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2010小学英语语法复习大全及习题

发布时间:2013-10-25 11:52:41  

时间名词前所用介词的速记歌

年月周前要用in,日子前面却不行。

遇到几号要用on,上午下午又是in。

要说某日上下午,用on换in才能行。

午夜黄昏须用at,黎明用它也不错。

at也用在明分前,说“差”可要用上to,

说“过”只可使用past,多说多练牢牢记,

莫让岁月空蹉跎。

下面就时间概念的介词用法做一简要介绍和比较。

1.at表示时间概念的某一个点。(在某时刻、时间、阶段等)。

at 1:00(dawn,midnight,noon)在一点钟(黎明、午夜、中午)

these are our chief tasks at the present stage.这些就是我们现阶段的主要任务。

2.on

1)表示具体日期。

they arrived in shanghai on may

25.他们在五月二十五日到达上海。

注:(1)关于"在周末"的几种表示法:

at(on)the weekend在周末---特指

at(on)weekends在周末---泛指

over the weekend在整个周末

during the weekend在周末期间

 (2)在圣诞节,应说"at christmas而不说"on christmas

2)在(刚??)的时候。

 on reaching the city he called up his parents.一到城里他就给父母打了一个电话。 3.in

1)表示"时段"、"时期",在多数情况下可以和dur- ing互换,前者强调对比,后者强调持续。 in(during)1988(december,the 20th century)在一九八八年(十二月、二十世纪)

i returned to beijing in the middle of june.我是六月中回北京的。 但如果表示"在某项活动的期间",则只能用during。

during my military service(the trip)在我服役期间(在旅行期间)

2)表示以说话时间为基点的"(若干时间)以后",常用作将来时态谓语的时间状语。如这时要表示"(若干时间)内",常用within。比较:

the meeting will end in 30minutes.(三十分钟后)会议三十分钟后结束。 can you finish it within 30minutes?(三十分钟内)你能在三十分钟之内完成这件事吗?

 但在过去时态中,in可用于表"在若干时间以内",这时不要误用during。 the job was done during a week.(wrong)

the job was done in a week.(right)这工作在一星期内就完成了。 4.after表示"在(某具体时间)以后",注意不要和in的2)意混淆。

after supper(8o’clock,the war)晚饭(八点、战)后 比较:he will be back

in two hours.他将在两个小时以后回来。

he returned tohis hometown after the war.战后他回到了故乡。 5.for表示"(动作延续)若干时间",有时可省略。 i stayed in london(for)two days on my way to new york.在去纽约的途中,我在伦敦呆了两天。

6.since表示"自(某具体时间)以来",常用作完成时态谓语的时间状语。

since liberation(1980)自从解放(1980年)以来 they have been close friends since childhood.他们从小就是好朋友。 注:

 (1)since the war是指"自从战争结束以来",若指"自从战争开始以来",须说"since the beginning of the war"。

 (2)不要将since与after混淆。 比较:he has worked here since 1965.(指一段时间,强调时间段)自从1965年以来,他一直在这儿工作。 he began to work here after 1965.(指一点时间,强调时间点)从1965年以后,他开始在这儿工作。

7.by表示"到??的时候",其谓语时态的用法:动作动词常用完成时态;状态动词(be)常用一般时态。

比较:

 by noon,everybody had(will have)arrived there. by noon,everybody were(will be)there. 到中午的时候,大家都(将)到那儿了。 以上探讨了介词表示时间概念时的用法和比较,上述介词除表示时间概念外还有其他的用法,英语学习者必须掌握其各种用法,才能灵活运用,提高自己的语言能力。

一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?

- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

- Does she go to work by bike?

- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work? 动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

一般现在时用法专练:

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________

look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________

study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today?

- It’s Saturday.

三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

____________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

_______________________________________________________

____________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

____________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

________________________________________________________

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

________________________________

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He likes play games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________

现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.

