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小升初英语三_形容词

发布时间:2014-06-06 14:01:30  

小升初英语基本语法与练习三 形容词、副词

知识要点

一.形容词

1. 修饰名词,描述其性质、品质、特征等的词。一般“?的”的词都是形容词。 如:She is a beautiful girl. (漂亮的) 2. 在句中作定语、表语、宾语补足语。 如:I have an interesting book. (interesting有趣的,修饰book,在句中作定语) We are happy today. (happy快乐的,在句中作表语) Students should keep their classroom clean and tidy.(clean干净的,tidy整洁的,在句中都作宾语补足语) 3. 多个形容词同时修饰一个名词时的排列顺序 限定词+外观类+形状+年龄+颜色+国籍+材料+名词(简记:县官行令色国才) 如:a tall 17-year-old black American boy. 一个17岁的高个子黑皮肤美国男孩。 the big round red wooden table. 又大又圆的红色木质饭桌。

二.副词:

1. 通常修饰动词,表示动作的程度、方式等。还可修饰形容词、副词,有时修饰整个句 子,在句中作状语。一般“?地”的词都是副词。 如:You must listen to the teacher carefully.(仔细地,认真地) 2. 副词的分类 1) 时间副词: now, today等 2)频度副词:always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never 2) 地点副词:here, there, upstairs, downstairs等 3) 方式副词:carefully, fast, well, politely等 4) 程度副词: much, little, quite等 5) 疑问副词: how, when, where, why等

三.形容词转化成副词

1. 一般在形容词后加ly, 如:quick-quickly

2. 以辅音字母+y结尾的形容词,变y为i, 加ly, 如:happy-happily

3. 以ue 结尾的形容词,去e加ly, 如:true-truly 注:有些词兼有形容词和副词的词性,如:fast, hard, high, late, far等,它们的词性只有通过具体语境来判断。另外,有些以ly结尾的词不是副词,而是形容词,如:friendly, lovely lonely, lively等。

四.形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化

规则变化(单音节和少数双音节):

①单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er最高级+est small-smaller-smallest等 ②以e结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st即可nice-nicer-nicest

③以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i+er或est easy-easier-easiest

④双写最后一个辅音字母+er或est hot-hotter-hottest

⑥ 一些双音节及多音节形容词或副词前要加more和most,如:

difficult---more difficult---most difficult

不规则变化(简记为:好、坏、多、少、远):

good/well-better-best,bad-worse-worst many/much-more-most little-less-least far-further -furthest(表示程度) far-farther-farthest(表示远近) old-older-oldest(表新旧) old-elder-eldest(表兄弟姊妹之间的长幼)

五.形容词、副词的比较级和最高级用法:

1.、原级的用法:用于两者之间对比,意思为“??和??相同”相当于the same as? 肯定句:A+动词.+as+形容词/副词原级+as B Tom is as honest as Jack. Jack runs as fast as Peter. 否定句:A+动词.+not as/so.+形容词/副词原级+as B This tree is not as/so tall as that one.

2.、比较级前的修饰词:a little, a lot, much, even; far; still

形容词、副词比较级的特殊用法

①"the+形容词比较级+of the two+??"表示"...是两者中较?的"。

如,Look at the two boys. My brother is the taller of the two.

②"比较级+and+比较级"表示"越来越??"。He is getting taller and taller.

③"the+比较级,the+比较级"表示"越?,越?,"。The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you'll make

④A+动词+形容词/副词比较级+than+ B Susan is happier than Jane. Lily run faster than Mary 注:形容词/副词比较级前还可以用much, even, still, a little,far, a lot, a bit来修饰。 ⑤数字(倍数)+形容词/副词比较级+than

如:I’m two years older than you. Our classroom is twice bigger than yours

3、.最高级常用句型结构

①形容词/副词比较级+than+ any other+单数名词(+介词短语)=形容词/副词比较级+than+ the other+复数名词(+介词短语)"表示"比同一范围的任何一个人/物都??",含义是"最??"。

例如,Mike gets to school earlier than any other student in his class.

= Mike gets to school earlier than any of the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earlier than the other students in his class. = Mike gets to school earliest in his class.注意:Mike gets to school earlier than any student in Tom's class.

②"主语+be+ the+形容词最高级+单数名词+in/of短语"表示"??是??中最??的"。

如,Tom is the tallest in his class./of all the students.

③"主语+be+ one of the+形容词最高级+复数名词+in/of短语"表示"?是??中最??之一"。

如,Beijing is one of the largest cities in China.

④序数词+最高级

Hainan Island is the second largest island in China.

