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一般过去式讲解(好)

发布时间:2014-05-26 15:00:41  

英语时态之一般过去时

一. 一般过去时的基本用法

二. 一般过去式的构成形式

1.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn't)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren't)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

2.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

否定句:didn't +动词原形,如:Jim went home yesterday.

Jim didn't go home yesterday.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Jim went home yesterday.

Did Jim go home yesterday?

特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+一般疑问句?如:Jim went home yesterday. Did Jim go home yesterday?

What did Jim do yesterday?

三、规则动词的过去式

1.一般情况下,在动词原形后面加-ed。

look→looked play→played start→started visit→visited

2.以不发音e结尾的动词,在词尾直接加-d。

live→lived use→used

3.以“辅音字母+ y”结尾的动词,先将 y 改为i ,再加 –ed。

study→studied try→tried fly→flied

4.以重读闭音节(即辅音+元音+辅音)或r音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,要先双写这个辅音字母后,再加 –ed。

stop→stopped plan→planned prefer→preferred

5.不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。

如:am(is)-was, are-were(是), go-went(走), come-came(来), take-took(拿), have (has)-had(有), begin(开始)--began,

1

bring(拿来)--brought, can(能)--could, catch(捉住)--caught, 等等. cut(砍,割)--cut, do/does(做,干)--did, draw(画画,拉)--drew, drink(喝)--drank, drive(驾驶)--drove, eat(吃)--ate,

fall(跌倒,落下)--fell, feel(感觉)--felt, fly(飞)--flew,

get(获得)--got, give(给)---gave, grow(生长)--grew,

keep(保持)--kept, know(知道,认识)--knew, learn(学习)--learnt, leave (离开)--left, let(让)--let, lie(躺,平放)--lay,

make(使得,做)--made, may(可以)--might, must(必须)--must, read(读)--read, ride (骑)--rode, ring (鸣铃)--rang,

run (跑)--ran, say (说)--said, see (看见)--saw,

sell (卖)--sold, send(送)--sent, set (放)--set,

sing(唱歌)--sang, sit (坐)--sat, sleep (睡觉)--slept,

speak(说话)--spoke, spend (花费)--spent, stand (站立)--stood,

swim (游泳)--swam, teach(教)--taught, tell (告诉)--told,

think(认为)--thought, throw(投掷)--threw, understand(懂得)--understood, wear(穿)--wore, will(将要)--would, win(获胜)--won,

Step 4 Project

1. Review the past simple tense.

2. Homework

附:一般过去时口诀:

动词一般过去时,表示过去发生的事;be用was或用were, have,has变had;

谓语动词过去式,过去时间作标志;一般动词加-ed,若是特殊得硬记。 否定句很简单,主语之后didn’t

疑问句也不难,did放在主语前;不含be动词时

如果谓语之前有did,谓语动词需还原;

动词若是was,were,否定就把not添。含be动时

疑问句也不难,要把was,were放在主语前。

一般过去时练习题

I.请用正确动词形式填空

1. He

2

2. The cat 3. We 4. Nancy 5. I 6. They 7. My mother 8. The girls 9. I 10. ___Did___ you __visit_____ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

11. _____Did_ he ____fly___ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he __did____.

12. Gao Shan ____put___ (put) up the picture last night.

13. I ________swept____ (sweep) the floor yesterday.

14. What __did____ she ____find___ (find) in the garden last morning?

15. Her father _____read__ (read) a newspaper last night.

16. Mike ______didn’t go___________(not go) to bed until 12 o’clock last night.

17. I listened but ___heared________ (hear) nothing.

18. How many people _____were___ (be) there in your class last term?

II. 改错题

1. How is Jane yesterday? ___was__________________

2. He go to school by bus last week. ____went________________________

3. He often goes home at 6:00 last month. ___went________________________

4. I can fly kites seven years ago. ___________________could___________

5. Did you saw him just now. ________________see____________________

Ⅲ. 按要求变换句型

1. Frank read an interesting book about history. (一般疑问句)

___Did____ Frank __read_____ an interesting book about history? (划线提问)

What___did_____ he __does_____?

3. Thomas spent RMB 10 on this book. (否定句)

Thomas ______didn’t spend_ _______ RMB 10 on this book.

4. My last week. (划线提问)

Where________ __did______ _____your___ family ___go____ last week? 3

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