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小升初英语复习资料:国际音标、词汇、句型

发布时间:2014-03-04 19:29:34  

英语国际音标表(48个)

元音(20个) 长元音 短元音 双元音

/ɑ:/ / ?/ /e?/ /??/ /??/

/?:/ /?/ /a?/ /e?/ /a?/

/ ?:/ /?/ /??/ /??/

/i:/ /?/

/U:/ /?/

/e/

/?/

辅音(28个) 轻辅音 /p/ 浊辅音 /b/ 轻辅音 浊辅音 鼻音 半元音 边音

/?/ /?/ /m/ / j/ / ?/

/ t/ /d/ / h/ / r/ /n/ / w/

/ k/ /g/ /ts/ /dz/ /?/

/f/ /v/ /t?/ /d?/

/θ/ /e/ /tr/ /dr/

/s/ /z/

英语音标及字母组合对照

1.元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i)

three tree green sheep meet beef see seek

eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please he she me

piece receive ceiling

2) [ I ]发音字母 i y e ui u a

sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss myth many twenty happy dictionary defect decide delicious 3) [ ? ] 发音字母 a

bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man 4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay) head bread pleasure

elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or

girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard term her nerd serve work worm work world

6) [ε] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u

teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tractor

delicious gracious pleasure

familiar collar dollar

together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan china men listen

famulus Saturday

7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a

car farm card arm garden

fast class last glass plant aunt calm

8) [ ? ] 发音字母 u o ou oo

up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus

come mother dose brother love above

trouble rough flourish

blood flood

9) [?: ]字母组合 al or au our ar

small wall talk tall hall ball call walk

short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store

author caught autumn

four mourn court bought

warm quarrel quarter

10) [ ? ] ([?])发音字母 o a ou

hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not

want wash watch

11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u

food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth

shoe do two

true truth blue full prude

12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o

look good foot book wood

should could

put full bull pull push

woman wolf

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

name cake late gate plane April

play say may way

great break

rain paint plain

they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

bike fine find die nine light night high

my try fly eye

15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow

house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse flower down now cow how town

16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oa

home cold go no phone host ghost

know low below grow blow show flow

2

boat coat goal 17) [ ?? ] 字母组合oy oi boy toy joy

oil soil voice choice 18) [iε] 字母组合 eer ear beer deer ear near

here fierce idea

19) [ ?? ] ([e?])字母组合ear air ere pear bear

chair air fair there where care

20) [uε] [au?]字母组合our ower hour tour flower shower 新新旧旧英英语语国国际际音音标标对对照照表表

1.Animals (动物) dog 狗 cat 猫 monkey 猴子tiger 老虎 panda 熊猫zebra 斑马bird 鸟elephant 象 2.Fruit (水果) apple 苹果 orange 橘子banana 香蕉 pear梨peach 桃子mango 芒果 pineapple 菠萝watermelon 西瓜

3.Clothing items (衣物类) coat 外套;大衣 jacket 茄克衫;短上衣 sweater 毛衣;(厚)运动服blouse (女式)衬衫 dress 连衣裙;晚礼服 skirt 短裙 shirt 衬衫 T-shirt T恤衫

4.Food and drinks (食物和饮料) cake 蛋糕 hamburger 汉堡 egg 蛋;鸡蛋 ice-cream 冰淇淋 coffee 咖啡 tea 茶;茶叶 milk 牛奶 juice 果汁

5.Colours (颜色) red 红色;红色的 green 绿色 white 白色 black 黑色 yellow 黄色 blue 蓝色orange桔黄色 brown棕色;褐色

6.Things for school (学校用品)book 书 pen 钢笔 pencil 铅笔 ball pen 圆珠笔 pencil box 文具盒 pencil sharpener 卷笔刀 rubber 橡皮 ruler 尺

7.Vehicles(交通工具)car 小汽车 bike 自行车 bus 公共汽车 plane 飞机

8.Places (场所)zoo 动物园 park 公园 cinema 电影院 supermarket 超市 the Great Wall 长城 9.People(人物)man 人;男人 woman 妇女 boy 男孩 girl 女孩

10.Things in a room(房内物品) bed 床 table 桌子 chair 椅子 fridge 冰箱 bookcase 书橱

3

desk 书桌 sofa 沙发 telephone 电话 light 电灯 TV 电视机door 门 window 窗子 Walkman 随身听 box 盒子 basket 篮子 tap水龙头

B

1、 Family members(家庭成员) father父亲 mother 母亲 grandfather祖父 grandmother 祖母 aunt姨妈;舅母 uncle 伯父;舅父 brother/son 兄;弟/儿子 sister/daughter 姐;妹/女儿

2、 Clothing items (衣物) cap 便帽 hat 帽子 tie 领带 vest 背心 belt 皮带 trousers (复数)长裤shoe 鞋 sock 袜子

3、Things for school (学校用品) storybook 故事书 copybook 抄写本 knife 小刀tape 修正带;胶带 crayon 蜡笔 school bag 书包 stapler 订书机

4、Things in a room (室内物品)clock 闹钟 computer 电脑 radio 收音机 camera 照相机 watch 手表 toy train 玩具火车 key 钥匙

5、Musical instrument(乐器)piano 钢琴 violin 小提琴 guitar 吉他accordion 手风琴

6、Sports (体育运动) football 足球basketball 篮球volleyball 排球 baseball 棒球swimming 游泳skating 滑冰climbing 爬山skiing 滑雪fishing 钓鱼jogging 慢跑running 跑 rowing 划船

7、Food and drinks(饮食)hot dog 热狗sandwich 三明治pie 馅饼bread 面包rice 米饭soft drinks清凉饮料chocolate 巧克力milk 牛奶

8、Rooms (房间)sitting-room 起居室dining-room 餐厅bedroom 卧室bathroom 舆洗室study 书房kitchen 厨房

c

a pen一支钢笔 a dog一条狗 a key一把钥匙 a ball pen一支圆珠笔 a tiger一支老虎 a purse一个钱包 a pencil一支铅笔 a fan一把扇子 a storybook一本故事书 a book一本书 a cat一只猫 a tape一个修正带 a car 一辆小汽车 a bike 一辆自行车 a kite 一个风筝 a bus一辆公共汽车 a ruler一把尺 a rubber一块橡皮 a pencil case一个铅笔袋 a tiger一只老虎 a panda一只熊猫 a desk一张课桌 a shop一家商店a pair of shoes 一双鞋子 a sweater 一件毛衣a jacket 一件茄克衫 big 大的 small 小的 long 长的 short 短的 one 一 two 二 three 三 four 四 five 五 six 六 seven七 eight八 nine 九 ten 十 eat 吃 drink 喝 write 写 read 读 close 关、闭 open 打开 tired 疲劳的、累的 ill 有病的 cold 冷的 hungry 饥饿的 thirsty渴的

