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英语词汇库{英语专题分类词汇(人体部位 Human Body Parts)}

发布时间:2014-05-01 09:43:56  

戈洛博翻译 - 英语词汇库

英语专题分类词汇

(人体部位 Human Body Parts)

human organ 器官;head 头;scalp 头皮;dandruff 头皮屑;hair follicle 毛囊;crown 头顶;bald head 秃头/光头;hair 头发;forelock留海/额发;blond hair 金发;kinky hair 卷缩发;wavy hair 波浪发;straight hair 直发;forehead 额/脑门;temple太阳穴;philtrum 人中;ophryon 印堂;sidebums 鬓角;face 脸;wrinkle 皱纹;crow's feet 鱼尾纹;freckle 雀斑;dimple 酒涡;pimple 粉刺;wart 瘊子;naevus/mole 痦子;pockmark麻子;naevus/mole 痣;cheekbone 颧骨;chin 下巴;cheek 面颊;jaw 颚;maxilla 上颚;mandible 下颚;jawbone 颚骨;eye 眼睛;right eye 左眼;left eye 右眼;dark eye 黑眼睛;brown eye 茶色眼睛;blue eye 蓝眼睛;hazel eye 淡褐色眼睛;almond eye 杏仁眼;phoenix eye 丹凤眼;cross eyes 对眼/斗鸡眼;double eyelid 双眼皮;single-fold eyelid 单眼皮;eyebrow/brows 眉毛;eyelash 睫毛;eyelid 眼皮/眼睑;eyeball 眼珠;white of the eye 眼白;cornea 角膜;conjunctiva结膜;iris 虹膜;sclera 巩膜;pupil 瞳孔;choroid脉络膜;retina 视网膜;optic disc 视神经盘;macula lutea 视网膜黄斑;aqueous humor(眼球的)水状体;lens (眼球的)晶状体;vitreous body (眼球的)玻璃体;ciliary body(眼球的)睫状体;lacrimal apparatus 泪器;ophthalmic 眼动脉;ear耳朵;right ear 左耳;left ear 右耳;inner ear canal内耳道;lobe 耳垂;earwax 耳垢;eardrum 耳膜;left eustachian tube 左耳咽管;right eustachan tube 右耳咽管;auditory canal 听道;aural nerve 听觉神经;tympanic cavity 鼓室;auditory tube 咽鼓管;vestibule 前庭;cochlea 耳蜗;semicircular canal 半规管;nose 鼻子;nasal cavity 鼻腔;nasal passages 鼻道;nostril 鼻孔;nostril hair 鼻毛;snot 鼻涕;bridge of the nose 鼻梁;upturned nose 朝天鼻;aquiline nose 鹰钩鼻;snub nose 狮子鼻;bulbous nose 球状鼻;grecian nose 悬胆鼻;Roman nose 鹰鼻;mouth 嘴/口;cavity 口腔;slobber口水/唾液;phlegm/sputum 痰;lip嘴唇;tongue 舌;uvula 悬雍垂/小舌;tip of the tongue 舌尖;coating on the tongue/fur舌苔;tooth/teeth 牙齿;front tooth/incitor 门牙;gum 牙龈/牙床;crown 齿冠;root/fang 齿根;enamel (牙)珐琅质;hard palate 硬腭;soft palate 软腭;denlture 假齿;molar 臼齿/磨牙/后牙;wisdom teeth 智齿;esophagus 食道;ocal cordsv 声带;throat 咽喉/喉咙;larynx 喉;Adam's apple 喉结;pharynx咽/咽头;tonsil 扁桃体;salivary glands 唾液腺;sublingual gland 舌下腺;parotid gland 腮腺;submandibular gland 下颌下腺;trunk 身躯/躯干;skin皮肤;goose flesh鸡皮疙瘩;fine hair on the human body 汗毛;bead of sweat 汗珠子;sweat gland 汗腺;gland 腺;mustache/beard 胡子;goatee 山羊胡;whisker 络腮胡;neck 颈/脖子;nape(scruff)of the neck 项/颈背;back of the human body/back

