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第二单元单词

发布时间:2014-03-01 19:31:22  

1、clean

?adj.干净的;纯洁的;完全的;空白的;正当的;精准的 ?v.打扫;清扫;擦,刷

?用作形容词 (adj.)

?You must keep your clothes clean.

你必须保持衣着整洁。

?I'll let you use my bike on condition that you keep it clean. 如果你能保持车子干净,我就让你用我的自行车。

?用作动词 (v.)

?Please clean the window as I can hardly see out.

请把窗子弄干净,我几乎看不到外面。

?The mayor is determined to clean up the city.

市长决心清除市内的不良现象。

?词组:clean up打扫干净

?2. give常见短语

?give up放弃 give up doing sth.

give away赠送,分发(常用捐赠的意思)

give back=return归还

give in屈服,让步,投降

give off发出(蒸汽,光等)

give out发出(气味,热等);分发 give ... a hand给予(某人)帮助 give a concert开音乐会

give birth to生(孩子)

?3、put常见短语

?put away 把……收拾干净

put on v.穿上,

put up v.举起, 抬起, 进行

put off v.推迟, 拖延

put down v.放下, 拒绝, 镇压, 削减

?put out v.扑灭

put sth aside 放到一边,

put back,放回,

4、sign

?n.手势;招牌;符号 v.签名;做手势;做标记?I talked with him by signs.

我和他用手势交谈。

?The sign was no longer legible .

这块招牌已看不清楚。

?He signed his name on the cheque.

他在支票上签了名。

?The postman asked me to sign for the letter.

邮差叫我签名收信。

?She signed to us to stop talking.

她做手势示意我们不要讲话。

?这袜子看得出已经穿旧了。

?易混:

?sign (n)- single – signal

?single bed单人床– double bed双人床

?误 The stockings show sign of wear.

?正 The stockings show signs of wear.

?析 show signs of(表示“显出…的迹象”)一语中, sign习惯用复数。

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