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五年级_改写句子_陈述句改否定句_陈述句改一般疑问句_划线部分提问

发布时间:2013-10-05 10:50:50  

讲课
主讲老师:廖翔

五年级 期中复习小专题
按要求完成句子

1.什么是一般疑问句? 一般疑问句用于对某一情况提出疑问, 通常可用yes或no来回答,读时用升调。 2.怎样把陈述句变成一般疑问句?
例: This is your penpal. Is this your penpal? 这是你的笔友。 这是你的笔友吗?

⑴ 把句子中的be动词提前到句首。 Be动词包括am is are。

练习题:
1.You are a student. Are you a student?

2. She is a university student. Is she a university student? 3. He is a principle. 4. They are good friends. Is he a principle? Are they good friends?

5. There is a small bridge in the school. Is there a small bridge in the school? ★6. There are many children in the park. Are there any children in the park?

例:

He can go with us.

他能跟我们一起去。

Can he go with us?

他能跟我们一起去吗?

⑵把句子中的情态动词提前到句首。 句子中的情态动词包括can may must。 练习题: 1. She can play basketball. Can she play basketball?
2. I may help you. May I help you? 3. He can sweep the floor. Can he sweep the floor? 4. Robot can play chess.

Can Robot play chess?

例:

You like singing. Do you like singing?

你喜欢唱歌。 你喜欢唱歌吗?

Jim likes apples. 吉姆喜欢苹果。
★ Does Jim like apples?

吉姆喜欢苹果吗?

⑶如果句子中没有be动词或情态动词,就要 在句首加助动词帮助其变成一般疑问句。主语是 一二人称及复数人称时加Do;主语是第三人称单数 形式加Does。加了Does后句子中原本的动词三单形式 要还原。 让我们辨别一下人称

Chapter 1

personal pronoun
人称代词

第一人称

第二人称

第三人称

单数— 我(I) 复数— 我们(we)

单数—你(you) 复数—你们(you)

单数—他(he)、她(she) 它(it)、单数名词 复数—他(她、它)们(they)

主语是一二人称及复数人称时加Do; 主语是第三人称单数形式加Does 判断下列人称分别属于第几人称及单复数情况?

I
(一单)

my mother your uncle we
(三单) (三单) (一复)

Tom
(三单)

his brother
(三单)

Jim
(三单)

their teacher
(三单)

Sally
(三单)

you
(二单/复)

your sisters
(三复)

she tiger our family
(三单) (三单) (一复)

Beijing it English they
(三单) (三单) (三单) (三复)

the Great Wall
(三单)

练习题:
1.You have a friend. Do you have a friend?

2. He goes to school by bus. Does he go to school by bus? 3. She likes apples. Does she like apples?

4. They live in the country. Do they live in the country?
★5.

My friend lives in Shanghai. Does your friend live in Shanghai?

怎样把陈述句变成一般疑问句: ⑴ 把句子中的be动词提前到句首。 Be动词包括am is are。 ⑵ 把句子中的情态动词提前到句首。 句子中的情态动词包括can may must。 ⑶ 如果句子中没有be动词或情态动词,就要 在句首加助动

词帮助其变成一般疑问句。主语是 一二人称及复数人称时加Do;主语是第三人称单数 形式加Does。加了Does后句子中原本的动词三单形式 要还原。

注意: ⑴ 句点变问号。 ⑵ 句中的第一人称变成相应的第二人称。 ⑶ some,many 变 any . She is doing some cleaning. Is she doing ________ cleaning? any _____ ⑷ 动词三单还原问题。 She goes bicycling twice a week. Does she go bicycling twice a week? ______ _____

练习题:
I am listening to music.

Are you listening to music?
Is Mike a student?

Mike is a student.
They are in the zoo.
★There

Are they in the zoo?

are some flowers in the vase. Are there any flowers in the vase? This is my sister. Is this your sister? We are sweeping the floor.Are you sweeping the floor?

变为一般疑问句
1. She is doing some cleaning.
Is any _____ she doing ________ cleaning?

3. She goes bicycling twice a week.
Does go ______ she _____ bicycling twice a week?

5. She does morning exercises every day.
Does she _____do morning exercises every day? do _____

变为一般疑问句 1. I am from Canada.
Are you _____ _____ from Canada?