脊 1

梁/后背;shoulder 肩;shoulder joint 肩关节;chest 胸部;left pectoral 左胸;right pectoral右胸;pit 胸口;abdomen 腹;upper abdomen 上腹;lower abdomen 下腹;armpit 腋窝;armpit hair 腋毛;breast 乳房;nipple 乳头;areola 乳头轮/乳晕; genital organ 生殖器;foreskin包皮;penis 阴茎;balanus 龟头/阴茎头;pube 阴毛;scrotum 阴囊;testicle 睾丸;epididymis 附睾;sperm 精子;sperm duct/ ductus deferens输精管;ejaculatory duct 射精管;spermatic cord 精索;seminal vesicle 精囊;prostate/prostate gland前列腺;bulbourethral gland 尿道球腺;private part 阴部;vagina 阴道;clitoris阴蒂;labia阴唇;uterus/womb子宫;cervix uterine子宫颈;ovary 卵巢;egg 卵子;oviduct/fallopian tube/uterine tube 输卵管;perineum 会阴;hymen/maidenhead 处女膜;waist 腰;navel/belly button 脐;hip 胯;crotch 胯裆;hipbone胯骨;buttocks 屁股/臀部left buttock 左臀;right buttock 右臀;groin 腹股沟;knee 膝盖;knee joint 膝关节;kneecap膝盖骨;hollow of the knee/back of the knee膝弯;leg腿;thigh 大腿;left thigh 左大腿;right thigh 右大腿;lower leg 小腿;calf 腿肚;left lower leg 左小腿;right lower leg 右小腿;foot/feet 脚;footprint 脚印;sole of the foot脚掌/脚底;;arch of the foot脚心/脚掌心;instep 脚背;toe 脚趾;toe nail 脚趾甲;ankle 踝;Achilles's tendon/heel tendon 跟腱;heel 脚后跟;limb 肢;arm 胳膊/臂;upper arm 上臂;fore arm 前臂;bend (crook)of the arm胳膊弯;hand 手;left hand 左手;right hand 右手;palm 手心/手掌;back of the hand/ back 手背;fingerprint 手印;fist 拳头;wrist 手腕/腕子;wrist joint 腕关节;finger 手指;knuckle 指关节;fingernail 指甲;thumb 拇指;forefinger/index finger 食指;middle finger 中指;ring finger 无名指;little finger小指;moon 月牙儿;elbow 肘;left elbow 左肘;right elbow 右肘;elbow joint 肘关节;nerve 神经;cell 细胞;blood 血液;blood vessel 血管;red corpuscle count 红血球;white corpuscle count 白血球;platelet count 血小板;pulse 脉搏;vein 静脉;artery 动脉;windpipe/ trachea 气管;capillary 毛细血管;bronchi 支气管;spinal marrow/spinal cord 脊髓;marrow 骨髓;brain 脑;cerebrum 大脑;cerebellum小脑;internal organs/viscera 内脏;heart 心脏;cardiac atrium 心房;cardiac ventricle 心室;tricuspid valve 三尖瓣;mitral valve 二尖瓣;conus arteriosus 动脉圆锥;pulmonary orifice 肺动脉口;aortic sinus 主动脉窦;interatrial septum 房间隔;interventricular septum 室间隔;sinuatrial node 窦房结;atrioventricular node 房室结;atrioventricular bundle房室束;coronary artery 冠状动脉;pericardium 心包;pulmonary trunk 肺动脉干;arterial ligament 动脉韧带;common carotid 颈总动脉;carotid glomus 颈动脉小球;internal carotid 颈内动脉;facial 面动脉;superficial temporal 颞浅动脉;subclavian 锁骨下动脉;axillary 腋动脉;brachial 肱动脉;ulnar 尺动脉;radial 桡动脉;superficial palmar arch 掌浅弓;thoracic aorta 胸主动脉;abdominal aorta 腹主动脉;coeliac trunk 腹腔干;left gastric 胃左动脉;common hepatic 肝总动脉;splenic 脾动脉right gastroepiploic 胃网膜右动脉;superior mesenteric 肠系膜上动脉;common iliac 髂总动脉;external iliac 髂外动脉;femoral 股动脉;popliteal 腘动脉;posterior tibial 胫后动脉;peroneal 腓动脉;dorsal artery of foot 足背动脉;uterine 子宫动脉;superior vena cava 上腔静脉;brachiocephalic vein头臂静脉;internal jugular 颈内静脉;cephalic 头静脉;basilic 贵要静脉;median cubital 肘正中静脉;azygos 奇静脉;great saphenous 大隐静脉;portal 门静脉;paraumbilical 附脐静脉;thoracic duct 胸导管;superficial inguinal lymph nodes 腹股沟浅淋巴结;diaphragm隔膜;pancreas 胰腺;pancreas 胰;spleen 脾;kidney肾;renal hilum 肾门;renal pedicle 肾蒂; 2

