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北师大版英语9年级下册Lesson 27

发布时间:2014-04-04 17:38:31  

Lesson 27

Although they were happy, things soon changed.

要点精析

1. official n.(公司、团体或政府)官员 , 高级职员 adj.官方, 政府的

【辨析】 officer, official

officer一般指“军官”或引申而指组织近乎军事化,穿特殊制服的工作人员,如警察等;也指商船的高级船员如大副,二副等。例如:

He was promoted to the rank of the first officer. 他被提升为大副。

official一般指政府的“文职官员”,在美国它也可指运动会上的田径赛裁判员。例如: Everywhere he went he was accompanied by a group of officials. 他每到一处都有一群官员陪同。

Nepotism and corruption among government officials can ruin a nation without foreign aggression. 政府官员的裙带关系和贪污腐化,虽无外患亦能毁灭国家。

2. countryside n. 农村、乡野

1. They have a summer residence in the countryside.

他们在乡间有夏季住宅。

2. We stood on the top of the mountain and surveyed the countryside.

我们站在山顶上,眺望乡村。

3. The rape of the countryside had a profound ravage on them.

对乡村的掠夺给他们造成严重创伤。

4. The moon kindled the countryside.

月光照耀着郊外。

3. folktale n. 民间故事

She shaped a folktale into a narrative poem .

她把一个民间故事改写成了一首叙事诗。

The legend of white snake is a beautiful and moving folktale.

这个故事,经过数百年地演变,而逐步发展着。

One folktale claims that jiaozi were created to treat frostbitten ears!

有个民间故事则指称饺子是为了治疗冻伤的耳朵而发明的!

4. famous adj. 著名的

【辨析】famous for, famous as

这两个形容词短语都表示“以……而出名”的意思。但在用法和含义上有异。 famous for 主要有三种用法:

1.主语是表示人的名词或代词时,意为“以某种知识技能,作品或特征而出名”。

2.主语为地点名词时,表示“以某种特产或特征出名”。

3.主语为事物名词时,表示“以其内容,特征,价值等而被人所知”。如: He is famous for his skill in playing football.他因球艺而出名。

The area is famous for its green teadj.这个地区以产绿茶而著称。

Guilin is famous for its beautiful scenery.桂林因美丽的风景而著称。

This grammar book is famous for its practical usage.这部语法书以其实用而出名。 famous as 也有三种用法:

1.当主语是表示人的名词或代词时,意指“以某种身份或职业而出名”。

2.当主语为地点名词时,表示“作为什么产地或地方而出名”。

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