2. She is looking for her dog.
Is looking _____ she __________ for her dog?

3. They are some knives.
any ______ they ______ knives? Are

6. Maria does sports every day.
Does do _____ Maria _____ sports every day?

二、将陈述句变为一般疑问句
一般问句并不难, 助情动词放句前。 两种回答yes,no, 句首动词人后面。 没有现成怎么办? do does did来相伴。 三单过去要还原, 问号结尾在后面。

将下列陈述句改为一般疑问句 并作肯定及否定回答:
1.He is a good teacher. (be动词) Is he a good teacher ? Yes, he is . No, he isn't. 3.Li Ming’s father can drive the car. (情态动词) Can Li Ming’s father drive the car? Yes, he can . No, he can't. 4.They must get here at 7 o'clock. Must they get here at 7 o'clock ? Yes, they must . No, they needn't. 5.It is going to rain tomorrow. Is it going to rain tomorrow ? Yes, it is. No, it isn`t.

6.I like apples . Do you like apples ? Yes , I do . No, I don't. 7.They play basketball after school every day. Do they play basketball after school every day ? Yes, they do. No, they don't. 8.My father watches TV in the evening. Does your father watch TV in the evening ? Yes, he does. No, he doesn't. (My father是第三人称单数,因此原句中动词改为原形) 9.Tom loves Beijing very much. Does Tom love Beijing? Yes, he does. No, he doesn't. (Tom是第三人称单数,因此原句中动词改为原形) 10.The children like playing games. Do the children like playing games? Yes, they do . No, they don't.

11. Mary usually goes to school on foot.
Does Mary usually go to school on foot ? Yes, she does. No, she doesn't. (Mary是第三人称单数,因此原句中动词改为原形)







1. be动词的否定式 动词be根据不同的人称可以有am, is, are等不同形式

,不管何种情况,构成否定式时, 一律在其后加not:

例如:

I am old, but you are young. 我老了,但你还年轻。

→ I’m not old, but you’re not young. 我还不老,但你不年轻了。 He is reading and I am writing. 他在读,我在写。 → He is not reading and I am not writing. 他没有在读,我没有在写。

也就是说,把肯定句变成否定句,就是在句子中的be动词后面加not。

2. 情态动词的否定式 情态动词的否定式一般在其后加not构成: 例如: → I can finish the work in an hour. 我能在1小时内完成这工作。 I can’t finish the work in an hour. 我不能在1小时内完成这工作。 You must go with us. 你必须同我们一起去。 → You mustn’t go with us. 你不能同我们一起去。

We should help them. 我们应该帮助他们。
→ We shouldn’t help them. 我们不必帮助他们。

也就是说,把肯定句变成否定句,就是在句子中的情态动词后面加not。

3. 实意动词的否定式 一般实意动词的否定式,应根据不同人称在实意动词之前加don’t或doesn’t:
例如: I put a book on my head.我把书放到头上。



I don’t put a book on my head. 我没把书放到头上。
He works in a bank. 他在一家银行工作。

★ → He doesn’t work in a bank. 他不是在银行工作。

也就是说,把肯定句变成否定句,就是在句子中的实意动词 前面加don’t或doesn’t。一二人称复数人称加don’t;三单人称加doesn’t。

练习题:
They like making the puppet. They don’t like making puppet. Amy and Sarah live in Beijing. Amy and Sarah don’t live in Beijing. They sing a song together. They don’t sing a song together.

We play basketball on Sundays. We don’t play basketball on Sundays. Mike likes listening to music. Mike doesn’t like listening to music. We need some masks. We don’t need any masks.

变为否定句
1. I am Maria’s friend.
am not I _____ ______ Maria’s friend.

4. He minds(介意) it.
doesn’t mind He _______ ______ it.

6. Michael can speak some Chinese.
can’t any Michael ______ speak ______ Chinese.

3. Jim does sports every day. doesn’t do Jim _______ ______ sports every day.

怎样把肯定句变成否定句: ⑴ 在句子中的be动词后直接加not。 Be动词包括am is are。 ⑵ 在句子中的情态动词后直接加not。 句子中的情态动词包括can may must。 ⑶ 如果句子中没有be动词或情态动词,就要 找句中的实义动词。在实义动词前加助动词的否定形式。 主语是一二人称及复数人称时加Don’t;主语是第三人称单数 形式加Doesn’t。加了Doesn’t后句子中原本的动词三单形式 要还原。

一、将肯定句变为否定句:
句型变化很简单, 先把句中动词看。
be may must will can, 否定句not加后边。 没有现成怎么办? do does did来相伴。 一二人称要转变, 三

单过去要还原。

将下列陈述句改成否定句:
1.I like apples . I don't like apples. 2.They play basketball after school every day. They don't play basketball after school every day. 3.My father watches TV in the evening. My father doesn't watch TV in the evening.
(My father是第三人称单数,因此原句中动词改为原形)

4.Tom loves Beijing very much. Tom doesn't love Beijing.
(Tom是第三人称单数,因此原句中动词改为原形)

