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2012小学英语语法复习要点

发布时间:2013-10-02 18:09:07  

pep小学英语毕业总复习

一、26个字母( 注:五个元音字母是 Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu )

二:学生易错词汇

1.a , an的选择:表示“一个,一类”。元音音素开头的单词前用an,辅音音素开头的单词前用a 。如:an apple , a red apple , a stamp , an American stamp

2. be (am , is , are )的选择:单数用is , 复数用are , I用am , you

用are .如:I am a student . You are Zhang Peng . She is twelve .

3. have , has 的选择:表示某人有某物 。 单数用has , 复数用have 。 I ,you用have . 如 :

I have a pen . You have a pencil . He has a ruler .

4. there is , there are 的选择:表示某地有某物 。 单数用there is,复数用there are .遵循“就近原则”。如: There is a pen on the desk . There are three pens on the desk .

5. some, any 的选择:肯定句用some, 疑问句和否定句用any.

6. 疑问词的选择:what (什么) who (谁) where (哪里) whose (谁的) why(为什么)when(什么时候)which(哪一个)how old (多大) how many (多少)how much(多少钱)

三:形容词比较级

1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用much, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

2、形容词的比较级是在形容词的基础上变化而来的,它的变化规则是: 1

① 一般的直接在词尾加er ,如 tall - taller , strong - stronger , ② 以e结尾的,直接加r ,如 fine – finer ,

③ 以辅音字母加y结尾的,先改y为i再加er,如funny - funnier ④ 双写最后的字母再加er,如big – bigger, thin – thinner ,hot – hotter

⑤ 不规则形容词比较级:

good-better, much-more

比较级专项练习:

一、从方框中选出合适的单词完成句子 heavy tall long big (1) How is the Yellow River? (2) How is Mr Green? He’s 175cm. (3) How are your feet? I wear size 18. (4)How is the fish? It’s 2kg.

二、根据句意写出所缺的单词

(1) I’m 12 years old. You’re 14. I’m than you.

(2) A rabbit’s tail is than a monkey’s tail. (3) An elephant is than a pig. (4) A lake is than a sea. (5) A basketball is than a football.

三、根据中文完成句子.

(1) 我比我的弟弟大三岁. I’m than my brother. 2

(2) 这棵树要比那棵树高. This tree than that one.

(3) 你比他矮四厘米. You are than he. 四:人称和数

人称代词 主格 I(我) we(我们) you(你) you(你们) he(他) she(她) it(它) they(他们/她们/它们)

第一 人称 第二 人称

单数 复数 单数 复数 单数

第三 人称

复数

物主代词

宾格 me my(我的) us our(我们的) you your(你的) you your(你们的) him his(他的) her her(她的) it its(它的)

their(他们的

them /她们的/它们

的)

五:句型专项归类

1、 肯定句:是指用肯定的语气来陈述的句子,如:I’m a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital. There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. I watched TV yesterday evening.

2、否定句:含有否定词或表示否定意义词的句子,如:I’m not a student. She is not (isn’t) a doctor. He does not (doesn’t) work in a hospital. There are not (aren’t) four fans in our classroom. He will not (won’t) eat lunch at 12:00. I did not (didn’t) watch TV yesterday evening.

☆注意☆ 小结:否定句主要是在肯定句的基础上加上了否定词 “not”。有动词be的句子则“not”加在be后面,可缩写成“isn’t,aren’t”,但am not 一般都分开写。没有动词be的句子则要先在主要动词的前面加上一个助动词(do,does,did),然后在它后面加上“not”,你也可以把它们缩写在一起如“don’t , doesn’t , didn’t )。这三个助动词

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要根据人称和时态来选择,其中“does”只用于一般现在时主语是第三人称单数的情况,而“did”只用于一般过去时,不论主语是什么人称和数,都用“did” 。

3、一般疑问句:是指询问事实的句子,此类句子必须用“yes”,或“no”来回答。

如:Are you a student? Yes, I am / No, I’m not.

Is she a doctor? Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.

Does he work in a hospital? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. Are there four fans in our classroom? Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

Are you going to buy a comic book tonight? Yes, I am. / No, I am not. (Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t.)

Will he eat lunch at 12:00? Yes,he will. / No, he will not(won’t).

