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小学英语 一般疑问句

发布时间:2013-09-27 08:30:57  

小学英语讲义 一般疑问句

一般疑问句

一般疑问句:它是指用yes或no来回答的句子。其结构是:

系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分?

一、含有be动词的陈述句转化为一般疑问句

1、be 动词提前,主语第一人称改为第二人称,句号改问号 ,读升调。

2、my变成your our变成your

I am / We are 变Are you

3、注意人名不论放在什么位置都要大写

如 Tom is a student.

Is Tom a student?

4、一般疑问句翻译成汉语都有"吗"?

例如 1)This is my English teacher.

Is this your English teacher? 这是你的英语老师吗? 肯定回答 Yes,it is. 否定回答 No,it isn’t.

(注意:主语为单数的指示代词如this,that,应该用it替代。

主语为复数的指示代词如 these,those,应该用they替代。)

2)It is our school.

Is it your school? 它是你的学校吗?

肯定回答 Yes,it is. 否定回答 No,it isn’t.

3)We are students.

Are you students? 你们是学生吗?

肯定回答 Yes,we are. 否定回答 No,we aren’t.

4) I am a student.

Are you a student? 你是学生吗?

肯定回答 Yes,I am. 否定回答 No,I am not.

(注意:一般疑问句有时也不用yes和no回答。)

相应练习

一、将下列陈述句变为一般疑问句。

1、she is a doctor.(用肯定回答)

________________________________________________________________________

2、I am a boy.

________________________________________________________________________

3、we are students.(用否定回答)

________________________________________________________________________

4、He is my father.

________________________________________________________________________

二、含有情态动词(can,may,should……)的陈述句转化为一般疑问句。

1、be 动词提前,主语第一人称改为第二人称,句号改问号 ,读升调。

2、my变成your our变成your I can变成 Can you

3、其它的与be动词相同。

例如 1) I can help you.

Can you help me?

1

肯定回答 Yes,I can. 否定回答 No,I can’t.

2)he can do homework.

Can he do homework?

肯定回答 Yes,he can. 否定回答 No,he can’t.

3)Amy can sing.

Can Amy sing?

肯定回答 Yes,she can. 否定回答 No,she can’t.

相应练习 一、将下列陈述句变为一般疑问句。

1、I can go shopping.(用肯定回答)

________________________________________________________________________

2、You can help him.

________________________________________________________________________

三、陈述句中只有一个实义动词作谓语且其时态为一般现在时,变为一般疑问句时要在句首加do或does 主语后的实义动词用原形。否定回答用don’t或doesn’t.

如:I like these animals.

Do you like these animals?

肯定回答 Yes,I like. 否定回答 No,I don’t like.

She wants to go to the movies.

Does she want to go to the movies?

肯定回答 Yes,she wants. 否定回答 No,she doesn’t want.

相应练习

一、将下列陈述句变为一般疑问句,并用肯定和否定回答。

1、He goes to school.

________________________________________________________________________

2、I do homework with him.

________________________________________________________________________

课堂小测试

一、分别给下题做出肯定和否定回答

1、Is this your shirt?

肯定:____________________ 否定:____________________

2、Is that my jacket?

肯定:______________________否定:______________________

3、Is it a cat?

肯定:_____________________ 否定:________________________

4、Are these your pants ?

肯定:______________________否定:_________________________

5、Does your mother buy clothes?

肯定:______________________否定:_________________________

二、把下列陈述句改为一般疑问句。

1.It is a lovely dog.

________________________________________________________________________

2.She is lovely girl.

2

________________________________________________________________________

3、They are Lily’s cousins.

________________________________________________________________________

4、We can play football.

5、I have an apple.

________________________________________________________________________

6、Amy plays football.

________________________________________________________________________ 课后练习

1. Amy is in the study。(改成一般疑问句,并做肯定回答)

________________________________________________________________________

2. The keys are in the door。(改成一般疑问句,并做否定回答)

________________________________________________________________________

3. Is there a dog under the sofa? (改成陈述句)

________________________________________________________________________

4.he can help you with your English.(改成一般疑问句,并做肯定回答)

5.I can help my mother.(改成一般疑问句,并做否定回答) ________________________________________________________________________

6、I have a pen.(改成一般疑问句,并做肯定回答)

________________________________________________________________________

7、she goes to bed at 7:00.(改成一般疑问句,并做否定回答)

________________________________________________________________________

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