d

a student 一个学生 a teacher 一个老师 a doctor 一个医生a nurse 一个护士 a boy 一个男孩 a girl 一个女孩 a man 一个男人a woman 一个女人 new 新的 grandfather (外)祖父 grandmother (外)祖母 father 父亲 mother 母亲 brother 兄弟 sister 姐妹 an eye 一只眼睛 a mouth一张嘴 white白色的 a skirt一条短裙 a friend一个朋友 a policeman一个警察 a policewoman一个女警察 a waiter一个男服务员 a waitress一个女服务员 a driver一个司机a worker一个工人 an engineer一位工程师 a farmer 一个农民a postman一个邮递员 a cook一个厨师 apples苹果 an apple一只苹果 oranges桔子 an orange一只桔子bananas香蕉 a banana一只香蕉 peaches桃子 a peach一只桃子grapes葡萄a grape 一粒葡萄watermelons西瓜a watermelon一个西瓜pears梨 a pear一只梨 some一些a station一个车站a hospital一家医院a supermarket一家超级市场by train坐火车 by plane坐飞机 by taxi坐出租汽车 on foot步行please请chip油炸土豆条 noodle面条 sweet糖果chocolate巧克力 tea茶 coffee咖啡 juice汁液a pie 一个馅饼a chair一张椅子 a blackboard一块黑板 a computer一台计算机a picture一张图画 a bookcase一个书架(橱) an office一个办公室a playground一片操场 a classroom一个教室 our我们的a knife一把刀a plate一个盘子a glass一个玻璃杯a cup一个杯子a bottle一个瓶子 a table一张桌子 a fridge一只冰箱 an egg一个蛋(不可数名词) bread面包 rice米;米饭

e

day(一)天;白天 all所有的;全部a reading room一间阅览室 sure有把握的 floor(楼房的)层;地面;地板 4

a garden一个花园 a house 一间房子 a flower一朵花 live居住;生活 a study一个书房 a bedroom一间卧室 large大的 beside在……旁边;靠近 a wall一面墙 between在……中间;在(两者)之间 a bed一张床 under在……下面 behind在……后面 a door一扇门 a lesson 一课a song一首歌 sing唱,唱歌 dance跳舞 play演奏 learn学,学会 listen听 swim游泳 make 做,制造ride骑(马、自行车) put放,摆 can能 a family一个家庭 things东西、物品 a vase一个花瓶 a horse一只马 a chicken一只鸡 a duck一只鸭子 a pig一只猪 evenings晚上 need需要 work工作,劳动 a candle 一支蜡烛morning早晨,上午 ring(铃、钟等)响 sweep扫,扫除 Maths数学sleep睡觉 run 跑,奔跑 walk步行,散步 jump 跳跃 say说 chess棋laugh笑,大笑 a newspaper一张报纸 class课,(学校里的)班 perhaps可能a tent一个帐篷 a pot一只锅a towel一条毛巾 a hill 一座小山children孩子们,儿童 fat胖的 thin瘦的show出示,给……看over结束a square 一个正方形 a star一个星形、星形物 us我们(宾格) fly飞、放(风筝、飞机模型等) art艺术、美术 teach教、教书 the moon月亮 paper纸 a heart一个心、心形物 a shape一个形状 a circle一个圆圈 the sun太阳 help…with帮助… wash clothes洗衣服

f

Monday 星期一 Tuesday 星期二 Wednesday星期三Thursday星期四 Friday星期五 a week一星期(周)Chinese 汉语、中文、中国人 Science 科学、自然科学Computer Studies 计算机课程 English 英语、英国的、英国人的a subject 一门学科(科目)interesting 有趣的a headache 头疼 a cough 咳嗽a fever 发烧a cold 伤风 lunch 午餐 speak 说,讲(同义词:say) bad 坏的、严重的(反义词:good) get 变得、购买feel 感觉、觉得 now 现在 a stamp 一张邮票 a coin 一个硬币 a ship 一艘船an animal 一只动物 a classmate 一位同班同学 collect收集beautiful 美丽的、漂亮的 hobbies(复数) 业余爱好 collect stamps 收集邮票 collect coins 收集硬币go shopping 去购物 take photos 拍照 make clothes做衣服an e-mail 一封电子邮件 write an e-mail写一封电子邮件a town 一个城镇 busy 忙(碌)的age 年龄 usually 通常 well 好 fast 快的,快地high 高的,高地 run fast 跑得快 jump high 跳得高time时间,次 left左 right右 stop停止touch触摸,接触an arm一只手臂 a hand一只手 a leg一条腿 a foot一只脚a face一张脸 a game一个游戏,一次比赛half半,一半night夜,夜间 on duty值日 past过 a quarter一刻钟,四分之一 quick快的(地) ready准备好的 really真正地,确实 talk谈话,讲话 spend度过 weekend周末 very很,非常learn…from…向…学习sport体育运用 often经常,常常of course当然catch抓住,捉住 an ant一只蚂蚁 a bee一只蜜蜂 a butterfly一只蝴蝶 a visitor一位参观者,一位来访者UK英国,联合王国 visit参观,访问British英国人 the Great Wall长城 USA美国 American美国人Japan日本Japanese日本人,日语 France法国 French法国人,法语

g

stop停止 mean意思是,意指 should应当,应该 must必须,应当 shouldn’t=should not不应当 litter乱丢杂物 park停放(汽车)danger危险 March三月 April四月 May 五月 June六月 July七月 when什么时候,何时 ago 以前 as作为,当做 ago 以前 moment瞬间,片刻 a date一个日期 a birthday一个生日 a present 一份礼物 excited激动的,兴奋的 exciting令人激动的,令人兴奋的 a race一次竞赛 plant种植 milk挤;牛奶 a cow 一头母牛 taste品尝 pull up把…向上拔 a festival一个节日 a gate一扇大门answer回答;答复 ask问;请求people人;人们 last最近刚过去的;最后的 in front of 在…前面 take photos拍照 look for寻找 just now刚才 (a moment ago) pull up把…向上拔 have a good time过得愉快 Children’s Day儿童节 National Day国庆节 Spring Festival春节New Year’s Day元旦

h

than 比young年轻的old年老的heavy 重的light 轻的tall高的strong 强壮的low低 fish鱼,钓鱼 slow慢late晚 stop停车站along沿着street街、街道post office邮局weather天气spring春季summer夏季hot热的autumn秋季cold冷的winter冬季plan计划,打算 picnic野餐 play(戏剧的)演出

be good at善长于 turn left向左转 turn right向右转 post office邮局 get on 上车 get off下车 take part in参加…参与… write a letter写(一封)信 penfriend 笔友also也 glue胶水

5

小升初英语复习词组

6

a new student 一个新学生 a new teacher一个新老师 I’m new here. 我是新来的.