5.The children like playing games. The children don’t like playing games. 6. Mary usually goes to school on foot. Mary doesn’t usually go to school on foot.
(Mary是第三人称单数,因此原句中动词改为原形)

特殊疑问句
(Special questions)
特殊疑问句的形式:

疑问代词/副词(what, who, which, whom, whose, when, how, why, where ) + 动词 be/助动词do/情态 动词can+ 主语 + 动词。
回答时不用yes 或no,而要根据实际情 况回答。

B Asking ‘wh-’ questions
what----什么 I am reading. which----哪个人/哪种东西 I’d like this red one. who----人 He is our teacher. whose---- 谁的 The bag is mine. when----时间 My birthday is on 2nd May. where----地点 My pen is in the pencil case. why-----原因 I like dancing because it is fun.

We use ‘wh-’ questions to ask for information about someone/something.

Q:Which one would you like,red or black? A:I’d like this red one. Q:Whose is the bag? A:The bag is mine. Q:When is your birthday? A:My birthday is on 2nd May. Q:Where is your pen? A:My pen is in the pencil case. Q:why do you like dance? A:I like dancing because it is fun.

? what----Activity or thing (对行为和事物提问)。
e.g . 1. “What are you talking about?”
“你们在谈什么?”

“We are talking about our family.”
“我们在谈论我们 的家庭情况。” 2. “What is your name?”

“你叫什么名字?”
“My name is Wang Li.”

? which----Thing or person (对特定的人或事物提问)。
e.g “Which woman is your English teacher?”
“哪位是你的英 语老师?” “The woman in white.”

“我叫王丽。”

“那个穿着白衣服的。”

? who----Person (对人提问)
e.g “Who will visit you tomorrow?” “My father.”
“明天谁来看你?” “我爸爸。”

? whose----Possession (对人的所有关系提问) e.g “Whose book is this?” “It is my brother’s.”
“这是谁的书?” “是我弟弟的。”

? when----Time (对时间提问)

e.g “When will you finish your homework?”
“你什么时候能完成作业?”

“Tomorrow.”
“明天。”

? where----Place (对地点提问)
e.g “Where do you study?” “你在哪儿读书?”

“In Shanghai.”
“在上海。”

? why-----reason (对原因提问)
e.g “Why are you late?”
“你为什么迟到?” “Because I missed the bus.” “因为我没赶 上公共汽车。”

想想还缺了哪个疑问词呢?

1.

对表

示程度

对划线部分提问2 How

(well, very much, much, very hard)提问; 2.对表示身体状况的形容词及形容词词组提问。 (fine, well, all 3. 对方式提问。

right, ill, sick病)

how are you?

(on foot, by bike/bus/car, How do you go to school? 4.表示天气状况的

on a plane等) rainy, snowy等)提问。

(如 sunny, cloudy, windy, How is the weather in Shaoguan. 5. How

many对可数名词提问,可数名词的复数形式必须紧 跟在How many之后提到句首。(five books, three baskets of apples) 如:How many books do you have?

6.How much 对表示价格提问。(five yuan, 40 dollars)

How much is your pencil?
7. 对不可数名词提问,不可数名词必须紧跟在How much之后提到 句首. 如:How much water does she want? 8. How long 对时间段( 如two hours, for three days)提问。

1. I go to school by bus.
How do you go to school?

一起来看看“how”

2. She is twelve.
How old is she?

3. Jim plays with his dog for about two hours on Sunday.
How long does Jim play with his dog on Sunday?

4. Millie goes to the Reading Club twice a week.
How often does Millie go to the Reading Club?

5.There are more than forty students in our class.
How many students are there in your class?

6.There are some apples on the plate. 7.Mike is 1.35 meters tall.
How tall is Mike?

How many apples are there on the plate?

8.I’ll bring it here in a minute.
How soon will you bring it here?

Exercises :针对下列划线部分提问

? 1.We are going to Guilin. Where are you going? ? 2.Chinese New Year this year is in February. When is Chinese New Year? ? 3.Kitty is wearing a special costume. Who is wearing a special costume? ? 4.I want a model train for Christmas. What do you want for Christmas?

? 5.Daniel is in the kitchen.
Where is Daniel? ? 6.We celebrate Christmas by giving presents.
How do you celebrate Christmas ? ? 7.My birthday is on 14th August. When is your birthday? ? 8.I buy mooncakes because the Mid-Autumn Festival is coming. Why do you buy mooncakes? 9.We eat rice dumplings at Dragon Boat Festival. What do you eat at Dragon Boat Festival?

