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PEP六年级英语上册Unit1~Unit2的重难点语法和句型

发布时间:2013-10-11 10:32:19  

PEP六年级英语上册第一单元的难点语法和句型

易混点辨析

―take a + 交通工具‖与―by + 交通工具‖

―take a + 交通工具‖ 的意思为―乘某种交通工具‖ 例如: We take a bus to school = We go to school by bus.

知识详解拓展点

1. 如何询问别人的意见— What about…? 课文运用: What about you ? 你呢? What about + 名词/代词/ 动名词(+ 其他)?

重点解析: what about 是口语中非常常用的结构, 其主要用法如下:

a. 用于提出建议

例如: What about some juice? 来些果汁怎么样?

b. 用于询问对方的意见。

例如: I’d like a hamburger. What about you ?

我想要个汉堡包。你呢?

c. 用于询问某人的情况。

例如: You like swimming. What about your sisiter?

生活实例:星期日, John和Chen Jie 去快餐店吃午餐, John 决定吃一个汉堡包, 他想知道Chen Jie 想要吃什么:

John : I’d like a hamburger . What about you?

Chen Jie: I’d like some French fries.

2. 询问怎样到达某地的句型及其短语。

问句: How can I get (to) + 地点/处所? 我怎样才能到达……

同义句型:

1. Can you tell me the way to + 地点/ 处所?

2. Where is + 地点/ 处所?

3. Which is the way to + 地点/处所?

答语: You can go + 出行方式, 你可以…去

你知道怎样写公共警示标志吗?

— No + 名词/动名词

例如: No photos! 禁止拍照!

No parking ! 禁止停车

No smoking ! 禁止吸烟!

No swimming ! 禁止游泳!

看一看,读一读,连一连

1. Crosswalk ( ) A. 人行行道

2. Turn right ( ) B. 右 转弯

3. One way ( ) C. 单行道

4. No entry ( ) D. 禁止驶入

5. No bikes ( ) E. 自行车禁行

6. No left turn( ) F. 禁止左转

PEP 六年级英语上册第二单元的难点语法

1. 一般过去时态的特殊疑问句

课文运用: Where did you buy that ? 你在哪儿买的那个东西?

这是一个一般过去时态的句子。 Did在这里是助动词do的过去式,在句中帮助构成疑问句, 没有具体意义。

例如: When did you buy it ? 你什么时候买的它?

What did he do ? 他做了什么?

巧学妙记:(含有实义动词的)一般过去时的特殊疑问句变化口诀

疑问词在句首, 助动词did 跟着走。

主语,动词原形紧相随, 其他成分在后头。

2. 过去式 bought

课文运用: Dad bought it in Chinatown.爸爸在唐人街(给我)买的。 bought 是buy 的过去式。

3. ―也许;可能― 用maybe

课文应用: Maybe that way 可能是那条路。

副词maybe 的意思是―也许; 可能; 大概‖, 常放在句首,修饰整个句子,表示不太肯定的推测。

例如: Maybe you are right.

也许你是对的。

4. 学会表达方位

课文应用: It’s east of the cinema. 它在电影院的东边。

1. in the east of … ―在….的东部‖, 强调前者在后者范围之内。

Jilin is in the northeast of China 吉林在中国的东北部。

2. on the …. of…. ― 在…..的…..(部)(接壤)。

Canada is on the north of the US.

3. to the …. of … 在…..的….(部) (位置上不接壤)

Japan is to the east of China.

5. ―thank you for ― 表感谢

课文应用

Thank you all for coming

谢谢大家的到来。

for 是介词, 后面需要跟名词,代词或者相当于名词的词来表示感谢的原因。 Thank you for your presents.

谢谢你的礼物。

6. look for 寻找

课文应用: Look for me near the door. 在门附近找我。

look for 其后可接人或物, 如果接代词, 要用其宾格形式。

I’m looking for my little dog

我正在寻找我的小狗。

Where is Mike ? I’m looking for him.

迈克在哪里? 我正在找他。

易混辨析look for 和find

look for ―寻找‖ 强调找的过程。

find ―找到‖, 强调找的结果。

I looked for the shoe store here and there, but I couldn’t find it .

