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2013年小升初语法复习(五):代词

发布时间:2014-04-14 17:00:43  

2013年小升初语法复习(五):代词

单词复习:

代词(pron.): I我 we我们 you你;你们 he他 she她 it它 they他(她,它)们 my我的 our 我们的 your你的;你们的 his他的 her她的

人体(body):foot脚 head头 face脸 hair头发 nose鼻子 mouth嘴 eye眼睛 ear耳朵 arm手臂 hand手 finger手指 leg腿 tail尾巴

植物(plants): flower花 grass草 tree树 seed种子 sprout苗 plant植物 rose玫瑰 leaf叶子

句型复习:

1.A:What’s your name? 你的名字是什么?B:My name’s Chen Jie. 我的名字是陈洁。 What’s her name ?她的名字叫什么?

① Her name is Amy.她的名字叫Amy.

② She’s Amy .她是Amy.

③ Amy . Amy.

2.- -I like spring best.(Spring.)

你最喜欢是什么季节?我最喜欢春季。

-What is your favourite season? -My favourite seson is spring.(Spring.)

你最喜爱的季节是什么季节?我最喜爱的季节是春季。

3.Why do you like summer? Because I can…….(Because it’s warm ,windy and sunny.) 你为什么喜欢夏天?因为我可以……(因为天气是……)

4.I like summer, because I can swim in the lake. 我喜欢夏天。因为我可以在湖里游泳。

5.Spring is good ,but fall is my favourite season.春天是好的。但秋天是我最喜欢的季节。

6. in fall in Beijing? It’s sunny and cool.

秋天的北京是什么天气? 是晴朗和凉爽的。

7.What season is it in March in Beijing? It’s spring.

在北京的三月份是什么季节? 是春天。

8.Look at me. This is my eyes. Touch your eyes.

That is my dress. It’s pink.

These are my jeans. They’re blue.

人称代词

1. 人称代词的形式

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2. 人称代词的用法

★ 在句中作主语,用主格。

如: I am a teacher. Are you OK?

★ 在动词和介词后作宾语,用宾格。

如: Please give me a pen.

★ 单数人称代词连用时,其词序为:第二人称,第三人称和第一人称。

如: you and I ; you and he ; he and I ; you ,he and I

★ 复数人称代词连用时,其词序一般和汉语一样。

如: we and you ; you and they

★ we,you ,they,he都用来泛指一般的人。

如: They say Mike is a good boy.

★ it用作人称代词,指动物或其他事物,有时也指人,尤指婴儿,小孩。 如: I have a ball–pen. It is very nice.

Who is it ? It is me.

★ it用作指示代词,表示“这”或“那”。

如 : How far is it from here ?

It’s about 1km away.

物主代词

1. 物主代词的形式

2. ★ 形容词性物主代词用在名词前,不能单独使用。 如:This is my bag. 2

★ 名词性物主代词相当于一个名词,使用时后面不再加名词。

如:That bike is his.

指示代词

★ 表示“这个”,“那个”,“这些”,“那些”,等指示概念的代词叫做指示代词。

有this ,that ,these ,those等。

★ this(these)一般用来指在时间和空间上较近的事物;that(those)则指较远

的事物。

如:This is a table. That is a sofa.

These books are theirs. Those books are ours.

不定代词

★ 凡不是用来指明代替特定名词的代词叫做不定代词。常见的有:both ,all ,

some ,any ,every 。

★ both指两者“都” ;all指三者及三者以上“都” 。

如:Both of you are wrong. All students are right.

★ some表示“一些,某些,某个” ,any表示“一些,任何” 。

some 多用于肯定句中,any多用于否定句和疑问句中。

如: There are some trees in the street.

Are there any trees in the street?

There aren’t any trees in the street.

★ 如果说话人希望得到肯定回答时,疑问句中可用some 。

如:Would you like some coffee?

★ some还可用于表示请求和邀请的疑问句中。

如:Can I have some glue?

★ every表示“每一个” 可以和one ,body ,thing组合成everyone ,

everybody ,everything 。当every及其复合词做主语时,后面动词要用第

三人称单数形式。

如: Everyone of this class does well in Chinese.

Everybody is at school now.

Everything is good today.