Are they swimming? Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

Did you watch TV yesterday evening? Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ☆注意☆ 小结:一般疑问句是在肯定句的基础上,

①把动词be调到首位,其他照写,末尾标点符号变成问号即可。

②没有动词be的句子则要在句首加上一个助动词(do,does,did)再把紧跟在后面的动词变回原形,末尾标点符号变成问号即可。

这三个助动词也要根据人称和时态来选择,其中“does”只用于一般现在时主语是第三人称单数的情况,而“did”只用于一般过去时,不论主语是什么人称和数,都用“did” 。一般疑问句有个重要的原则就是问和答要一致,即问句里的第一个单词(助动词)和简略答句里的这个词是一致的。 4

4、特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)开头引导的句子。此类句子应该问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来回答。如:

What is this? It’s a computer.

What does he do? He’s a doctor.

Where are you going? I’m going to Beijing.

Who played football with you yesterday afternoon? Mike. Which season do you like best? Summer.

When do you usually get up? I usually get up at 6:30.

Whose skirt is this? It’s Amy’s.

Why do you like spring best? Because I can plant trees. How are you? I’m fine. / I’m happy.

How did you go to Xinjiang? I went to Xinjiang by train.

☆其中how又可以和其他一些形容词连用组成特殊疑问词组用来提问,如: how many(多少(数量)), how much(多少(钱)), how tall(多高), how long(多长), how big(多大), how heavy(多重)

例句:How many pencils do you have? I have three pencils. How many girls can you see? I can see four girls.

How many desks are there in your classroom? There are 51.

☆小结:how many 用来提问可数名词的数量,主要有以上三种句式搭配, How many + 名词复数 + do you have? 你有多少???

How many + 名词复数 + can you see? 你能看见多少??? 5

How many + 名词复数 + are there?? 有多少???

六:完全、缩略形式: I’m=I am he’s=he is she’s=she is they’re=they are you’re=you are there’s=there is they’re=they are can’t=can not don’t=do not doesn’t=does not isn’t=is not aren’t=are not let’s=let us won’t=will not I’ll=I will wasn’t=was not

总结:通常情况下,'m即am,'s即is(但 let’s=let us), 're即are ,n't即not (但can’t=can not)

七:与字母相关的题型 ( 注:五个元音字母是 Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu )

一.将所给字母的大小写写在四线格上

Hh Rr Xx Gg Mm Uu Zz Ff Qq Ii

二.写出下列字母的左邻右舍。

1.( ) Hh ( ) 2.( ) Bb ( ) 3.( ) Ll ( ) 4.( ) Rr ( )

5.( ) Qq ( ) 6.( ) Ww ( )

三.用小写字母抄写下列单词。

1.ROOM( ) 2.UNDER( ) 3.PLEASE( ) 4.PICTURE( )

5.WHERE( ) 6.TWINS( ) 7.EXCUSE( ) 8.HOW( )

9.CAKE( ) 10.SMALL( )

三.将全是元音字母的那一组圈起来

1. a c e 2. i e o 3. v u k 4. e u I 5. J B I 6. E T V 7. E I O 8. A U E

四.写出与所给单词发音相同的字母(大小写)。

1.bee ( ) 2.sea ( ) 3.tea ( ) 4.are ( ) 5.why

( ) 6.you ( ) 九、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes,

watch-watches

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3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives wife--wives

5.以o结尾的单词,有生命的物质加-es, 无生命的物质加-s 如:tomato—tomatoes photo--photos

6.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

child-children

foot-feet,.tooth-teeth

fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 写出下列各词的复数

I _________him _________this ___________her ______

watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______

day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________

tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____

thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______

man______ woman_______ paper_______ juice___________ water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________

十、一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

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2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如: I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如: He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?

- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如: - Does she go to work by bike?

- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?

一般现在时(单三形式;动词+s的变化规则)

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 8

4、不规则变化 have---has

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________ study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today?

- It’s Saturday.

三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________ 9

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ ____________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

_______________________________________________________ ____________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ ____________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

________________________________________________________

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ ________________________________

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He likes play games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________ 十一、现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be(am ,are ,is )+动词ing. 10

3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

但疑问词当主语时其结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping, swim -- swimming , begin – beginning

现在进行时专项练习:

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________ go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________ read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________ put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________ stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

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7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

_________________________________________________________________

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问) _________________________________________________________________

十二、将来时理论及练习

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year?),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

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二、基本结构:①be(am ,are ,is ) going to + 动词原形;

②will+动词原形;

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.

