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英语试题(一)

发布时间:2014-06-07 13:52:46  

英语试卷(一)

时间:120分钟 分数:150分

第一节、单项填空(共20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20分)

从 A ,B , C, D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

1.I don’t have a sweet tooth--I’d rather ________ a piece of fruit .

A. to eat

government.

A. to have

B. having C. have D. will have 3.Users become _______ crack cocaine much more easily if they smoke it. A. crazy to A. where B. addicted to B. which C. addicted about D. interested with C. that D. there 4.Haydn went to work at the court of a prince, ______ he became director of music.

5. Do you know whom this bird _______ ?

A. belong to B. belongs to C. is belonged to D. is belonging to

6. After the traffic accident, no one ______except a few people who were slightly injured.

A. survive B. survived C. was survived D. was surviving

7. John has a criminal record, so he is known _____ the police.

A for B as C by D to

8. She was surprised to find the fridge empty; the children ____ everything!

A. had been eating B. had eaten C. have eaten D. have been eating

9. _______, the astronauts have spent more than 26,000 days in space.

A. After all B. Above all C. In total D. At all

10. _______ I have made my first visit, I hope I can come many more times.

A. Though B. As soon as C. When D. Now that

11.Because this fiancé was a good friend of Mubai, Mubai feels that he cannot ____ Xiulian.

A. marry to B. marry with C. marry D. get married with

12. It is the female character ______ interests us most.

A. which B. that C. whom D. whose

13.We should do whatever we can ________ him.

A. to help B. help C. helping D. helped

14. As is reported, it is 100 years _____________Qinghua University was founded.

A. when B. before C. after D. since

15. I learnt her hard-working and kind _______ I got to know her in the bookstore.

A. first time B. for the first time C. the first time D. by the first time

16. ______ there for thirty years, Haydn moved to London.

A. Working B. Having worked C. Worked D. To work

17. The students can’ttheir studies when they are tired.

A. insist on B. consist of C. persist in D. concentrate on

18. Tom, _________ yourself. Did you forget the school rules?

1 B. eating C. eat D. ate 2.Britain was the first country in the world _______ a free health care system paid for by the

A. behave B. believe C. perform D. conduct

19. The conference has been held to discuss the _________of global warming on people’s lives all over the world.

A. importance B. effects C. protection D. impression

20.The population of China is larger than _________of Japan.

A. one B. that C. those D. it

第二节 完形填空 (共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36至50各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Some people have sailed the world in quite small boats..Sometimes the ...

.it.,of course,However,:a life-boat and they all got into that.They lived and 31 many days.They ate and slept,and they always hoped….

?Perhaps for weeks or months?every way. They must have hope—they must want to live..

You cannot drink sea water.,you will quickly die.Sailors can drink rain water..Lifeboats do not often carry a cooker,so the sailors cannot cook their food.Raw fish and bird meat is not very nice,but !The sailors must eat raw food,or they will die.

?They think about land,a warm bed,dry clothes,fresh water and food,food,food.

21. A. for doing B. that do C. to do D. to be done

22. A. become B. gets C. does D. are

23. A. end B. begin C. beginning D. finish

24. A. easy and quick B. easily and quick C.easy and quickly D. easily and quickly

25. A. and B. or C. by D. with

26. A. over B. on C. under D. in

27. A. bite B. bit C. biten D. bited

28. A. came in B. came C. came into D. came down

29. A. rose B. lifted C. went down D. went up

30. A. other B. the other C. else D. another

31. A. hoped B. hoped on C. hoped for D. hoped in

32. A. found B. looked for C. searched D. searched for

33. A. What B. How long C. Where D. When

34. A. on B. with C. for D. in

35. A. fresh water B. milk C. hope D. rain water

36. A. sea water B. fresh water C. rain water D. river water

37. A. take B. bring C. catch D. put

38. A. to food B. like food C. for food D. at dinner

39. A. no another B. no other C. no else D. no

40. A. How do B. How are C. What are D. What do

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第三部分:阅读理解(共25小题;每小题2分,满分50分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出一个最佳选项。

A

The nervous-looking young man had waited for a few moments—outside the jeweller’s(珠宝店) before he got enough courage to enter. He was warmly greeted by a young assistant. James felt a rush of blood to his face as he explained he would be bringing in his future wife to choose a birthday present. The assistant listened carefully and told him he’d better buy a necklace. He wasn’t used to buying jewellery and was a little worried about over-spending. After some discussion as to a reasonable price and the type, the assistant showed him dozens of necklaces and helped him to choose. At last James chose one and left the shop promising to return at five o’clock. When, half an hour later than planned, James did return to the shop with his future wife, Laura, the assistant acted as if she had never seen him before. When she was asked to show them some necklaces, she first brought out some inexpensive ones for them to choose, and then gave them the one she had prepared. A choice was soon made and they went away satisfied. James would certainly come back to buy what he wanted when he got married.

