing ?—It is running.

(六)现在进行时练习题精选:

一.用现在进行时完成下列句子:

1. ______you__________(fly) a kite? Yes, I am.

2. ______you___________(sit) in the boat?

3. ______he_____________(talk) with me?

4. We_______________(play) football now.

5. What_________you__________(do)?

6. I_____________(sing) an English song.

7. What________he____________(mend)?

8. He______________(mend) a car.

9. These boys _________ (play) tennis on the playground.

10. My mother______________ (cook) in the kitchen.

11. We can’t help you,because we ____________ (have )classes.

12. ________ the boy ___________ (write) his homework?

13. Look! These butterflies _________ (fly) in the sky.

14. Listen! The girl ___________ (sing) in the next room.

15. The naughty boy __________ (swim) in the river.

二.选择

( )1. Look. Lucy is_____ a new bike today.

A. jumping B. running C. riding D taking

( )2. The children _____ football.

A. is playing B. are playing C. play the D. play a

( )3. They ______TV in the evening. They do their homework.

A. are watching B. can‘t watching C. don’t watch D. don‘t watching

( )4. Listen! She____ in the classroom.

A. is singing B. sing C .to sing D. is sing

( )5. ______are you eating? I’m eating ______ meat.

A. What,some B. Which,any C. Where,not D. What,a

( )6. Is she ____ something?

A. eat B. eating C. eating D. eats

( )7.My dictionary ___,I have looked for it everywhere but still___ it.

A. has lost,don’t find B. is missing,don’t find

C. has lost,haven’t found D. is missing,haven’t found.

( )8.Look! The children_______ basketball on the playground.

A. plays B. played C. is playing D. are playing

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5.※常见不规则动词过去式:

am/is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came,

have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat teach-taught swim-swam( 其中was not=wasn’t were not=weren’t)

(四)一般过去式温馨提示:

1.句子中应有表示过去时间的标志性的词,如:yesterday,last year , just now,last week , last night, last weekend , three days ago……

2.在肯定句中应该使用动词的过去式形式,在否定句和疑问句中有did/didn’t 出现时,动词应改用原形。

(五)书本例句展示:

What did you do last weekend / yesterday? -----I visited my grandparents.

Did you help them clean their room?-----------Yes,I did./No,I didn’t.

What did you do on your holiday?-----------I ate good food.

Where did you go on your holiday?----I went to Xinjiang.

How did you go there? ------I went by train.

What did you do there? -----I ate some good food.

I sang and danced with my new friends.

(六) 一般过去时练习题精选:

一、写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

二、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago.

4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

三、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

四、用行为动词的适当形式填空

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如:How many students are there in you classroom? How many people are there in your family? b.How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

如:How much milk is there in your bottle?

温馨提示:在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词形式根据离be 动词近的那个名词决定。

一、用恰当的be动词填空。

1、There _____ a lot of sweets in the box.

2、There _____ some milk in the glass.

3、There _____ some people under the the big tree.

4、There _____ a picture and a map on the wall.

5、There _____ a box of pens near the books.

6、There _____ lots of flowers in our garden last year.

7、There _____ a tin of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.

8、There _____ four cups of coffee on the table

七、情态动词用法:

我们现在学过的情态动词有:can、must、should、would。

情态动词后动词总是用原形。(不受其他任何条件影响)

Can you spell these words? You must get to school on time. We should study hard.

八.各种句式总汇:

(一)一般疑问句:

1. 一般疑问句是疑问句的一种。它是指用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。

其结构是: Be动词/助动词(do,does,did,will)/情态动词+主语+其他成分? 通常回答为: 肯定: Yes,+主语+提问的助动词.

否定: No,+主语+提问的助动词+not.

如: (1)Are you from Japan?

----Yes I am. / No I'm not.

(2)Is her sister doing her homework now?

----Yes she is. / No she isn't.

(3)Does he work in a bank?

---Yes he does. / No he doesn't.

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(4)Do you live near your school?

----Yes I do. / No I don't.

