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VIP小升初语法-句型转换专项练习

发布时间:2014-06-07 09:52:36  

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

句 型 转 换

一、陈述句与疑问句、祈使句、感叹句间的转换

1、陈述句中肯定句变为否定句,大部分是用not来改变谓语结构,但也有借用否定意义

的词,如nothing, nobody, none, neither, little, few, never, hardly等,例如::

A:Tom does well in maths.

B:Tom doesn’t do well in maths.

A:He has much to do.

B:He has nothing to do.

A:All of my classmates like art.

B:None of my classmates likes art.

2、改为疑问句。根据上下句的结构,来判断变为哪一种形式的疑问句。例如:

A:My brother often has breakfast at school.

B: Does your brother often have breakfast at school?

A:The red light changes every two minutes.

B:How often does the red light change?

3、改为感叹句。根据所给的句子结构和单词的词性,来确定使用哪一种感叹句的形式,

例如:

A:This is an interesting book.

B:What an interesting book this is!

或 How interesting this book is!

二、同义句转换。

根据上句,写出一个意思相同(或相近)的下句,此类形式繁多,内容复杂,涉及面广,归类如下:

1、同义词或词组之间的转换。(通常上下句时态保持一致)。

常见的同义词或词组有:

(1)四个“花费”(spend—take—cost—take);

(2)三个“到达”(get to—reach—arrive in/at);

(3)四个“收到…来信”(hear from—get a letter from—receive a letter from—have a letter

from);(4)两个“擅长于…”(be good at —do well in);

(5)两个“有空”(be free—have time);

(6)三个“入睡”(go to sleep—get to sleep—fall asleep);

(7)两个“玩得开心”(enjoy oneself—have a good time);

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 1 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

(8)“给…打电话”(call sb—telephone sb—ring sb. a call—make a telephone to sb.)

(9)“飞往…”(fly to…—go to…by air/plane)

(10)“自学”(teach oneself—learn…by oneself)

(11)在…方面帮助help…with…—help… (to)do…

(12)在…差be weak in…—do badly in…

(13)能/会…can—be able to

(14)更喜欢…like…better than…—prefer…to…

(15)充满了…be full of…—be filled with…

(16)放弃干…give up doing…—stop doing…

(17)不再… no longer—not …any longer

(18)照顾/保管 take care of…—look after

(20)阻止…干…stop…from doing—keep/prevent…from doing…

(21)由于 thanks to—because of…

(22)举手hands up—put up one’s hands

(23)最后,终于at last—in the end

(24)与…不同 be different from…—be not the same as…

(25)从…借入… borrow…from…—lend…to…

(26)乘公汽/火车/的士 go to…by bus/train/taxi—take a bus /train/taxi to…

(27)乘自行车去… go to…by bike—ride a bike to…

(28)为…感到自豪 be proud of…—be the pride of…

(29)步行去… walk to…—go to…on foot

(30)独自地by oneself —alone等。例如:

A:The children had a good time in the park.

B:The children enjoyed themselves in the park.

2、同义句型之间的转化。常见的同义句型有

① It seems that 从句→Somebody seems(to be)+adj/n

② It’s kind of sb. to do…→Somebody is kind to do…

③ What does…mean?→What do you mean by…? 或What’s the meaning of…?

⑩ There is something wrong with…→Something is wrong with… not…until…与when/after/before引导的时间状语从句的转换 What’s wrong with…?→What’s the matter with…? How is…?→What’s…like…? How do you like…?→What do you think of? It’s time that…→It’s time for sb. to do… It’s said that…→People say that…

? Can I help you? →What can I do for you?

例如:

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 2 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

A:I went to bed after I finished my homework.

B:I didn’t go to bed until I finished my homework.

3、if引导的条件状语从句的转化。例如:

A:If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, they’ll go to the park.

B:Unless it rains tomorrow, they’ll go to the park.

A:If you don’t hurry, you’ll be late.

B:Hurry up, or you’ll be late.

A:Fish can’t live if there is no water.

B:Fish can’t live without water.

4、现在完成时态中的一句多译。在现在完成时态中,结束性动词不能与时间段连用,必

须改成相应的延续性动词。常见的动词转换有:buy—have, borrow—keep, die—be dead,

open—be open, join—be in+组织/be a +成员, begin—be on,

leave—be away from, close—be closed, arrive in/ get to/ come/go to—be in/at,

finsh—be over, go to sleep—be asleep,get up—be up.

例如:The old man died five months ago.

The old man has been dead since five months ago.

The old man has been dead for five months.

It’s five months since the old man died.

