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小升初定冠词专题

发布时间:2014-07-03 11:54:40  

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学生教案

冠词

1、定义:冠词是用在名词前面,说明名词所表示的人或事物的词。

2、冠词的分类

冠词分为不定冠词a, an 和定冠词the

(一)不定冠词a, an

★不定冠词表示数量一个或一. 不定冠词a 用于辅音音素开头的单数可数名词前, an用于元音音素开头的单数可数名词前.但语气没有one强烈。

如:a book , a pen , a girl , a worker, an arm , an apple ,an orange , an hour , an egg ★以字母u 开头的单词,u的发音为/ju:/时, 前面要用a ; 发音为元音音素的单词,前面都要用an

如: a useful book a university an umbrella an hour

an honest child an interesting stor

★用在某些固定词组中。

a bit 有一点儿; 一会儿 a bit of 一点儿; 少许 a few 一些; 少数几个 a little 一点儿 a lot (of ) 许多 a pair of 一对,一双

Exercise:

一、判断正误

a story( ) a pretty woman( )

a apple ( ) an school ( )

a paper( ) an useful book ( )

a orange( )

二、用正确的a和an填空。

1、( )cat can catch mice.

2、The ant is ( ) insect .

3、Lucy spends ( )hour doing her home work everyday .

4、Bob's father is ( )engineer .

5、John is ( ) honest boy

三、在空格内填上a或an

1. _____ear

2.______actor

3. _____hen

4. ______toy

5. ______university 6. ______elephant 7. ______hat 8.______umbrella 9.______rabbit 10.______idea

第 2 页 共 6 页

学生教案

11.______hour

12_______ honest boy

13.______interesting book

14.______easy question 15.______orange dress 16_______apple pie 17_______X-ray machine 18.______ice cream

(二) 定冠词the

定冠词the通常对所修饰的名词有指定作用。

1.特指某(些)人或某(些)物,这是定冠词的基本用法。

The man in blue in my father. 穿蓝衣服的男人是我爸爸。

2.指谈话双方都知道的人或事物。

Open the window please. 请把窗户打开。(双方都知道指的是哪一扇窗户)

3.指上文已经提到的人或事物。

I have a book. The book is very interesting.

我有一本书。这本书非常有趣。

4.指世上独一无二的事物。

Which is the biggest, the sun, the earth or the moon?太阳、地球和月亮哪个最大?

A kite is flying in the sky. 一只风筝在天空中飞翔。

5.用在乐器名称前。

Do you like playing the piano? 你喜欢弹钢琴吗?

6. 用在集合名词前,指一个整体。

The family are all music lovers. 全家人都是音乐爱好者。

7.用在序数词、形容词最高级前。

The first truck is the fastest of all. 第一辆货车跑得最快。

8.用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前。

the Great wall长城 the Summer Palace颐和园

9.用在某些形容词前,表示复数意义的某类人。

the rich富人 the sick病人 the old老人 the young年轻人

the poor_________ the deaf __________ the blind____________

10.用在姓氏复数形式前,表示“全家人”或“夫妇俩”。

The Turners are going home on a train.

11.用在方位词前。

on the left在左边 in the east在东方 at the back/front of在??的后/前面

12.用在某些固定词组中。

all the time 一直 in the end 最后

at the same time 同时 in the morning在上午

by the way 顺便说 on the earth 在地球上

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学生教案 the day after tomorrow 后天

3. 不用冠词的情况 the day before yesterday 前天

1) 在星期、月份,季节,节日等名词前:

spring, summer, autumn and winter

We often go to sea a film on Sunday. 我们经常周日去看电影。

Tomorrow is National Day. 明天是国庆节。

2)名词前有物主代词,指示代词,不定代词,名词所有格修饰时(this, my,that, those, these, her)如:

this morning my pen your watch whose bike 等

3) 在球类运动、一日三餐、学科和语言的名词前如:

have breakfast play chess play basketball

课堂练习

I. 在下列句子的空格中填上a, an或者the, 不需要的地方用“/”表示:

1. This is ______ old map. It is ______ useful map.

2. We have no classes in ______ afternoon on _______ Saturday.

3. ______ spaceship flies at about eleven kilometers _______second.

