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音标中的字母及字母组合发音

发布时间:2014-07-05 13:41:51  

一、音标分类

国际音标分为元音和辅音,元音相当于汉语中的韵母a o e, 辅音相当于汉语中的b p m.

一、元音音素对应的字母或字母组合发音

1. [?:] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ir er ur ear or

ir: bird girl skirt first third shirt

er: her serve term

ur: nurse Thursday turtle purple

ear: early learn earth

or: word work world

根据发音规则,圈出每组中元音字母组合发音相同的单词。

(1)thirty bear thirsty where

(2) bank king her nurse

(3)turtle bird rabbit knee

(4)room run shirt term

2.[?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合er ar or a ure

er:teacher brother dinner father sister

or:doctor actor

ar: sugar

a:panda about sofa China

ure: picture

根据发音规则,每组分别圈出2个含有音素[?]的单词。

(1)mother sofa road smile

(2)sit father sister food

(3)hair deer tiger China

(4)sugar soon ear farmer

3.[?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合o a

o: fox coffee shop dog doctor

a: watch

根据发音规则,每组分别圈出2个含有音素[?]的单词。

(1)doctor teacher box clothes

(2)cold zoo clock dog

(3)love boss lot violin

(4)watch beach fox girl

4.[?:] 发这个音的字母和字母组合 a aw al or oor a: water

aw: draw strawberry

al: ball wall

or: horse corn fork or short

oor: floor door

根据发音规则,找出发[?:]的1个单词写在后面的横线上。

(1)tall bird bread poor

(2)idea chair sport hare

(3)cake bear walk cup

(4)drink short bag milk

5.[?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合a

a: dad cap cat bad apple bag

hand rabbit ant black fat has

根据发音规则,找出每组中发[?]的单词。

(1)rat bed face sport

(2)hear cup fat pear

(3)rice bat finger tree

(4)sea young knife apple

6.[e] 发这个音的字母和字母组合e ea

e: egg bell desk leg pet ten pen

ea: bread head breakfast

根据发音规则,找出每组中不发[e]的单词。

(1)cat well leg pen

(2)sweat map pet elephant

(3)egg ten tall desk

(4)bread head bed toy

二、考考你自己

1. 找出下列没有相同发音的词。

② ④

⑤ ⑦ ③ ⑥

⑧car arm food garden

⑨food book

⑩ruler dog wood look mooncake blue

2. 读音标写单词。

[h?:]

[′d?kt? [hi:] [′sist?

[d?

3. 连线。

(1) meat [?:] (2)hot

[?] blue

[i:] kiss [blu:] [h?t] [ki:s] [i:] football [′futb?:l]

三、秀秀你的实力

小试牛刀1:选出划线字母正确读音。

( )1、box A./ ?u / B. /?/ C. /?:/ ( )2、bus A./ u / B. /?/ C. / ?/ ( )3、see A./ i: / B. /i/ C. / e/ ( )4、goose A./ u: / B. /u/ C. / u? / ( )5、orange A./ u / B. / ?:/ C. /?/ ( )6、water A./ ?: / B. / ?/ C. /?i/ ( )7、garden A./ a:/ B. / ?/ C. /?/ ( )8、fifteen A./ i:/ B. / i/ C. /i?/ ( )9、good A./ u/ B. / u:/ C. /?/ ( )10、some A./?/ B. / a:/ C. /?/ 小试牛刀2:找出发音不一样的单词。

( )1、A. bike B. seat C. he D. bee

( )2、A. look B. food C. book D. good

( )3、A. garden B. father C. animal D. park

( )4、A. bus B. cup C. run D. ruler

( )5、A. goose B. ruler C. woman D. zoo

小试牛刀3:按音标写单词。

[sku:l][d?k] [blu:][gud][b?ks][b?:l]

[?ga:d?n] [gri:n][sit] 小试牛刀4:从下面四个音素中选出你听到的音素。

1、( )A、[e] B、[ ? ] C、[?] D、[?i ]

2、(

3、(

4、(

5、( )A、[Λ] B、[ ? ] C、[ a: ] D、[ai ] )A、[ i ] B、[ i: ] C、[?] D、[ i? ] )A、[ u ] B、[u: ] C、[?i ] D、[?: ] )A、[ e? ] B、[u? ] C、[e ] D、[u ]

四、学一学,读一读

thank[θ? ?k] tree[tr i:] cats[k?ts] fish [f?∫] chair[t∫e?]

this[e?s] dress[dres] hands[h?ndz] pleasure[′ple??]

orange[′?r?nd?] sing [s??] yellow[′jel?u] 小试牛刀1:

A. 根据发音规则,用三角形圈出发[∫]单词,用圆形圈出发[t∫]单词。

ship watch desk shirt

skirt brush sheep chair

B. 选出划线字母正确读音。

( )1、the A./ e / B. /θ/ C. / tr / ( )2、try A./ dr / B. / tr/ C. / ts / ( )3、boats A./ tr / B. / dr / C. / ts / ( )4、fish A./ ∫ / B. / t∫/ C. / d? / ( )5、China A./ t∫ / B. / d? / C. / ∫ / ( )6、drive A./ t∫ / B. / d? / C. / dr / 五、8个双元音的发音字母或字母组合

[e?] [a?] [??] [?u] [au] [??] [e?] [u?]

1. [ei] 发这个音的字母和字母组合a ai ay

a: cake name game snake

ai: rain train wait

ay: day May play today way

根据发音规则,圈出下列单词中发音不一样的单词。

(1)face wave sheep tail

(2)grape plane name coat

2. [ai] 发这个音的字母和字母组合i y ie uy i: kite bike nice tiger knife

y: by cry fly my sky why

ie: tie pie

uy: buy

根据发音规则,找出每组中发[ai]的2个单词。

(1)rice good jam right

(2)ship mine ice-cream mouse

(3)cloud sit tie eye

3.[?i] 发这个音的字母和字母组合oi oy oi: oil boil coin

oy: boy toy

根据发音规则,找出每组中发[?i]的2个单词。

(1)soil hear soy cold

(2) rabbit bed boy noise

(3)walk voice boil word

4. tea enjoy toy milk

4.[?u] 发这个音的字母和字母组合o oa ow o: nose rose go over

oa: boat coat soap goat

ow: show window snow bowl

根据发音规则,圈出每组中发[?u]的2个单词。

(1)coat goat tree river

(2)make window knife road

(3)your white row coat

(4)boat hen nose lamp

5. [au] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ou ow ou: house mouse mouth trousers

ow: flower cow how now

根据发音规则,选出不发[au]的单词。

(1)mouse cloud arm

(2)teacher cow mouth

(3)town dance house

(4)blouse now baby

6.[i?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合ear eer ear: ear hear tear

eer: deer beer

根据发音规则,圈出每组中发[i?]的1个单词。

(1)bear beer chair baby

(2)noodles pair near come

(3)horse near tower air

(4) ring king here three

7.[e?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合air ear air: hair chair pair

ear: pear bear wear

根据发音规则,圈出每组中发[e?]的1个单词。

(1)bear idea tail

(2)noodles pair come

(3)horse house air

(4) ring chair king

8.[u?] 发这个音的字母和字母组合oor our oor: poor

our: tour

ure: sure pure

根据发音规则,圈出每组中发[u?]的1个单词。

(1)clear tour tail

(2)noodles sure fury

(3)poor ship air ure

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