练习:

I.写出所给词的反义词。

1.young________ 6.better___________

2. white________ 7. longer__________ 3. big__________ 8. thinner_________ 4. left_________ 9. far_____________ 5.fast_________ 10. light__________ II. 用所给词的正确形式填空。 1. Maria is ________(thin). Lucy is __________(thin) than Mary. 2. Mike is ____________________(heavy) boy in his class. 3. Tom is as_________ ( tall) as Jim. 4. I am much _________( well) than yesterday. 5. This skirt is ___________________( expensive) of the three. 6. The weather today is ___________(hot) than it was yesterday. 7). Lucy writes __________________(careful) than her brother. 8)Today is ___________(busy) day this week. 9)That is ___ (easy ) of all. 10). He is ____ (clever ) boy in the class. 11). John is _____ ( short ) than Tom. 12). This box is ____ ( heavy ) than that one. III、根据所给汉语完成句子 1. _____ ____exercise you take, _____ _____ (你锻炼越多就会越强壮) you will be. 2. Who jumped _______ (最远) of all in the long jump?

3. Lucy says she will write to you back ____ ____ ____ ______(尽可能快地)。 4. There are ____ ______ ______ (如此多的人) that we can't see each other. 5.-_____ _____ _____ (何时何地) shall we meet? -Let's meet outside the school gate tomorrow afternoon. IV、单项选择 ( )1. -Tom is the ____ one I want to work with. He is always complaining. - Be more patient. He is still a good boy. A. best B. last C. first D. only ( )2. We want to go to Japan to have a ____ study. A. farther B. farthest C. further D. furthest ( )3. The meeting hall is ____ to hold 5000 people. A. large enough B. enough large C. so large D. too large ( )4. When spring comes, the trees get ____. A. green and green B. green and greener C. greener and green D. greener and greener ( )5. My _____ brother is three years ____ than I . A. old; older B. elder ; older C. older; elder D. old; elder ( )6. He's ____ to hear the bad news. A. sorry B. bad C. happy D. well ( )7. The snow is over one meter ____ when it's winter here. A. long B. high C. thick D. this

( )8. This book is _____ worth seeing again. A. very B. quite C. well D. much ( )9. My sister sat ____ to me to listen to the story. A. close B. closely C. nearby D. with ( )10. The sports car is running ____, It seems to be flying. A. fast and fast B. more and fast C. more and faster D. faster and faster ( )11. You run ____ for us to catch up with you. A . too fast B. so fast C. too slowly D. so slowly ( )12. Don't look _____ the window? We're having a class. A. out of B out from C. down of D. out. ( )13. This year our school is ____ than it was last year. A. much more beautiful B. much beautiful C. the most beautiful D. beautiful ( )14. _____ the ground is, ____ air becomes. A. The high; the thin B. The highest; the thinnest C. The higher; the thiner D. The higher; the thinner ( )15. John is ____ of the two boys. A. tall B. tallest C. the tallest. D. the taller. ( )16. -Why does Peter like moon cakes with nuts instead of the ones with eggs? -Because he thinks the moon cakes with nuts are ____. A. cheap B. dear C. worse D. nicer ( )17. She is ____ than I

A. a head taller B. a taller head C. taller a head D. head taller ( )18. Paris is one of _____ cities in the world. A. more beautifully B. more beautiful C. the most beautifully D. the most beautiful ( )19. Shanghai is the first _____ city in China. A. big B. biggest C. the big D. the biggest ( )20. -Mr Zhou, of all the students in our group, who lives ___? -I think Li Lei does. A. far B. farther C. farthest D. the farther ( )21. Bob never does his homework _____ Mary, he makes lots of mistakes. A. so careful as B. as carefully as C. carefully as D. as careful as. ( )22. My sister is good at sports, She can jump ____ than me. A. highest B. very high C. too high D. much higher ( )23.The Yellow River is one of ___ in China. A. the longest rivers B. the longer river C. the longest river D. the long river ( )24.I don't feel ___ to go to work today. I'm ill. A. good enough B. well enough C. enough well D. enough good ( )25.Be quiet, class! I have ___ to tell you. A. important anything B. important something C. anything important D. something important V、同义句转换 1. Math is the most difficult of all the subjects.

Math is ____ difficult than _____ other subject. Math is _____ difficult than _____ other subjects. 2. Joe isn't as tall as Lucy.. Joe is _____ than Lucy. 3. Kate is 10 years old. Tom is 12 years old. Kate is ____ _____ _____ _____ Tom. Tom is ____ ______ _____ _____ Kate. 4.The bag is too expensive for me to buy. The bag is _____ _____ ______for me to buy.

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