ureter 输尿管;bladder/urinary bladder 膀胱;urethra 尿道;digestive tube/digestive tract消化管;esophagus 食管;stomach/gaster 胃;cardia 贲门;pylorus 幽门;lung 肺;pleura 胸膜;pleural cavity 胸膜腔;pleural recesses 胸膜隐窝;costodiaphragmatic recess肋膈隐窝;mediastinum 纵隔;intestine 肠;large intestine大肠;small intestine小肠;duodenum十二指肠;blind gut 盲肠;jejunum 空肠;ileum 回肠;caecum 盲肠;appendix/vermiform appendix 阑尾;rectum 直肠胆囊;rectum 直肠;colon 结肠;sigmoid colon 乙状结肠; anal canal 肛管;anus 肛门;liver 肝脏;porta hepatis 肝门;gall bladder 胆囊;thymus 胸腺;lymph 淋巴;lymph node/lymph gland 淋巴腺/淋巴结;corpus callosum 胼胝体;pituitary gland脑下垂体;mitochondria 线粒体;thyrod gland 甲状腺; excrement/ stool粪便/大便/屎;urine/pee 小便/尿;muscle 肌肉;facial muscle 面部肌肉;muscle of chest 胸部肌肉;muscle of leg 腿部肌肉;muscle of hand 手部肌肉;sinew/tendon肌腱/腱子肉/腱/筋;aponeurosis 腱膜;fascia 筋膜;trapezius 斜方肌;latissimus dorsi 背阔肌;erector spinae 竖脊肌;sternocleidomastoid 胸锁乳突肌;pectoralis major胸大肌;serratus anterior前锯肌;intercostal 肋间肌;diaphragm 膈;obliquus externus abdominis 腹外斜肌;inguinal ligament 腹股沟韧带;sheath of rectus abdominis 腹直肌鞘;linea alba 腹白线;inguinal canal 腹股沟管;inguinal triangle 腹股沟三角;pectoral muscle 胸肌;abdominal muscle 腹肌;deltoid三角肌;biceps brachii肱二头肌;triceps brachii肱三头肌;gluteus maximus臀大肌;sartorius缝匠肌;quadriceps femoris股四头肌;adductor magnus大收肌;triceps surae小腿三头肌;joint/articulation 关节;vertebral column 脊柱;intervertebral disc 椎间盘;thoracic cage 胸廓;temporomandibular joint颞下颌关节;shoulder joint 肩关节elbow joint 肘关节;radiocarpal joint/wrist joint桡腕关节;pubic symphysis 耻骨联合;pelvis 骨盆;terminal line 界线;sarotuberous ligament骶结节韧带;sarospinous ligament骶棘韧带;greater sciatic foramen;坐骨大孔;hip joint 髋关节;knee joint 膝关节;ankle joint 踝关节;transverse tarsal joint跗横关节;meniscus 半月板;skeleton 骨骼;bone 骨;skull/cranium 颅骨/头盖骨;collarbone /clavicle锁骨;left clavicle左锁骨;right clavicle右锁骨;backbone/bone of spine 脊骨/脊柱; shoulder blade 肩胛骨;left shoulder blade左肩胛;right shoulder blade右肩胛;breastbone/sternum 胸骨;upper arm bone 肱骨;hipbone 胯骨;rib 肋骨;intercostal muscle 肋间肌;pleura 肋膜;pelvis 骨盆;ischium 坐骨;left stapes 左镫骨;right stapes 右镫骨;floating ribs 浮肋;thighbone/femur 股骨;carpals腕骨;metal carpals/hand bone 掌骨;finger bone 手指骨;shinbone 胫骨;right shinbone右胫骨;left shinbone 左胫骨;ankle bone/tarsals 跗骨;foot bone/metatarsals 跖骨;synovial membrane 滑膜;synovial fluid 滑膜液; kneecap 膝盖骨;ligament韧带;cartilage 软骨; vertebra 椎骨;cervical vertebrae 颈椎;thoracic vertebrae 胸椎;lumbar vertebrae 腰椎;sacrum 骶骨;coccyx 尾骨;sternum 胸骨;sternal angle 胸骨角;orbit 眶;paranasal sinus 鼻旁窦;frontal sinus 额窦;maxillary sinus 上颌窦;sphenoidal sinus 蝶窦;ethmoidal sinus 筛窦;pterion 翼点;cranial fontanelles 颅囟;radius 桡骨;ulna 尺骨;carpal bones 腕骨;metacarpal bones 掌骨;phalanges 指骨/趾骨;hip bone 髋骨;ischium 坐骨;pubis 耻骨;acetabulum 髋臼;femur 股骨;patella 髌骨;fibula 腓骨;fibrous joint 纤维连结;cartilaginous joint 软骨连结;synosteosis 骨性结合;spinal nerve 脊神经;spinal ganglia 脊神经节;cervical plexus 颈丛;phrenic 膈神经;brachial plexus 臂丛;median 正中神经;musculocutaneous 肌皮神经;intercostal 肋间神经;lumbar 3

