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小升初衔接英语2

发布时间:2014-08-03 00:41:18  
王牌家教中心
小升初衔接英语词汇 第一部分 (1) one 一 two 二 three 三 four 四 five 五 six 六 seven 七 eight 八 nine 九 ten 十 eleven 十一 twelve 十二 thirteen 十三 fourteen 十四 fifteen 十五 sixteen 十六 seventeen 十七 eighteen 十八 nineteen 十九 twenty 二十 (2)boat 小船 ball 球 kite 风筝 car 小汽车 plane 飞机 (3)Monday 星 期 一 Tuesday 星 期 二 Wednesday 星 期 三 Thursday 星 期 四 Friday 星 期 五 Saturday 星期六 Sunday 星期天 day 天 (4)spring 春天 summer 夏天 autumn 秋天 winter 冬天 season 季节 (5)January 一月 February 二月 March 三月 April 四月 May 五月 June 六月 July 七月 August 八 月 September 九月 October 十月 November 十一月 December 十二月 birthday 生日 第二部分 (1) boy 男孩 girl 女孩 teacher 教师 student 学生 friend 朋友 father 父亲 mother 妈妈 man 男人 woman 女人 grandmother(外)祖母 grandma(外)祖母 sister 姐妹 grandfather(外)祖父 grandpa(外)祖父 brother 兄弟 family 家庭 (2)good morning 上午好 good afternoon 下午好 night 夜晚 Good evening 晚上好 lunch 午餐 breakfast 早餐 dinner 晚餐 (3)fruit 水果 peach 桃 pear 梨 orange 橙子 watermelon 西瓜 apple 苹果 strawberry 草莓 grape 葡萄 (4) open 打开 close 关掉 right 正确的 wrong 错误的 (5)in 在…里 on 在…上 under 在… 下面 at 在……里 near 在..旁边 behind 在…后边 第三部分 (1) pen 钢笔 pencil 铅笔 ruler 尺子 book 书 bag 书包 school 学校 (2) head 头 face 脸 nose 鼻子 mouth 嘴 eye 眼睛 ear 耳朵 arm 胳膊 finger 手指 leg 腿 foot 脚 body 身体 (3) color 颜色 red 红色的 yellow 黄色的 green 绿色的 blue 蓝色的 purple 紫色 的 white 白色的 black 黑色的 orange 橙色的 pink 粉色的 brown 棕色的 (4) animal 动物 cat 猫 dog 狗 monkey 猴子 panda 熊猫 rabbit 兔子 duck 鸭子 pig 猪 bird 鸟 bear 熊 elephant 大象 mouse 老鼠 fish 鱼 lion 狮子 (5) cake 蛋糕 bread 面包 water 水 chicken 鸡肉 Coke 可乐 juice 果汁 milk 牛奶 tea 茶 coffee 咖啡 第四部分 (1)jacket(夹克衫) shirt(衬衫) skirt(裙子) dress(连衣裙) T-shirt(T 恤衫) jeans 牛仔裤(复数) pants 长裤(复数) socks 袜子(复数) shoes 鞋子(复数) shorts 短裤(复数) (2)get up 起床 go to school 上学 go home 回家 go to bed 上床睡觉 play 玩;踢 football 足球 play sports 进行体育运动 (3)weather 天气 warm 暖和的 cold 寒冷的 cool 凉爽的 hot 炎热的 rainy 下雨的 snowy 下雪的 windy 有风的 cloudy 多云的 sunny 晴朗的 (4)tomato 西红柿 potato 土豆 cucumber 黄瓜 onion 洋葱 carrot 胡萝卜 (5)Chinese book-语文书 English book-英语书 art 绘画 math book-数学书 library 图书馆 computer 计算机 music 音乐 gym 体育馆 第五部分
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climb mountains 爬山 go shopping 购物;买东西 play the piano 弹钢琴 visit grandparents 看望祖 父母 go hiking 去远足 draw pictures 画画 cook dinner 做饭 read a book 看书 answer the phone 接电话 go swimming 去游泳 clean the room 打扫房间 listen to music 听音乐 learn Chinese—learned Chinese 学汉语 write a letter 写信 sing and dance—sang and danced 唱歌和跳舞 eat good food—ate good food 吃好吃的食物 buy presents—bought presents 买礼物 go skiing—went skiing 去滑雪 第六部分 (1)tall—taller 更高的 short—shorter 更矮的 strong—stronger 更强壮的 old—older 年龄更大的 young—younger 更年轻的 cm(centimeter) 厘米 big—bigger 更大的 small—smaller (体型)更小 heavy—heavier 更重的 thin—thinner 更瘦的 long—longer 更长的 than 与…相比较 funnier 更滑稽的 (2)have a fever 发烧 have a sore throat 喉咙疼 have a cold 感冒 have a toothache 牙疼 have a headache 头疼 matter 事情,麻烦 sore 疼的 feel 感觉 sick 不舒服的;有病的 hurt 疼痛 (3)tired 疲劳的,累的 excited 兴奋的 angry 生气的 happy 高兴的 bored 无聊的,烦人的 sad 忧伤的,悲伤的 (4)watch—watched 看 wash—washed 洗 do—did clean—cleaned 打扫 play—played 玩 go—went 去 visit—visited 看望 last weekend 上一个周末 go to a park—went to a park 去公园 go swimming—went swimming 去游泳 go fishing—went fishing 去钓鱼 read—read 读 go hiking—went hiking 去郊游 yesterday 昨天 study(过去式 studied)学习 fiy(过去式 flew) 飞 swim(过去式 swam)游泳 初一单词 Unit 1 my pron. 我的 name n. 名字 is v. 是 name's = name is 名字是 clock n. 钟 I pron. 我的 am v. 是 I'm = I am 我是 nice adj. 好的;令人愉快的 to part. 用于与动词原形一起构成动词不定式 meet v. 遇见;相逢 you pron. 你;你们 what pron. & adj. 什么 what's = what is 是什么 your pron. 你的;你们的 hello interj. (表示问候)喂 hi interj. (表示问候)嗨 his pron. 他的 and conj. 和;又;而且 her pron. 她的 look v. 看;望;看起来 question n. 问题;难题;询问;疑问 answer n. 回答;答复;答案 first adj. 第一的 first name 名字 last adj. 最后的;上一个的 last name 姓氏 boy n. 男孩 girl n. 女孩 zero 零 telephone n. 电话 number n. 数;数字 telephone number 电话号码 phone n. 电话 phone number 电话号码 it pron. 它 it's = it is 它是 ard n. 卡; 卡片 身份证 family n. 家;家庭 family name 姓氏
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Unit 2 this pron. & adj. 这;这个 pencil n. 铅笔 pen n. 钢笔 book n. 书 eraser n. 橡皮;铅笔擦;黑板擦 ruler n. 尺;直尺 case n. 箱;盒;橱 pencil case 铅笔盒;文具盒 backpack n. 双肩背包 dictionary n. 字典;词典 pencil sharpener 卷笔刀;铅笔刀 that pron. & adj. 那;那个 yes adv. (表示肯定)是 no adv. (表示否定)不;不是 isn't = is not 不是 not adv. (构成否定形式)不是 excuse v. 原谅;宽恕 excuse me 请原谅(客套语,用于与陌生人搭话、打断别人说话等场合) thank v. 感谢 OK interj. 好;不错 in prep. 用(表示方法,媒介,工具等) English n. 英语;英文 a art. 一个(只,把,台……) spell v. 拼写 how adv. (指程度)多么;何等;怎样 baseball n. 棒球 do v. & aux. 做;干;构成否定句、疑问句的助动词 watch n. 手表 computer n. 电脑;电子计算机 computer game 电子游戏 game n. 游戏 key n. 钥匙 notebook n. 笔记本 ring n. 环;戒指 call v. 打电话 at prep. 在……(里面或附近) ;在……(点、刻) ;以 in prep. 在……里面 the art. 表示特指的人、物、事或群体 lost v. 遗失 found v. 找回 lost and found 失物招领 please interj. (祈使句中用作请求的客套话)请 school n. 学校 a set of 一套;一副 of prep. (属于)……