Welcome to our school. 欢迎到我们学校. excuse me 打扰一下

the boy in the tree 树上的那个男孩 let me see 让我看看 come down 下来 climb trees 爬树

in the zoo 在动物园里 come here 过来

the man over there 那边的那个男人 good evening 晚上好 at a party在聚会上

my brother 我的弟弟/哥哥

the boy with big eyes大眼睛的那个男孩 nice to meet you 见到你很高兴

the one in the white skirt 那个穿着白色短裙的which one 哪一个

the man with a big mouth那个大嘴巴的男人 the one in red那个穿红衣服的

the girl with a small nose 那个小鼻子的女孩 the woman with long hair那个长头发的妇女 be late for school上学迟到

the boy with big ears 大耳朵的那个男孩

the one in the green shirt 那个穿着绿色衬衫的男人

in the car 在小汽车里

my good friend我的好朋友 her small eye她的小眼睛 a big nose一个大鼻子 You’re right. 你是对的 an old woman 一个老太太 buy fruit 买水果

some grapes 一些葡萄 how many kilos 多少公斤 three kilos三公斤

I’d like --- 我想要------ Here you are. 给你. these apples这些苹果 those oranges那些桔子

these or those这些还是那些

Can I help you?我能为你效劳吗? (营业员用语) by taxi坐出租车 on foot 步行

go by taxi 坐出租车去 go to the theatre去剧院 go there 去那儿

go to the Great Wall去长城

go to the supermarket去超市

this train for Shanghai去上海的火车 the plane for Beijing 去北京的航班 good idea 好主意 play football 踢足球 in the school 在学校 be free 有空 .

go to school by bike 骑自行车去学校 at a snack bar在一家小吃店(快餐店)里 how about---? ------怎么样? some noodles 一些面条

Something to drink一些喝的东西 something to eat一些吃的东西 orange/apple juice 桔汁/苹果汁 Anything else? 还要别的东西吗? a cup of coffee/ tea 一杯咖啡/茶 a glass of milk/ juice一杯牛奶/果汁 some chocolate 一些巧克力 some sweets一些糖果 some water 一些水

play basketball 打篮球 some cakes 一些蛋糕 get up 起床

have some juice 喝点果汁

What would you like? 你要什么? open day 接待日

our classroom我们的教室 watch TV看电视

big and bright又大又明亮

in your classroom 在你的教室里 in class在课上

near the window靠近窗 some songbooks一些歌本 on the piano在钢琴上 lots of books许多书

in the library在图书馆里 in the playground 在操场上 On the chair在椅子上 on the table在桌上

open the blue box 打开蓝色的盒子 in the cupboard 在碗柜里 on the table在桌上

in the fridge在冰箱里 on the sofa 在沙发上

use chopsticks 用筷子 I’d like to try. 我想试试. a pair of chopsticks 一双筷子 Let me try again. 让我再试试.

in my classroom 在我的教室里 Good idea!好主意!

the first day of the new term 新学期的第一天

7

all the students 所有的学生

at school 在学校

see each other 互相见面

a new building 一座新大楼

a lot of 许多

I’m not sure. 我不确定。

go and see 去看看

have a look 看一看

how many 多少

near your house 在你的房子附近

on the plate 在盘子里

her parents 她的父母

near her school 在她的学校附近

very much 很,非常

some dolls 一些洋娃娃

on the wall 在墙上

a map of the world 一幅世界地图

a map of China 一幅中国地图

behind the door 在门后

in the basketball 在篮子里

under the bed 在床下

on my chair 在我的椅子上

in the cat’s mouth在猫的嘴里

look happy 看起来快乐

at a Music lesson 在一节音乐课上

two o’clock in the afternoon 下午两点钟 in the music room 在音乐室里

have a music lesson 上一节音乐课 sing a song 唱首歌,唱歌

follow me跟着我

sing together一起唱

make a puppet做木偶

make a model plane做飞机模型,做模型飞机 play the violin拉小提琴

play the guitar弹吉他

play the piano弹钢琴

put a book on your head 在你头上放一本书 have an ice cream 吃冰淇淋

after class 下课后

play basketball 打篮球

a Halloween party 一个万圣节聚会 What do they need? 他们需要什么? like masks 喜欢面具

a pumpkin lantern 一个南瓜灯

What else do you need? 你还需要些什么? Here’s your change. 这儿是你的零钱。 some sweets 一些糖果

on Saturdays and Sundays 在周六和周日 like swimming 喜欢游泳

play table tennis with friends 和朋友打乒乓

8 watch TV 看电视 listen to music 听音乐 read the book 读书 open the door开门 write the new words写新单词 read the book读书 draw a picture画一幅画 drink the water喝水 this red vase这个红色的花瓶 in the picture在图片里 eat the noodles吃面条 put the flowers in the vase把花放在花瓶里 play computer games打电脑游戏 do housework 做家务 Sunday morning 星期天上午 at home 在家 Are you free now? 你现在有空吗? sweep the floor 扫地、擦地板 clean the windows 擦窗户 do homework 做家庭作业 help me with my Maths 帮助我学习数学 this afternoon 今天下午 wash clothes 洗衣服 make a cake 做蛋糕 see you this afternoon 今天下午见 come and help me 过来帮我 sit on the chair 坐在椅子上 how about 怎么样 after school 放学后 three o’clock in the afternoon 下午三点钟 look for 寻找 help you 帮助你 in the playground 在操场上 play basketball 打篮球 go and join them 去加入他们 go to the playground去操场 study in the library 在图书馆学习 clean the library 打扫图书馆 read a newspaper 看报纸 read a magazine 看杂志 play chess 下棋 play cards 打扑克 play with a yo-yo 玩溜溜球 sit on a football 坐在足球上 eat the food 吃食物 play computer games 玩电脑游戏 clean the study 打扫书房 on the kite 在风筝上 all busy 都忙 a camping trip 一次日野营旅行

their teachers 他们的学生 near the hill 在小山附近 a camping site 一个野营营地 a big tent 一个大帐篷

a tin of chicken 一罐头鸡肉 a tin of fish 一罐头鱼肉 over there 在那边

two new blankets 两条新毛毯 a box of chocolate 一盒巧克力 some fruit 一些水果 in the fridge 在冰箱里 an Art lesson 一节美术课

look at the blackboard 看着黑板 fly a kite 放风筝

draw a circle 画一个圆

show us how to draw it 给我们看看怎么画它 on the paper 在纸上 make a card 做一张卡片 many circles 许多圆形 一节体育课 a PE lesson 在操场 in the playground

上一节体育课 have a PE lesson 按照指令 follow the orders 发出指令 give the orders 站成一排 stand in a line 做锻炼 do some exercise 上下up and down

上下跳 jump up and down 仔细地听 listen carefully 十次 ten times 向左转turn left 向右转turn right

做这个十次do this ten times 把…放在…上 put …on 把…放在…里面 put…in 仰躺 lie on one’s back 抬起 lift up

