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人称代词和物主代词

发布时间:2013-10-17 12:32:25  

代词:用来代替名词或名词短语的词类。 分类:人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、 指示代词、相互代词、不定代词、 疑问代词、关系代词、连接代词。

人称代词

定义:人称代词是用来指代人、动物或事物的代词。 用法:做主语 变化:人称代词有人称、数和格的变化,见下表:
人称 主格 I 单数 宾格 me 主格 we 复数 宾格 us

第一人称

第二人称
第三人称

you he she it

you him her it

you
they

you
them

人称代词学习口诀
人称代词分主/宾,只有八对要区分。 你(们)、它主/宾同一形,其余主/宾须分清。 谓语之前主格填,动/介之后宾格跟, 口语运用最灵活,表语也可用宾格。 人称代词并列现,注意顺序礼貌见, 二一、三一、二三一,第一人称最谦虚, 若把错误责任担,第一人称须当先。

物主代词 定义:表示所属关系的代词;也叫人称代词的所有格。

分类:形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词 1. 形容词性物主代词(形代): 具有形容词的特性,置于名词前,表示“某人的” 用法: (1) 形容词性物主代词相当于形容词, 在句中只能用作定语,后面必须跟名词。 (2)如果名词前用了形容词性物主代词, 就不能再用冠词(a, an, the)、指示代词 (this, that, these, those)等修饰词了。 (3) 与形容词一起修饰名词时,形容词性物主代词 要放在形容词的前面。如:his English books 他的英语书,their Chinese friends他们的中国朋

变化:有人称和数的变化

人称
第一人称 第二人称

形容词性物主代词 单数 复数
my your his our your

名词性物主代词 单数 复数
mine yours ours yours

第三人称

her its

their

theirs

物主代词可分为形容词性物主代 词和名词性物主代词。
1. 形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,作前 置定语,用在名词前。 例: 1) This is my book. 这是我的书。
2) We love our motherland. 我们热爱我们的祖国。

2. 名词性物主代词起名词的作用。 名词性物主代词 = 形容词性物主代词 +名词 例: 1) Look at the two pencils. The red one is yours and the blue one is mine. = The red one is your pencil and the blue one is my pencil. 看那两支铅笔,红的是你的,蓝的是我的。 2) He likes my pen. He doesn’t like hers. = He doesn’t like her pen. 他喜欢我的钢笔。不喜欢她的。

3. 注意:在使用名词性物主代词时,必须有特定 的语言环境,也就是要省略的名词大家已经知道, 已经提起过。 例: It’s hers. 是她的。 (单独使用大家不知是怎么回事,不可以这样用) There is a book. It’s hers. 那有本书。是她的。 (先提及,大家才明白)

4. 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词
为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来

代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式。 例: My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink. 为避免重复使用 bag,可写成: My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and yours is pink. 名词性的物主代词在用法上相当于省略了中心名词的 --’s属格结构。 例如: Jack’s cap 意为The cap is Jack’s. His cap 意为 The cap is his.

(二) 用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空
my 1. I can’t find ____ sandwiches. Can I have one of yours ? ____ 2. Tell Tom not to forget ____ book. And you mustn’t his forget yours . ____ his 3. George has lost(丢失) ____ pen. Ask Mary if she hers will lend him ____ . our 4. We are having ____ dinner; are they having theirs ? ____ hers 5. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____ that she lent you. 6. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of theirs are coming ____ to see us. 7. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of ours ____ .

代词

人称代词

物主代词

反身代词

人称



主格

宾格

形容词性物 主代词 my our your your his her its

名词性物 主代词 mine ours yours yours his hers its myself ourselves yourself

单数 第一人称 复数 单数 第二人称 复数

I we you you he

me us you you him her it

yourselves himself herself itself

单数 第三人称

she it

复数

they

them

their

theirs

themselves

一、用适当的人称代词填空: 1. __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________. ( she ) She her It 2. China is a developing country. _________is in the east of Asia. ( its ) It 3. What day is __________ today? — __________ is Thursday. it (its) mine 5. I own a blue bike. The red one isn’t __________. ( I ) 6. These new houses are so nice. __________ are very They expensive.( them ) 7. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________? ( them they 8. Lingling is a girl. She studies in a primary school. ______ ____ Her her her her brother lives with ____ and helps ____ with______ lessons. ( she ) 9. Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at English . ( his ) He her 10. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____ ? ( she ) It 11. What’s the weather like today ? ____ is cloudy. ( its )

