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小学英语时态讲解1

发布时间:2013-10-24 08:02:08  

Put the sentences in the past sense For example: I am in the library. Past sentences : I was in the library.

1) Mike’s skateboard is behind

the door.

2) There are a lot of oranges on the

tree. 3) Where is your mobile phone?

4) Are these some books under your desk?

小学英语时态讲解

小学阶段一共学了四种时态,分别是:一般现在时,一般将来时,现在进行时,一般过

去时。下面我们一一进行总结。

1、 一般现在时

如:He is a boy. She is a student. My mother is a nurse.

This is a dog. The cat likes eating fish.

里某种动作的经常性和习惯性。它常与表示程度或频度的词连用,如:often(经常) , usually(通常,一般) , sometimes(有时) , always(总是,一直) , never(从不)

如:I often go to school on foot. My father works in a school.

Mike watches TV every day. I usually play computer games on the weekend.

C、表示现时的状态和现在瞬间动作 如:How are you? You look happy. What’s the matter with you? I have a headache.

What do you have for lunch? I have some chicken.

☆注意☆ 英语动词的现在时与原形同形。但当主语是第三人称单数时,须在词尾加-s 或 -es。例如:

I have a fish for dinner. Her mother works in a hospital.

Amy often goes to school by bike. Mr. Liu teaches us English.

加-es 的动词必须是以“sh , ch , o ”等字母结尾的。

如:watches , teaches , goes , washes

2、 一般将来时

表示在将来会发生的事或动作。它常与表示将来的时间连用,如:tomorrow , next

week , next year , this morning , this afternoon , this evening 等。

☆注意☆ 一般将来时小学阶段主要学了两种结构:

①be going to + 动词的原形 / 地点 ②will + 动词的原形

例句: I’m going to go shopping this afternoon.

She is going to Hong Kong next week. You will see many birds in the sky.

3、 现在进行时 表示说话时正在进行的动作或现阶段一直在进行的动作。

☆注意☆它的构成是:be的现在时形式(am , is , are)加动词的ing形式。如:

What are you doing? I’m writing a letter.

What are they doing? They’re swimming.

Is he playing chess? Yes, he is.

Look, Amy is reading an English book. ☆注意☆ 动词的ing形式的构成规则: ① 一般的直接在后面加上ing ,

如doing , going , working , singing , eating

② 以e 结尾的动词,要先去e再加ing ,如having , writing

③ 双写最后一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming , sitting , getting

4、一般过去时 主要用来表示在特定过去时间中一次完成的动作或一度存在的状态,也可表示过去的习惯动作。它与现在时间不发生关系,它表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在。它经常与表示过去的时间连用(yesterday ,last

week|month|year,3years ago。Be(am ,is ,are) 改为过去式:(Was,Were)你用Were,单数或不可数用Was,复数用 Were。如:

I was in a park yesterday. They were in a zoo the day before yesterday. I watched TV yesterday evening. I went on a big trip last weekend. I failed my Chinese test.

I read a book three days ago.

☆注意☆ 一般过去时主要体现在动词的形式要用过去式,动词的过去式的构成规则有:

A、规则动词

① 一般直接在动词的后面加ed ; 如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited ② 以e结尾的动词直接加d ;如 lived , danced , used

③ 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改y为i再加ed (此类动词较少)如 study – studied carry – carried worry – worried

(play、stay除外)

④ 双写最后一个字母(此类动词较少)如 stopped

B、不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式: sing – sang , eat – ate , see – saw , have – had , do – did , go – went , take – took , buy – bought , get – got , read – read , fly – flew , am/is – was , are – were , say – said , leave – left , swim – swam , tell – told , draw – drew , come – came , lose – lost , find – found , drink – drank , hurt – hurt , feel – felt

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Satu

rday.

8. Today _____ the second of June.

yesterday ______ thefirst of June. It ____Children’s Day.

All the students ______ very excited

1.He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week. 5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday. 6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson. 7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival. 8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party. 9. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. 10. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night. 11. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go) 12. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 四种时态分类练习

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car. 2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago. 3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean) 4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do) 5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago. 6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick) 7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water) 8. She ____ (be) a pretty

girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room. 10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk) 11. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday. 12. We all ______ (have) a good time last night. 13. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day. 14.

Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

15. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read) 16. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play) 17. Jim’s

mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

18. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____. 19. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

20. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

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