用……触摸 touch…with 右手 right hand 每天 every day

忙碌的一天 a busy day 在晚上 at night 值日 on duty 快点 be quick

一场足球赛 a football game 看电视 watch TV 吃晚饭 have supper

打扫图书馆 clean the library 做作业 do one’s homework 加入我们 join us

开始上课 classes begin 洗衣服 wash clothes 在周末 at the weekends

过周末spend one’s weekends 谈论 talk about

在星期五下午 on Friday afternoon 放学后 after school

上网 surf the Internet

向我学英语 learn English from me 听音乐 listen to music 在家at home

荡秋千 play on the swings 做家务 do housework 当然 of course/ sure 看卡通watch cartoons 抓昆虫 catch insects 抓蝴蝶 catch butterflies

我们的好朋友our good friends 一所小学 a Primary School

在树上 in the tree/on the tree 在瓶子里in bottles

英语俱乐部the English Club

不同的国家different countries 居住在纽约 live in New York 说英语 speak English 教英语 teach English 一个大城市 a big city 读书 read books 参观中国 visit China

日本参观者Japanese visitors 一个英国朋友an English friend 发邮件 write an e-mail 写信write a letter

打乒乓play table tennis 居住live in

一个小镇 a small town 相同的年龄 the same age 在学校 at school

从周一到周五 from Monday to Friday 大声地说 speak loudly 跑得快 run fast 跳得高 jump high

走路小心walk carefully 安静地坐sit quietly

跳舞跳得美dance beautifully 拍照 take photos 购物 go shopping

收集邮票 collect stamps

收集中国邮票collect Chinese stamps 种花 grow flowers

9

做衣服make clothes

洗衣服wash clothes

Ben的爱好 Ben’s hobby

一些爱好 some hobbies

许多漂亮的邮票many beautiful stamps 出示…给…看show…to…

动物邮票 animal stamps

在花园里 in the garden

做饭 cook food

浇花 water the flowers

相同的爱好 the same hobby

一次电话通话a telephone call 午饭以后 after lunch

呆在床上stay in bed

严重的咳嗽a bad cough

吃药take some medicine

去看医生go to see a doctor 张开你的嘴open your mouth

好好休息have a good rest

打错电话 wrong number

新学期 a new term

星期一上午Monday morning

在星期一上午on Monday morning 她的学生 her students

第一节课the first lesson

欢迎回到学校 welcome back to school 什么科目what subjects

八门课eight subjects

八节课eight lessons

在一周内in a week

立刻,马上at once

他的家人his family

感觉病了feel ill

来自日本from Japan

No smoking 禁止吸烟

No littering禁止扔杂物

No parking禁止停车

No eating and drinking 禁止吃喝 keep off the grass不接近草坪 Be quiet保持安静

Do not touch不要摸

climb trees爬树

go to the park去公园

go home回家

have an ice cream吃一个冰激凌 have dinner吃饭

watch TV看电视

play computer games 玩电脑游戏 go to bed睡觉

a lot of \ a lot大量的;许多

10 public signs公共标志 on the wall在墙上 stay away from…远离…… walk on the grass在草地上走 he bird’s cage鸟笼 make noise发出噪音 take a walk散步 a ten-yuan note 一张十元的钞票 look around四周看 pick up捡起 a new student in Ben’s class 本班上的一位新学生 go home together一起回家 after school放学以后 talk about谈论有关…… the third of March三月三日 your birthday你的生日 blow out吹灭 as a birthday present作为生日礼物 birthday cake生日蛋糕 come to my birthday party 来参加我的生日聚会 have a birthday party举办生日聚会 a VCD of Japanese cartoons 一张日本卡通光盘 open the door 开门 make a birthday card 做一张生日贺卡 take off脱下 Sports Day运动日 all the students所有的学生 very exciting非常令人兴奋 look for寻找 a running race一场赛跑 let me see让我看看 a moment ago / just now刚才 on the ground在地上 pick them up for me 帮我把它们捡起来 in front of 在……前面 a pair of glasses一副眼镜(单数) a roll of film一卷胶卷(单数) three diaries三本日记 a pair of earphones一副耳机(单数) listen to music 听音乐 yesterday evening 昨天晚上 under the table在桌子下面 close your eyes 闭上你的眼睛 play a game 玩游戏 National Day(国庆日) the National Day holiday(国庆假期) last week/ last year上个星期/去年 after the holiday(假期后)

go to school early(很早上学)/ early – late in the school playground(在学校操场上) before class(上课前)/ before – after a funny cartoon (一部有趣的卡通片)

visit a farm with my family (和我的家人一起参观农场)

on the farm(在农场里) water trees(浇树)

pull up carrots(拔胡萝卜) milk cows(挤牛奶)

collect eggs(收集鸡蛋) fruit trees(果树)

pick a lot of oranges摘许多橘子 taste them(品尝它们) go to the farm(去农场) at the weekends(在周末) watch cartoons(看动画片) visit the zoo(参观动物园) play volleyball打排球

clean the house(打扫房子)

visit Liu Tao’s grandparents拜访刘涛的祖父母 camping trip(野营旅行) at a camp(在一个营地上)

cook a lot of food(做许多食物) play a lot of games(玩许多游戏) go camping(去野营)

have a good time(玩得很高兴) come after 在……之后到来 New Year's Day 元旦

on New Year's Day 在元旦 at Christmas 在圣诞节 go to parties 去参加聚会

have a big lunch 吃一顿丰盛的午餐 at Spring Festival 在春节

What do people usually do at Spring Festival? 人们通常在春节干什么?

visit their relatives and friends 拜访他们的亲戚和朋友

eat lots of delicious food吃许多美味的食物 last Spring Festival 上个春节 of course 当然

my favourite holiday 我最喜爱的节日 in October 在十月

dress up in costumes 用戏服装扮 last Halloween 去年万圣节 eat moon cakes 吃月饼 play with lanterns 玩灯笼 watch the moon赏月

on different holidays 在不同的节日 last year 去年

at Easter 在复活节 listen to him 听他讲 in the grass 在草丛中

a popular holiday 一个流行的节日 in China 在中国

in January or February 在一月或二月 eat rice dumplings 吃粽子

like to play with lanterns喜欢玩灯笼 eat chocolate eggs 吃巧克力蛋

make pumpkin lanterns制作南瓜灯笼

give presents to your friends 把礼物给你的朋友

go to Beijing 去北京 this afternoon 今天下午 play with balloons 玩气球 sing and dance唱歌跳舞

meet Helen in the playground 在操场上遇见海伦

visit a farm with my parents 和我的父母亲一起参观农场

play with friends 和朋友玩

watch the dragon boat races 观看龙舟比赛 on Christmas Day 在圣诞日 Jim's family 吉姆一家人

in his grandparent's house在他爷爷奶奶的房子里

Christmas trees 圣诞树

the presents under the Christmas tree 在圣诞树下的礼物

so many 这么多

from grandmother 来自祖母 open it for me 为我打开它 like drinking tea 喜欢喝茶 Christmas presents 圣诞礼物 at Jim's house 在吉姆家

draw and write in the diary 在日记上画和写 go to the supermarket 去超市

sit at the back of the bus 坐在公共汽车的后面

get off 下车

the seat in front of me 在我前面的座位 the woman beside him 在他旁边的妇女 walk to the driver 走向驾驶员 after lunch 午餐后

You are welcome. 不用谢 write his diary 写他的日记 under the seat 在座位下面 open the presents 打开礼物

6B词组归纳

11

去散步 go for a walk

很高兴见到… be glad to see

聊天 have a chat

双胞胎姐妹 twin sisters

看起来很像 look the same

大10年 ten years older than

小20分钟 twenty minutes younger than 唯一的孩子 the only child

再试试 try again

擅长于英语 be good at English

擅长于唱歌 be good at singing

…做得好 do well in

体育需要帮助 need help with PE

怎么拉? What’s wrong? / What’s the matter? 一位好篮球运动员 a good basketball player 那是事实。 That’s true.