一、人称代词
数 第一人称 第二人称 单数 复数 单数 复数 单数 复数 主格 I we you you he 第三人称 she it they 宾格 me us you you him her it them 形容词性物主代词 my our your your his her its their 名词性物主代词 mine ours yours yours his hers its theirs

1)人称代词的主格在句子中作主语,用于动词之前,例如: He gets up at 6o’clock every day.他每天六点起床。 2)人称代词的宾格在句子中作宾语或介词宾语,用于动词/介词之后,例如: 例:1.I see her with them.我看到她和他们在一起。 (her做宾语 them做介词宾语. 2. Listen to me , Dad . 3. Peter is sitting behind me . 4. Let me go there now . 5. Give me an orange , please . 3)you既是"你"或"你们"的主格,又是它们的宾格;her既是"她"的所有格,又是它的宾格。我们可以根据它们在 句子中的位置来判断它们属于主格、所有格还是宾格。 4)and是一个我们常用来连接两个词的连接词。它虽然与介词with有同样的意思,但它的前后可以是人称代词的 主语,也可以是人称代词的宾格,而with只能跟人称代词的宾格。 如:You and I are going to school . You are going to school with me .)
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5)人称代词在句中的作用 1)主格作主语。如: I am Chinese.我是中国人。 2)宾格作宾语,放在及物动词或介词之后,有时还可以在口语中用作表语。如: ① I don't know her.我不认识她。(动词宾语) ② What's wrong with it?它怎么了?(介词宾语) ③ -Open the door, please. It's me.请开门,是我。(表语) 6)人称代词并列用法的排列顺序 (1)单数人称代词并列作主语时,其顺序为: 第二人称->第三人称->第一人称 即:you and I; he/she/it and I; you, he/she/it and I (2)复数人称代词作主语时,其顺序为: 第一人称->第二人称->第三人称 即:we and you; you and they; we,you and they 练习: 一、选择题: 1. She is a student, _____ name is Julia. A. its B. her C. hers D. his 2. Could you help _____ with _______ English, please. A. I,my B. me,me C. me, my D. my,I 3. A friend of _____ came here yesterday. A. my B. his C. him D. himself 4. ______ pencil-box is beautiful. But ____ is more beautiful than ______. A. Toms, my, he B. Tom's, mine, his C. Tom's, mine, him D. Tom's, my, his 5. Most of ______like Chinese food. A. they B. Their C. Them D. theirs 6. Don't you let ____ help you ? A. I and my friend B. my friend and I C. my friend and me D. my friend and I to 7. How hard______ works! A. we B. him C. he D. his 8. ______ have been chosen. A.I,you and he B. He,you and I C. You,he and I D.You,and me 9. She gave the erasers to Lucy and _______ . A. I B. me C. my D. mine 二、用适当的人称代词和物主代词填空 1. Your football clothes are on the desk. Please put _________(they,them,their,theirs) away. 2. (We,Us,Our,Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green. We all like _________(she,her,hers). 3. (I,Me,My,Mine)_________ can't get my kite. Could you help _________(I,me,my,mine)? 4. Tom can't get down from the tree. Can you help _________(he,him,his)? 5. Her kite is broken. Can _________(you,your,yours) mend it? 6. We can't find our bikes. Can you help _________(we,us,our,ours)? 7. These are _________(he,him,his) planes. The white ones are _________(I,me,mine). 8. ____ classroom is bright(明亮).(I )
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9. He is ___ father . (Bob) 10. Thank you for helping ___(I ) 11.This isn’t ___pen. ___ is over there. (she) 12.___ school is far away from (远离) ___ home. (he) 三、用括号中的适当形式填空 (1)Are these _____(you)pencils? Yes, they are _____(our). (2)—Whose is this pencil? —It’s _____(I). (3)I love _____(they)very much. (4)She is_____(I)classmate. (5)Miss Li often looks after(照顾)_____(she)brother. (6)—Are these _____(they)bags ? —No, they aren’t _____(their). They are ___(we).

