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动词的过去式

发布时间:2014-07-04 14:20:14  

动词的过去式
? 一般过去时

? 一般过去时态:表示过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状 态。谓语动词要用一般过去式。经常与yesterday(昨天 ),last week(上周), last month(上个月),last year(去年), two months ago(两个月前),the day before yesterday(前天), in 1990( 在1990年)等表示 过去的时间状语连用。 ? 一般过去时态由动词的过去式表示。大多数动词的过去式 是在动词原形后加上ed构成。这类动词称为规则动词。 ? 注:不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。 ? go - went make - made get - got buy - bought come - came fly-flew ? drive- drove

规则动词过去式的变化可速记为直、去、双、改四 字诀: 1、一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如:workworked play- played want- wanted 2、以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如: live- lived move- moved hope-hoped raise- raised 3、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词 尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如: stop- stopped begbegged hop- hopped 4、以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如: study- studied try- tried copy- copied crycried carry- carried

规则动词过去式的读音规则
? 1、在清辅音后面读[ t ] 。 ? work- worked ? 2、在浊辅音或元音后读[ d ]。 ? learn- learned ? 3、在[ t ]和[ d ]后读[ id ]。 ? succeed- succeeded ? want- wanted

Practise
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. is -was are -were do- did 2. have- had succeed- succeeded tell - told 3. review- reviewed don't - didn't come -came 4. surprise - surprised can - could can't-couldn't 5. want - wanted play - played am- was 6. buy- bought try - tried hop- hopped 7. watch - watched like - liked visit-visited 8. show- showed laugh -laughed live- lived 9. love- loved walk -walked say-said

? 10. come-came fly- flew work- worked ? 11. study-studied stop-stopped carrycarried ? 12. help- helped learn-learned movemoved ? 13. wonder- wondered go-went jumpjumped ? 14. take- took get-got see- saw ? 15. sit - sat start- started run- ran ? 16. begin- began make-made call- called ? 17. die- died eat- ate drive-drove


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