2. 问干什么。What ? do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this

afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

六、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. 13

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow. 用所给词的适当形式填空。

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11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now. 十三、一般过去时

1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 15

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。 如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?

如: What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?

如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则变化 swim – swam have -- had am – was is – was are -- were do-did

过去时练习

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

Be动词的过去时练习(1)

一、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago.

4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening. 16

二、 句型转换

1. It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. They were in his pocket.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ Be动词的过去时练习(2)

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..

8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型转换

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 17

行为动词的过去时练习(1)

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. We sang some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 行为动词的过去时练习(2)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______. 18

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

二、句型转换

1. They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 过去时综合练习(1)

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

过去时综合练习(2)

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday.

Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

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2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

__ PEP语法知识点练习以及归类

一、写出下列名词的复数形式:

box ________ fish ________ watch _________ bus ________ boy ________ city ________ tooth _________ sheep ________

二、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式:

get ________ teach ________ go ________ study ________fix _______ have ________

三、写出下列动词的ing形式:

play __________ swim ___________ write __________ be _________ die___________

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四、写出下列动词的过去式:

look _________ live ________ stop _________ study _________ have _________ see _________

五、写出下列形容词的比较级:

strong ___________ fine ________ big _________ heavy ______

人教社小学英语PEP单词分类复习表

颜色类: colour 颜色 red 红色 yellow 黄色 white 白色 pink 粉红色 purple 紫色 brown 棕色 blue 蓝色 black 黑色 green 绿色 orange 橘红色、橙色

数字类: one 1 two 2 three 3 four 4 five 5 six 6 seven 7 eight 8 nine 9 ten 10 eleven 11 twelve 12 thirteen 13 fourteen 14 fifteen 15 sixteen 16 seventeen 17 eighteen 18 nineteen 19 twenty 20

twenty-one 21 thirty 30 forty 40 fifty 50 sixty 60 seventy 70 eighty 80 ninety 90

first (1 ) 第一 second (2 ) 第二 third (3 ) 第三

课程类: Chinese 语文 English 英语 P. E. 体育 math 数学 music 音乐 art 美术 science 科学 stndrd

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天气类: weather 天气 rainy 下雨的 sunny 晴朗的 snowy 下雪的 windy 刮风的 cloudy 多云的 warm 温暖的 cold寒冷的 cool 凉爽的 hot 炎热的

动物类: rabbit 兔子 cat 猫 dog 狗 duck 鸭子 pig 猪 panda 熊猫 bird 鸟 hen母鸡 cow 奶牛 lamb 羊羔goat 山羊 sheep 绵羊 horse 马 bear 熊 giraffe长颈鹿 monkey 猴子donkey驴 kangaroo 袋鼠lion 狮子 tiger 老虎 deer 鹿 squirrel 松鼠 snake 蛇 whale 鲸 fish 鱼 mouse 老鼠 elephant 大象

水果类: apple 苹果 pear 梨 orange 橘子banana 香蕉 grapes 葡萄 watermelon 西瓜 strawberry 草莓

食物类: fish鱼 beef牛肉 chicken鸡肉 rice米饭 noodles面条 tofu豆腐 tomato西红柿 potato土豆 cucumber黄瓜 carrot萝卜

eggplant茄子 bread面包 egg蛋 green beans青豆 onion洋葱 tea 茶 milk 牛奶 coffee 咖啡 Coke 可乐 juice果汁

味道类: tasty 可口的 yummy 好吃的 sour 酸的 sweet 甜的 salty 咸的 fresh 新鲜的 healthy 健康的

服装类: pants 长裤 jeans 牛仔裤 socks短袜 shoes 鞋子 T-shirt T恤衫 shorts 短裤 dress 连衣裙 boots 靴子 shirt 衬衫 skirt裙子 jacket夹克衫

职业: doctor医生;farmer农民;driver司机;nurse护士;teacher老师;accountant会计;singer歌唱家;writer作家;salesperson售货 22

