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unit 4

发布时间:2013-09-18 10:22:11  

高考总复习·人教版·英语

必修 1

Unit 4

Earthquakes

高考总复习·人教版·英语

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Part A.模仿朗读 请听课文录音,并跟读课文,注意语音、语调和停顿

Part B.角色扮演
角色:Jane和李平 情景:Jane在唐山旅游,她向导游李平了解唐山大地震。 任务:请你扮演Jane,根据中文提示提出问题,请你的同 桌扮演李平,根据课文内容回答你的提问。

1.地震发生在何时何地?
__________________________________________________ ______________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

2.在地震发生前发生了什么事?
_________________________________________________ 3.动物感觉怎样? __________________________________________________ 4.人们重视吗? __________________________________________________ 5.有多少人伤亡? __________________________________________________ 6.地震之后,谁被派去营救当地的人们?结果如何?

__________________________________________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案:1.Q:When and where did the earthquake happen? A:On July 28,1976,a big earthquake hit Tangshan. 2.Q:What had happened before the earthquake? A:Before the earthquake many strange things happened.The water in the village wells rose and fell and the well walls had deep cracks with gas coming out of it. 3.Q:How did animals feel? A:Animals were very nervous.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

4.Q:Did the people think much of it? A:No.People thought little of these events and they were asleep as usual.

5.Q:How many people were killed or injured?
A:More than 400,000 people were killed or injured. 6.Q:Who were sent to rescue the local people after the earthquake?And what's the result? A:Soldiers were sent to help the local people to do the rescue work and slowly,the city began to breathe again.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Part C.故事复述 请结合上述问题答案,用自己的话复述课文。

提示词:On July 28,1976,earthquake,in ruins,kill, injure,rescue,breathe
________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _________________________________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

On July 28,1976,a big earthquake hit Tangshan.Within seconds,houses and bridges were destroyed and the whole city lay in ruins.More than 400,000 people were killed or injured.A good many children became homeless.Soldiers were sent to help the rescue work.They dug out the people trapped under the ground,sent the injured to hospitals and buried the dead.Slowly the city began to breathe again.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Ⅰ.

写出下列必考单词 1.轨道,足迹,痕迹 n.____________ 2.蒸汽 n.____________ 3.灾难,灾祸n.____________

4.援救,营救n.&v.____________
5.废墟; (使)破坏,毁灭n.& v.____________

6.地震 n.____________
7.管,导管n.____________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

8.要点,大纲,轮廓n.____________ 9.报刊的大字标题n.____________ 10.掩蔽,掩蔽处,避身处n.____________ 11.(使)震惊,休克;打击,震惊n.&v.____________ 12.运河,水道 n.____________ 答案:1.track 2.steam 3.disaster 4.rescue 5.ruin 6.earthquake 7.pipe 8.outline 9.headline 10.shelter 11.shock 12.canal

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Ⅱ.写出下列单词的变化形式 1.破坏,毁坏,消灭v.________;破坏,毁坏n.________; 破坏性的,毁灭性的adj.________

2.使惊吓,吓唬v.________;令人恐惧的adj.________; 受惊的,受恐吓的adj.________
3.损害,伤害v.________;损害,伤害n.________;受伤 的adj.________. 4.有……气味v.________;气味,味道n.________;发臭 的,有臭味的adj.________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

5.祝贺,恭贺v.________;恭贺,恭喜n.________

6.损失,损害n.________;赔偿金n.________;受损的
adj. ________ 7.利用,用途n.& v.________;用法n.________;有用 的adj.________;无用的,无效的adj.________

答案:1.destroy;destruction;destructive
2.frighten;frightening;frightened

3.injure;injury;injured

4.smell;smell;smelly

5.congratulate;congratulation(s) 6.damage;damages; damaged 7.use;usage;useful;useless

