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五年级英语同步辅导讲义

发布时间:2014-06-14 15:02:07  

易百分个性教育

I words.

life 生活 happy life 幸福生活

different 不同的 be different from 与…不同 ago 以前 many years ago 很多年以前 television 电视机 (简写 TV)

grandchildren (外)孙子(女)(复数) grandmother (外)祖母 grandfather (外)祖父 grandparent (外)祖父(母) lady 女士;夫人 fire 炉火

radio 收音机 telephone 电话

field 田地 hope 希望

learnt (learn的过去式) 学习

these 这些 those 那些 this 这个 that那个

dancer 舞蹈演员 dance 舞蹈

class 班级 study 学习

hard 努力地 retired 退休的

II Useful expressions.

1.a programme about China关于中国的节目

2.very different 非常不同

3.many years ago 很多年以前

4.live in 居住 注意:live 后面必须加上in再加地点

5. enough food足够的食物

6. many buses and cars 许多公共汽车和小汽车

7. miss my grandmother 想念我的祖母

8. last night 昨天晚上(last week, last month, last year)

9. talk about讲述

10.my grandmother 我的祖母

11.many Chinese cities 许多中国城市

12.foreign languages 外语

13.study English 学习英语

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14.walk to school 走着去学校

15. study hard 刻苦学习

III Long and difficult sentences.

1. Life was very different in China many years ago.

许多年前,中国的生活跟现在很不一样。

2.There weren’t any buses .过去没有公共汽车。

这是“there be ”句型的一般过去时的形式。其结构为:

There was(were)…表示“有……”

例句:There was a pen in the box. 昨天在盒子里有一支钢笔。

3. We have got lots of food. 我们有许多食物。

“lots of:” 表示“许多”,后跟可数名词,与many用法相同,后跟不可数名词,与much用法相同。

4. An old lady talked about her life many years ago.

一位老太太谈论了她很多年前的生活。

talk about 意为“谈论”。类似的固定短语搭配:talk to sb. 意为“和某人谈话”

5. She didn’t have a television or a radio. 她没有电视机和收音机。

“didn’t=did not ”“did” 是“do(does)”的过去式,是助动词。

表示过去时态的句子,动词要用过去式,变否定句时要加助动“did”.加上“did”后,实义动词要用原形。

6. Why is she wearing these clothes? Because she was a dancer .She danced in lots of Chinese cities.

她为什么穿这些衣服?因为她是舞蹈演员。她去中国的许多城市跳过舞。

7. Did she learn any foreign languages?

她学过外语吗?

8. What did she do yesterday? 昨天她做了什么了?

这是以“what”引导的特殊疑问句,由特殊疑问词(what, why, where…)加

上一般疑问句构成特殊疑问句。

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IV Grammar.

动词过去式的变化规则

1. 一般直接在动词后面加-ed. 如:play-played

2. 以字母e结尾的动词后加-d.

3. 以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母的,双写这个辅音字母,再加ed. 如:stop-stopped

4. 以辅音字母加y结尾的,变y为I,再加ed. 如:study-studied

(英语26个英文字母中元音字母只有5个,即a, e, i, o, u)

5. 不规则动词的过去式

do- did teach –tought make-made

be-was\were have-had leave-left

come-came meet-met take-took

read-read write-wrote see-saw

go-went get-got send-sent

★.一般过去时

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。通常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如 yesterday, last week, last night, ago

含有be 动词的一般过去时

肯定句 主语+was\were +其他

I was in Chengdu last year.

否定句 主语+ wasn’t\weren’t+其他

I wasn’t in Chengdu last year.

一般疑问句 Was\were +主语+其他

Was you in Chengdu last year.?

不含有be动词的一般过去式的句式结构

肯定句 主语+动词过去式+其他

I played basketball yesterday.

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否定句 主语+didn’t +动词原形+其他

I didn’t play basketball yesterday.

一般疑问句 Did +主语+动词原形+其他

Did you play basketball yesterday?

V Exercises.

一. Read and choose .选出下列单词划线部分发音不同的一项。

( C. ( ) A. like B. bike C. sit

( ) A. change B. autumn C.all

( ) A. star B. warm C. party

二.Read and write 写出下列单词的过去式。

watch _________ live______________ come___________ do______________

make__________ learn_____________ am______________ is_____________

are_______________ can_______________

三.Translate .我是小小翻译家。

1. 十年前____________ 2.in his class___________

3.一位好学生___________ 4.go to school____________

5.教英语___________ 6.make cakes_____________

7.上周_____________ 8.live in___________

9.外语_____________ 10.walk to school__________

四.Look and match 读一读,连一连。

1.many years ago A.足够的食物

2.live in B.电视节目

3.lots of C.很多年以前

4.TVprogramme D.居住

5.how about E.怎样

6.enough food F.许多

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五.Read and fill in the blanks.

lived didn’t weren’t

1. There _______any buses or cars many years ago.

2. She _______have a television.

3. We _______in a small house four years ago.

went by made played learning

1. Lingling _______a cake yesterday.

2. My mother _______shopping last week.

3. He goes to school ___________bus.

4. Sam is _______English now.

5. Daming ________a game just now(刚才)

六.Read and choose .