41. A good title for this passage is________.

A. A Clever Assistant

B. Buying a Birthday Present

C. How to Choose a Necklace

D. A Brave Young Man

42. The word ―overspending‖ in this passage means__________.

A. spending too much money

B. spending too much time

C. spending more time than he planned

D. spending too much time and too much money

43. When James told the assistant why he wanted to buy a present, his face_______.

A. turned pale B. turned red C. turned yellow D. turned black

44. James and Laura reached the shop at_________.

A. 4:30 B.5:00 C.5:30 D.6:00

45. James would come back to buy what he wanted because_______.

A. the assistant knew how to satisfy the people who came to buy things

B. the necklace was good

C. Laura liked the necklace

D. the assistant who served James was very beautiful

B

The United States is a large country. From the East Coast to the West Coast it is about 3, 000 miles wide. The Atlantic Ocean is on the East Coast and the Pacific Ocean is on the West Coast. Canada is the country to the north of the United States and Mexico is the country to the south. There are many rivers in the United States. The most important ones are the Mississippi River and the Missouri River in the central part of the country, and the Colorado and Columbia River in west. There are 50 states in the United States today.

The American people are of almost every race in the world. This is because of immigrations(移民) from abroad throughout American history. The population is now over two hundred million. English is the common language. The largest city in the United States is New York. It is on New York Bay and at the mouth of the Hudson River.

46. It is about 3, 000 miles wide _________.

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A. from Canada to Mexico

B. from the East Coast to the West Coast

C. from the Atlantic Ocean to the East Coast

D. from the Pacific Ocean to Canada

47. ―The American people are of almost every race in the world,‖ means ________.

A. the American people include nearly all the races of the world

B. there are several main races in the United States

C. the American people are made up of the white and the black people

D. the American people consist of only one race

48 What do you know about New York?

A. It is the capital of the United States.

B. It is in the central part of the country.

C. It is the largest city in the United States.

D. It is at the mouth of the Missouri River.

49. New York is ________.

A. in the central part of the U. S.

B. on the West Coast

C. at the mouth of the Mississippi River

D. at the mouth of the Hudson River

50. Which of the following shows the right positions of Canada and Mexico?

A. Canada is to the west of America while Mexico is to the east f America.

B. Canada is to the east of America while Mexico is to the west of America.

C. Canada is to the south of America while Mexico is to the north of America.

D. Canada is to the north of America while Mexico is to the south of America.

C

Until late in the 20th century, most Americans spent time with people of generations. Now mid-aged Americans may not keep in touch with old people until they are old themselves. That’s because we group people by age. We put our three-year-olds together in day-care center, our 13-year-olds in school and sports activities, and our 80-year-olds in senior-citizen homes. Why?

We live away from the old for many reasons: young people sometimes avoid the old to get rid of fears for aging and dying. It is much harder to watch .someone we love disappear before our eyes. Sometimes it’s so hard that we stay away from the people who need us most.

Fortunately, .some of us have found our way to the old. And we have discovered that they often save the young.

A reporter moved her family onto a block filled with old people. At first her children were disappointed. But the reporter baked banana bread for the neighbours and had her children deliver it and visit. Soon the children had many new friends, with whom they shared food, stories and projects. ―My children have never been less lonely,‖ the reporter said.

The young, in turn, save the old. Once I was in a rest home when a visitor showed up with a baby. She was immediately surrounded. People who hadn’t gotten out of bed in a week suddenly were ringing for a wheelchair. Even those who had seemed asleep wake up to watch the child. Babies have an astonishing power to comfort and cure.

Grandparents are a special case. They give grandchildren a feeling of security and continuity. As my husband put it, ―my grandparents gave me a deep sense that things would turn out right in the end.‖ Grandchildren speak of attention they don’t get from worried parents. ―My parents were always telling 4

me to hurry up, and my grandparents told me to slow down,‖ one friend said. A teacher told me she can tell which pupils have relationships with grandparents: they are quieter, calmer, more trusting. 51 Now in an American family, people can find that ____.

A. children never live with their parents

B. not all working people live with their parents

C. aged people are supported by their grandchildren

D. grandchildren are supported by their grandparents

52.The reason why old people are left alone may be that ____.