2. 课文例句:

Is she your sister?--- No, she is my mom.

Do you like pears? ---Yes, I do.

Are you ready? ---Yes.

Is this your bedroom?--- Yes, it is.

Is she in the living room/ study?--- No, she isn't.

Are they in the table/ near the phone? ---No, they aren't.

Is this a teacher's desk/ a TV/ a computer/ picture? ---Yes, it is.

Mom, can I wear my new shirt?--- No, you can't.

Is she quiet/ strict? Yes, she is./--- No, she isn't.

Can you find the differences?

Is there a river in the park?

Are there any bridges in your village?

Is your birthday in February, too?

Does he go to school by bus?

Did you go to the park?

Are they playing in the river? No, they aren't/ Yes,they are.

(二)选择疑问句:

选择疑问句是指提出两个或两个以上可能的答案供对方选择的句式。

温馨提示:一般用or连接选择部分,不能用yes , no 来回答。

Which ruler shall I use, the short one or the tall one ?

课文例句:

Guess, boy or girl?---Boy.

Is your pen pal a boy or a girl?-----A girl.

(三)特殊疑问句:

1、含义:以特殊疑问词开头,对句中某一成分提问的句子叫特殊疑问句。

2、常用的疑问词有:what 、who 、whose 、which 、when 、where 、how 、why等。 11

疑问代词:what,who(谁,作主语), which(哪个,在一定范围内选择), whose(谁的,指

附属关系), whom(谁,作宾语)

疑问副词: when(何时,询问时间), where(何地,询问地点), why(为什么,询问原因)

how(如何,询问手段,方式,工具以及程度)

疑问形容词:what(which,whose)+名词

3、课文例句展示:

What's your name? ---My name's Chen Jie.

How are you? ---Fine, thank you.

How old are you?--- I'm 9.

How many balloons?--- 4.

Where are you from?--- I'm from America.

Who's that woman?--- She's my mother.

How many kites can you see? ---I can see 12.

Where is the canteen?---- It's on the first floor.

What's the weather like in Beijing?----It's rainy today.

What's the matter?---- I have a cold.

How much is this dress?----It's 99 yuan.

What are they? ----They are goats.

What would you like?---- I like some rice and soup.

Where are you going this afternoon?--- I'm going to the bookstore.

What's your hobby?--- I like collecting stamps.

What does your father do?--- He's a teacher.

What are you going to be?---- I'm going to be a ...

How does he go to work?---- He goes to work by bike.

What's he like?--- He's short and thin.

Which season do you like best?--- Spring.

Why do you like spring? ----Because I can plant trees.

What is he doing? ----He's eating lunch.

How tall are they?---- I'm 164 cm tall.

What did you do last weekend? ----I visited my grandparents.

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How did you go there?---- I went by train.

(四)表委婉请求礼貌用语:

表示一种委婉的语气,用于客气的请求,是以can, may,could,should,would 等引导的问句。 课文例句展示:

(1) May I have a look? ----Sure.

(2) Can I have some chicken? ----Sure, here you are.

(3) Can you read this? ----Sure.

(4) Can I use your pencil? ----No problem.

(5) Mom, can I wear my new shirt?---- No, you can't.

(6) Can I help you? ---Sure.

(五)Let 开头的祈使句

用于表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等的句子叫做祈使句。

小学阶段由"let"带头的祈使句是个常见的动词句型

肯定句型:Let+人+行为动词原形+其它

课文例句:Let's go to school. Let's pick up the apples.

Let's watch TV. Let's paint! Let's fly a kite/ draw a picture.

(六)感叹句:

主要的表现形式只有两种,即what和how引导的感叹句。

what修饰名词,how修饰形容词、副词或动词。

由感叹词what引导的感叹句:

1. What+a(an)+(形容词)+单数可数名词+主语+谓语!

2. What+(形容词)+可数名词复数或不可数名词+主语+谓语!

课文例句展示:

What a big fish! How funny!

How nice/cute! What a nice day!

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