二、用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空 my 1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday.( I ) Can your I have one of ____ ? ( you ) 2. George has lost ____ ( his ) pen. Ask Mary if his hers (是否)she will lend him ____ . ( she ) His 3. Jack has a dog and so have I. ____ ( he ) dog and mine ( I ) had a fight (打架). ____ 4. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____ ( he ). his 5. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of theirs are ____ coming to see us. ( they ) 6. We are going to Paris to stay with a French ours friend of ____ . (we )

三、用适当的人称代词和物主代词填空 A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空 1. Your football clothes are on the desk. Please put _________(they,them,their,t

heirs) awa 2. (We,Us,Our,Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green. We all like _________(she,her,hers). 3. (I,Me,My,Mine)_________ can’t get my kite. Could you help _________(I,me,my,mine)? 4. Tom can’t get down from the tree. Can you help _________(he,him,his)? 5. These are _________(he,him,his) planes. The white ones are _________(I,me,mine). 6. We can’t find our bikes.

B. 填入正确的人称代词和物主代词 her Hers 1. This isn’t________knife. _________ is green.( she ) them 2. These are your books,Kate. Put __________ in the desk, please. (they ) You your 3. _______ must look after ________ things. ( you ) your mine 4. Wei Fang, is that ________ ruler? Yes,it’s______ . ( you )(me) them 5. They want a football. Give __________ the green one, please. ( they) him 6. It’s Lin Tao’s bag. Give it to __________. ( he ) his 7. Is this pencil-box Li Lei’s? No,___________ is very new. ( he )

8. This box is too heavy. I can’t carry _________. ( it ) it me Don’t worry. Let __________( I ) help __________. you ( you) He His 9. _____ is a boy. _____ name is Mike. Mike’s friends like _____ very much. ( he ) him her She 10. My sister is in _____ room. _____ is a teacher. (she) 11. Jane is a little girl. _____ mother is a nurse. ( she ) Her 12. We are in _____ classroom. _____ classroom is big. our Our (we) They 13. My father and mother are teachers. _____ are busy (them) your 14. You are a pupil. Is _____ brother a pupil, too? ( you )

四、用括号中的适当形式填空 your (1)Are these ________(you)pencils? ours Yes, they are ________(our). (2)—Whose is this pencil? mine —It’s ________(I). them (3)I love ________(they)very much. my (4)She is________(I)classmate. (5)Miss Li often looks after________(she) her brother. (6)—Are these ________(they)bags ? their —No, they aren’t ________(their). theirs ours They are ________(we).

五、根据句意用适当的人称代词、物主代词填空: 1. Mary works in a book store. _____ likes She her ______work very much. 2. John and I are in the same school. ______ We go to school together. 3. Everybody likes that sport, do ______? they 4. She is a friend of _______ . We got to know mine each other two years ago. 5. Her sister makes all ______ own dresses. her 6. I have many friends. Some of_______are them good at English. 7. May I use ______ bike? ______is broken. your Mine

六、选择填空 并列人称代词做主语的顺序.doc 1. Who’s singing over there ? — ________ is Sandy’s sister. A. That B. It C. She D. This 2. ________ will spend the summer holiday in Hawaii. A. She, you and I B. You, she and I C. I, you and she D. Her, me and you 3. Between you and ________, he is not a real friend. A. me B. I C. he D. his 4. My uncle bought a new bike for ________. A. theirs B. they C. me D. I

6. Here’s a postcard for you, Jim! — Oh, ____ is from

my friend, Mary. A. he B. it C. she D. it’s 7. Little Baby knows that he should not take the things that do not belong to ________. A. he B. his C. her D. him 8. Will anyone go on a trip with him ? — Not ________. A. I B. me C. mine D. he 9. Among those lovely toys, the brown toy dog was given by ________. A. he B. his C. him D. he’s

10.________are in the same class. A. Her and me B. She and l C. Me and her D. l and sh 11.Here is a seat for________. A. both us B. us both C. both of us D. B and C 12.-Do you like these computers? -No, I don't like_______. A. all them B. them all C. everyone D. any 13.Tom found _______ interesting to climb hills. A. it B. it is C. that D. this 14.Our teacher thinks _______ are right. A. ours B. ourselves C. we D. us 15.______have been invented to the Party. A. He, I and you B. I, you and he C. You, I and he D. You, he and I

16. Everyone should do ______ best. A. its B. ones C. his D. their 17. ______ is a close friend of _______. A. She, mine B. Her, mine, C. She, my D. Hers, my 18. You can not finish the work ________. Let ______ help you. A. youself, me B. yourself, mine C. yourselves, me D. yourself, me 19. _______ work is heavy, but ___________ is heavier than _________. A. Our, their, our B. Our, theirs, ours C. Ours, theirs, our D. Our, their, ours 20. Please take good care of ________. A. you B. youself C. yourself D. myself