男孩中的一些 some of the boys

在我班里 in my class

别担心。 Don’t worry.

做更多锻炼 do more exercise

变得更强壮 get stronger

起得早 get up early

慢跑去学校 jog to school

玩球类运动 play ball games

开始上课 start our lesson

读新单词 read the new words

我们所有人 all of us

上学迟到 be late for school

来自于 be from/ come from

去历史博物馆的路 the way to the History Museum

认识路 know the way

怎样到达那儿 how to get there

告诉我 tell me

沿着街走 walk along the street

在第四个十字路口左拐 turn left at the fourth crossing

在你右边 on you right

多远 how far

错过它 miss it

五公里远 five kilometres away

一段长的距离 a long walk

每五分钟 every five minutes

每六天 every six days

去邮局 go to the post office

在中山路 on Zhongshan Road

在街上 in the street

乘5路车 take bus No.5

在电影院前 in front of the cinema

在第二个车站下车 get off at the second stop

12 到达购物中心 get to the shopping centre 一本关于动物的书 a book about animals 跑出商店 run out of the shop 过来帮助 come to help 沿着街跑run along the street 开始跑 start to run 拿回钱包 get my purse back 跳高 high jump 跳远 long jump 下个星期 next week (要)一年 for one year 知道天气 know the weather 纽约的天气 the weather in New York 在夏天 in summer 最好的季节 the best season 在乡下 in the countryside 听起来不错。 Sounds great. 大多数时间 most of the time 哪个季节 which season 最喜欢春天 like spring best 堆雪人 make snowmen/ make a snowman 冬天需要温暖的衣服 need warm clothes for winter 树木变绿 the tree turn green 有课,上课 have school 他们的周末计划 their plans for the weekend 看京剧 see a Beijing opera 加入我们 join us 花园剧院 the Garden Theatre 顺便问问 by the way 明天下午 tomorrow afternoon 在音乐会上 at the concert 和Jim一起来 come with Jim 去远足 go on an outing 野餐 have a picnic 看演出 see a play 参加歌唱比赛 take part in a singing contest 运动会 sports meeting 一位小学生 a primary school student 在金陵小学 at Jinling Primary School 第二中学 No. 2 Middle School 上一节室外活动课 have a class outing 为班级课题 for class project 什么动物 what animal 回家来 come home 昨天下午 yesterday afternoon 读有关昆虫的… read about insects 在报纸上 in the news paper 想要一位笔友 want a penfriend/would like a penfriend

一些书写纸some writing paper 干什么? What for?

写一封信 write a letter

和…一样跑得快 run as fast as 比…飞得低 fly lower than

13

词组归纳

a : a little(一点) a lot(很,非常), a lot of(许多), lots of(许多,很多) , a bottle of(一盒……), a piece of(一张/片……) , a cup of (一杯……), a glass of(一玻璃杯……), all right(好,行,不错), most of(大部分……), plenty of(很多,大量的)

be: be good for(对于……来说是好的), be bad for(对于……来说是不好的), be going to(将要做……), be good at(在……方面出色), be late for(……迟到), between…and …(在……两者之间) , both…and… (两着都……).

come: come from(来自……), Come in(进来). Come on 过来呀!快来呀) ! Come with me(跟我来)! different from(与……不同), of course(当然)

Do: do one’s homework(做家庭作业), do housework(做家务), do some reading(读书), on duty9(值日), do morning exercises(做早操).

get: get down(下来), get up(起床), get on with(在……方面进展), get home(到家) , get to school(到校)

go: go boating(去划船), go swimming(去游泳), go running(去跑步), go walking(去散步), go shopping(去购物), go skating(去滑冰), go skiing(去滑雪), go fishing(去钓鱼), go sightseeing(去游览,去观光), go climbing(去爬山) , go home(回家), go to school(去上学), go to work(去上班), go straight/down/on/along(一直走), go along(沿着……一直走)

have: have breakfast(吃早餐), have lunch(吃午饭), have supper(吃晚饭), have dinner(吃正餐), have a class(上课), have a look(看一看), have got(有), have a good appetite(有好胃口,食欲强), have a picnic(野餐)

how: how many(多少), how much{多少(用于不可数名词)}, how old(几岁), how often(多久一次) look: look at(看……) , look like(看起来象), very much(很,非常), in English(用英语)

put: put into(把……放到……), put on(穿上……), put …away…(把……放好/收起来),

take: take (good) care of(好好爱护,关心,照顾,保管), take photos(照相), take a bath(洗澡), take exercise(进行锻炼,进行练习).

动词短语 fly a kite(放风筝), ride a bike(骑自行车), play a game(做游戏), throw …away(把……扔掉), turn on(开……) , stand up(站起来), sing a song(唱歌), ask a question(问问题), run away(流走,跑走), look forward to(盼望), try to(尝试做…….), be angry with(对……生气), divided by(除以……), come to(合计) , collect coins(收集硬币), climb up to the mountain/hill…(爬到山上) by the way(顺便问问), time短语:in the morning(在早上), in the afternoon(在下午), in the evening(在晚上), Good morning/ afternoon/evening/night(早上/下午/晚上好/晚安). for hours(持续……小时), for an hour(持续一个小时), At this time of day(每天的这个时候),five minutes past nine(九点零五分), quarter past nine(九点十五分), quarter to nine(差十五分到九点), all day(整天), on Sunday/Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Thursday/Friday/Saturday(在星期天/星期一/星期二/星期三/星期四/星期五/星期六), Mid-autumn Festival(中秋节), Spring Festival(春节), National Day(国庆节), Children’s Day(儿童节), New Year(新年), Women’s Day(妇女节), May Day(劳动节), Teachers’ Day(教师节), Party’s Birthday(党生日)

noun短语: family tree(家族谱), favourite food/ drinks/colour/subject (喜爱的食物) paint brush(画笔), an office worker(一个办公室文员), class teacher(班主任), an old…(一个/件老的/旧的……), years old(…..岁), the high jump(跳高), the long jump(跳远), a map of China/the UK…(一张中国/英国……地图), e-mail address(电子邮箱地址), telephone number(电话号码)