员;engineer工程师;actor男演员;actress女演员;policeman警察;artist画家;TV reporter电视台记者;student学生;cleaner清洁工 时间: o’clock?点钟;in the morning在早上;in the afternoon 在下午;in the evening在晚上;at noon 在中午;tomorrow明天;yesterday昨天;today今天;this morning今天早上;this evening今天晚上;this afternoon今天下午;next weekend下周末;next week下周;this weekend这个周末;on the weekend在周末;usually通常;often经常;sometimes有时候;tonight今晚;never从不

地点: library图书馆;school学校;pet shop宠物商店;park公园;post office邮局;cinema电影院;bookstore书店;hospital医院;science museum科学博物馆;bank银行;supermarket超市;shoe store鞋店;garden花园

交通工具: train火车;bike自行车;plane飞机;car汽车;jeep吉普车;ship轮船;on foot走路;bus公共汽车;subway地铁 方位词: in在?里面;on在?上面;under在?下面;behind在?后面;in front of在??前面 over在?上面(悬空);near在?附近;turn left向左转;turn right向右转;next to与?相邻;west西;east东;north北;south南;on the left在左边;on the right在右边 书籍: comic book漫画书;newspaper报纸;magazine杂志;post card明信片;dictionary字典

房间类: living room客厅 study书房kitchen厨房bathroom浴室bedroom卧室classroom教室

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用品类: ruler 尺子 pen钢笔 pencil铅笔 pencil-case 铅笔盒 book 书 bag 包 boat 小船 picture图画 board板 teacher’s desk 讲台桌 light 灯 kite 风筝 computer电脑 football足球

家具类: mirror 镜子 end table 床头柜 closet衣柜 curtain窗帘 bed床 trash bin垃圾桶 chair椅子 desk桌子 window窗户 table 台桌 phone 电话 sofa沙发 door门floor地板 wall 墙

称呼类: family家庭 father父亲 mother母亲brother兄弟sister姐妹 grandparents (外)祖父母 uncle叔叔aunt阿姨 parents父母 baby婴儿boy 男孩 girl女孩 friend 朋友

描述人物的形容词: strong强壮的,stronger 更强壮的 , thin 瘦的,thinner更 瘦的 ,tall高的,taller更高 ,short短的,矮的,shorter 更矮的, big大的,bigger更 大的 ,small小的,smaller更小的,long长的,longer 更长的, young年轻的,younger 更年轻的 ,old老的,older 更老的, active积极的,heavy重的,heavier 更重的, cool酷的,smart聪明, kind和蔼可亲的, strict严格的,quiet安静的, funny滑稽可笑的, fat胖的

星期类: Mon.星期一Tue.星期二Wed.星期三Thu.星期四 Fri.星期五 Saturday星期六 Sunday星期天 day天

月份类: Jan. 一月 Feb.二月 Mar.三月 Apr.四月 May五月 June六月 July七月 Aug.八月 Sept.九月 Oct.十月 Nov.十一月Dec.十二月 date日期

季节类:season 季节 spring春天 summer夏天 fall 秋天 winter冬天

人教社小学英语PEP教材四会句型汇总

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一、一般疑问句:

1、Did you read books? 你读书了吗?Yes, I did.是的,我读过了。No, I didn’t. 不,我没有读过。

2、Is she quiet? 她文静吗?No, she isn’t. She’s very active. 不,她不。 她很活跃。

Is she strict? 她严格吗?Yes, she is, but she’s very kind.是的,她是,但是她很和蔼。

3、Is this a teacher’s desk? 这是一张讲台桌吗?Is it cold? 冷吗?Is her birthday in June? 她的生日在六月吗?Is this your T-shirt? 这是你的T恤衫吗?Yes, it is. 是的。 No, it isn’t. / No, it’s not. 不,不是的。

4、 Can you make the bed? 你会铺床吗?Can you use a computer? 你会使用电脑吗?

Yes, I can. 是的,我会。 No, I can’t. 不,我不会。

5、Are they ducks? 它们是鸭子吗? Are they eating the honey? 它们吃蜂蜜吗?

Yes, they are. 是的,它们是。 No, they aren’t. 不,它们不是。

6、Is there a forest in the park? 公园里有一个森林吗? Is there a river? 那里有条河吗?