21. Our teacher asked us to enjoy _________ during the summer holidays. A. us B. ours C. we D. ourselves 22. He always thinks of others and never thinks of _________. A. him B. us C. his D. himself 23. Music makes ______ relaxing. A. us B. ours C. we D. he 24. What‘s Tom’s phone number. _____ phone number is 81826753. A. He's B. His C. He D. Her 25. Where is your homework I can't find _______ anywhere. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself

七、用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. Shall ________(we) go to the zoo by bus or by bike? we 2. Ms Ding teaches _______(we) maths. us 3. Bob loves _______(he) mother very much. his 4. Do they know ________ (they) new teacher? their 5. ________(we) new model plane can fly very high. Our 6. I have a lovely cat, ______ (it) name is Carl. its 7. Jim is a very good boy. We all like ______(he). him 8. The boy under the tree is Henry. This is _______ his (he) bike. 9. She doesn’t like _______(she) new dress at all. her 10.Who bought (买) it for ______(she)? her our 11. Who is the man over there? ________ is _______ He (we) headmaster. Mine 12. Is this red coat yours? No, _________ is yellow.

八、根据提示填空。 my 1. Where are 我的______ shoes? your 2. Are those 你的________ shoes? He her 3. 他______ looks up at 她_______. me 4. Could you come and play with 我________? 5. I can help 他_______ with 他的________ English. him his her 6. Do you like 她________? Our us 7. 我们的_________ teacher asks 我们_______ to study hard. them 8. Why do you make 他们______ sit there quiet? Whose hers 9. 谁的________ car

is this? It’s 她的 ____________. yours 10. This car is for you, it’s ______ now.

九、改错, 判断下列句子中的代词是否有错误, 如果有请改正。 1.I like he. him 2. This cheese is your. yours 3.We call they lions. them 4. Those toy planes are my. mine 5. Can me help you? I 6. What is her doing? she 7. She is reading a book for they. them 8. It isn’t her, it’s mine. hers

十、请将下列单词分类,并写出汉语意思。 It yours us her his me hers it them mine you our him ours her you my your his the ir theirs its

十一、选择填空 1、These are pens and ________ are pencils. (that, this, those) 2、Tom was sick yesterday. ________ is why he missed school. ( That, Those, These) 3、Which of ______ shirts are Tom's ( These, this, that) 4、This desk is mine, ______ is hers. ( those, this, that) 5、The map of Beijing is better than ________ Tianjing. (this, that, these) 6、_______ (He, Her, His ) name is Jack. _______ (She, He, His) is a cook. 7、_______ (I, My, Mine) aunt is a nurse. ______ (She, He, Her) works very hard.

8. Please show _______ (me, I, mine ) the way. 9. The books aren't ( my, mine, I ). ________ (They , It, Its ) may be _______(her, hers, your) 10. Let ______(I, me, mine) tell _______(her, she, hers ) how to do it. 11. Help _____ (you, your, yourself ) to some fish, please. 12. Don't tell _______ (he, him, his ) the answer. _____ (I, Me, Us )believe that _____ (he, him, his ) can work out the problem ______ (he, himself, him) 13. It's going to snow," the old woman said to _______. (her, herself, hers)

14. The lady under the tree is _______(mine, my, me) aunt. _______(She, Her, Herself) often sings English songs with _______( her, hers, she ) husband. 15. A friend of _____( me, my, mine) came to help _______ (I, me, mine) with _____(mine, my, I ) homework yesterday afternoon. 16. Be careful not to make ___________ (you, your, yourself) dirty.

填上正确的人称代词和物主代词 He 1._____ is my friend.他是我的朋友。 her 2.My dog likes _____. 我的狗喜欢她。 me 3.Who is there? It’s _____.是谁啊?是我。 me 4.Come with _____.跟我来。 5.______ classroom is bigger than _____. Your ours 你们的教室比我们的要大。 6.______ are Chinese. 我们是中国人。 We him 7.I want to buy some balloons for ______. 我想买 些气球送给他。 8.These are ______ photos. 这些是我们的照片。 our They it 9._____ like ______ very much.他们非常喜欢它。

me you 10.Let _____ give _____ a book. 让我给你一本书。 my 11.This is _____ father. 这是我的爸爸。 mine yours 12.Is that bike ______? Yes, it’s ______. 那辆自行车是你的吗?是,它是我的。 13._____ like ______ car. 我喜欢他们的小汽车。 I their theirs 14.Our school is here, and _______ is there. 我们的学校在这儿,他们的在那儿。 hers 15.Whose bike is this? It’s ______ (= _____ her ______).这是谁的自行车?是她的

。 bike yours mine 16.Is that car ______? Yes, it’s ______. 那辆车是你的吗?是的,它是我的。


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