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PEP人教版小学五年级下册现在进行时讲解

发布时间:2014-05-22 11:58:21  

动词-ing形式的变化规则
1.直接加ing
如: fly— flying play—playing

walk—walking 如: write —writing
make—making 如: run—running swim—swimming

clean—cleaning take—taking
come—coming set—setting sit—sitting

2.以e结尾且不发音的,去e加ing

3.重读闭音节双写最后一个字母加ing

小练习,写出下列动词的ing 形式。
jump—( jumping ) climb—( climbing ) run— ( running ) shop—( shopping ) put —(
putting

sleep—( sleeping ) fight—( fighting ) swim—( swimming ) get— ( getting write—( writing ) ) )

make—( making )
skate—( skating )

play—( playing

)

watch—( watching )

现在进行时的含义与构成
1.含义:表示现在正在进行或发生的动作, 也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段 正在进行的动作。 2.标志词:now, look, listen等。

3.构成:主语+Be动词+V-ing+其他 e.g.: He is reading a book.

What are you doing now?
1. I am watching TV.

2. I am doing my homework.
3. I am answering the phone.

What is he doing?
He is running.

He is swimming.

What is the girl doing?

She is listeningto music. She is dancing.

What is it doing?

The dog is skating.

The bird is singing.

What are they doing?

They are eating bananas. They are drawing pictures.

现在进行时的句式
1.肯定句:主语+Be动词+V-ing+其他 如:I am reading a book. 2.否定句:直接在Be动词后面加 not . 如:I am speaking. I am not speaking.

He is standing. He is not standing. He isn’t standing.

He is standing.

He is not standing.

She is drinking water. She is not drinking water. She isn’t drinking water.

She is drinking water. She is not drinking water.

They are washing dishes. They are not washing dishes. (They aren’t washing dishes.)

They are washing dishes.

They are not washing dishes.

3. 一般疑问句及回答 问句:有Be动词,直接把Be动词提前。 肯定回答:Yes, 主语+Be动词 否定回答:No, 主语+Be动词+not 如:I am flying kites.

— Are you flying kites?
— Yes, I am. / No, I am not.
I'm I'm not

? He is playing football. — Is he playing football? — Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.

? She is cleaning the room. — Is she cleaning the room? — Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.

? They are planting trees. — Are they planting trees? — Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

? They are making a snowman. — Are they making a snowman? — Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.

3. 现在进行时的特殊疑问句的基本结构为:
疑问词 + 一般疑问句

What + Be动词 + 人 + doing? 如:

What is your father doing?
He is planting trees.

— What is Mary doing? — She is watering the flowers.

— What is Zhou Jielun doing?
— He is playing the piano.

PS: 现在进行时的句子中常有 now, 或在句 首常出现 Look! Listen!等提示词。
如: He is playing basketball now. Listen! John is singing in the room. Look! They are flying kites.

— Wha

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