Five months has passed since the old man died.

5、简单句与复合句之间的转换。

①含宾语从句的复合句与简单句的转换。例如:

A:I saw they were playing football on the playground.

B:I saw them playing football on the playground.

A:The teacher found that she was very clever.

B:The teacher found her very clever.

A:He found that it was hard to learn English well.

B:He found it hard to learn English well.

A:We are sure that we will win to first match.

B:We are sure to win to first match.

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 3 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

由疑问代词/副词引导的宾语从句可转化为“疑问句+不定式”结构。例如:

A:Could you tell me how I can get to the railway station?

B:Could you tell me how to get to the railway station?

A:We don’t know what we should do next.

B:We don’t know what to do next.

②由when/after/before/while/since/until引导的时间状语从句可转化为

when/after/before/while/sine/until + doing…

例如:

A:They went home after they finished their work.

B:The went home after finishing their work.

A:Mr Smith has taught English since he came to China.

B:Mr Smith has taught English since coming to China.

When sb. +be+数词+years old→at the age of+岁数

A:When he was twelve years old, Edison started writing his own newspaper.

B:At the age of twelve, Edison started writing his own newspaper.

③由so…that…引导的结果状语从句可转化为too…to do或…enough to do……例如:

A:The box is so heavy that I can’t carry it.

B:The box is too heavy for me to carry.

或:The box isn’t light enough for me to carry.

A:The child is so old that he can go to school.

B:The child is old enough to go to school.

④由so that 引导的目的状语从句可转化为in order to do例如:

A:My father got up early this morning so that he could catch the early bus.

B:My father got up early this morning in order to catch the early bus.

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 4 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

⑤由because 引导的原因状语从句可转化为because of…例如:

A:We didn’t go to the park because it rained.

B:We didn’t go to the park because of the rain.

⑥定语从句可以转化为介词短语或分词短语。例如:

A:The man who is on the bike is Jim.

B:The man on the bike is Jim.

A:The man who is driving the red car is my boss.

B:The man driving the red car is my boss.

A:The girl who is called Mary is my sister.

B:The girl called Mary is my sister.

6、用并列连词neither…nor;either…or…;both…and…;not only…but also…连句。例如:

A:I haven’t seen a TV play for long, and Lily hasn’t either.

B:Neither I nor Lily has seen a TV play for long.

A:Tom is good at maths, and he is good at French, too.

B:Tom is good at both maths and French.

neither…nor…, either…or…和not only…but also…连接两个主语时,谓语动词依靠近它的

主语而定,即“就近原则”,但是both…and用来连接两个主语时,谓语复数。

7、主动语与被动语态的互变。

“主动”变“被动”实行“三变二不变”原则。“三变”即是主语,谓语和宾语的变化,

“二不变”即时态不变,句式不变。例如:

A:They make watches in the town.

B:Watches are made by them in the town.

A:I can finish the work before eight.

B:The work can be finished(by me)before eight.

A:Do they grow rice in South China?

B:Is rice grown in South China?

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 5 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

注:使役性动词make或感观动词see/watch/look at/hear/listen to/feel在主动语态中所带省

to的不定式宾补变为被动语态时,必须加上to.

A:I saw him take your umbrella.

B:He was seen to take your umbrella.

8、形容词、副词二级之间的转化,例如

A:Chinese is the most important subject of all.

B:Chinese is more important than any other subject.

A:This exercise is easier than the other two.

B:This exercise is the easiest of the three.

实战演练

Exercise1

1. He wasn’t old enough to join the army.(改为同义句)

He was _____ _____ _____ join the army.

2. “don’t lose your key.” She said to her son.(改为同义句)

She told her son ____ ____ lose ____ key.

3. My mother doesn’t go to work by bus any longer.(改为同义句)

My mother ____ ____ ____ to work by bus.

4. He spent three days going over his lessons)

It ____ him three days ___ ____ over this lessons.

5. Uncle Lee had a terrible headache yesterday.(改为反意疑问句)

Uncle Lee had a terrible headache yesterday, ____ ____?

Exercise2

1.“Stop watching TV, please.” Mother said to nme. (变为同义句)

Mother told me ____ ____ _____ TV.

2.Young Tom was in school for only three months. (变为特殊疑问句)

______ _____ was young Tom in school?

3.When he was 22, he moved to New York to be an inventor. (改为同义句—)

____ ____ ____ ____ ____, he moved to New York to be an inventor.

4.He had 1093 inventors all his life. (改为同义句)

During ____ ____, he had 1093 inventions.

5.Let’s go to the exhibition this afternoon, ____ ____?