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 活学活用 用所给单词的适当形式填空 1.He was ________ to learn his wife was killed in a traffic accident.The news was a terrible ________ to him.(shock) 2.Wood is ________ for building houses,while coal can be ________ to keep warm.(useless) 3.The ________ scene ________ the girl and we could see from her ________ expression that she was ________.(fright) 4.In the crash he was seriously ________.He suffered severe ________ to the head and arms.(injure)

高考总复习·人教版·英语

5.His car ________ in the accident and so he got some_________________________________________________ _______________________ from the insurance company. (damage) 6.I am well ________ for the coming exam as I have done a lot of ________.(prepare) 7.The storm ________ many houses,and the ________ of the railway was the biggest loss in the storm,which was the most ________ in 30 years. (destroy)

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案:1.shocked;shock 2.useful/used;used 3.frightening;frightened;frightened; frightened 4.injured;injuries 5.was damaged;damages

6.prepared;preparation
7.destroyed;destruction;destructive

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Ⅲ.翻译下列必背短语 1.许多

,大量的________________ 2.对……感到震惊________________ 3.结束,终结________________ 4.被围困________________

5.以……为自豪________________
6.为……筹集资金________________

7.掘出,发现________________
8.分发,发出(气味,热等)________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

9.废墟________________ 10.立刻,马上________________

11.成千上万________________
12.消失了,不见了________________

答案:1.a (great) number of

2.be shocked at
5.be proud of 6.raise

3.at an end 4.be trapped in/by money for 7.dig out 8 . give out 9.in ruins thousands of 12.be gone

10.right away

11.(tens of)

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 活学活用 根据句后的解释,用适当的短语完成下列句子

1.On her way home,Mary found her necklace ________.(disappeared,missing)
2.Just wait a few minutes.We'll be back ________.(at once) 3.It seemed that the world was ________ when he learned that all his savings were gone.(dead,finished)

4.The earthquake left the whole city ________.(destroyed or severely damaged)

高考总复习·人教版·英语

5.More than a dozen people ________ of the ruins alive after the earthquake.(to remove sb./sth.from somewhere by digging the ground)

6.She ________ the news that her husband was killed in his car in a traffic accident.(being worried or frightened caused by something unexpected and unpleasant)
答案:1.was gone 3.at an end 2.right away

4.in ruins

5.were dug out 6.was shocked at

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Ⅳ.重点句型
1.It seemed as if the world was at an end!(P26)世界似 乎到了末日! ?句型:It seems (to sb.) as if/that...(在某人看来)好像,似乎, 仿佛觉得。 ◆ 模仿造句 (1)好像没有人知道发生的一切。 __________________________________________________ (2)我好像以前见过他。 __________________________________________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案:(1)It seemed as if/that nobody knew what had happened.
(2)It seems as if/that I have seen him before.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

2.There was no stopping the fire(P65)没有办法扑灭这 场大火。
?句型:There is no+~ing 分词短语=It is impossible to do sth.没可能做某事 ◆ 模仿造句

(1)无可否认,你在撒谎。
__________________________________________________ (2) 没有办法知道未来会是什么样子。 __________________________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案:(1)There is no denying that you are lying. (2)There is no telling what the future will be like.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Ⅴ.语篇领悟

根据课文A Night the Earth didn't sleep完成下列短文
Several days before July 28,1976,many strange things happened in Tangshan.The water in the village wells __(1)__ and fell.The water pipes in some buildings cracked and __(2)__.They were signs for the earthq

uake.But people in the city didn't think much __(3)___ these.At 3∶42 am that day,the earth began to shake,__(4)__ destroyed the city.Many people, __(5)__(include)workers and doctors,came to__(6)__ those __(7)__(trap)under the ruins.Later that afternoon,another big quake struck Tangshan.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

More people __(8)__(kill)or injured and__(9)__buildings fell down. Soldiers were called in to help the rescue workers. Teams were organized to dig out the trapped and __(10)___ the dead.