交通手段:on foot(走路), by bus/car/ship/plane/underground/bike(乘公共汽车/小轿车/轮船/飞机/14

地铁/自行车),

介词短语: at the beginning of(在……的开始), at the end of(在…..的结尾/结束), at the weekend(在周末), on the weekdays(在工作日), in front of (在…..的前面), in the front of(在……物品内的前面), in the middle of (在……的中间), next to(在……旁边), at the gate of(在……的大门), on the floor(在地板上), on the …( ) floor(在第几层楼), on the ground floor(在一楼), at home(在家), at school(在学校), over there(那里,那边), in the sun(在阳光下), from…to…(从……到……), turn right/left(向右/左转), on the left(在左边), on the right(在右边), to the east/west/north/south of(在…….的东/西/北/南方), from the left/right(从左/右), kilometers/metres away(离……千米/米远), in Class One(在一班), in Grade Six(在六年级)

句子: Please say hello to…for me(宾格)/人名{请代(我)向……问好}. Here it is(是). Here they are(). Here you are(给你). Nice to meet you(很高兴见到你)! Nothing much(没什么). Not at all(没关系). Shall we…?{(用于建议)我们……好吗?} I’ll take it(我买了). It’s time to …(是做……的时候了) It’s time for….(是……的时候了) Excuse me(对不起,打扰了). See you(再见)! welcome to …(欢迎到……), You’re welcome(别客气). What about…?(……呢?) How do you do?{你好吗? (用于初次见面,答句相同) How do you like…?(你觉得……怎么样?) It doesn’t matter.(没关系) That’s a pity.(真糟糕) Never mind!(不要紧) And you? (你呢?)Happy birthday!(生日快乐)

地方建筑:post office(邮局), police station(警察局), train station(火车站), sports stadium(大型露天运动场), department store(百货商场), kinds of (不同种类), the Children’s Home(少年之家), primary school(小学), middle school(中学)

六年级英语总复习-词语归类

一、写出完全形式。 5. where’s17. I’ve二、写出下列单词的复数形式。 三、反义词或对应词。 四、近义词。

1. 15

五、同音词。 、、

六、现在分词。

1. swim ( 现在分词现在分词3. dance (-ing形式形式5. sit (-ing形式形式7. stay (-ing形式形式9. cry (-ing形式形式11. listen (-ing形式形式13. make (-ing形式形式15. write (-ing形式形式17. clean (-ing形式形式19. sweep (-ing形式形式七、综合。

1. study (第三人称单数名词所有格)3. sister(名词所有格)序数词5. have(第三人称单数名词所有格

7. Tom(名词所有格) 8.teacher(动词9. cry(第三人称单数名词所有格11. can(否定式 12. good(比较级13.catch(第三人称单数第三人称单数15. quickly(形容词名词17. China(形容词名词19. quiet(副词序数词21. cook(第三人称单数第三人称单数23. beautifully(形容词比较级25. Australian(名词第三人称单数27. work(名词八、人称代词。

1. I (宾格宾格宾格(宾格)5. I(复数复数复数8. we(宾格宾格宾格11. I (形容词性物主代词形容词性物主代词13. he (形容词性物主代词形容词性物主代词形容词性物主代词) their 16.I(名词性物主代词) mine

17. you (名词性物主代词名词性物主代词19. she (名词性物主代词名词性物主代词21. you(名词性物主代词名词性物主代词

16

总复习知识归类系统

1、话题

(1) 字母:(大小)辨认、书写顺序 : Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz.

元音字母:A a , Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu

半元音字母: Yy

书写容易错误的字母:E , F , G, M, N, d, i, p, q, x, y.

(2)数字:基数词和序数词的运用,如计算、购物等.

基数词: One, two, three, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten , eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen… twenty, twenty-one… thirty, forty, fifty… eighty, ninety, one/a hundred , one/a hundred and one… two hundred.

序数词: first , second , third , fourth , fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth… twentieth, twenty-first, twenty-second, twenty-third, twenty-four…thirtieth, fortieth, fiftieth… eightieth, ninetieth…

相关句型:

1) What’s thirty and forty? That comes to seventy.

2) What’s your telephone number? My telephone number is 83555723.

3) What time is it ? It’s half past ten.

4) When do you usually get up ? At six thirty-five.

5) Where do you live? I live at No.48 Renmin Road.

6) How old are you? I’m twelve.

7) How much does it cost? It costs 50 yuan.

8) How many cars have you got? I have got 6 cars.

9) How many birds can you see in the tree? I can see 3.

10) How many dolls are there on the bed? There is one/a doll.

11) How many dolls are there on the bed? There are four dolls.

12) Which floor do you live on? I live on the fifth floor.

13) Excuse me, can you tell me the way to Baiyun hotel?

Yes, go down this street, then turn left at the third crossing….

14) Who’s the fifth girl from the right? She’s my cousin.

注意: 数词的应用; 不可数名词及它的量的表示方法;many与much在用法

上的区别;there is/are与have/has在用法上的区别.

(3)颜色:实物的颜色

colours: red, pink(粉红), yellow, brown, grey(灰色),blue, purple(紫色), orange, black, white, dark blue(深蓝), light blue(浅蓝).

相关句型:

1) What colour is your coat? It’s ...

2) What’s your favourite colour? My favourite colour is …

(4)时间:年、季节、月、星期、日、时刻

year, season( spring, summer, autumn, winter) ,

month: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September,

October, November, December.

Week: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

Day: 1st May (the first of May), May 2nd ( May the second)

Time: (an) hour, minute, second

10:05 (five minutes past ten, ten o five)

10:10 (ten minutes past ten, ten ten)

10:15 (quarter past ten, ten fifteen)

10:30 (half past ten, ten thirty)

17

10:45 (quarter to eleven, ten forty-five)

11:00 (eleven o’clock)

相关句型:

1) How old is your mother? She’s thirty-six years old.

2) How many months are there in a year? There are 12.

3) When’s your birthday? My birthday is on 15th January ( the fifteenth of January).

4) When do you get up? I get up at six o’clock.

5) When does spring last? It lasts for 3 months from March to May.

6) What time is it? It’s quarter to nine.

(5)食品与饮料:人对食品与饮料的喜好;东西方食品

food : meat, rice, fish, bread, egg…

drinks : water, milk ,orange juice ,coke, coffee…

相关句型:

1) Would you like something to drink/eat? Yes, I’d like some…No, thanks .

2) Would you like to eat/drink…? I’d like to eat/drink…No, thanks .

3) What’s your favourite food/drinks? My favourite food/drink is …

4) Could I have some…? Yes, please .

(6)服装:服装的颜色:人对服装的喜好;某人的穿戴; 所属关系

clothes: hat, cap, coat, shirt , T-shirt, skirt, dress, sweater, jacket, trousers, sock, shoe put on, wear

所属关系: 形容词性的物主代词:my, your, his, her, its, our, their

名词性的物主代词: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs

相关句型:

1) What does it look like? It likes wearing a blue shirt.

2) Whose shoes are these? They’re mine. They’re Tom’s .