3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

但疑问词当主语时其结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

现在进行时专项练习:

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________

go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________

read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________

put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________

live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________

stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

_________________________________________________________________

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)

_________________________________________________________________

四、将来时理论及练习

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year?),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:①be going to + do;

②will+ do.

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。 例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.

2. 问干什么。What ? do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

六、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?

I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.

五、一般过去时

1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?

如: What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?

如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

过去时练习

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

Be动词的过去时练习(1)

一、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago.

4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

二、 句型转换

1. It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. They were in his pocket.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

Be动词的过去时练习(2)

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..

8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型转换

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、 中译英

1.我的故事书刚才还在手表旁边。

___________________________________________________________

2.他们的外套上个礼拜放在卧室里了。

___________________________________________________________

3.一会以前花园里有两只小鸟。

___________________________________________________________

行为动词的过去时练习(1)

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. We sang some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

行为动词的过去时练习(2)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

二、句型转换

1. They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、中译英

1. 格林先生去年住在中国。

2. 昨天我们参观了农场。

3. 他刚才在找他的手机。

________________________________________________________

过去时综合练习(1)

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

二、 中译英

1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。

_________________________________________________________

2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。

_________________________________________________________

3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。

_________________________________________________________

4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。

_________________________________________________________

过去时综合练习(2)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday.

Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

二、中译英

1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。

_________________________________________________________

2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比赛。

_________________________________________________________

3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。

_________________________________________________________

归纳可数名词复数、动词第三人称单数、动词过去式的变化形式

一、名词复数

规则变化:

1) 一般在名词词尾加s,

① map—maps地图,bird—birds鸟,orange—oranges 桔子,bike—bikes自行车;

2) 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的名词加es,

box—boxes盒子,class—classes班级,watch—watches手表, dish-dishes盘,碟子,餐具;

3) 以O结尾的名词后面加s或es

① photo—photos相片 radio—radios收音机 zoo—zoos动物园

tomato—tomatoes西红柿 potato—potatoes土豆

4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i+es

① baby—babies婴儿 family—families家庭;

以元音字母加y结尾的名词直接加s

① boy—boys男孩 toy—toys 玩具;

5) 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时:

a. 加s,如: belief---beliefs roof---roofs

safe---safes gulf---gulfs;

b. 去f,fe 加ves,如:half---halves

knife---knives leaf---leaves wolf---wolves

wife---wives life---lives thief---thieves;

c. 均可,如: handkerchief:

handkerchiefs / handkerchieves

名词复数的不规则变化:

1)child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth

mouse---mice man---men woman---women

注意:与 man 和 woman构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men 和-women。

如: an Englishman,two Englishmen. 但German不是合成词,故复数形式为Germans;Bowman是姓,其复数是the Bowmans。

2)单复同形 如:

deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese

li,jin,yuan,two li,three mu,four jin

但除人民币元、角、分外,美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。如:

a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters

3)集体名词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数。

如: people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a people,a police,a cattle,但可以说

a person,a policeman,a head of cattle,the English,the British,the French,the Chinese,the Japanese,the Swiss 等名词,表示国民总称时,作复数用。

如: The Chinese are industries and brave. 中国人民是勤劳勇敢的。

4)以s结尾,仍为单数的名词,如:

a. maths,politics,physics等学科名词,为不可数名词,是单数。

b. news 是不可数名词。

c. the United States,the United Nations 应视为单数。

The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联合国是1945年组建起来的。 d. 以复数形式出现的书名,剧名,报纸,杂志名,也可视为单数。

"The Arabian Nights" is a very interesting story-book.