二、动词 be(is,am,are)的用法:
口诀:我(I)用 am, 你(you)用 are,is 跟着他(he),她(she),它(it)。单数名词用 is,复数名词全用 are。变否定,更 容易,be 后 not 加上去。变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃。还有一条须注意,句首大写莫忘记。 ? be 动词包括“am”, “is”, “are”三种形式。 1)第一人称单数(I)配合 am 来用。 句型解析析:I am+… 例:I am a student . I am a boy. 2)第二人称(You)配合 are 使用。 句型解析:You are+… 例:You are my good friend. You are a good person. 3)第三人称单数(He or She or It)配合 is 使用。 句型解析:She(He, It) is +… 例:She is a good girl. It is so big. 4)人称复数 (we /you/they)配合 are 使用。 句型解析:We (You, They) are +… 例:We are in Class 5,Grade 7. You are good students. 注意: 1、使用 be 动词的时候,前面要先加上人称。be 动词前面的人称,是不可随意替换的。 例如:I am, You are, She is,并不会出现 I is, You am, She are 这样的情形。 2、当只有第一人称和第二人称或第三人称时应该把第二人称或第三人称放在前 例如:you and I, Tom and I 3、当第二人称和第三人称放在一起时把第二人称放在前面, 例如:you and Tom 当三者都有时,排序为:2 3 1 练习:一、用 am, is, are 填空: 1、Where ______ Ann ? She ______ here. 2、 How old ______ you ? I ______ thirteen. 3、 ______ you Mr Read? Yes, I ______. 4、What ______ your name? My name ____ Ann. 5. Here ______ some sweaters for you. 6. The black book ______ for Su Yang. 7. This pair of socks______ 20 dollars. 8. The two cups of milk _____ for me. 9. Some tea ______ in the glass. 10. How much ____ the skirt? 11 How much ______ the trousers ?
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12. My sister's name ______Nancy. 13. ______ David and Helen from England? 14. There ______ a girl in the room. 15. You, he and I ______ from China. 二、按要求变换句式 1、It’s an orange. 否定句 _________________________________________ 一般疑问句________________________________________ 划线提问_____________________________________________ 2、The ruler is white. 否定句 _________________________________________ 一般疑问句________________________________________ 划线提问_____________________________________________ 3、My father’s name is Jim. 一般疑问句________________________________________ 划线提问_____________________________________________ 4、Her phone number is 535-2375 . 划线提问_____________________________________________ 5、This is my dictionary. 否定句 _________________________________________ 一般疑问句________________________________________

三、可数名词及名词单复数
专有名词与普通名词 名词按其意义可分为专有名词(proper noun)和普通名词(common noun)。 普通名词又可分为类名词、集体名词、物质名词和抽象名词。 1. 专有名词:是个别人、地以及专门机构或团体的名称。 如:New York 纽约 Clinton 克林顿 2. 类名词:是一类人或物的个体的名称。 如:piano 钢琴,doctor 医生,ship 舰船 3. 集体名词:是一些人或物的总称,作主语时可用复形谓语动词。 如:family 家庭,army 军队 class 班级 4. 物质名词: 是无法分为个体的实物。 如:sugar 糖,tea 茶,air 空气 5. 抽象名词: 是动作、状态、品质等抽象概念的名称。 如:work 工作,honesty 诚实,courage 勇气 注:名词按其可数性分为可数名词(countable nouns)和不可数名词 (uncountable nouns)。类名词皆可数,集体 名词大都可数,专有名词、物质名词和抽象名词多不可数。 名词规则变化 类别构成法 一般情况 加-s 以字母 s, x, ch, sh 结尾 的名词 加-es 以辅音字母+y 结尾的词 将 y 改成 i,加-es 以字母 o 结尾的词加 es, 以字母 f 或 fe 结尾的词 将 f, fe, 改为-ves 读 音 例 词 在清辅音后读/s/;在浊辅音及元音后 读/z/;在/t/后读/ts/ ;在/d/后读/dz/ 在/s/, /z/, /? /,/ t? /z/ /z/ /z/ //d? /后读/iz/ maps,books;cars,photos ;cats, students ;beds, guards dishes,classes, brushes,matches factories, stories potatoes, tomatoes,heroes (就这几个) shelves, knives