3) Is this /that/it your book? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

4) Is this pencil yours? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

5) Are these /those/they your coats and trousers? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

6) Are those clothes theirs? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

7) This is my hat. That hat is his.

注意: 名词单,复数;物主代词(名词性的物主代词,形容词性的物主代词);名词所有格,如:Tom’s , my father’s , the teachers’.

(7)玩具和文具:特点、颜色、所属关系;存在的位置

Toys: doll, toy…

文具: desk, book, bag ,pen, pencil, pencil-box, ruler, chair, ball

存在的位置 : in, on, under, beside, behind, in front of, in the front of , in the middle of, at the back of…(a place/a person).

相关句型:

1) There is a cup of tea on the table.

2) There are some oranges in the fridge.

3) Is there any milk in the glass? Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.

4) Are there any oranges in the fridges? Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.

5) What’s under the desk? There is an oranges . / There are some oranges.

(8)日常生活用品:特点、颜色、所属关系;存在的位置

words: shelf, table, clock, brush, telephone, light, computer, bike, fridge, glass, knife, keyboard, bottle, box, plate, photo, photograph, fax, radio, super-market,

特点: big, small, heavy, light, white, black, empty, full, old, new, beautiful, cute, tall, short, strong, plump, nice, good, bad…

(9)动物:家畜、家禽;农场动物、动物园及野生动物的特点;生活地点和所属关系

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words(animals): cat, dog, duck, goose (geese) fish, sheep, bird, panda, monkey, rabbit, hen , cock, chick, tiger, lion, pig, cow , mouse (mice)

生活地点:at home, in a farm, in a zoo …

所属关系:同上话题(7)

(10)植物:特点、所属关系;存在的位置

words: tree, rose, flower, leave (leaves) …

(11)环境与建筑:特点、所属关系;存在的位置

buildings: factory, hospital, park, house, library, museum, office, farm, post office, bank, police

station, train station, sports stadium, department store, store, school, classroom,

house: bathroom, living-room, sitting-room, bedroom, kitchen, garden…

房子的基本构造: door, gate, wall, window, floor…

相关句型:

1) Where do you study at ? I study at Longdong Primary School.

2) Where does your mother work at ? She works at a hospital.

3) Let’s meet at the gate of the park.

4) My brother is playing in the garden.

(12)身体:特点

body: head, hair, eye, nose, ear, mouth, neck, shoulder, hand, finger,foot(feet) ,toe… 外貌: fat, thin, plump , tall, short, old, young, round face, two big blue eyes, long hair, short hair, black hair ,white hair…

相关句型:

1) I’m /You’re /He’s/She’s /We’re /They’re (not) tall.

2) Is he/she tall or short? He’s /She’s tall (short).

3) I/We/They/You have (got) black hair.

4) He/She has ( got ) a round face.

5) Has he/she got long hair ? Yes, he/she has.No, he/she hasn’t.

注意:描述人的外貌时,have与has用法上的区别; 形容词的用法,如 :tall, short, old, young, black , long…

(13)个人情况:姓名、年龄、地址、特点与爱好

age, year, address, e-mail address, hobby,

hobby: collecting stamps(coins) , going swimming… doing sth

相关句型:

1) How old are you ? I’m thirteen years old.

2) I’m a thirteen-year old boy.

3) What’s your address? I live at No.48 Renmin road.

4) What’s your e-mail address? My e-mail address is 123VIP@126.com.

5) What’s your hobby? My hobby is going running. Or : I like going running.

6) I /You/ They like music.

7) He likes sightseeing.

8) Do you like reading? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

9) Does he /she like playing basketball? Yes, he/she does. No, he/she doesn’t.

注意: 描述个人的喜好时:名词和动词- ing 形式作宾语; 主语是第三人称单数时一般现在时动词的变化。

动词ing的变化规律:

1)直接加ing ,如: open-opening, clean-cleaning, meet-meeting, sing-singing, study-studying, …

2)去掉词尾不发音的e ,如:take-taking, close-closing, come-coming, drive-driving, have-having, use-using, write-writing, practice-practicing, …

3)重读闭音节的,双写最后的字母,加 ing , 如: sit-sitting, put-putting, begin-beginning ,

get-getting, swim-swimming, run-running, cut-cutting, become-becoming, …

主语是第三人称单数时一般现在时动词的变化规律(与名词变复数规律相同):

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1) 直接加s, 如:cook-cooks, come-comes, close-closes,…

2)以o, x, s, sh, ch 结尾+es , 如: teach-teaches, go-goes, do-does, catch-catches,

wash-washes, brush-brushes, miss-misses, …

3)辅音字母加y结尾,把y改为i ,+es, 如:fly-flies, worry-worries, carry-carries, …

4)以f或fe结尾,把f或fe,改为v+es.

5)特殊:have-has, …

(14)家庭、亲属和朋友:姓名、年龄、地址、特点与爱好:与你的关系

words: family, grandfather(grandpa/granddad), grandmother(grandma/grand mum), father, mother, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, cousin, friend

相关句型:

1) Is he/she Tom’s cousin? Yes, he/she is.No, he/she isn’t.

2) Who’s he/she? He’s/She’s my friend.

3) How many people are there in your family? Who are they?

There are four, my father, my mother, my brother and me.

注意: 1)名词单复数,如:family-families;

名词单数--复数规律:

1)直接加s, 如: boy-boys, term-terms,

2) 以o, x, s, sh, ch 结尾+es , 如: box-boxes, class-classes, glass-glasses, coach-coaches, dress-dresses, fax-faxes, inch-inches, match-matches,

3) 辅音字母加y结尾,把y改为i ,+es, 如:baby-babies, lady-ladies, factory-factories, peach-peaches, library-libraries, watch-watches ,

4) 以f或fe结尾,把f或fe,改为v+es: leaf-leaves, knife-knives, wife-wives, shelf-shelves, …

5) 特殊: man-men, policeman-policemen, woman-women, child-children, goose-geese, tooth-teeth, foot-feet,

6) 不变: hair, milk, tea, coffee, water, bread, rice, paper, juice, meat, people, fish, sheep, …

2) 名词所有格,表明是“谁的” 如: my cousin’s , his parents’

它的构成规则: 单数名词后+“ ’s”, Mike’s mother.

复数名词词尾有,其后只+“ ’”,Teachers’ Da教师节.

若是两人共有时,只在后者+ “’s ”,

Jim and Tom’s mother.吉姆和汤姆的母亲。

不是两者所共有的,两者都+ “ ’s ”,

Jim’s and Tom’s mother.吉姆母亲和汤姆的母亲。

名词若是无生命,所有格构成用of,

a map of China.一幅中国地图

(15)学校:学校建筑和学校生活

words: school building, classroom, dormitory, playground, library…

subjects: Chinese, maths , English, music, computer, PE, art, biology, politics , history, meeting, geography…

相关句型:

1) What’s your favourite subject? English.

2) Where’s the library? It’s behind the dormitory.

3) When do you go to school? At 7:20.

