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小学英语所有重点难点大集合

发布时间:2013-10-10 10:38:30  

小学英语所有重点难点大集合(一般现在时)

一、时态

1、一般现在时

(1)句中be动词和动词一般情况下只能有一种而且也必须有一种。如: The children are very happy on Christmas Day .

She often does some housework at the weekend .(do housework 固定搭配)

(2)一般现在时中的be动词:

一般用原形:am is are

am用于第一人称单数(I);is用于第三人称单数(he she it和其他人名或称谓,如:Ben his sister等);are用于第二人称单数(you)和所有复数(包括第一人称复数we、第二人称复数you;第三人称复数they和其他复数,如the children 、 his parents等)。

(3)一般过去时中的动词:

有两种情况:

第一种情况:主语是第三人称单数(he she it 和其他,如Helen 、her cousin 等),动词后一般加s或es。

第二种情况:主语不是第三人称单数,动词都用原形。

(4)一般现在时判断依据(如何判断一个句子是一般现在时):

△be动词是am、is、are

△动词用原形或加s、es

△没有时间状语或有usually、often、everyday、sometimes等不是具体的时间

(5)有用的的依据:

Be动词是is、am ←→ 名词用原形(这里包括可数名词的单数和不可数名词)

Be动词是are ←→ 名词加s或es

动词加s或es ←→ 主语是第三人称单数

动词用原形 ←→ 主语不是第三人称单数

(6)情态动词:

我们现在学过的情态动词有:can、must、should、would。 情态动词后动词总是用原形。(不受其他任何条件影响)

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____ come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________ study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I'm staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today?

- It's Saturday.

三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

___________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

________________________________________________________

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

四、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He likes play games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don't do her homework on Sundays. _________________

小升初英语现在进行时

现在进行时

一、现在进行时的基本用法:

a. 表示现在(指说话人说话时)正在发生的事情。例如:

We are waiting for you. 我们正在等你。

b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。例如: Mr. Green is writing another novel. 他在写另一部小说。(说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)

c. 表示渐变,这样的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。

例如:

The leaves are turning red. 叶子在变红。

It's getting warmer and warmer. 天越来越热了。

d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩(中学大纲要求)。例如:

You are always changing your mind. 你老是改变主意。

二、不用进行时的动词

1)表示事实状态的动词,如have, belong, possess, cost, owe, exist, include, contain, matter, weigh, measure, continue等。例如:I have two brothers. 我有两兄弟。

This house belongs to my sister. 这房子是我姐的。

2)表示心理状态的动词,如know, realize, think see, believe, suppose, imagine, agree, recognize, remember, want, need, forget, prefer, mean, understand, love, hate等。例如:I need your help. 我需要你的帮助。 He loves her very much. 他爱她很深。

3)瞬间动词,如accept, receive, complete, finish, give, allow, decide, refuse等。例如:

I accept your advice. 我接受你的劝告。

4)系动词,如seem, remain, lie, see, hear, smell, feel, taste, get, become, turn等。例如:

You seem a little tired. 你看上去有点累。 一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________

go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________

read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________

put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________

live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________

stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

9. It's 5 o'clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

_____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

3.I'm playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

________________________________________________________________

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问

)

小升初语法练习题:一般将来时

一般将来时

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:

①be going to + do;

②will+ do.

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won't。 例如:I'm going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I'm not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。 例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 例如:I'm going to New York soon. →Who's going to New York soon.

2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She's going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

六、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

练习:

填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I'll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I'm going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

一、填空:

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

二、改句子:

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I'll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I'm going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上

)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

三、用所给词的适当形式填空:

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

15. It's Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch ) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.

小升初英语语法一般过去时

一般过去时——过去做某事

A、构成形式:主语+动词的过去式+其他。

注意:没有be动词的否定句和疑问句中,用didn’t否定和用did提问后,动词一定要用原形。

B、判断依据:

(1)be动词是was、were;

(2)动词加ed;

(3)有表示过去的时间状语,现在学过的常用的表示过去的时间状语有:just now,a moment,yesterday,last week,last night,last weekend,last year,last month,three days ago,two weeks ago,five years ago…

C、句型变换:

I was a teacher five years ago.

I wasn’t a teacher five years ago.

Were you a teacher five years ago?

Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.

They played many games yesterday.

They didn’t play many games yesterday.

Did they play many games yesterday?

Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

摘要:小升初语法练习题,小学六年级英语语法:一般过去时 写出下列动词的过去式:is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

小升初语法练习题:一般过去时

写出下列动词的过去式:

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

一、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago.

4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

二、句型转换

1. It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

四、句型转换

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

五、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

六、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

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