A. the old don’t like to live in a big family

B. the young can’t get enough money to support the old

C. different generations have different lifestyles

D. the old are too weak to live with the young

53. The fact that the reporter told us shows that ___.

A. old people in America lead a hard life

B. old people in America enjoy banana bread

C. she had no time to take care of her children

D. old people are easy to get along with

54.Seeing a baby, the old people get excited because ____.

A. they had never seen a baby before

B. the baby was clever and beautiful

C. the baby brought them the image of life

D. the baby’s mother would take care of them

55. Why do children not get attention from their parents?

A. Because they often make trouble and make their parents disappointed.

B. Because their parents are too busy to take care of them.

C. Because their parents have to take care of their grandparents.

D. Because their parents have been out of work for a long time.

D

The quality of drinking water in Shanghai will meet European Union standard by 2013 and, a decade later, citizens in Shanghai will drink the best water in the world.

These were the goals set out by the Shanghai Water Authority. With the city’s population expected to increase only slightly and the economy to boom by 2020, Chen Yin, and official with the water authority, said Shanghai’s water consumption will not increase from its present amount.

Zhang Yue, director of the Urban Construction Division under the Ministry of Construction, said, ―Shanghai is the first city in the country to publicize these ambitions. They will not be easy to achieve.‖ He said water saving will help keep the sustainable development of China’s economy. Saving one cubic meter of water means saving the city’s infrastructure(基础设施)costs by 10,000 Yuan. Last year, Shanghai saved 300 million cubic meters of water either from readjustment of industrial structure or the employment of new technology.

―The aim is to arouse public awareness of the seriousness of water shortages,‖ Chen said. ―The abundant surface water and amount of rain of the city are so misleading that they result in improper use of water.‖

Shanghai lacks drinkable water. The Huangpu River, which supplies 80 percent of the city’s drinkable water, is nearing exhaustion. The city, therefore, has been exploring new sources from the Yangtze River and growing forests along it to conserve quality water. Besides penning regulations, the 5

authority is popularizing technology among the public to efficiently cut the amount of water used. At present, the city has 600,000 family toilets(卫生间), each using 13 liters of water per flush. These are to be renovated(整修)to use only 9 liters of water per flush. The authority is renovating the first 200 toilets for households – at a cost of 40 Yuan each. In three years, all the toilets will be renovated, which saves the city nearly 15 million Yuan every year in water conservation.

Another task the city is engaged in is the treatment of sewage(污水)to improve the water environment. At present the city can only treat 44 percent of its daily 5.04 million tons of waste water. To meet the total demand, 27 more sewage treatment factories are to be established with an estimated investment of 18 billion Yuan.

56.People in Shanghai get their daily water mainly from _______now.

A.the underground B.the rain C.the Yangtze River D.the Huangpu River

57.According to the passage, some people have the wrong opinion of using water

because ________.

A.the renovating of family toilets will save plenty of water

B.about half of waste water has been treated already

C.advanced technology makes people use water as much as possible

D.there is plenty surface water and large amount of rain at present

58.The authority is renovating the first 200 toilets for households to______ .

A.make people’s living more convenient

B.improve people’s living standards

C.ease employment pressure

D.meet the total demand of water

59.Which group of measures are all mentioned in the passage to save water?

a.improve drinking water quality

b.change some industrial structure

c.introduce or use some new technology

d.speed the economic development of Shanghai

e.renovate some family toilets

f.build more sewage treatment factories

A.a, b, c, d B.b, c, e, f C.b, c, d, e D.a, b, e, f

60.We can infer from the passage that .

A.the boom of economy will need a larger amount of water in the future

B.citizens today in Shanghai drink the best quality of water in the world

C.not everyone today in Shanghai is aware of water shortage

D.all the family toilets will be renovated to save water within 3 years

E

Norm Pethrick, a 36-year-old man in Australia’s northern city Darwin, was praised on Thursday for jumping onto a crocodile’s back to save his wife Wendy at Litchfield National Park, a popular tourist spot southwest of Darwin, a local newspaper reported.

Ms Pethrick was standing on a river bank Wednesday afternoon when the saltwater crocodile lunged (扑), locking its jaws on both her legs as it tried to drag her underwater.

Norm Pethrick, who with his wife had been collecting water, immediately went to help her. He jumped onto the back, poked (戳) the eyes of the crocodile and finally got his wife free.

Ms Pethrick was later taken to Royal Darwin Hospital for a medical treatment. The doctors said she was suffering eight puncture wounds (伤口) in her right leg, a puncture wound in her left leg and a 6

serious cut to one of her fingers.

