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小学英语形容词和副词形容词,副词,连词

发布时间:2014-06-24 13:49:03  

小学英语形容词和副词

一般来说,中文意思是“......的”的词是形容词,而中文意思是“……地”的词是副词。

比较级用于二者的比较,表示“更……”之意。

最高级用于三者或三者以上的比较,表示“最……”之意。

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的构成规则:

1、一般情况下,比较级在原词的末尾加-er , 最高级在原词末尾加-est 。 如:tall→_________→________ , small→________→__________ 等。

2、以不发音的e结尾的单音节词,比较级在原词的末尾加-r ,最高级在原词的末尾加-st 。 如:large→___________→___________ 等。

3、 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,将y改成i再加-er 或-est 。

如:easy→__________→__________ , busy→________→_________ 等。

4、 以重读闭音节(辅音+元音+辅音)结尾的形容词和副词变成比较级或最高有,双写末尾的辅音字母后再加-er或-est 。

如:big→________ →________ , hot → ________ →__________ 等。

5、 多数双音节或多音节变成比较级或最高级,在原词前加more 或 most 。 如: beautiful→____________________ →___________________ ,

interesting→____________________ →___________________ 等。 比较级和最高级不规则变化的形容词和副词:

many / much →more→most; good / well → better→ best ;

bad / ill→worse→worst ; far→farther / further→furthest ; little→less→least

小学英语语法习题——形容词、副词 基础题

一、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级、最高级 long____

small___

nice________

fast___

late_________ far_________ well___

二、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me. 2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim.

3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is. 4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.

5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is. 6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s.

7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.

8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____.

9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls. 10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..

11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig? 12.Who gets up

_________(early),Tim or Tom?

13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______.

14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).15.The child doesn’t_____(write) as ____(fast) as the students.

三、翻译句子:

1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。 ________ is _________than Jim? ________ are.

2、谁比David更强壮?是Gao Shan. ________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.

3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。

_________ pencil is _________,______or________?________is,I think.

4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。

_________ apples ________ ________,your _______ or your _______? My

____________ ___________.

5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。 _________ ________as _________as your uncle?Yes,I am.

6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。 He _______ as __________ as ________ ________ Jim.

7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。

________ ________ as _________ as______ twin _______? No, _________ _________ than him.

8.Yang Ling每天睡得比SuYang晚。 Yang Ling ________ to _______ ________ than Su

Yang every day.

9.我跳得和Mike一样远。 I _________ as _______ as Mike.

10.Tom比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。

____ Tom _____ _____ than you?No,he _______. He_____ as_____ as_____.

11.多做运动,你会更强壮。 ________ more exercise,you’ll ________ _________ soon.

12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。 I ______ ________ at Science.But I don’t _________ well in Chinese.

13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。

____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing?No,I______it _____than___.

14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。 I like_______.All

my______ _______ _______than me.

15.我的姐姐起得比我早。 My_____ _____ up _____than me.

16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。 ____the girls______ ______ ______the boys? Yes,they ____.

17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。 She doesn’t ____ _____ in PE. But I

don’t ______ _____than_____.

18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。

___ you ____football _____than your classmates?No,they____as____as me.

19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。 My_____ _____ ______than my ______.

20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。 _____sweater_____ as_______as_____.

21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。 My dress_____ too_____. I want to _____a______one.

22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较) I'm _________ as ________ as Mike .

提高题

选词填空

1. My sister is getting _____.

2. A. fater and fater B. fatter and fatter C. more fatter and fatter D. more and more fatter

2. They are ________to us than before.

A. friend B. friendly C. more friendly D. friendier

3. Jack is the ______ boy ________our class.

A. tallest. in B. taller. in C. most tall. of D. more tall. of

4. It is not _______ warm _________ yesterday. Put on more clothes.

A. so . on B. so. in C. as .at D. as. as

5. Hamgzhou is one of ____cities I have visited.

A. beautiful B. beauitifulier C. more beautiful D. the most beautiful

6. Both Andy and I drive slowly. Tom drives fast. So Tom drives ________of all.

A. slower B. the slowest C. faster D. the fastest

7.My sister is a ____________ girl. A.good B.well C.very

8.一 Is it your toy taxi?一 No. ___________ it’s his. A.May be B.May C.Maybe

9.______ are you?— I’m ______, thank you. A.What;good B.How;fine C.What;fine D.How;good

10.一Can you help me?— ___________. A.Yes B.Excuse me C.Certainly D.How

11.The grass around my house is Very________. A. black B.blue C.green

12.The sky is ________. The c1oud is _________. A.blue;red B.red;brown C.blue;white

13.The child is __________ kind. A.much B.very much C.very

14.一Could I use your pen,please? — __________. A.No B.Certainly C.Excuse me

15.I _________ go to School at 8:00 a.m. A.very B.much C.often

16.I have an _________ doll. A.old beautiful B.beautiful o1d C.small old

17.They ______ clothes. A.is B. am C. are

18.The tall boy _________ playing basketball. A.am B. is C. are

19.Mr Wang is a _________ teacher. A. tall old English B. English old tall C. old tall English

20.Oranges are __________. A.purple B.blue C.orange

一、 常用词及短语搭配的用法:

(一) and意思是“和”,表示并列和对称。

I can speak English and Chinese. 我会讲英语和中文。

I like apples, bananas and grapes. 我喜欢苹果、香蕉和葡萄。

(二) both…and…的意思是“两者都……”,表示并列。

Both you and I are pupils. 你和我都是小学生。

I can speak both English and French. 我既会讲英语又会讲法语。

(三) not only…but also…意思是“不但……而且……”,表示并列。

Not only you but also Jim comes late. 不光是你,吉姆也迟到了。

I can play not only the guitar but also the piano. 我有仅会弹吉他,还

会弹钢琴。

(四) neither…nor…意思是“既不……也不……”,表示并列关系。 Neither you nor he is right. 你和他都不对。

He can speak neither English nor French. 他既不会讲英语,也不会讲法语。

注意:

1. 当 not only…but only…和 neither…nor…连接两个主语时,谓语动词的

数的变化随接近谓语动词的主语而变化。

Neither you nor he is fat. 你和他都不胖。

Neither he nor I am right. 他和我都不对。

2. or意思是“或者”,“还是”,表示选择。

Is your friend is a boy or a girl? 你的朋友是男孩还是女孩?

Do you learn English or French? 你学英语还是法语?

注意:

(误)I don’t like coffee and tea.

(正) I don’t like coffee or tea. 我不喜欢喝咖啡和茶。

(正)I like coffee and tea. 我喜欢喝咖啡和茶。

3. but意思是“但是”,表示转折。

I have a cold, but I don’t take medicine. 我感冒了,但我没吃药。 The skirt is nice, but it’s too expensive. 这条裙子很漂亮,但太贵了。

4. so意思是“因此”,“所以”。

It’s dark, so I must go now. 天黑了,所以我得走了。

You got up too late, so you missed the bus. 你起床晚了,所以错过了公共汽车。

5. because意思是“因为”,表示原因。

She is unhappy because she lost the game. 她不高兴,因为她输了比赛。 注意:

在英语里,because和so不能够同时在一个句子中出现,和汉语有一定的区别。

(误)Because Mom bought me a new book, so I was very happy. (正)Mom bought me a new book, so I was very happy.

(正)I was very happy because Mom bought me a new book.

一、 用and, or, but填空。

1. I’d like to go with you, _____ I’m too busy.

2. I don’t like apple juice _____ orange juice.

3. I can speak English _____ French.

4. Are you a teacher ______ a doctor?

5. There is no milk ______ no fruit juice.

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