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英语音标表

发布时间:2013-10-16 13:34:07  

元音(20个)

长元音 /ɑ:/ /?:/ / ?:/ /i:/ /U:/

短元音 / ?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /e/ /?/ /e?/ /a?/ /??/

双元音 /??/ /e?/ /??/

/??/ /a?/

辅音(28个)

轻辅音 /p/ / t/ / k/ /f/ /θ/ /s/

浊辅音 /b/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /e/ /z/ 轻辅音 /?/ / h/ /ts/ /t?/ /tr/

浊辅音 /?/ / r/ /dz/ /d?/ /dr/ 鼻音 /m/ /n/ /?/

半元音 / j/ / w/

边音 / ?/

英语音标及字母组合对照

1.元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i)

three tree green sheep meet beef see seek

eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please

he she me

piece receive ceiling

2) [ I ]发音字母 i y e ui u a

sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss

myth many twenty happy dictionary defect decide delicious

3) [ ? ] 发音字母 a

bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

4) [e] 字母组合

ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay)

head bread pleasure

elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or

girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger

learn earn earth heard

term her nerd serve

work worm work world

6) [ε] 字母组合

er or ou ar o a e u

teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder

doctor actor mayor author tractor delicious gracious pleasure

familiar collar dollar

together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite

around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan china

men listen

famulus Saturday

7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a

car farm card arm garden

fast class last glass plant aunt calm

8) [ ? ] 发音字母 u o ou oo

up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus

come mother dose brother love above

trouble rough flourish

blood flood

9) [?: ]字母组合 al or au our ar

small wall talk tall hall ball call lk

short more

lord horse for forty sport door

store

author caught autumn

four mourn court bought

warm quarrel quarter

10) [ ? ] ([?])发音字母 o a ou

wafloor

hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not

want wash watch

11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u

food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth

shoe do two

true truth blue full prude

12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o

look good foot book wood

should could

put full bull pull push

woman wolf

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey name cake late gate plane April play say may way

great break

rain paint plain

they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

bike fine find die nine light night high

my try fly eye

15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow

house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse

flower down now cow how town

16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oa

home cold go no phone host ghost know low below grow blow show flow

boat coat goal

17) [ ?? ] 字母组合oy oi

boy toy joy

oil soil voice choice

18) [iε] 字母组合 eer ear

beer deer

ear near

here fierce idea

19) [ ?? ] ([e?])字母组合ear air pear bear

chair air fair

there where

care

20) [uε] [au?]字母组合our ower hour tour

flower shower

ere

新旧英语国际音标对照表

Vowels

元音 新 i: ? e ? З: ? Λ u: ? ?: 旧 i: i e ? ?: ? Λ u: u ?:

新 ? ɑ: eI aI ?I ?? a? I? e? ?? 旧 ? ɑ: ei ai ?i ?u au i? ε? u? Consonants

辅音 无变化 p b t d k g f v s z ? e m n ? l r h w j

∫ ? t∫ d? tr dr ts dz

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