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2013年小升初语法复习(十二):数词

发布时间:2014-04-14 09:04:17  

2013年小升初语法复习(十二):数词

一、知识概要

(一)基数词

1. 表示数字、年龄、日期等。

Ann is 12 years old.

2. 用于给事物编号。

Lesson Nine 第九课

3. 用来表示电话号码。

My phone number is 123456789.

(二)序数词

1. 序数词表示事物的顺序,它一般跟定冠词the一起出现在可数的单数名词前。 the first lesson=Lesson One 第一课

2. 若序数词所修饰的名词被省略时,序数词可以作代词单独使用。

The first boy is taller than the fifth.

3.序数词后面可跟一个基数词,再跟一个复数名词。

the second ten bags 第二批的十个袋子

the first three months 头三个月

4. 序数词前面可以加不定冠词a/an, 表示“再一个(次)”,“又一个(次)”的意思,相当于another。

Can you try a third time? 你能再试一次吗?(表明已试过两次了)

(三)基数词和序数词的转变

1. 一、二、三,特殊记,词尾字母t, d, d——first, second, third

2. 八减t,九减e(eighth, ninth),f来把ve替——fifth, twelfth

3. 单词ty作结尾,ty变成tie——twentieth

4. 若是碰到几十几(twenty-one),只变个位就可以——twenty-first

(四)基数词和序数词连用

1. 年月日表达法:

2000年10月6日:October 6th, 2000 (October 6th, two thousand)

2. 分数表达法:

(1)分子是1时,分子用基数词,分母用序数词。

1/3——one third

(2)分子>1时,分子用基数词,分母用序数词并在其后加 “s”

3/5——three fifths

3. 倍数:用times来表示:

1

This room is three times as large as that one. 这个房间有那个房间三个那么大。

(五)时间和日期的表达法

1. 时间

(1)整点的表达:o’clock前用数字

6 o’clock—— six o’clock

8 o’clock—— eight o’clock

(2)非整点表达的三种方法:

① 7:30= seven thirty

② a. 分+past+时:表示不超过半小时(包括半小时half)的“几点几分” 两点半:half past two

b. 分+to+时:表示超过半小时的“几点差几分”

三点四十五分:a quarter to four

九点四十分:twenty to ten

③ 一刻(十五分)用quarter。

一点一刻:a quarter past one

2. 日期 “on+日(序数词)+of+月+年”

2008年1月30日:on the thirtieth of January, 2008

二、数词的考查点

考点1 序数词的用法

例题 选择填空。

( )Sunday is the _______ day of the week.

A. sixth B. first C. fifth D. tenth

【解题指导】:星期日是一周中的第一天,表示顺序,所以用first。

【答案】B

举一反三训练:根据括号里的内容填空。

1. How many apples are there? ________(9).

2. What’s the time? It’s _________(8).

3. The big bookshop is on the __________(3) floor.

4. It’s __________ (2) o’clock.

5. There are _________ (162) doctors in the hospital.

考点2 时间和日期的表达

例题 填空。

1. What’s the date is it today?

It’s _________. (3月14日)

2. What time is it now?

2

It’s __________. (3:45)

【解题指导】:1.序数词表示日期用法是“日(序数词)+of +月+年”。

2. 分+ to+时:表示超过半小时的“几点差几分”,一刻(十五分)用

quarter, 所以答案是a quarter to four.

【答案】:1. the fourteenth of March 2. a quarter to four

举一反三训练:汉译英。

1. 七月十六日__________________

2. 九月十八日__________________

3. 十点半__________________

4. 十点四十五__________________

5. 八点十五__________________

6. 四点五十__________________

3

自我检测与提高

一、写出下列数词的正确英文形式。

1. 4:10______________ 2. 5:50______________

3. 11:30______________ 4. 2:45______________

5. 6:15______________ 6. 218______________

7. 702______________ 8. 2/5______________

9. 五百万______________ 10. 八千万______________

11. 在2008年8月8日______________

12. 在1999年7月1日______________

二、根据括号里的词的正确形式填空。

1. Mr. White lives on the ________ floor. (six)

2. Jack will come back on the ________ of next month. (twenty-three)

3. Autumn is the ________ season of the year.(three)

4. The ________ boy is very weak. (seven)

5. There are eleven________ (apple) in the basket.

6. The ________ (one) story is very interesting.

7. June 1st is ________ (child) Day.

三、选择填空。

( )1. Tom is ________ in the row.

A. a second B. the second C. two D. second

( )2. Jenny was born ________.

A. on July 10, 1987 B. in July 10, 1987

C. in 1987, July 10 D. on 1987, July 10

( )3. We all like the ________ boy.

A. of nine years old B. nine-year-old

C. at nine old D. of age of nine

( )4. ________ trees have been planted in our school in the past 10 years.

A. Hundreds of B. Two hundreds C. Hundred of D. Two hundred of

( )5.Tom was ________ to get to school and I was________.

A. first; eighth B. a first; a eighth C. the first; the eighth D. the second; eighth

四、将下列短语译成英语。

1. 第十课___________________

2. 第二中学___________________

3. 一个半小时___________________

4. 十点一刻___________________

4

5. 数千座楼房___________________

6. 一个九岁的女孩___________________

7. 二楼309房间___________________

8. 常山路八号___________________

9.在1952年___________________

10. 2,157,680___________________ 5

参考答案

考点1 举一反三训练

1. Nine 2. eight o’clock 3. third 4. two 5. one hundred and sixty-two 考点2 举一反三训练

1. the sixteenth of July/July 16th 2. the eighth of September/September 8th

3. ten thirty/half past ten 4. fifteen to eleven/ a quarter to eleven

5. fifteen past eight/a quarter past eight 6. ten to five/four fifty

自我检测与提高

一、

1. ten past four 2. ten to six

3. half past eleven 4. fifteen to three/ two forty-five

5. a quarter past six 6. two hundred and eighteen

7. seven hundred and two 8. two fifths

9. five million 10. eighty million

11. on the eighth of August, two thousand and eight

12. on the first of July, nineteen ninety-nine

二、1. sixth 2. twenty-third 3. third 4. seventh

5. apples 6. first 7. Children’s

三、1. B 2. A 3. B 4. A 5. C

四、1. Lesson Ten 2. No. Two Middle School

3. an hour and a half 4. a quarter past ten

5. thousands of buildings 6. a nine-year-old girl

7. Room 309 on the second floor

8. No. Eight on the Changshan Road

9. in nineteen fifty-two

10. two million one hundred and fifty-seven thousand six hundred and eighty

6

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