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名词复数的不规则变化 1) child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth man---men woman---women mouse---mice 2) 单复数同形,如 deer,sheep,fish,Chinese(中国人) ,Japanese(日本人)people 不可数名词 1. 不可数名词没有复数,当它作句子的主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。 如:The food is very fresh. 食品很新鲜。 2. 有的不可数名词也可以作可数名词,有复数形式,但他们的意义往往发生变化。 如:water (水) → waters (水域)orange (橘汁) → oranges (橘子) 3. 很多的不可数名词表示泛指时为不可数,表示种类时就可数,但意义大多不发生变化。 如:fruit → fruits food → foods fish → fishes hair → hairs 初一上册不可数名词归纳: news bread milk wheat beer juice salt soup information coke work time meat pork fish water hair tea coffee oil beef chicken rice food orange 注意:可数名词表示复数意义时可用 many、具体的数词等来修饰。如:many apples,a lot of tomatoes,a few pens 不可数名词则要用 much、a little 等词修饰。如:much meat,a little bread,little water 这两类名词都可以被 some、any、a lot of (lost of) 等修饰。如:some eggs/paper(纸)。 句子单数变复数,注意以下五要素 (1)主格人称代词要变成相应的复数主格人称代词,即 I→we, you→you,she,he,it→ they。 She is a girl. →They are girls. (2)am,is 要变为 are。如: I’m a student. →We are students. (3)不定冠词 a,an 要去掉。如: He is a boy. →They are boys. (4)普通单数名词要变为复数形式。如: It is an apple. →They are apples. (5)指示代词 this,that 要变为 these,those。如: This is a box. →These are boxes. 名词单复数练习题 一、把单数变成复数 coat _______ skirt _______ dress _______ house _______ watch _______ car ______ brush _______ box_______ toy_______ umbrella _______ ticket _______ fox_________ teacher _______ son ____ ___ student _______ job _______ fly _______ radio_________ life _______ shelf__________ piano_________ sheep___________ foot_________ child ____ _ Chinese_________ baby_________ country___________ bus___________ photo_________ bread water weather grass 二、用所给名词的适当形式填空。 1.We are ________ (student). 2.I have five ________ (watch). 3. Her father is a ________ (doctor). 4. What’s your ______ (job)? 5. What are their ________ (job)? 6. These _________ (shelf) are not very good. 7. Two ________ (wolf) are in the forest. 8. The ____________ (housewife) are very lazy. 9. I have two ________ (knife). Do you need one?
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10. There is a _______ (hero). 11. This _______ (potato) is very nice. 12. There is a red _________ (tomato) on the table. 13. We have four ________ (piano) in our school 三、选择填空 ( ) 1. The _____ are on the table. A. knife B. knifes C. knives ( ) 2. We need three more _____ to cook chips. A. potato B. potatos C. potatoes ( ) 3. What big _____ the tiger has! A. tooth B. toothes C. teeth ( ) 4. Please remember to give the horse some______. A. leafs B. leaves C. leaf ( )5. I have two uncles. They are A. man drivers B. men driver C. mans drivers D. men drivers ( ) 6、There on the wall .They are very beautiful. A. are photoes B. are photos C. is a photo D. is photos ( ) 7. There are four and two in the group. A. Japanese, Germen B Japaneses, Germen C. Japanese,German C.Japanese, Germans That’s art book. A. an B. a C. the D are ( )9. There some in the river. A. is ,fish B. are, fishs C. is, fishs D. are ,fish ( )10. There two in the box. A. is ,watch B. are ,watches C. are ,watch D. is ,watches ( )11. We should clean twice a day. A .our tooth B. we tooths C. us teeth D. our teeth ( )12.The ________reading-room is big and bright. A.student’s B.students’s C.students’ D.student ( )13.He has _________. A .two bread B. two pieces of bread C. two piece of bread D. two pieces of breads ( )14.Some fish ______swimming. A. is B .are C.I D .be ( )15.I am buying ________trousers. A. a B. two C. a pair of D. two pair of ( )16.This is _____ A. Tom and Bob’s B. Tom and Bob C. Tom’s and Bob’s D. Tom’s and Bob ( )17.The news _______good. A. is B. are C. no D. not ( )18. What are_______ ? They are apples. A. you B. this C. these D. there

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)8.

四、 情态动词 Can
1 、can 作“能、会”解,否定式是 cannot,缩写为 can’t。 “can+动词原形” “can’t+动词原形” :表示某人能做或不能做某事 Can 是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化。 Can 表示的”能力”为现在的能力,而不是过去或将来的能力。 1).表示能力。例如: —Can you write in English? —Yes, I can. I can run fast,can you? 2).表示获得的知识或技能。例如: —Can she speak Japanese? —No, she can’t.她会说日语吗?不,她不会。 3).表示许可。例如: Can I read your newspaper?我能看看你的报纸吗? Can I take you home?我送你回家行吗? We can’t wear jeans at work.我们上班时不准穿牛仔裤。
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4). 表示要求。例如: Can you help me with this box?你能帮我弄这个箱子吗? Can you feed the cat?你喂喂猫好吗? 5). 表示可能性。例如: That can’t be Mary—she’s in hospital.那不可能是玛丽—她住院了。 He can’t have slept through all that noise.那么吵他不可能睡得着觉。 There’s someone outside—who can it be?外面有人—会是谁呢? 6).用以提出建议。例如: We can eat in a restaurant, if you like.你愿意的话,咱们可以在饭馆吃饭。 I can take the car if necessary.必要时我可以开车去。 2、 句式变化如下: 1. 在变否定句时,直接在 can 后加上“not”,可缩写成 can’t 或 cannot, 但不能写成 cann’t。例如: He can swim. → He can’t swim. Emma can see the pen on the desk.→ Emma cannot see the pen on the desk. 2. 在变一般疑问句时,直接移到主语前(原主语的首字母改成小写,第一人称应变为第二人称)即可。例如: I can see an orange on the table. → Can you see an orange on the table? 其回答可用 Yes, OK 或 Certainly 等作肯定回答;用 No 或 Sorry 等作否定回答。例如: —Can you look after my books, please? 你能照看一下我的书吗? —OK. 可以。 用 Certainly 回答。此时语气更为肯定。例如: —Can I see your guitar? 我能看看你的吉它吗? —Certainly. 当然可以。 练习: 1、I can play basketball.(变为一般疑问句,并作回答) Play basketball?Yes, . No, . 2、 I can play the violin . (根据划线部分提问) ____________________________________________________________________ 3、You can get pizzas . (根据划线部分提问) ____________________________________________________________________ 选择填空。 1、—_______ I borrow your MP3? —Sure . Here you are. A. May B.Should C.Must D. Would 2、Can you speak Japanese? -No, I___. A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't D. may not 3、I think Miss Gao must be in the library. She said she would go there.----No. She __be there, I have just been there. A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't D. may not 4、—________ you pass me a pen? I’d like to write down the phone number. ----Sure. Here it is. A. Can B. Need C. Might D. Must

