haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 小学教育 > 小学英语小学英语

小升初知识点(一)

发布时间:2014-06-30 15:48:59  

[键入文字]

小升初知识点(一)

1. on+具体的某一天:

①星期几 on Monday morning

②几月几日 on the evening of the twenty-first of May

③风和日丽的(有修饰) on a sunny noon

in + 长时间

in 2014; in June

in 和表示上午下午的词连用

in the morning/aftertoon/evening

* 注:at noon/night

表示在....时候,以下情况不需要加on, in, at等介词。

last,next,every+(Sunday?),

tomorrow,today,yesterday,the day before yesterday,the day after tomorrow(morning?.) at + 某一时刻

at 5:00

日期的表达:the twenty-first of May/May the twenty-first(五月二十一日)

2. take(带去),bring(拿来),carry(搬,强调有重量),get(去拿来)

(1) Take the umbrella with you.

(2) Bring your homework tomorrow.

(3) Would you please help me carry this heavy bag?

(4) Go and get your coat.

3. be different from/to 与?.不同 differences n.[C]不同之处

be the same as 与?相同; be similar to与?相似

我的书包和你的不同。______________________________________

这个教室和我们的教室相似。______________________________________

4. put on(强调穿上的动作),wear(强调穿着的状态)

It’s cold outside.You’d better put on your coat.

It’s cold in winter.We need to wear warm clothes.

dress n.连衣裙+es v.给?乔装打扮 dress sb. up 给某人乔装打扮 get dressed 穿好衣服

5.need(情态动词):①+V原形 ②无时态,无单三(不加ed或s)③本身就是助动词 (普通动词):①+to do ②有时态,有单三 ③需要助动词来完成否定或疑问句

无论作情态动词或普通动词,其对应的①,②,③需同时满足。

He needs to go.

Does he need to go?

6.What day is it today(询问星期几)

What’s the date today=What date is it today(询问几月几日)

What’s the weather like?=How is the weather(询问天气)

7.sun→sunny_________ cloud→cloudy_________ rain→rainy_________

snow→snowy_________ fog→foggy_________ wind→windy_________

8. That’s right=Right对的

All right=OK 行

[键入文字]

[键入文字]

That’s all right 没关系/不客气

How about going to Beijing next week? ___________________________

Thank you very much. ____________________________________

Teacher Wang is very kind. ____________________________________

9.some,any,every的用法区别

some可用于肯定句,译为“一些”,用于疑问句时,询问吃喝(自己要吃喝/给别人提供 吃喝)Would you like some apples?而且必须用some.

any 可用于否定句,疑问句,译为“一些”,用于肯定句和if或unless引导的条件句时, 译为“任何”.

例:any,there,the,trees,were,fruit,on(连词成句)_________________________________________

every可用于肯定句,译为“每一个”,用于疑问句时多为点名时用,例Is everyone here?Yes,everyone is here/Yes,they are/No,they aren’t/No,MingMing is not here.,此句若把 every换成any则变成Is anyone here?(这有人吗?)

10.表达有的三种方式:have/has/had(多用于某人有某物,句中没有be动词)

with(多用于句中原本含有动词,be动词)

there be(符合就近原则的句型),就“近“原则指离“动词近”.

__________________ a book and two apples on the desk.

I _________ some books in my room.

The book _________ beautiful cover is mine.

11.wait for sb./sth.__________________

wait at the bus stop__________________

我在等公共汽车____________________________________

我在公共汽车站等____________________________________

12.你觉得?怎么样?How do you like??

What do you think of??

13.逻辑顺序:first-next-then-afterwards-finally

14.the other day几天前(用于一般过去时)

I _________(go) to school the other day.

15.in 2 days在2天后(用于一般将来时) within 2 days 在2天内(用于一般将来时) after 2 days/2 days later 在2天后(用于过去将来时)

I will finish my homework in 2 days. ____________________________________

I will finish my homework within 2 days.____________________________________

She was sixty-six. After three years,she would be sixty-nine.______________________________

16.in the tree(鸟站在树上,强调方位,本身没有长在树上)

on the tree(花,果,叶,强调本身长在树上)

[键入文字]

[键入文字]

There is a bird _________ the tree.

There is an apple _________ the tree.

17. information 信息 n.[U] advice 建议 n.[U] suggestion 建议 n.[C]

She gave me a piece of _________ yesterday.

Your _________ are very good.

18.lose/miss

lose v.输/丢失 lost(lose的过去式)lost adj.丢失的

miss v.错过/想念missing (v.ing) adj.丢失的

I was late, so I _________the train.

We _________ the game yesterday.

19.动词 +代词 +介词

pick it up

动词+ 名词+ 介词 = 动词+介词+名词

pick the apple up = pick up the apple

* 特例:look at 看 look for 寻找 look after=take care of 照顾

要用 动词+介词+代词 的形式 I’m looking at him.

* look it up 查阅(单词,字)I look it up in the dictionary.(字典) n.[C]

20.leaf→复数_________ n.树叶[C]

leave→leaves v.(__________________)

21.合成代词some,no,any,every+(body人,one人,thing物)的特点:

①+V三单②adj.修饰合成代词时放在其后

I have something good to eat.

22.no longer/not?any longer (时间或次数)

no more/not?any more (数量或程度)

I am no longer late for school.=I’m not late for school any longer.

I no longer go to school late.=I don’t go to school late any longer.

23.the+最高级/序数词

最高级前不加the的特例:①副词最高级前不加the

②用形容词性物主代词/名词所有格替换the

one of the+最高级/序数词 +n.(复数)+V三单 ?..之一

他是班里长得最高的同学之一。_____________________________________________

24.有关节日的所有格:

Teachers’ Day/Mother’s Day/Women’s Day/Children’s Day

节日有day用on,无day用at,特例:on Christmas Eve(在圣诞前夜,即平安夜) 特例:on Christmas Day(在圣诞节那一天)/at Christmas(在圣诞期间)

_________ Mother’s Day, Lucy gave her mother a gift.

_________ Mid- autumn Festival, people usually eat moon cakes.

25. family:①看做整体是单数②指代成员是复数

My family _________ large.

[键入文字]

[键入文字]

My family _________ watching TV.

26.enjoy(喜爱)/practise(练习)/mind(介意)/finish(完成)/keep(保持)

/give up(放弃)/miss(错过)/imagine(想象)/suggest(建议)/be busy(忙于) /feel like(想要)后面要加动词的ing形式

27.like/love/hate doing(习惯性) like to do(一次性)

我喜欢游泳____________________________________

我星期六要去游泳____________________________________

28. would like to do愿意做 want to do 想要做

I would like to clear the classroom.____________________________________

I want to do my homework after dinner. ____________________________________

29. stop/go on doing(停止/继续做同一件事)stop/go on to do(停止/继续做另一件事)

forget/remember doing(忘记/记得做过?) forget/remember to do(忘记/记得未做?) 请继续看书。_____________________________________________

请停下,然后看书。_______________________________________

别忘了带上你的作业。_________________________________________

我忘了写作业。________________________________________________

30. start n.开始 beginning n.开始

at first=in the beginning 在开始 at the beginning of... 在....开始

At the beginning of our English class, Mr Li teaches us how to read the new words.

In the beginning, I didn’t know him.

[键入文字]

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com