6.It was eleven o’clock when he finished his homework last night.

He ____ finish his homework ____ it was eleven o’clock.

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 6 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

7.He is the tallest in his class.

No one in his class is ______ ____ _____he.

8.He didn’t make as many mistakes in his homework as you.

He ____ ______ mistakes in his homework ____ you.

Exercise3

1. You must hand in your exercise books after class. (改成被动语态)

Your exercise books ________________ after class.

2. My little brother is too young to look after himself.

My little brother is not ______ ______ to ______ ______ ______ himself.

3. He went to bed at twelve last night.

He ______ ______ to bed ______ twelve last night.

4. It is forty years since he left home.

He ______ ______ away from home ______ forty years.

5. Bruce does everything very carefully.(改为感叹句)

______ ______ Bruce does everything!

6. What are you interested in?Could you tell me?(合并为含有宾语从句的复合句)

Could you tell me ______ ______ ______ interested in?

Exercise4

1. Kate has little bread for breakfast.(改为反意疑问句)

Kate has little bread for breakfast,______ ______?

2. How often does Tom write to his parents?I want to know.(合并为含有宾语从句的复合句) I want to know ______ ______ Tom ______ to his parents.

3. Bruce does everything very carefully.(改为感叹句)

______ ______ Bruce does everything!

4. Jim runs the fastest of the three boys.

Jim runs ______ ______ the other ______ boys.

5. Miss Zhao came in.There was a smile on her face.

Miss Zhao came in ______ a smile ______ her face.

6. I hope I can see him as soon as I can.

I hope ______ ______ him as soon as ______.

Exercise5

1. She was worried and the librarian was worried, too. (改为同义句)

She was worried and _____ _____ the librarian.

2. She was surprised to find him at the concert.

_____ ______ _____, she ______ him at the concert.

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 7 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

3. He went to bed at twelve last night.

He _____ ______ to bed ______ twelve last night.

4. Jim runs the fastest of the three boys.

Jim runs _____ _____ the other _____ boys.

5. Lucy was born in 1989. So was kate.

Lucy is ____ ____ _____ Kate.

6. Kate had little bread for breakfast. (改为反意疑问句)

Kate had little bread for breakfast, ______ ______?

7. Bruce does everything very carefully. (改为感叹句)

______ _____ Bruce does everything!

8. You can’t write on the desk. (改为祈使句)

_____ ______ on the desk.

9. How often does Tom write to his parents? I want to know. (改为含有宾语从句的复合句)

I want to know _____ _____ Tom ____ to his parents.

10. “Can you drive me to the office building?” she asked me. (改为含有宾语从句的复合句)

She asked me _____ I _____ drive _____ to the office building.

Exercise6

1. We can store a lot of information in the computer. (改为被动语态)

A lot of information ______ stored in the computer.

2. The Summer Palace is a very beautiful park. (改为感叹句)

________________the Summer Palace is!

3. He doesn’t speak French. She doesn’t speak French, either. (用neither..nor 改写句子)

_______ he nor she______French.

4. The little boy spent two hours in doing his homework. (用It take sb. …句型改写句子)

It ______ the little boy two hours _______ his homework.

5. Work hard, and you will pass the exam. (用if改写为复合句)

______________you will pass the exam.

1. Mr. Smith will move to Shanghai in a month. (对划线部分提问)

_____ _____ will Mr. Smith move to Shanghai.

Exercise7

1. The new shoes cost him one hundred yuan. (改为同义句)

He ____ one hundred yuan ______ the new shoes.

2. Please tell me what I should do next time. (改为同义句)

Please tell me ____ ____ ____ next time.

3. Mr. Smith said to me, “I will visit Japan soon.”(改为间接引语)

Mr. Smith _____ me that _____ _____ visit Japan soon.

4. Get up early, or you’ll be late for school. (改为同义句)

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 8 -

VIP教研中心 六年级英语精品课程 2012年11月29日星期三

____ you _____ get up early, you’ll be late for school.

5. They have been away from here since two years ago. (改为同义句)

____ _____ two years ____ they left here.

6. The man began to work four hours ago. (改为同义句)

The man has _____ ______ four hours.

7. I spent two hours cleaning my room yesterday. (改为同义句)

It _____ me two hours _____ _____ my room yesterday.

8. He has never been to New York. I have never been there, either. (改为同义句)

He has never been to New York, and ____ _____ I.

9. Lily has never been abroad. (改为反意疑问句)

Lily has never been abroad, _____ _____?

高思学校顶级教研团队为您量身定制最适合的课程- 9 -

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