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Yes, there is. 是的,那里有。 No, there aren’t. 不,那里没有。

7、Are there any pandas in the mountains? 山里有一些熊猫吗?Are there any fish in the rivers? 河里有一些鱼吗?Yes, there are. 是的,那里有。 No, there aren’t. 不,那里没有。

8、Are you eating lunch? 你(们)正在吃午餐吗? Yes, I am. / Yes, we are. 是的,我正在吃。/ 是的,我们正在吃。No, I am not. / No, we aren’t. 不,我没有在吃。/ 不,我们没有在吃。

9、Is he playing chess? 他正在下棋吗? Yes, he is. 是的,他是。 No, he isn’t. 不,他没有。

10、Is she counting insects?她正在数昆虫吗?Yes, she is. 是的,她是。No, she isn’t.不,她没有。

11、Does she/he teach English? 她(他)教英语吗? Yes, she/he does. 是的,她(他)是。

No, she/he doesn’t. 不,她(他)不是。

二、谈论时间:

What time is it? 几点钟?It’s two o’clock. 两点钟。It’s 9:45. It’s time for math class. 九点四十五。是上数学课的时间了。What day is it today? 今天星期几?It’s Wednesday. 星期三。

When do you eat dinner? 你几点吃晚餐?I eat dinner at 7: 00 in the evening. 我晚上7点钟吃晚餐。When do you get up? 你几点起床?I usually get up at 12:00 noon. 我一般中午12点钟起床。 When is your 26

birthday? 你的生日是什么时候?It’s in May. 在五月。 My birthday is in June. 我的生日在六月。 Uncle Bill’s birthday is in June, too. 比尔叔叔的生日也在六月。 What’s the date? June 9. 几月几日? 六月九日 。

三、谈论颜色:

What colour is it? 什么颜色? It’s white. 白色。

四、谈论地点:

Where are you going this afternoon? 下午你打算去哪? I’m going to the bookstore. 我打算去书店。 Where did you go on your holiday? 假期你去了哪? I went to Xinjiang. 我去了新疆。

Where does she work? 她在哪工作? She works in a hospital. 她在医院工作。

Where does the rain come from? 雨从哪来? It comes from the clouds. 它从云里来。

Where is the cinema, please? 请问电影院在哪? It’s next to the hospital. 在医院旁边。

Turn left at the cinema, then go straight. It’s on the left. 在电影那左转,然后直走。它在你的左边。

There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room. 那有两个卧室,一个厨房,一个卫生间和一个客厅。 There is a mirror, 27 th

a bed and a big closet. 那有一面镜子,一张床和一个大衣柜。 The closet is near the table. 衣柜在桌子的附近。 Many clothes are in the closet. 很多的衣服在衣柜里。 The trash bin is behind the door. 垃圾桶在门后。

五、谈论价格:

How much is it? 这个多少钱? It’s ten yuan. 十元。 How much are they? 它们多少钱?

They’re three yuan. 它们三元。

六、谈论数量:

How many horses are there? Twelve. 那有多少匹马? 十二匹。

七、谈论人物:

Who’s your English teacher? 你的英语老师是谁? Mr Carter. 卡特先生。

What’s he like? 他长什么样? He’s tall and strong. 他又高又强壮。How old are you? 你几岁?

八、谈论喜好:

What’s your favourite fruit? 你最喜欢的水果是什么? I like apples. They’re sweet. 我喜欢苹果。它们很甜。 I like fruit. But I don’t like grapes. They’re sour. 我喜欢水果。但我不喜欢葡萄。它们 28

很酸。 Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节? I like winter best. 我最喜欢冬天。 Summer is good, but fall is my favourite season. 夏天很好,但秋天是我最喜欢的季节。 Why do you like summer? 你为什么喜欢夏天? Because I can swim in the lake. 因为我可以在湖里游泳。 Why do you like winter? 你为什么喜欢冬天? Because I can sleep a long time. 因为我可以睡很长的时间。 What’s your hobby? 你的爱好是什么?

I like collecting stamps. 我喜欢收集邮票。 He likes collecting stamps, too. 他也喜欢收集邮票。

九、谈论事情:

This is my computer. 这是我的电脑。 That is your computer. 那是你的电脑。 Let’s play football. 让我们踢足球吧。 This is Zhang Peng. 这是张鹏。 What did you do last weekend? 你上个周末做了什么? I played football. 我踢了足球。 What are you going to buy? 你打算去买什么?