答案: (1)rose (2)burst (3)of (4)which (5)including (6)rescue (7)trapped (8)were killed (9)more (10)bury

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Ⅵ.考点活用
用本单元所学词组、句型翻译下列短文,注意黑体部分 2010年4月14日,一场可怕的地震袭击了青海玉树,人们 对这一消息感到非常震惊。玉树地震被认为是中国在唐山大 地震之后最可怕的灾难之一。地震使玉树大部分地方几分钟 内变成了一片废墟,而且给人们带来了巨大的损失。地震中 约2 600人死亡,12 100人受伤,成千上万的人无家可归。世 界似乎到了末日。地震之后,人们立刻组织救援工作。许多 医生和士兵参与救灾工作。大量的受伤人员被及时送往医院。 全国共捐100亿元左右帮助玉树人民。 __________________________________________________ ______________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案: On April 14,2010,a terrible earthquake hit/struck Yushu in Qinghai province and people were shocked at the news. It was considered as one of the most terrible disasters in China after Tang Shan earthquake. The earthquake made most areas in Yushu lie in ruins within a few minutes and caused great damage and loss to the people. About 2,600 people lost their lives during the earthquake and 12,100 or so were seriously injured. Thousands of people became homeless. It seemed that the world was at an end. After the earthquake,rescue work was organized right away and many doctors and soldiers took part in the rescue work,so a great number of people were dug out and sent to hospital in time. About 10 billion was donated to help the people in Yushu.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

高考总复习·人教版·英语

1.Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away(P25)假设你家的房屋开始摇晃,你必须立刻离 开。 ◆ 词语归纳 shake作动词时,意思是“震动,摇晃”。熟记下列词组 (1)shake with因……而颤抖 (2)shake hands with sb.与某人握手 (3)shake on sth.握手确认某事 (4)shake one's head摇头

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 Mr. Wang and Mrs. Li agreed on the contract finally. They __(1)__ each other to __(2)__ deal,with their hands __(3)__ slightly __(4)__ joy. 答案:(1)shook hands with (2)shake on (3)shaking (4)with

高考总复习·人教版·英语

2.In the city,the water pipes in some

buildings cracked and burst(P26)在市内,有些建筑物的水管爆裂开来。 ◆ 词语归纳 与burst有关的短语: burst into+sth.突然(进入某种状态或发生某种情况) burst out+doing sth.突然……起来 burst into laughter=burst out laughing突然笑起来 burst into tears=burst out crying突然哭起来

burst in(upon)突然打断(插嘴)
burst forth 突然出现(发出)

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 用上述短语填空 (1)To our delight,the sun ________,hot and brilliant. (2)He ________ our meeting,which was very impolite. (3)All the people ________ when they heard the good news. 答案:(1)burst forth (2)burst in

(3)burst into laughter/burst out laughing

高考总复习·人教版·英语

3.But the one million people of the city,who thought little of these events,were asleep as usual that night. (P26)但 是,唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些当回事,当天晚 上照常上床睡觉了。 ◆ 词语拓展 将下列词组译成英语 (1)看轻,看不起________ (2)认为……很平常________ (3)重视________ (4)对……高度评价________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案:(1)think little of/think poorly of (2)think nothing of
(3)think much of/think well of (4)think highly of

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 根据括号中的提示完成下列句子 (1)All the miners ______________(没有把……当回事) the explosion last month. (2)The headmaster ________(高度评价) your report. 答案:(1)thought little of (2)thought highly of

高考总复习·人教版·英语

4.In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. (P26)在可怕的15秒钟内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之 中。 ◆ 词语归纳

ruin v.“毁坏,毁灭”
n.“毁灭,破产” in ruins意为 “成为废墟; 遭到严重破坏”。

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 A.根据括号中的提示完成下列句子,总结ruin的用法和 意思 (1)This island ________________(遭到严重破坏) by tourism.

(2)If she loses the court case,it_____________(她就完 了).
(3)A large number of houses________(被毁) after the earthquake. (4)Years of fighting have left the area ______________ (一 片废墟).