( ) 1.Who are they? A. Yes, she did.

( ) 2.What did she do? B.I was at home

( )3.Did your mother learn English ? C. They are my parents

( )4.Where were you yesterday? D. She reads books

七.Read and write 蜡笔小新的家乡遭遇了地震灾害,下面是Lingling 写给小

新的一封表示问候的信,帮她完成吧。

Dear Xiaoxin,

How _____you? Last year, many people in your country_________(丢

失)their ________(家,房子)and lives. Do you _____(有)a new house? Do you have _____(足够的)food? If you have difficulties(困难),we will_______(帮助)you! I hope you are______.

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VI Homework.

背诵部分

把下列补充的单词记住。

一. 表示家庭成员的单词

grandfather (外)祖父 grandmother(外)祖母

father 爸爸 mother 妈妈

uncle 叔叔 aunt 婶婶

brother兄弟 sister 姐妹

cousin 堂兄弟(姐妹) nephew 外甥

二.表示职业的单词(这里面有规律,找出规律再记会简单的多奥。)

worker 工人 singer 歌手 cleaner 清洁工

writer 作家 player 运动员 reporter 记者

farmer 农民 teacher 教师 dancer 舞蹈演员

巩固提高

一.Read and choose .

( )1.Did she learn ________foreign languages?

A. some B. any C. little

( )2.He’s ________English now.

A. learning B. learnt C. learns

( )3.Is this ______ grandma?

A. you B. your C. yours

( )4.She _______a dancer many years ago.

A. is B. was C.are

( )5.________there enough pens?

A. Was B Are C. Is

( ) 6.He ______two pencils yesterday.

A. bought B buy C. buys

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( ) 7.There are only _____pencils.

A. five B. one C. too

( )8.There _____enough books .He needs to buy some.

A . are B aren’t C. isn’t

( )9.---_______careful books. He needs to buy some.

A. You B. To C. Be

( ) 10.I have got enough balls________everyone.

A.of B. for C. to

( ) 11.There _____too_____milk in the cup.

A. is; much B. for C. to

( ) 12.This is _____dress.

A. me B . you C. your

( )13.Did you write a e-mail yesterday?

A. Yes, I did B. Yes, I do

C. No, I don’t D. Yes, I was

( ) 14.They _______ on a trip last year.

A. go B. goes C. going D. went

( ) 15. Mr Black _________to work by bike yesterday?

A. go B. goes C. will go D. went

( ) 16.Yesterday Jim _______a farm with his friends.

A. visit B. was visited C. visited D .visits

( ) 17._______Tom ________basketball three days ago?

A. Does play B . Did ;played

C. Did; play D. Do; play

( )18. Tom _______at home yesterday.

A. is B. was C. were D. am

( )19.Amy ________her homework last night.

A. didn’t B. doesn’t C. didn’t ; do D. doesn’t ; do

( )20.Alan played football __________.

A. tomorrow B. sometimes C. yesterday D. next morning

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二.连词成句。

1. she these wearing is why clothes?

__________________________________________

2. danced lots Chinese of in she cities .

____________________________________________

3. did do she what yesterday ?

________________________________________

4. was driver he a before

___________________________________________

三.按要求改写句子

1. She watched TV yesterday.(改为一般疑问句)

_________she _________TV yesterday?

2.Did she dance? ( 做否定回答)

_________,she____________.

3.He is reading a book.(改为一般疑问句)

_______he _________a book?

1. She was a teacher.(改为一般疑问句)

________she a teacher.

四.Read and judge.

Sara ia from English . She’s eleven years old. She lived in England with her

grandparents two years ago. Now she lives in china. Her parents work in the same school in China. Her father is a PE teacher and her mother is an English teacher. Her grandfather was a musician(音乐家)。He can play the piano quite well. Her grandmother was a dancer. She can dance very well.

( )1. Now Sara is in England with her grandparents.

( )2.Sara’s father works in China .

( )3.Sara’s mother is a Chinese teacher .

( )4.Sara’s grandfather can play the piano

( )5. Sara’s grandmother was a musician.

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