plexus 腰丛;obturator 闭孔神经;sacral plexus 骶丛;sciatic 坐骨神经;tibial 胫神经;common peroneal 腓总神经;cranial 脑神经;olfactory 嗅神经;optic 视神经;oculomotor 动眼神经;trochlear 滑车神经;trigeminal 三叉神经;ophthalmic 眼神经;maxillary 上颌神经;mandibular 下颌神经;abducent 展神经;facial nerve 面神经;vestibulocochlear 前庭蜗神经;glossopharyngeal 舌咽神经;vagus 迷走神经;accessory 副神经;hypoglossal 舌下神经;chorda tympani 鼓索;autonomic nervous system 自主神经系统;sympathetic nerve 交感神经;parasympathetic nerve 副交感神经;central nervous system 中枢神经系统; gray matter 灰质;cortex 皮质;nucleus 神经核;white matter 白质;medulla 髓质;fasciculus 纤维束;ganglion 神经节;reticular formation 网状结构;anterior horn 前角;posterior funiculus 后索;anterior white commissure 白质前连合;fasciculus gracilis 薄束;fasciculus cuneatus 楔束;spinothalamic tract脊髓丘脑束;corticospinal tract 皮质脊髓束;corticonuclear tract 皮质核束;brain/ encephalon 脑;brain stem 脑干;medulla oblongata 延髓;pyramid 锥体;pyramidal decussation;锥体交叉;pons 脑桥;midbrain/mesencephalon中脑;red nucleus 红核;substantia nigra 黑质;diencephalon 间脑;thalamus 丘脑;hypothalamus 下丘脑;optic chiasma 视交叉;medial geniculate body 内侧膝状体;telencephalon 端脑;lateral ventricle 侧脑室;choroid plexus 脉络丛;internal capsule 内囊;corpus callosum 胼胝体;corpus striatum 纹状体;cerebral cortex 大脑皮质;hippocampal formation 海马结构;limbic system 边缘系统;extrapyramidal system 锥体外系;cerebral dura mater 硬脑膜;cavernous sinus 海绵窦;epidural space 硬膜外隙;subarachnoid space 蛛网膜下隙;spinal pia mater 软脊膜;cerebrospinal fluid 脑脊液;endocrine glands 内分泌腺;thyroid gland 甲状腺;parathyroid gland 甲状旁腺;suprarenal gland 肾上腺;hypophysis 垂体;pineal corpus 松果体;pelvic diaphragm 盆膈;urogenital diaphragm 尿生殖膈;peritoneum 腹膜;greater omentum 大网膜;omental burse 网膜囊;mesentery 肠系膜;subphrenic space 膈下间隙;rectovesical ponch 直肠膀胱陷凹;rectouterine pouch 直肠子宫陷凹;sensory organs 感觉器;visual organs 视器; immune system免疫系统;motion system运动系统;circulatory system循环系统;endocrine system内分泌系统;respiratory system 呼吸系统;reproductive system生殖系统;alimentary system 消化系统;nervous system 神经系统。

备注:人体行为动作:

take 拿在手上;have 拿着;hold 握住;grasp 抓住/紧握;throw 投掷;carry 搬运;put 摆放;push 推;pull 拉;make 制作;break 打破;catch 抓住;point 指着;scratch 搔/挠;pinch 捻;flip 弹;snap 响指;raise one's hand 举手;wave one's hand 摇手;stretch one's hand 伸手;shake hands/clasp hands 握手;clap one's hands 拍手;fold one's arms 交叉双臂;toddle 蹒跚行走;stagger 摇摇晃晃;trudge 步履艰难;walk on tiptoe 蹑足而行;jog 慢跑;dash 猛冲;race 赛跑;parade 游行;jump 跳跃;hop 单脚跳;skip 蹦跳;trip 绊倒;slip 滑跤;fall 跌倒;limp 跛行;crawl 爬行;kneel 跪下;sit cross legged 盘脚坐;stand on one leg 单脚站立;squat 蹲;chase 追。 4

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