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2014小升初英语知识点专项复习专题一 语音试题(2)

发布时间:2013-10-19 14:36:13  

英语发音规则 (一)



元音字母 ---读 音

例 词

A a 在开音节中 [e?] name plane Jane baby cake

在闭音节中 [?] bag dad hat map black back

E e 在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese

在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg

I i 在开音节中 [a?] bike fly drive time nice kite

在闭音节中 [?] fish big drink sit milk swim

O o 在开音节中 [??] those close go hoe home no

在闭音节中 [?] clock not box shop sock

U u 在开音节中 [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday

在闭音节中 [?] bus cup jump much lunch

注:在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,

例如:June blue ruler super


元音字母 ---读 音

例 词

A a [?] China another woman breakfast

[?] orange comrade village cabbage

E e [e] hundred student open weekend

[?] chicken pocket begin children

I i [?] holiday beautiful

[?] family animal

[a?] exercise satellite

O o [?] second tonight somebody welcome

[??] also zero photo

U u [?] autumn difficult

[ju:] popular congratulation January

注: 1.动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[e?]音,例如:operate

2.u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue


元音字母 -----读 音

例 词

A a在[w]音后面 [?] want what watch wash quality

a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前 [a:] after plant ask glass f ast father I i在-nd -ld和gh前 [a?] find child light high

O o在-st -ld前 [??] most postcard old cold

o在m n v th前 [?] come monkey love mother



元音字组----读 音

例 词

ar ar在[w]音后面 [a:] car farm dark sharpener

[?:] warm quarter towards

or or在[w]音后面 [?:] forty morning short

[?:] word worker worse

er ir ur [?:] certainly bird Thursday


发音.例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[?]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday 五,-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音:

元音字组 ----读 音

例 词

are [e?] care dare hare

ere [??] here mere

ire [a??] fire hire wire

ore [?:] more score before

ure [ju: ?] pure cure

注:are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[?]音,例如: picture pleasure

重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音. 例如:parent zero story during inspiring


例如:orange very American paragraph


英语发音规则 (二)



元音字组 ---读 音

例 词

ai/ay [e?] afraid rain wait day play

air [e?] air hair chair pair repair al在f m前 [?:] small ball talk wall all

[?:l] always also salt almost bald

[a:] half calm

au/aw [?:] autumn daughter draw

ea [i:] teach easy cheap please

[e] heavy bread sweater weather

[e?] break great

ear [??] hear dear near clear year

[e?] bear pear wear

[?:] earth learn early

ee [i:] jeep week green three eer [??] pioneer deer beer

ei/ey [e?] eight neighbour they

[i:] either key

eu/ew在 j l r s后 [ju:] new few newspaper

[u:] flew brew

ie/ei[s]音之后 [i:] piece field receive oa [??] coat Joan boat goal oar/oor [?:] roar board door floor oi/oy [??] noise point boy toilet

[u:] broom food tooth school

[?] book look cook foot good

ou/ow [au] flower house count down

[??] know row throw though

[?] young country enough

[u:] group you soup

our [?:] course your four

[au?] our hour ours

[?:] journey

ui 在j l r s后 [ju:?] fluid suicide tuition

[u:] juice fruit suit


元音字组或字群 ----读 音

例 词

ai/ay ei/ey [?] Sunday foreign monkey ow [??] yellow sparrow tomorrow 元音字组在非重读音节中读[?]音或[?].


例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

-sion -tion [?n] impression nation

-sion在元音字母后 [?n] vision decision occasion

-tion在s后 [t??n] question suggestion

-sten [sn] listen

-stle [sl] whistle

-sure [??] pleasure measure

-ture [t??] picture culture



例如: everyday[e?] handbag[?] blackboard[?:]



sun太阳 + day[e?]日子 > Sunday[?] 星期天

holy神圣 + day[e?]日子 > holiday[?] 假日

break中断 + fast[a:]斋戒 > breakfast[?] 早餐

cup茶杯 + board木板[?:] > cupboard[?] 碗柜


英语发音规则 (三)



辅字组 ---读 音

例 词

B b [b] bike bus bag

[/] bomb tomb

C c c在e前或在i/y前 [k] cake picture coat music

[s] face decide cinema ch [t?] much chick rich teacher

[k] school headache chemistry

[?] machine

-ck [k] cock pocket black knock

d [d] doctor bread hand day

-dge[dV] bridge fridge

dr- [dr] children driver drink

f [f] five four breakfast

g g在e i/y前 [g] bag garden go

[d?] orange large German

gh [f] cough enough

[/] light daughter high

gu- -gue gu在非重读音节中 [g] guess league dialogue

[gw] language anguish

h [h] hot head house hand

[/] hour honest

j [d?] jeep jar joke join July

k [k] kind bike skate make week

kn- [n] knife know knock

l [l] life milk school tall

m [m] monkey come autumn

-mn [m] autumn column

n n在[k] [g]音前 [n] not shine ten note

[?] uncle thank hungry

-ng [?] morning young wrong

p [p] paper plane pig ship pen

ph [f] elephant photo telephone

q [k] Iraq

qu- [kw] quality quite

r [r] red rubber ruler

s在词首或清辅音前 元音字母间或浊辅音前 [s] sit sleep desk

[z] music husband

sc- [sk] scarlet

[s] muscle science

sh [?] she fish shirt wash

t在通常情况下 在弱读字母ia ie io前 [t] ten letter meet

[?] patient nation

tch [t?] watch


在冠词 代词 介词 连词中 在词尾-the -ther中 [θ] thin thirty method

[e] the these with than cloth father weather

tr- [tr] tree train country truck

v [v] very voice love leave

w [w] week win wake sweet wait

[/] answer two

wh- wh-在字母o前 [w] what when white why

[h] who whose whole

x 在重读元音前 [ks] box text exercise

[gz] examle exist exact

wr- [r] write

y- [j] yes yard yellow young

z [z] puzzle zero zoo

注:重读音节 单词中读音特别响亮的音节.用音标标记双音节,多音节词的读音时,应使用重读符号.单音节词多数是重读音节,标记读音时不需要使用重读符号.

开音节 ①绝对开音节:单个元音字母后面没有辅字组的重读音节.例如:no blue ba-by stu-dent se-cret. ②相对开音节:单个元音字母后面加单个辅音字母,再加一个不发音字母e构成的重读音节.例如:name these bike home ex-cuse.

闭音节 单个元音字母后面有辅字组(r w y 除外)且以辅字组结尾的重读音节.例如:bag egg fish not cup

多音节词重读规则 多音节词通常在倒数第三个音节重读.

例如: el-e-phant con-grat-u- la-tion

词尾有-ic或-tion,-sion的词,在-ic或-sion,-tion前的一个音节上重读.例如:scien tific im pression nation

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