‘some’/ ‘any’的使用
一般疑问句及否定句使用”any” 陈诉句及期待肯定回答疑问句用”some”
Question

Does he give you ____ cakes? any

Positive sentence
Negative sentence offer Request

He gives me _____ cakes. some
He doesn't give me ____ cakes. any Would you like _____ cakes? some Can I have _____ cakes? some

用 some 或 any 填空:
Sandy: It’s time for dinner, I am so hungry now.

some some Lucy: I have _____ pies. Would you like ______ pies?
Sandy: Yes, please. Lucy: Here you are. Sandy: Oh, that’s very kind of you! Do you have _____ milk? any

any Lucy: I’m sorry. I don’t have _____ milk.
Sandy: That’s all right.

some Tom: Tomorrow is Teacher’s Day. Do you buy _____ flowers for your teachers?
any some Susan: No, I don’t buy _____ flowers, but I buy ______ cards.

Look!
Tom: Wow, how beautiful they are. Where do you buy them?

Some Susan: ______ of them are from Suguo Supermarket and some from the shop near our school. ______ some some Tom: Could you buy ______ for me? I also need ______ but I am very busy today.
Susan: Ok, I will go there this afternoon because I also need ______ more. some

划线部分提问 1、先把句子翻译一遍,再把划线部分去掉,用一个疑问词代 替,再翻译一遍,这样就可以确定疑问词了 2、余下的句子改一般疑问句 结构:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句 疑问词如下: ⑴ 什么 what ⑵ 谁 who ⑶ 谁的 whose ⑷ 在哪里 where in/on/under ⑸ 哪一个which ⑹ 为什么 why ⑺ 星期几what day ⑻ 几点 what time ⑼ 怎样 how ⑽…怎么样how about ⑾ 多少how many+名词复数 ⑿ 多少岁 how old ⒀ 多少钱 how much ⒁ 什么颜色 what colour

(15)问“干什么” : 一般现在时 问“干什么” What do xx do? What does xx do? 现在进行时 问“正在干什么” what (am/are/is) xx doing ? 一般将来时 问”准备干什么” what (is/are) xx going to do?

1. What

对划线部分提问1

1)对物和事提问。 2)对前面出现了name的人名提问。 3)对数字本身提问。-----What is 1 and 2? -----3 4)对表示职业的名词(a doctor, a teacher 等)提问。 -----What is your father? -----He is a teacher.

2. What do…do ?谁在做什么? 对除第三人称外的人称提问。
-------what do you do on Mondays? -----I play football.

3. What does…do?谁在做什么?对第三人称单数提问。
what does she do on Mondays? -----she plays football.

4. What be the weather like? How be the weather? 对表示天气状况的(如 sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, foggy, snowy等)提问。

6. What color 对做颜色提问
What color is your pen?

7. What day 对星期几,节日,生日提问。
What day is it today? It is Monday.

8. What date 对几月几日提问。
What date is it today? It is May 8th .(5月8日)

9. What time 对时间点(如6:30 at 7:00PM等)提问。
What time is it? It is 8 o’clock.

10. Who 对表示人提问 who is your father? 11. Why 对原因,because +句子(because)提问。
Why do you go to school? 12. Where 对哪里,地点提问 where is your cat?

1、Yang Ling gets up at half past six. What _____ ______ Yang Ling _____ up? does get ___ time 2、My brother often does his homework at the weekends. What _____ _____ your brother often ____ his homework? does do ___ time 3、Nancy is from the UK. is Where ______ ___ Nancy from? 4、The grape is in my mouth. Where is _____ _____ the grapes? 5、They like doing exercise. What do _____ ____ they like doing?

7、This jacket is Wang Bing’s. Whose is ______ _____ this jacket?

8、 There is What

one butterfly near the flowers. is _____ _____ near the flowers? 9、 Miss Zhang and I usually go to school by bike. How do ______ ____ Miss Zhang and I usually go to school? 10、Th

e girl has got a bad cold. Who ______ has got a bad cold?

11、It’s Tuesday today. ____ day What _____ ____ it today? is 12、They ususlly watch TV in the evening. _____ _____ they usually _____ in the evening? What do do 13、The T-shirt is eighty yuan.
____ _____ _____ the T-shirt? How much is

14、I usually make clothes in the evening. What do do ______ ____ you usually _____ in the evening? 15、They live in the same town. Where do ______ ____ they live? 16、 My parents usually read books after supper. What do do ______ _____ your parents usually ____ after supper? 17、 Wang Bing surfs the Internet on Saturday afternoon. What does do _____ _____ WangBing ____ on Saturday afternoon? 18、 He likes collecting animal stamps. What does doing _____ _____ he like ______? 29、 She usually reads science magazines on Sunday morning. What does do ______ _____ she usually ____ on Sunday morning? 30、 He has seven lessons every day. How many does have __________ lessons ______ he ______ every day?


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