五、“there be”句型
(1)There be 句型主要用以表达“某处(某时)有某人(某物)。 基本结构为“There be+某物(某人)+某地(某时)”其中 there 是引导词,没有词义;主语是 be 后面的名词, be 是谓语动词,在一般现在时中 be 只用 is 和 are 两种形式。 (2)There be 句型中的 be 动词如何确定呢?请先看看下面这首歌诀: Be 动词,有三个,am,is 还有 are。“There be”真特别,不留 am 只留俩,那就是 is 还有 are。要用 is 还是 are,须
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看其后的名词是单数还是复数。若是单数或不可数名词用 is,否则就用 are。如: ① There is a tree behind the house. ② There is some water(水)in the bottle(瓶子). ③ There are some pears in the box. (3)注意: 如果“be”后的主语是由 and 连接的两个或两个以上的名词, 那么 be 的形式要遵循“远亲不如近邻”的原则。 也就是说,“be”的形式是由与它最近的那个名词来确定的。若那个名词是单数或不可数名词要用 is,是复数就用 are。如: ① There is a book and some pens on the floor. ② There are some pens and a book on the floor. (4)There be 句型的三种句式 1) 否定句 There be 句型的否定式的构成和含有 be 动词的其它句型一样,在 be 后加上 not 即可。 例如: There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. 2)一般疑问句 There be 句型的一般疑问句变化是把 be 动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可。但同时要注意:当肯定句中有 some 时,要将其改为 any(否定变化也一样)。例如: There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars? There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water? 练习: 一.根据所给汉语完成句子。 1. 桌子上有一本书和两支钢笔。There _____ a book and two pens on the desk. 2. 钱包里有些钱。There ____ some money in the picture. 3. 在吉姆的书包里有一些卡片。____ _____ some cards in Jim’s bag. 4. 里面还有其他的东西吗?_____ _____ anything else in it? 5. 我们学校有许多班。There _____ many _________ in our school. 6. 树上没有鸟。There _____ ______ birds in the tree. 7. 树上有很多苹果。______ ______ _______apples ______the tree. 二.选择填空。 1. Are there any maps on the wall? ___ A. There are some. B. Yes, there is. C. Yes, there is one. D. No, there are. 2. How many ____ are there in the picture? A. woman B. women C. boy D. milk 3. There aren’t ___ trees near the house. There is only one. A. any B. some C. many D. much 4.There ____ two bowls of rice on the table. A. is B. have C. has D. are 5.Are there ___ houses near the river? Yes, there are_______ A. some, some B. any, some C. any, any D. some, any 6、There ________ a bed and a big wardrobe with a mirror. A.are B.were C.was D.be 7. There is a book in my study. (变一般问句) in your study? 8. There is a soccer ball and a basketball on the floor. (就划线部分提问) on the floor?
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9. My new dress is in the drawer (就划线部分提问) our new dress? 10. There are some big trees behind my house (就划线部分提问). There are many things over there. (就划线部分提问) _______over there? 11、There are many beautiful flowers in the garden. (就划线部分提问) 12、There are some children in the garden.(变为一般疑问句和否定句) there children in the garden? There children in the garden. big trees? in the garden?

六、冠词 a 与 an 的用法
a 与 an 表示“一个”。a 用在辅音音素开头的可数名词单数前;an 用在以元音音素开头的可数名词单数前。 例如: an apple a CD 定冠词的用法 1) 用于指谈话双方都知道的人或事物 Open the door, please. 请把门打开。 2) 用以复述上文提过的人或事物(第一次提到用“a 或 an”,以后再次提到用“the”) I have a pencil , the pencil is green . 我有一支铅笔,这支铅笔是绿色的。 3) 用在序数词前 January is the first month of the year. 一月份是一年当中的第一个月。 4) 表示世界上宇宙中独一无二的事物 the sun 太阳 the moon 月亮 the earth 地球 the sky 天空 the world 世界 5) 表示演奏乐器时,乐器的前面要加 the play the piano 弹钢琴 play the violin 拉小提琴 零冠词的用法 1) 专有名词前一般不加冠词 Tom 汤姆 China 中国 Europe 欧洲 2) 月份、周日、节日前一般不加冠词 January 一月份 Sunday 星期日 Christmas Day 圣诞节 Thanksgiving 感恩节 National Day 国庆节 May Day 劳动节 比较: ...on a Sunday morning. 在一个星期天的早晨... (表示某一个。) 3)三餐、四季前一般不加冠词 I have lunch at school. 我在学校吃午餐。 4)球类运动不加冠词 play basketball 打篮球 play volleyball 打排球 play football 踢足球 练习: 一、填空 1、There is _______ picture of _______ elephant on _______ wall. 2.This is _______ useful book.I've read it for _______ hour. 3. _______ elephant is much heavier than _______ horse. 4. _______ doctor told him to take _______ medicine three times _______ day. 5.Let's go out for _______ walk. 6.It's too hot.Open _______ door,please. 7.There is _______ woman over there. _______ woman is Meimei's mother. 8. _______ sun rises in _______ east. 9._______ Changjiang River is _______ longest river in _______ China.
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10.Are you going to do it _______ second time? 11.Washington is _______ capital of _______ USA. 12. _______ Turners are living at the end of _______ Turner Street. 13.He joined the army in _______ spring of _______ 1995. 14. _______ old man is _______ teacher.He likes playing _______ basketball after. 选择填空 1.—Does Jim have _______ ruler? —Yes,he has _______ . A.an;some B.a;one C.a;/ D.any;one 2.There is _______ old bike. _______ old bike is Mr Zhao's. A.an ;The B.the;An C.a;The D.the;The 3. _______ apple a day keeps the doctors aw ay. A.The B.A C.An D.Two 4.—How many books do you have? —I have _______ book.That's _______ English book. A.a;an B.a;one C.one;an D.one;one 5.At that time Tom was _______ one-year-old baby. A.a B.an C.the D./ 6. _______ tiger is _______ China. A.The;a B.A;the C.The;from D.The;the 7.We can't see _______ sun at _______ night. A.the;the B.the;/ C.a;/ D./;/ 8. _______ useful book it is! A.What an B.How a C.What a D.What 9.One afternoon he found _______ handbag.There was _______ “s”on the corner of _______ handbag. A.a;an;the B.a;a;the C.an;an;an D.the;a;a 10. _______ old lady with white hair spoke _______ English well at _______ meeting. A.An;an;a B.The;/;an C.The;/;a D.The;/;the 11. _______ Great Wall is _______ longest wall in the world. A.A;a B.The;the C.A;the D.The;a 12. _______ new bridge has been built over Huangpu River. A.The;a B.A;/ C.A;the D.An;the 13. _______ woman over there is _______ popular teacher in our school. A.A;an B.The;a C.The;the D.A;the 14.He used to be _______ teacher but later he turned _______ writer. A.a;a B.a;the C./;a D.a;/ 15.They made him _______ king. A.a B.the C.an D./ 16.His father is _______ English teacher.He works in our school. A.a B.an C.the D./ 17.Is he _______ American boy ? A.an B.a C.one D./ 18.Does Tom often play _______ football after _______ school? A./;/ B./;the C.the;/ D.a;/ 19.They passed our school _______ day before yesterday. A.an B.one C.a D.the 20.Australia is _______ English-speaking country. A.a B.an C.the D./