反身代词 : myself ,yourself , itself / herself / himself , ourselves ,yourselves ,

themselves 另外:one的反身代词为oneself

★ 有些动词需反身代词,如:dry ,cut, enjoy, hurt, help等。

如:We enjoyed ourselves very much last night. 我们昨晚玩得很开心。

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Please help yourself to some fish. 请你随便吃点鱼。

★ 用于及物动词+宾语+介词,如take pride in, be annoyed with 等 。

如:I could not dress(myself)up at that time. 那个时候我不能打扮我自己。 注意:有些动词后不跟反身代词,如:get up , sit down , stand up 等 。 如:Please sit down. 请坐。

★ 用作表语,如:结构be oneself 。

如: I am not myself today. 我今天不舒服。

大显身手

一. 用所给词的适当形式填空 。

1.That isn’t _____ kite.

That kite is very small , but _________ is very big. ( I )

2.The dress is _________.Give it to _________. ( she )

3.Is this _________ watch ? ( you ) No , it's not _________ . ( I )

4. ______is my brother.______ name is Jack.

Look! Those stamps are _____. ( he )

5. ______ dresses are red. ( we ) What color are _______? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy , but where's _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? ( they )

9. I have a beautiful cat. _______name is Mimi.( it )

10.Are these ______ tickets? No, ______ are not.( they)

11. Shall _____have a look at that classroom?

That is _________ classroom. ( we )

12._____ is my aunt. Do you know ____ job? ____ a nurse. ( she)

13.That is not ______ camera. _____is at home. ( he )

14. Where are ______? I can't find ______.

Let's call _____parents. ( they )

15. Don't touch ______. ______ not a cat , _____ a tiger! (it)

16. _____sister is ill. ( she )

17.______ don't know her name. Would you please tell _____. ( we )

18.So many dogs. Let's count _________.( they )

19.I have a lovely brother. _____ is only 3. I like ____ very much.( he )

20.May I sit beside _________? ( you )

21. Look at that desk.Those books are on ________. ( it )

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22.The girl behind ______ is our friend.(she )

二. 选择填空。

1.We like______(he ,his ,him)very much.

2.Is this guitar______?(you ,your ,yours ,yourself)

3.I made it______ .(myself , my,mine)

4.This is ______(I ,my,mine)book.

5.______(He ,Him,His)and I often play table tennis together.

6.The music will be good for______. (I , me , my ,mine)

7.My brother and______(he ,his ,him)are going to USA this summer.

8.Please give______(they ,them ,their)to______.(she ,her )

9.Yesterday a policeman stopped ______. (we,our ,us)

10.He speaks English to_____. (they ,them ,theirs)

三. 用正确的代词完成短文。

Hello!______name is Liu Yan.______ am a student in No.1 Primary School.______ teacher is Mrs. White.______is a good teacher.______ all like ______very much.

Look!______is a photo of______ family.The man in blue is my father.______ is a policeman .The woman beside______ is my mother.______ is a nurse. The girl between______ is______.______ have a happy family. And ______have a little dog .Is______ lovely?

四. 扩展练习(用am , is , are 填空)。

1.The two cups of milk _____ for me. 2.Some tea ______ in the glass.

3.Gao Shan's shirt _______ over there. 4.My sister's name ______Nancy.

5.This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil. 6.______ David and Helen from England ?

7.I ______ a boy.______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

8.There ______ a girl in the room.

9.There ______ some apples on the tree.

10._______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

11.There _______ some bread on the plate.

12.There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

13.You , he and I ______ from China.

14.Here ______ some sweaters for you.

15.The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

16. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

17. Those cups _____ ours.

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18. That ______ my red skirt.

19. Who ______ I?

20. The jeans ______ on the desk.

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参考答案:

一、1. my; mine 2. hers; her 3. your; mine 4. He; His; his

5. Our; yours 6. hers 7. yours 8. them

9. its 10. their; they 11. We; our 12. She; her; She’s

13. his; His 14. they; them; their 15. it; It’s; It’s 16. Her

17. We; us 18. them 19. He; him 20. you 21. it 22. her 二、1. him 2. yours 3. myself 4. my 5. He

6. me 7. he 8. them; her 9. us 10. them

三、第一段:My;I; My; He(She); We; him (her);

第二段:It; my; He; him; She; them; me; I; I; it.

四、1. are 2. is 3. is 4. is 5. is

6. Are 7. am; Are; am 8. is 9. are 10. Is

11. is 12. is 13. are 14. are 15. are

16. is 17. are 18. is 19. am 20. are

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