haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 小学教育 > 小学英语小学英语

六年级语法

发布时间:2014-02-25 17:09:17  

小学英语语法及习题

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, c

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brus

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-familie

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policchild-children

foot-feet,.tooth-teeth

fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

二、一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:

I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?

- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:- Does she go to work by bike?

- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go t动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses,

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-

三、现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.

3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:

疑问词 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

但疑问词当主语时其结构为:

疑问词 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,

四、将来时

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某

二、基本结构:①be going to + do;

②will+ do.

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)后加not或情态动词

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are y

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况

1.问人 Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going

2.问干什么 What ? do.例如: My father is going to wafternoon. →What is your father going to do with y

3.问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. to bed?

六、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swim

gs, cat-cats, bed-beds

, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

:knife-knives

policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

Japanese-Japanese

s blue.天空是蓝色的。

six every day.我每天六点起床。

he sun.地球绕着太阳转。

词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。 my bike?

其它)。如:

句。如:

问句。如:

your father go to work?

lk-milks

ses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

tudy-studies

也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。ng, taste-tasting

写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(w

或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

rnoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?对划线部分有三种情况。

n. →Who’s going to New York soon.

to watch a race with me this

ith you this afternoon.

to bed at nine. →When is she going????

= I will go swimming tomorrow.

ping

orrow, next day(week, month, year?),soon, the day after tomorrow(

on. weekend?

ter tomorrow(后天)等。

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com