七、指示代词的形式与用法
英语中的指示代词主要的有 this(这个), that(那个), these(这些), those(那些),其中 this 和 that 为单数,these 和 those 为复数;this 和 these 为近指,that 和 those 为远指。
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例句:This is a very useful book. 这是一本很有用的书。 I don’t like that man. 我喜欢那个人。 I like these and he likes those. 我喜欢这些,他喜欢那些。 【注】在打电话时,通常用 this 指自己,用 that 指对方: 例句:Hello. This is Mary. Is that Jim? 喂,我是玛丽,你是吉姆吗? 练习: 一、填空 1. I like _____ pants. _______ pants are red.(这些) 2. I don’t like ____ shoes. ____shoes are too small.(那些) 3. I want _____(这个) sweater. I don’t want________(那个) sweater._____ (那个)is too big. 二、选择。 ( )1. __________ pen is red. ________ pencil is green. A. this, that B. These, Those C. That, Those D. This, That ( )2. Is _____ a panda over there? A. this B. that C. those D. these ( )3. ________two boys are Mr. Green’s sons. A. This B. These C. That D. those ( )4. __________ two girls are Mary and Linda. A. This B. They C. That D. Those ( )5. _______is Mr. White and _____ is my father. A. This,those B. That,these C. These,these D. This,this 八、名词所有格 1、单数名词后直接加 “ ’s ” Jim’s coat 吉姆的外套 Jeff’s mother 杰夫的妈妈 2、以 s 结尾的复数名词,只加“’” Teachers’ Day 教师节 the twins’ books 双胞胎的书 3、不以 s 结尾的不规则的名词复数,加“ ’s ” Children’s Day 儿童节 men’s shoes 男式鞋 4、表示两者共同拥有时,只在最后一个名词后加’s 表示两者各自拥有时,要在每个名词后加’s Lucy and Lily’s mother 露茜和莉莉的妈妈(共同的妈妈,一个妈妈) Lucy’s and Kate’s rooms 露茜和凯特的房间(各自的房间,两间房子) 练习: 1、The girl talking to Mary is a friend of ________. A. Mary’s sister B. Mary sister’s C. Mary’s sister’s D. Sister of Mary’s 2、The woman over there is ______ mother. A. Julia and Shelley’s B. Julia’s and Shelley’s C. Julia and Shelley D. Julia’s and Shelley 3. He is very tired. He needs ______. A. a night rest B. a rest night C. a night’s rest D. a rest of night
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4. This is my dress. That one is ____. A. Mary B. Mary’s C. sister D. mother 5、 The is just around the corner and you won’t miss it. A. bicycle’s shop B. bicycle shop C. bicycles shop D. bicycles’shop

