海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 小学教育 > 小学英语小学英语

Summary Writing

发布时间:2014-07-03 11:54:42  

Summary Writing

Ivy 2013. 10.9

1. Give an appropriate definition for a
2. 3. 4. 5.

summary Know the characteristics of a good summary Learn the techniques in summary writing Learn the steps in summary writing Practice

I. What is a summary?
? A summary is a shortened passage, which

retains the essential information of the original. It is a fairly brief restatement --- in your own words ---of the contents of a passage.
? Note: you simply report back what the

writer has said, without making value judgments.

II. Characteristics of a good summary
? Can be understood without reference

to the original;
? Is a faithful reproduction of, or contains

only the ideas or information of, the original;
? Is brief without any unnecessary detail; ? Is a readable unified whole

III. Techniques in summary writing
1. Paraphrasing

To paraphrase means to completely and correctly express other people’s ideas in one’s own words.

1. You’ve cooked us all a hot potato. (a troublesome person or issue) 2. Prevention is better than cure. (It is better to prevent something unpleasant from happening than try to put it right afterwards.)

The importance of paraphrasing

★It helps us understand the original
better. ★It helps us grasp the central idea and the main points. ★It helps us write summaries that are brief and to the point, and in our own words.

Steps of paraphrasing

★Read the original carefully and comprehend its meaning wholly and correctly. ★Consider the original article as a whole, not in isolated sentences.

III. Techniques in summary writing

Grasping the central ideas

III. Techniques in summary writing
Ways of condensation Use synonyms or synonymous phrases He had a good command of English. (He knew English well.) ? Change the structure of simple sentences My brother has an appreciation of modern art. (My brother appreciates modern art.)
3. ?


Turn complex sentences into simple sentences

He received a welcome that was as cold as ice.

(He received an icy welcome.)

Combine the sentences

Hurry up. If you don’t, you’ll miss the train.
(Hurry up or you’ll miss the train.)


Finding the topic sentence and making an outline topic sentence / outline

IV. How to write a summary?
1. The importance of summary writing 2. Necessary elements for a good summary ? Proper citation

title, author, source; date of publication and the text (journal articles)

? Thesis statement

the topic or general subject matter of the text; the author’s major assertion, comment, or position on the topic

? Supporting ideas

major supporting ideas; relationships among these ideas no specifics the author’s purpose in writing no personal opinions, ideas, and inferences.

? Grammar and the structure of

writing avoid direct quotation; use transitional words ? Length 1/4 to 1/3 of the original

3. Steps in writing a summary
? Read the article

To understand the article and find the

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。