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案: A.(1)has been ruined (2)will ruin her (3)fell into ruin (4)in ruins

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 词语辨析 ruin;destroy;damage ①ruins 一次性、彻底的毁灭;无可挽回的伤害,但不一 定完全毁灭。此外,ruin多用于借喻中,泛指一般的“坏了” ②destory 强调以摧毁或者杀伤性的力量把某事物彻底毁 坏,使之无法复原,有时用于比喻,意味“打破(希望,计 划),使失败”。 ③damage损失,损坏;多用于无生命的东西,指“价值、 用途降低或外表损坏”等,不一定全部破坏,损坏了还可以 修

复,这种破坏是自然灾害或者认为过失造成的。 The whole temple was destoryed by fire.整座庙被大伙毁于 一旦。 Smoking damaged his health. 吸烟损坏了他的健康。 The bad weather ruined our trip.天气恶劣,破坏了我们的 行程。

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 B.用ruin,destroy,damage填空 (1)Her heart was slightly ________ as a result of her long illness. (2)A storm came down and ________the crops. (3)His life ________ by drink. (4)Fire ________ several stores in the business district. (5)All his hopes ________.

答案:(1)damaged (2)damaged
(3)was ruined (4)destroyed (5)were destroyed

高考总复习·人教版·英语

5.People were shocked. (P26)人们深感震惊。
◆ 词语归纳 shock v.“使……震惊”; n.“ 震动,震惊,电击” shocking adj.“令人震惊的” shocked adj.“感到吃惊的” be shocked at 对……震动震惊

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 根据括号中的提示完成下列句子 (1)We ______________(对……感到震惊) the news of his death. (2)The news of his survival from the earthquake came as ____________________(震动或令人吃惊的事). (3)They were ______________(感到吃惊) when they heard the ____________(令人吃惊的)news. 答案:(1)were shocked at (2)a shock (3)shocked;shocking

高考总复习·人教版·英语

6.Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins(P26)有些救援人员和医生被困在废墟下面。
◆ 词语拓展 将下列词组译成英语 (1)抢救队______________

(2)来/去援救某人______________
(3)营救某人脱离危险______________ 答案:(1)a rescue team (2)come to one's rescue (3)rescue sb. from danger

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 A.根据括号中的提示完成下列句子 (1)________________(一组救援人员) is trying to reach the trapped mines. (2)I couldn't thank you enough ________________(营救我脱离危险). for your

(3)They ______________(前来救援我们) when we were in danger. 答案:A.(1)A rescue team (2)rescuing me from danger (3)came to our rescue

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 词语归纳 trap vt.使陷入困境;n.陷阱,困境

be trapped被困

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 B.根据括号中的提示完成下列句子

(1)Thirty workers ________(被困) in the coal mine in the accident.
(2)The hunter ________(掉进陷阱) laid by himself. 答案:(1)were trapped (2)fell into the trap

高考总复习·人教版·英语

7.It seemed as if the world was at an end(P26)好像世界末日 到了。

◆ 词语归纳 at an end 完毕,终了(在句中通常做表语)
come to an end 结束 put an end to 结束(不好的事),制止 in the end 最后,终于 at the end (of) 在……的末尾/尽头

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 根据括号中的提示完成下列句子 (1)Th

e meeting ________(结束了) at last. (2)The government is determined____________________(遏 止恐怖主义活动). (3)The war________________(终于结束了). (4)After many years of hard work , they succeeded ________(终于). 答案:(1)came to an end (2)to put an end to terrorism (3)was finally at an end (4)in the end

高考总复习·人教版·英语

8.Twothirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake. (P26)三分之二的人在地震中死去或受伤。 ◆ 词语辨析 injure;wound;hurt ①injure 一般由于意外或事故而受伤,精神上的伤害多用hurt ②wound一般指外伤,如枪伤,刀伤,剑伤,尤其在战争中 受伤。③hurt最常用,既可以指肉体也可以指精神上的伤害, 可做不及物动词,表示“疼痛、引起疼痛”。The player got injured in his∕her left leg.=The player injured his∕her left leg.这选 手的左腿伤了。 I’m hurt not to have been invited. 没有邀请我,我很不痛快。 I hurt my back lifting that box.我太那个箱子的时候伤了后背。 In a war there are more wounded than killed.在一场战争中,受 伤的远比死亡的人多。

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 即学即练 用hurt,injure,wound,harm填空 (1)Five people were killed and many others were seriously ________ in the attack. (2)Don't ________ your eyes by reading in dim light.