I am going to buy a comic book. 我打算去买一本漫画书。 What are you going to do on the weekend? 周末你打算去做什么? I’m going to visit my grandparents this weekend. 这个周末我打算去拜访我的祖父母。What are they doing? 他们在做什么?They’re swimming. 他们在游泳。They are climbing trees. 他们在爬树。 What is it doing? 它在做什么?It’s eating bananas.它正在吃香蕉What is she doing? 她在做什么?She’s jumping.她在跳。What are you doing? 你正在做什么? 29

I’m doing the dishes. 我正在洗碗。 I’m reading a book. 我正在读书。 Grandpa is writing a letter. 爷爷正在写信。 Brother is doing homework. 兄弟正在做作业。Mom is cooking dinner in the kitchen. 妈妈正厨房里烧饭。 He’s writing an e-mail in the study. 他正在书房里写一封电子邮件。 What do you do on the weekend? 你周末做什么?Usually I watch TV and go shopping. 一般我看电视和去购物。 Sometimes I visit my grandparents. 有时候我去拜访我的祖父母。I often play football. 我经常去踢足球。Sometimes I go hiking. 有时候我去远足。

What do you have on Thursdays? 星期四你们有什么课? We have English, math and science on Thursdays. 星期四我们有英语,数学和科学课。What do you do on Saturdays? 星期六你做什么?I watch TV on Saturdays. 星期六我看电视。 What about you? 你呢?I do my homework, too. 我也做我的家庭作业。What do you have for lunch on Mondays? 星期一你中餐吃什么?We have tomatoes, tofu and fish. 我们吃西红柿,豆腐和鱼。 What can you do? 你能做什么?I can sweep the floor. 我会扫地。 I can cook the meals. 我会做饭。 I can water the flowers. 我会浇花。

十、谈论方式:

How do you go to school, Sarah? 萨拉,你怎么去学校? Usually I go to school on foot. 一般我走路去学校。 Sometimes I go by bike. 有时候我骑自行车。 How can I get to Zhongshan Park? 我怎么去中山公园? You can go by the No. 15 bus. 你可以坐15路公共汽车。 How did you go there? 你怎么去那? I went by train. 我坐火车去。 How do you do that? First, I ?. Then I ?.

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你怎么做那件事? 首先,我。。。然后我。。。 What should you do then? 然后你怎么做?

How does she go to work? 她怎么去工作? She goes to work by bus. 她坐公共汽车去工作。

十一、谈论心情,身体状况:

How are you, Liu Yun? 刘云,你怎么样? You look so happy. 你看起来很开心。

How are you, Sarah? 萨拉,你怎么样? You look sad today. 今天你看起来很伤心。

What’s the matter? 怎么了? My throat is sore. My nose hurts. 我的喉咙痛。我的鼻子痛。

十二、谈论体重、身高:

How heavy are you? 你多少重? I’m 48 kg . 我48公斤。 I’m thinner than you, and shorter. 我比你瘦和矮。 How tall are you? 你多高? I’m 164 cm tall. 我164厘米高。 You’re shorter than me. 你比我矮。 You’re 4 cm taller than me. 你比我高四厘米。

十三、谈论职业:

What does your mother do? 你妈妈做什么的? She is a TV reporter. 她是一个电视台记者。

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十四、谈论天气:

It’s warm today. 今天很暖和。 It’s cool. 今天很凉爽。 十五、问候语:

1. A: Hello! / Hi! 你好! B: Hello! / Hi! 你好

2. A: Good morning! 早上好! B: Good morning! 早上好!

3. A: Good afternoon! 下午好! B: Good afternoon! 下午好!

4. A: What’s your name? 你叫什么名字? B: My name is Li Lei .

我叫李雷。

5. A: Nice to meet you! 很高兴认识你! B: Nice to meet you ,too !

我也很高兴认识你!

6. A: How are you? 你好吗? B: I’m fine / Fine/ Very well ,thank

you .我很好,谢谢。

7. A: Where are you from? 你来自哪儿? B: I’m from China .我来

自中国。

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