―This could have been a fatal and tragic situation,‖ said the general manager of Royal Darwin Hospital (RDH), Dr Len Notaras, according to a local report.

He said Ms Pethrick was saved by her husband’s ―quick and diligent actions‖.

Dr Notaras also said she would remain in hospital for three to four days and have an operation to clean the wounds, which are easy to get infected because of bacteria (细菌) on the teeth of the crocodile.

61. This passage is most likely to be found in _____.

A. a travel guide B. a newspaper C. a textbook D. a novel

62. The crocodile attacked Ms Pethrick when she was ______.

A. swimming in the river B. standing on the river bank

C. watching the crocodile D. fishing in the water

63. Which of the following statements is TRUE about Ms Pethrick?

A. Her eyes were badly poked. B. She had eight wounds altogether.

C. One of her fingers also got hurt. D. One of the crocodile’s teeth was found in her leg.

64. According to the passage, Norm Pethrick can be described as following EXCEPT ______.

A. brave B. diligent C. quick D. humorous

65. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?

A. The husband should save the wife

B. A man saves wife’s life from crocodile’s jaws

C. A crocodile is not so dangerous as people imagine

D. Human beings can beat crocodiles sometimes

第Ⅱ卷(共50 分)

第一节阅读表达(共7小题;第66、67、69、70、71、72题每题3分,第68题2分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答案卡相应的位置上(请注意题后的词数要求)。

[1] Alice Munro wins the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature, becoming the first Canadian woman to take the award since it was founded in 1901.

[2] Munro,82, only the 13th woman given the award, was praised by the Swedish Academy during the Nobel announcement in Stockholm as the "master of the contemporary short story. " "We're not saying just that she can say a lot in just 20 pages-more than an average novel writer can-but also that she can cover ground. She can have a single short story that covers decades, and it works, " said Peter England, permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy.

[ 3] Munro said she always viewed her chances of winning the Nobel as " one of those pipe dreams" that "might happen, but it probably wouldn't. " Munro's daughter woke her up to tell

her the news. "It just seems impossible. A splendid thing to happen…More than I can say," she said, overcome(克服)with emotion. " My stories have gotten around quite remarkably for short stories. I would really hope that this would make people see the short story as an important art, not something you play around with until you got a novel written. "

[4] Born in Ontario in 193I,Alice Anne Laidlaw studied journalism at the University of Western Ontario in London before dropping out to marry James Munro, a fellow student. She became a full-time housewife and mother of their children. She then moved to Victoria with her first husband and later returned to Ontario following their divorce. She married Fremlin in 1976.

7

[5] Three years ago, in an interview at Toronto's International Festival of Authors, Munro said she had battled cancer, but did not provide specifics. In June, she told the National Post she was "probably not going to write anymore " Asked on Thursday whether she would reconsider that statement(声明), Munro said______, " because I am getting rather old. "

66. What is the text mainly about? ( no more than 15 words)

__________________________________________________________________________

67. What did Peter England's words focus on? ( no more than 5 words)

__________________________________________________________________________

68. Complete the following statement with a phrase from Paragraph 3.

Alice Munro sees her winning the Nobel Prize as something of a_____________________.

69. What does the underlined word "It" in Paragraph 3 refer to? (no more than 5 words) __________________________________________________________________________

70. What is Alice Munro's attitude to the short story? ( no more than 10 words)

__________________________________________________________________________

71. Which paragraph does the following sentence probably belong to?

The family's decision to open a bookstore in 1963 helped her take up writing again.

__________________________________________________________________________

72. Fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words. (no more than 5 words)

__________________________________________________________________________

第三部分:书面表达(满分30分)

你刚进入高中新的学习生活,某英文报欲征集有关高一新生学习经验的小短文.请以―How to Be a Good Learner‖为题写一篇英语短文。用第二人称。短文应包括以下要点:

① 学习方法的重要性,善学者学习效果好;

② 有计划,常总结(sum up);

③ 会用工具书(reference),如查词典,善用机会和资源(resource),如问老师或同学等; ④ 提前预习(preview),课堂认真听讲和课后及时复习(go over);

⑤ 成功的秘诀:勤奋加方法。

注意:不要直接翻译要点,可适当增加细节;词数:120-150词左右。

How to Be a Good Learner

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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英语答卷纸 阅读表达

姓名______________________________ 班级-___________________________ 学号_______________________ 66.____________________________________________________ 67.____________________________________________________ 68.____________________________________________________ 69.________________________________________________________________________________ 70._________________________________________________________________________________ 71._________________________________________________________________________________ 72._________________________________________________________________________________ 书面表达__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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