(3)Nick's ________ his back,and the doctor says he will have to rest for a few weeks.
(4)A bus fell off the bridge,five people dead and another eight ________. 答案:(1)wounded (2)harm (3)hurt (4)injured

高考总复习·人教版·英语

9.The army organized teams...to bury the dead(P26)部队 组织人员埋葬罹难人员。

◆ 词语归纳
bury sb.埋葬某人 bury oneself in=be buried in:埋头于某事,专心于某事

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 探究学习 阅读下列句子,注意划线部分的意思 (1)They buried their grandfather in the woods.(埋葬) (2)Don't bury yourself in work all day;you need a good rest.(专心于;埋头于……)

(3)Every time I saw her,she was buried in studies.(专心,埋 头于……)

高考总复习·人教版·英语

高考总复习·人教版·英语

如何写好简单句(4) 英语的基本句型(5) S+V(及物)+O(宾语)+C(宾补) 此句型的句子的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词,但是 只跟一个宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成 分来补足宾语,才能使意思完整。这就叫复合宾语结构。宾 语与宾语补足语之间有逻辑上的主谓关系或主表关系。可以 用做宾补的有:名词,形容词,副词,介词短语,动词不定 式,分词等。如: What he said made me very sad and disappointed.(形容词作 宾补) 他所说的话让我非常地伤心和失望。

高考总复习·人教版·英语

Suddenly I heard my neighbour shouting and laughing loudly.(现在

分词作宾补)
突然我听见我的邻居大声地又喊又笑。 特别提醒:在“主语+动词+it+adj./n.+(for sb.)to do sth.”这个句型中,用 it 做形式宾语,而将真正的宾语to do sth.放到宾语补足语的后面。 feel, make, think, consider,find, suppose等动词常用于这个句式。
We thought it necessary 1. 主语 谓语 形式宾语 宾补 for us to master at least a foreign language. 真宾语 They made it a rule 2. 主语 谓语 形式宾语 宾补 to learn an English song a week. 真宾语

高考总复习·人教版·英语

◆ 活学活用 1.请划分以下句子的成分 (1)They appointed him manager. (2)They found the house deserted. (3)What makes him think so? (4)He asked me to come back soon. (5)We saw some children dancing in the garden.

高考总复习·人教版·英语

They appointed him manager. 答案: (1) 主语 谓语 宾语 宾补 They found the house deserted. (2) 主语 谓语 宾语 宾补 What makes him think so? (3) 主语 谓语 宾语 宾补 He asked me (4) 主语 谓语 宾语 to come back soon. 宾补 We saw some children (5) 主语 谓语 宾语 dancing in the garden. 宾补

高考总复习·人教版·英语

2.翻译下列句子 (1)我们要使学校变得更美丽。 _________________________________________________ _______________________ (2)我想要你把真相告诉我。 _________________________________________________ _______________________

(3)每天早晨我们都听到他大声朗读英语。
_________________________________________________ _______________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

(4)我从来没看见这个字这样用过。 __________________________________________________ ______________________ (5)他感到很难跟你交谈。 __________________________________________________ ______________________ (6)我们认为你不可能说服他改变心意。

__________________________________________________ ______________________

高考总复习·人教版·英语

答案:(1)We will make our school more beautiful. (2)I want you to tell me the truth. (3)Every morning we hear him read English aloud. (4)I have never seen the word used that way before. (5)He felt it very difficult to talk with you. (6)We thought it impossible for you to persuade him to change his mind.

高考总复习·人教版·英语






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