我到处找那家鞋店, 但我没有找到。

第二单元的重难点词汇

1. Excuse me 对不起 2. where 在哪里

3. library 图书馆 4. post office 邮局

5. hospital 医院 6. cinema 电影院

7. bookstore 书店 8. science museum 科学博物馆

9. please 请 10. supermarket 超市

11. next to 与….相邻 12. bank 银行

13. far 远的 14. want 想要

15. a pair of 一双 16. minute 分钟

17. after school 放学以后 18. buy 购买

19. get off 下车 20. north 北

21. south 南 21. east 东

22. west 西 23. turn 转弯

24. left 向左 25. right 向右

26. then 然后

Unit 2的重点句子

1、 There is a hospital in the middle. The post office is near the hospital on the right. The bookstore is on the left.

2、Where is the supermarket? Go straight ahead.

3、First, go straight. Next, turn left at the post office. Then , turn left at the school.

4、Where’s the museum? It’s in front of the shoestore.

5、Is the zoom far from here? No, it is not far.

6、Thank you. You are welcome.

7、What are you going to do after school? I want to buy a pair of shoes.

8、Walk straight for three minutes.

9、Get on the No. 301 bus. Get off at the cinema.

10、Go next to the shoe store.

11、Today is my birthday. Thank you all for coming.

12、Happy birthday to you! Thank you.

13、Let me tell you how to come. Start from the bus stop in front of our school. Find the white building on the left. Look for me near the door.

一般将来时

a. 标志词: tomorrow; this evening, tonight, next Monday/week/month, in a few days/weeks等

b. be going to 句型

课文应用: What are you going to do this evening ?

今天晚上你打算做什么?

I’m going to the cinema.

句型结构: What are you going to do + 其他?

答语: I’m going to + 动词原形+ 其他

重点解析:

be going to 是一个表示计划; 打算的结构, 因为表示的是将来的动作, 因此是将来时的一种方式。

be 动词要随主语人称和数的变化而变化。be going to 后面要接动词原形。

I am going to + verb(动词)

We/You /They are going to + verb(动词)

H e/She is going to + verb

I’m going to go shopping tomorrow

I’m going to clean my room

She /He is going to go shopping

We /They are going to play the piano

I am going to visit my grandma

She is going to swim

I am going to read a book

She /He is going to plant trees

They are going to go for a walk

d. be going to 句型中怎样对划线部分进行提问和问答。

一件事情

what 时间

When (4)What is he going to do this evening? (5)What are they going to do this evening?

一 单项选择

( )1. Little Jack sometimes goes home __________ foot.

A. by B. at C. on

( )2. _______ can I get to the zoo?

A. What B. How C. How old

( )3. I live on ________ fifth floor.

A. the B. / C. a

( )4. Look ______ the pictures. They are beautiful.

A. to B. / C. at

( )5. How can I _________ cinema ?

A get to the B. get to C. get the

( )6. — Where did you buy the book ?

— __________________.

A. Twenty yuan B. In the bookstore C. OK.

( ) 7. Please come to the party _______ 6 pm _________Saturday.

A. at; on B. in; in C. on; in

( ) 8. Walk straight __________ three minutes to the hospital.

A. in B. for C. at

( ) 9. The hospital is __________ the left.

A. in B. with C. on

( ) 10 I’m going to Shanghai ___________ Saturday.

A. in B. on C. at

( ) 11. Liu Yun __________ the theme park this weekend.

A. is going to B. goes to C. is going

( ) 12. What are you going to do __________?

A. this weekend B. yesterday C. last week

( ) 13. We’re going to plant trees ________ this afternoon.

A. in B. on C. /

( ) 14. I’m going to _________ my grandparents next week.

A. visit B. visits C. visiting

( ) 15. — Are you going to buy _________ books? —Yes, I want to buy __________ story –books.

A. some; any B. any; some C. any; any

( ) 16. — _______ are you going ? — I’m going at 3 o’clock.

A. Where B. How C. When

二 用下列所给单词填空:

1) ________ can I get to the zoo? You can go by bus.

2) ________ do you go to school on foot? Because my home is naer.

3) ________ are you going after lunch? I am going to the bookstore.

4) ________ are you going? I am going at 4 o’clock.

5) ________ are you going to do? I am going to play football(足球).

三 问答句配对.

A B

( )1. Where are you going?

( )2. When are you going?

( )3. What are you going? A. By train. B. Buy a comic book. C. It’s east of the cinema.

( )4. How do you go to the zoo? D. At 3 o’clock.

( )5. Where is the post office?

E. The fruit stand

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