4) When does Chinese begin on Monday? At Eight o’clock.

5) Does geography begin at twenty to ten on Monday?Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.

6) We’re having an English class.

(16)社交礼仪:礼貌用语;询问与应答

1.Greetings: Hello! Hi! Good morning/afternoon/evening.

How are you ? Fine, thanks. And you?

Please say hello to your parents for me.

2. Introduction: My name is … I’m a pupil. I’m new here.

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This is Mr/Mrs/Miss White.

Hello, nice to meet you .

3. Farewells: Goodbye/Bye-bye/Bye.

See you then/tomorrow.

Good night.

It’s late. I must go home now.

Thanking for coming.

4. Thanks: Thank you (very much).You’re welcome.Not at all.

5. apologies: Sorry. I’m sorry. That’s all right. Excuse me.

6. Incitation: Will you go shopping with me?

Would you like to go ? I’d love to . Thank you.

7. Asking for permission: May I have an apple ?

Could /Can I use your bike? Sure. Certainly. Yes, of course. Yes, do please.

8. Expressing wishes: Happy birthday! Thank you.

9. Offering help: Can I help you? What can I do for you?

10. Making appointments: Are you free tomorrow? What about tomorrow afternoon? Let’s meet at the gate at 7:50.

Shall we visit the museum?

11. Hello! May I speak to Kate? Speaking/It’s Kate here.Who’s this/that, please ?

12. Taking meals: Would you like something to eat/drink?

Would you like some fish/meat?

13. Shopping : Can I help you ,sir?

What can I do for you, sir ?

What about this one?

Do you like this one?

I want /I’d like some oranges.

How much is the shirt /are the socks?

It’s to small. Two kilos, please .

I’ll take it.

14. Asking the way: Excuse me. Where is the Guangzhou Library?

Can you tell you me the way to the Garden Hotel, please?

Can I take this bus to Beijing Road?

Is there a hotel near here? It’s over there. Turn right/left

(17)国家与城市:地理位置;特点

Countries: China, Japan, America (the USA), English( the UK), Australia, Russia, Canada, Italy, India, France,

Nationalities: Chinese, Japanese, American, Englishman, Australian, Russian, Canadian, Italian, Indian, French,

相关句型:

1) Where’s Japan? It’s to the east of China.

2) Where does your friend come from? She comes from English.

3) Where are they from? They’re from Russia.

4) What country do you from? I come from China.

5) What country is he from? He’s from France.

6) What language does she speak? She speaks French.

7) What language do they speak? They speak Chinese.

(18)天气:气候特征

weather : hot, cold, cool, warm, sun, shine, sunny, rain ,heavy rain, light rain, rainy, wind, strong wind, windy, snow , heavy snow, light snow snowy, cloud, cloudy…

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temperature: 15 ( fifteen degrees centigrade), 0 (zero degree centigrade), -5 (minus degrees centigrade)…

相关句型:

1) What’s the weather like in spring? It’s warm, rainy and wet.

2) What will the weather be like there? It will be sunny.

3) Is it snowing? Yes, it is a snowy day.

4) Will there be cloudy? Yes, there will.

5) The sun is shining.

6) I like taking a warm bath.

(19)节日:节日的特点;节日的活动

festivals : New Year’s Day, Spring Festival, Women’s Day, April foolish Day, May Day, Mother’s Day, Children’s Day, Father’s Day, Party’s Day, Army’s Day, Mid-autumn Festival, Teachers’ Day , National Day, Thanks Giving Day, Christmas Day.

New Year’s Day: 1st January.

Spring Festival: It’s the Chinese New Year. It’s the first day of the Chinese year. It’s a very special festival for all Chinese people. It is usually at the end of January or the beginning of February /in late January or early February. The children can get “lucky money”.

Women’s Day: It’s on 8th March.

April Foolish Day: on 1st April, on this day, people can play jokes to their friends.

May Day: 1st May, laborers’ day.

Mother’s Day: on the second Sunday of May.

Children’s Day: on June 1st.

Father’s Day: on the third Sunday in June.

Party’s birthday: in China, it’s on 1st July.

Army’s Day: in China, it’s on 1st August.

Mid-autumn Festival: on 15th August of Chinese lunar calendar. In China , people eat special cakes calls moon cakes and watch the full moon.

Teachers’ Day: on 10th September.

National Day: in China, it’s at the beginning of October.

Thanks Giving Day: the last Thursday in November, it’s American festival.

Christmas Day: December 25th.

(20)方位:人或物的位置;问路与应答

place : in, on ,at, under, near, next to, beside, behind, in front of , in the front of , in the middle (of ), back, on the right/left, the second/…person from the right/left

A: Excuse me. Where’s the department store?

Can you tell me the way to the Garden Hotel, Please?

Can I take this bus to Beijing Road?

Is there a hotel near here?

B: It’s over there.

Turn right /left at the first crossing. The hotel is on the right/left.

I’m sorry, I don’t know.

(21)正在发生的事情:现在进行的动作和发生的事 be doing something

1) I’m/You’re/He’s /She’s /We’re/They’re (not) working.

2) Are you playing football? Yes, I am/we are.

3) Is he/she taking exercise? Yes, he/she is. No, he/she isn’t.

4) Are they going shopping? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

5) What are you doing? I’m/We’re cleaning the room.

6) What’s he/she doing? He’s/She’s having supper.

7) What are they doing? They’re reading.

(22)日常生活:日常生活、工作、学习的活动 daily routine

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get up brush one’s teeth, wash one’s face, make breakfast , have breakfast, go to school/work, do morning exercises, have classes, play basketball, play football, run ,jump, go home, have lunch, have supper, do one’s homework, watch TV, do some reading, take a bath, go to bed

1) What time do you get up? I usually get up at 6 o’clock.

2) Shen Zhen often takes a bath at 9 o’clock in the morning.

3) My mother is never late for work.

(23)计划与打算:计划和将要进行的动作和发生的事 be going to do …

1) I’m/You’re /He’s/She’s /We’re/They’re (not) going to visit the museum.

2) Are you going to swim? Yes, I am/we are. No, I’m not/we aren’t.

3) Is he/she going to see Miss Wang? Yes, he/she is. No, he/she isn’t.

4) What are you going to do tomorrow? I’m /We’re going to visit the farm.

5) I/You/He/She/They/We will go skiing.

6) Are you going to be busy tomorrow? Yes, I am/we are.

7) go swimming, go shopping, go climbing, go skiing, go walking, go running, go fishing, go skating, go sightseeing,…

(24)能力和可能:可能进行的动作和发生的事

1)I/You/He/She/We/They can(can’t) come here tomorrow.

2)Can he/she visit the factory today? Yes, he/she can. No, he/she can’t.

3)Can they go by bus? Yes, they can. No, they can’t.

4)May I visit the factory this afternoon? Yes, of course /Sure/Certainly.

5)May I sit here? Yes, of course/please do.

注意: 情态动词can的用法, can do (+动词原形)

The end .

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