九、一般现在时:
1.构成: 一般现在时的构成主要有两种形式: (1)be 型:句子的谓语动词只有 be(am,is 或 are) 肯定句中,只出现 be, eg: I am a student. 否定句中,要在 be 后面加 not, eg:She isn't a teacher. 一般疑问句,要将 be 放在句子开头(注意句首字母大写), 句尾用问号,答语用 Yes,主语 + be.或 No,主语 + be + not. eg: —Are you ready?—Yes,I am. —No,I'm not. (2)实义动词型:句中的谓语动词为实义动词(也叫行为动词) a.肯定句中,只出现实义动词, eg: I get up at 6 in the morning.She gets up at 6 in the morning. b.否定句中,要在实义动词前面加 do(does)+not,do(does)作助动词,本身无意义,常与 not 缩写成 don't (doesn't) eg: I don't like vegetables.He doesn’t like vegetables. 一般疑问句,要在句子开头加助动词 Do(Does),句尾用问号,简略答语用 Yes,主语 + do(does).或 No, 主语 + do(does)+ not eg: —Do you like oranges?—Yes,I do.—No,I don't. —Does he like oranges? —Yes, he does. —No, he doesn’t. 2、用法: 1) 它表示经常性、习惯性的动作或存在的状态。 e.g. I go to school on foot. He is very busy now. 2)表示主语的特征、性格、能力、爱好等。 e.g. He can swim. I work hard. I like watching TV. 3)表示客观真理,表示格言或警句中 e.g. There are seven days in a week. The moon moves round the earth. 4) 与之搭配的时间状语为 often、 usually、 always、 sometimes 等频率副词, on Saturdays、 in the morning(afternoon evening) 、every day 等。 3.第三人称单数 在一般现在时中,如果主语是第三人称单数,谓语(动词)要有相应的变化. A.一般情况加 s, 例如:looks, listens, visits; B.以 ch, sh, s, x 和少数以 o 结尾的词,加-es, 例如:teaches, washes, guesses, goes, does C.辅音字母加 y 结尾,变 y 为 i 加-es, 例如:carry-carries, study-studies D.元音字母加 y 结尾,直接加 s
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例如:stay-stays,pay-pays 练习: 一.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. We often____(play) in the playground. 2. He_____(get) up at six o'clock. 3. ______you_______(brush) your teeth every morning? 4. What (do) he usually_______ (do) after school? 5. Danny__________(study) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art an school. 6. Mike sometimes______(go)to the park with his sister. 7. At eight at night, she______(watch)TV with his parents. 8. ______Mike______(read) English every day? 9. How many lessons ______ your classmate______(have)on Monday? 10. What time ______ his mother______(do)the housework. 11. His sister usually ______ (go) to school at 7:00 am. 12. Lin Tao ______ (like) his new sweater. 13. ______ he ______ (like) English? 14. People usually ______ (eat) dinner in the evening. 15. What time ______ Mary usually ______ (play) basketball ? 二、选择 ( ) 1. _____ you have a book? A. Do B. Are C. Is D. Have ( )2. They _________ on a farm. A. working B. is work C. work D. is worked ( ) 3. Does Peter like to watch TV? __________. A. Yes, he like B. No, he doesn’t C. Yes, he’d like D. No, he likes ( )4. She doesn’t __________ her homework in the afternoon. A. doing B. to do C. does D. do ( )5. How ____________ Mr. Brown ___________ to America? A. do, go B. is, go C. does, go D. does, goes ( )6. Where’s my camera? I____________ it. A. am not finding B. am not seeingC. can’t find D. can’t look at ( )7. How ___________ he go to work? He ___________ to work by bike. A. does; go B. do; goes C. do; go D. does; goes ( )8. ______ you usually late for school? No, _____________. A. Do; I am B. Does ;not C. Are ; I’m not D. Are ; I aren’t ( )9. _____ she _____ home at six every day? A. Is, leave B. Does , leave C. Is , leaves D. Does , left ( )10. Mr. Yang ____________ English this term. A. teaches our B. teaches us C. teachs us D. teach our 3.按照要求改写句子。 1. Daniel watches TV every evening. (改为否定句) Daniel TV every evening.
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2. I do my homework every day. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答) —— you homework every day? ——No, I . 3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答) —— she milk? —— Yes, she . 4. Simon is from Beijing. (同义句改写) Simon Beijing. 5. Millie is clever at math. (同义句改写) Millie

math.

十、介词
中考需要掌握的11个介词:in、on、at、to、from、by、with、for、about、after、before 一、表示时间的介词:1、表示较长时间(长于一天或短于一天)如:年、年份、月份、季节、周、上午、下午、 晚上以及一些习惯用法中要用介词“in”。如:in the morning / in the afternoon / in the evening 在上午 / 下午 / 晚上 in those days 在当时 / in no time 立刻 / in the daytime 在白天 / in the future 在将来 / in one minute 在 1 分钟内 / 最 后 in the end 2、表 示 时 间 的 某 一 点 ( 或 表 示 某 时 刻 ) 如 : 钟 点 、 年 龄 或 其 它 的 习 惯 用 法 中 要 用 “at” 。 例 : at noon / at night / at midnight ( 在 中 午 、 晚 上 、 半 夜 ―― 一 天 中 相 对 短 暂 的 时 间) 3. at the age of twenty / at the age of thirty-five (表示某一年龄) 短语:at that time 在那时 / at the moment 这时、 那时、 此刻 / at first 首先 / at last 最后=in the end / at once 立刻、 马上 / at / on (the) weekends 在周末 / 在一年中的这 个时候at this time of year / 在… …开始/结束时 at the beginning /end of 3、表 示 某 一 天 或 者 特 定 ( 某 一 天 上 下 午 ) 的 时 间 用 介 词 “on , 例 : on Monday morning / on Tuesday afternoon / on Wednesday evening on a winter morning / on a summer evening / on a a utumn afternoon 4、表示持续一段时间用介词“for”。“for”+“段时间” for two hours / for three days for hundreds of years 5、before后通常跟表示一点的时间(或特定的时间) ,表示在某个时间之前;after后通常跟表示一点的时间(或特 定的时间) , 表 示 在 某 个 时 间 之 后 ; 例 : after 8 o’clock after breakfast after a while 过 了 一 儿 the day after tomorrow before supper before class 二、表示方位介词 1、表示大地方,表示空间、地域或者物体内部应用in,或表示在?范围之内。 2、表示较小的地方,表示空间的某一点,出入口等,选at 3、表示附着在表面上,覆盖等,表示接触的面上、边上、线上,用on。 巩固练习。 1. Taiwan is ________ the southeast of China.(in, on, to) 2. Go _________ the bridge _________ the river, you’ll find the shop.(across, through; over, above) 3. I go to school __________7:30 every morning.(in, on, at) 4. He would like to meet her __________8:00 and 9:00 tomorrow morning.(between, among ) 5. The Greens have lived in China ________ three years.(in, for, after) 6. We go to school every day ________ Saturday and Sunday.(except, besides) 7. He wrote the letter _________ ink.(by, with ,in) 8. She returned to her country _________five years.(in, after, for) 9. There is a big tree _________ our classroom.(after, behind) 10. I usually go to work _________ bike.(by, on, with)