4. Beijing is ______ capital of ______ China. It is _______ beautiful city.

5. Roman was not built in ______ day.

6. Chinese is quite ______ difficult language for Mike.

7. Many ______ students will take ______ active part in sports meet.

8. There is ______ interesting picture on ______ wall.

9. Jenny found ______ wallet lying on ______ground.

______ wallet was Mr. Black’s.

10. Which is ______ biggest, ______ sun, ______ moon, or ______ earth?

11. --- Which picture is more beautiful? --- ______one on ______ left, I think.

12. --- Which is _____ way to ______ hospital?

--- Go down this road and turn left on ______ second crossing.

13. _______ more, _______ better.

14. _______ Turners are sitting at breakfast table.

第 4 页 共 6 页

学生教案

15. Joe Hill was _______ fighter for ______ working class.

16. When was ______ People’s Republic of China founded?

17. In China ______ first English textbooks were published in _____late nineteenth century.

18. After ______ breakfast he went to ______ school on ______ foot.

19. ______ Huanghe River lies in ______ north of China.

20. He likes playing ______ football. His sister likes playing ______ piano.

课后作业

II. 单项选择:

1. 上学 A. go to school B. go to the school C. go to a school

2. 住院 A. in the hospital B. in a hospital C. in hospital

3. 此刻 A. at the moment B. at a moment C. at moment

4. 在课堂上 A. in class B. in a class C. in the class

5. 在地球上 A. on earth B. on an earth C. on the earth

6. 步行 A. on foot B. on the foot C. on feet

7. 吃饭 A. at a table B. at the table C. at table

8. 乘公共汽车A. take bus B. by bus C. by the bus

9. 在家 A. at the home B. at a home C. at home

10. 在工作 A. at work B. at the work C. at works

11. 跳高 A. jump high B. high jump C. the high jump

12. 坐飞机 A. by air B. by the air C. on air

13. 乘火车 A. by the train B. by train C. on train

14. 在校学习 A. in the school B. in school C. in schools

15. 睡觉 A. go to bed B. go to the bed C. go to a bed

16. 乘船 A. by ship B. on ship C. by a ship

17. 玩得痛快A. have good times B. have a good time C. have good times

18. 从早到晚A. from morning to the evening B. from morning to evening

C. from a morning to an evening

III. 选择填空:

1. There is ______ old woman in the car.

A. / B. the C. a D. an

2. Shanghai is in _______ east of China.

A. / B. an C. the D. a

3. Bill is ______ English teacher. He likes playing ______ football.

A. a, the B. an, the C. a, / D. /, /

4. The museum is quite far. It will take you half ____ hour to go there by _____ bus.

第 5 页 共 6 页

学生教案

A. an, / B. an, a C. a, / D. /, /

5. The story is ______ interesting. That means it is ______ interesting story.

A. an, the B. the, a. C. /, an D. /, a

6. Let’s go for ______ walk, shall we?

A. a B. an C. the D.

7. This is ______ interesting story-book and it is also ______ useful one.

A. a, a B. an, an C. an, a D. a, an

8. _______ woman over there is ______ popular teacher in our school. A.

A, an B. The, a C. The , the D. A, the

9. They passed our school ______ day before yesterday.

A. an B. one C. a D. the

10. Australia is ______ English-speaking country.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

11. Don’t play ______ basketball here. It’s dangerous.

A. a B. an C. / D. the

12. This is ______ apple. It’s _______ big apple.

A. an, a B. a, the C. a, an D. an, the

13. --- Have you seen ______ bag? I left it here just now.

--- Is it ______ one on the chair near the door?

A. a, a B. the, the C. a, the D. the, a

14. I have ______ blue coat.

A. a B. an C. the D. some

15. This is _____ orange. _______ orange is on the table.

A. a, The B. an, The C. an, An D. the, An

16. Have you had ______ breakfast?

A. a B. an C. the D. /

17. He wondered when the doctor could finish _____ operation.

A. a B. an C. the D. any

18. After ______ supper, he stayed at home and played ______ violin.

A. the, the B. /, the C. /, a D. /, /

19. There is ______ apple on the plate.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

20. He said that he got ______ “ C” in the test.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

家长签字:

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