十一、句子的种类
1.肯定句:是指用肯定的语气来陈述的句子,如:
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I’m a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital. There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. I watched TV yesterday evening. 2、否定句:含有否定词或表示否定意义词的句子,如:I’m not a student. She is not (isn’t) a doctor. He does not (doesn’t) work in a hospital. There are not (aren’t) four fans in our classroom. He will not (won’t) eat lunch at 12:00. I did not (didn’t) watch TV yesterday evening. ☆ 注意 小结:否定句主要是在肯定句的基础上加上了否定词 “not”。有动词 be 的句子则“not”加在 be 后面,可缩 写成“isn’t,aren’t”,但 am not 一般都分开写。没有动词 be 的句子则要先在主要动词的前面加上一个助动词(do, does,did) ,然后在它后面加上“not”,你也可以把它们缩写在一起如“don’t , doesn’t , didn’t ) 。这三个助动词要根 据人称和时态来选择,其中“does”只用于一般现在时主语是第三人称单数的情况,而“did”只用于一般过去时,不 论主语是什么人称和数,都用“did” 。 3、一般疑问句:是指询问事实的句子,此类句子必须用“yes”,或“no”来回答。 如:Are you a student? Yes, I am / No, I’m not. Is she a doctor? Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. Does he work in a hospital? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. Are there four fans in our classroom? Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t. Are you going to buy a comic book tonight? Yes, I am. / No, I am not. (Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t.) Will he eat lunch at 12:00? Yes, I will. / No, I will not(won’t). Are they swimming? Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. Did you watch TV yesterday evening? Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ☆ 注意 小结: 一般疑问句是在肯定句的基础上, ① 把动词 be 调到首位, 其他照写, 末尾标点符号变成问号即可。 ② 没有动词 be 的句子则要在句首加上一个助动词(do,does,did)再把紧跟在后面的动词变回原形,末尾标点符 号变成问号即可。 这三个助动词也要根据人称和时态来选择,其中“does”只用于一般现在时主语是第三人称单数的情况,而“did”只 用于一般过去时,不论主语是什么人称和数,都用“did” 。一般疑问句有个重要的原则就是问和答要一致,即问 句里的第一个单词(助动词)和简略答句里的这个词是一致的。 4、特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how 等)开头引导的句子。此类 句子应该问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来回答。如: What is this? It’s a computer. What does he do? He’s a doctor. Where are you going? I’m going to Beijing. Who played football with you yesterday afternoon? Mike. Which season do you like best? Summer. When do you usually get up? I usually get up at 6:30. Whose skirt is this? It’s Amy’s. Why do you like spring best? Because I can plant trees. How are you? I’m fine. / I’m happy. How did you go to Xinjiang? I went to Xinjiang by train. ☆ 其中 how 又可以和其他一些形容词连用组成特殊疑问词组用来提问,如: how many(多少(数量)), how much(多少(钱)), how tall(多高), how long(多长), how big(多大), how heavy(多重) 例句:How many pencils do you have? I have three pencils. How many girls can you see? I can see four girls. How many desks are there in your classroom? There are 51. ☆ 小结:how many 用来提问可数名词的数量,主要有以上三种句式搭配, How many + 名词复数 + do you have? 你有多少……?
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王牌家教中心
How many + 名词复数 + can you see? How many + 名词复数 + are there…? 练一练 你能看见多少……? 有多少……?

1、A: _______ is the boy in blue? B:He’s Mike. 2、A: _______ pen is it? B:It’s mine. 3、A: _______ is the diary? B:It’s under the chair. 4、A: ___ is the Chirstmas Day? B: It’s on the 25th of December. 5、A: _______ are the earphones? B:They are 25 yuan. 6、A: _______ is the cup? B:It’s blue. 7、A: _______ is it today? B:It’s Sunday. 8、A: _______ was it yesterday? B: It was the 13th of October. 9、A: _______ this red one? B:It’s beautiful. 10、A: Can I have some paper and some crayons? B: _________________ ? A: I want to make a kite. 12. A:_______ is your cousin? B: He’s 15 years old. 13、A:_______ do you have dinner? B: At 6 o’clock. 一. 单项填空 1. ---Excuse me, _______ is the nearest bookshop? ---Go down the street and turn left at the second corner. A. how B. what C. where D. who 2. ---______ is it from our school to the Bell Tower? ---About half an hour’s bus ride. Shall we go and visit it? A. How long B. How often C. How far D. How much 3. ---The room is so dirty. ______ we clean it? ---Of course. A. Will B. Would C. Do D. Shall 4. ---__________, sir? ---Size 41, I think A. What size do you need B. What can I do for you C. How do you like this shirt D. What’s the matter with you 5. ---_______ good weather! Why not go out for a walk? A. What B. How C. What a D. How a 6. ---______ is your mother today, Jim? ---She is much better.
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王牌家教中心
A. How B. What C. Where D. How old 7. ---______he ______ at this school last term? ---Yes, I think so. A. Did…study B. Does…study C. Was…study D. Did…studied 8. ---_______ did you begin to learn English? ---Three years ago. A. When B. Why C. Where D. What 二、填空。 1、The pupils are having a picnic at the foot of the hill. (划线提问) _____ _____ the pupils having a picnic? 2、Xiao Cheng didn't go to the farm with us because he was ill. ( 划 线 提 问 _______ _____ Xiao Cheng go to the farm with us?



3、The children have a good time in the park. 否定句:___________________________________ 一般疑问句:___________________________________ 2. There are about nine hundred people at the concert.(音乐会) 否定句:_______________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________ 对划线部分提问:____________________________________ 3. There is only one problem. 否 定 句 : __________________________________________ 一 般 疑 问 句 : _____________________________________ 肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ 4. Ann does her homework every evening.否定句:__________________________________________ 一 般 疑 问 句 : _________________________________ 对 划 线 部 分 提 问 : ____________________________________ 5. I read an English book every day. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:___________________________________肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ 对划线部分提问:____________________________________ 6. My brother is in the park now. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:__________________________________ 肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ 对划线部分提问:____________________________________ 7. She has some bread for lunch today. 否定句:__________________________________________ 一般疑问句:_________________________________ 肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ 8. They read English every day. 否定句:___________________________________ 一般疑问句:________________________________ 肯定/否定回答:____________________________________ 对划线部分提问:____________________________________

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