<<一千零一夜>>是一本非常有趣的故事书。

5) 表示由两部分构成的东西,如:glasses (眼镜) trousers, clothes

若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs

of trousers

6) 另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思,如:goods货物,waters水域,fishes(各种)鱼

动词第三人称单数和名词变化相同。但是以“o”结尾的一半加“es”

规则动词的过去式词尾变化有几种:

1.一般情况下加ed,如watched, planted, watered, pulled, climbed, picked。

2.以不发音字母e结尾的加d,如liked, moved, tasted。

3.以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加ed,如study——studied。

(辅音字母指:除了a、e、i、o、u,5个元音字母以外的21的字母)

4.以1个元音字母加1个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写最后一个辅音字母再加ed,如stop——stopped。

不规则动词的过去式变化则没有什么规律,请大家背熟记牢:

sit —— sat throw —— threw am, is —— was drink —— drank draw —— drew are —— were

sing —— sang fly ——flew do —— did

begin —— began grow —— grew have, has —— had

swim —— swam put —— put may —— might

give —— gave cut —— cut can —— could

ring —— rang let —— let shall ——should run —— ran read —— read will —— would

ride —— rode catch —— caught go —— went

write —— wrote teach —— taught eat —— ate

drive —— drove think —— thought hear — heard keep —— kept buy —— bought see —— saw

sleep —— slept fight —— fought find —— found

sweep —— swept hold —— held wear —— wore

feel —— felt tell —— told meet —— met

come —— came get —— got mean —— meant

make —— made speak —— spoke become —— became

take —— took say —— said

[折叠]

(小学适用)

一、名词复数

规则变化:

1) 一般在名词词尾加s,

① map—maps地图,bird—birds鸟,orange—oranges 桔子,bike—bikes自行车;

2) 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的名词加es,

box—boxes盒子,class—classes班级,watch—watches手表, dish-dishes盘,碟子,餐具;

3) 以O结尾的名词后面加s或es

① photo—photos相片 radio—radios收音机 zoo—zoos动物园

tomato—tomatoes西红柿 potato—potatoes土豆

4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i+es

① baby—babies婴儿 family—families家庭;

以元音字母加y结尾的名词直接加s

① boy—boys男孩 toy—toys 玩具;

5) 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时:

a. 加s,如: belief---beliefs roof---roofs

safe---safes gulf---gulfs;

b. 去f,fe 加ves,如:half---halves

knife---knives leaf---leaves wolf---wolves

wife---wives life---lives thief---thieves;

c. 均可,如: handkerchief:

handkerchiefs / handkerchieves

名词复数的不规则变化:

1)child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth

mouse---mice man---men woman---women

注意:与 man 和 woman构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men 和-women。

如: an Englishman,two Englishmen. 但German不是合成词,故复数形式为Germans;Bowman是姓,其复数是the Bowmans。

2)单复同形 如:

deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese

li,jin,yuan,two li,three mu,four jin

但除人民币元、角、分外,美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。如:

a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters

3)集体名词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数。

如: people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a people,a police,a cattle,但可以说

a person,a policeman,a head of cattle,the English,the British,the French,the Chinese,the Japanese,the Swiss 等名词,表示国民总称时,作复数用。

如: The Chinese are industries and brave. 中国人民是勤劳勇敢的。

4)以s结尾,仍为单数的名词,如:

a. maths,politics,physics等学科名词,为不可数名词,是单数。

b. news 是不可数名词。

c. the United States,the United Nations 应视为单数。

The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联合国是1945年组建起来的。 d. 以复数形式出现的书名,剧名,报纸,杂志名,也可视为单数。

"The Arabian Nights" is a very interesting story-book.

<<一千零一夜>>是一本非常有趣的故事书。

5) 表示由两部分构成的东西,如:glasses (眼镜) trousers, clothes

若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers

6) 另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思,如:goods货物,waters水域,fishes(各种)鱼

动词第三人称单数和名词变化相同。但是以“o”结尾的一半加“es”

规则动词的过去式词尾变化有几种:

1.一般情况下加ed,如watched, planted, watered, pulled, climbed, picked。

2.以不发音字母e结尾的加d,如liked, moved, tasted。

3.以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加ed,如study——studied。

(辅音字母指:除了a、e、i、o、u,5个元音字母以外的21的字母)

4.以1个元音字母加1个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写最后一个辅音字母再加ed,如stop——stopped。

不规则动词的过去式变化则没有什么规律,请大家背熟记牢:

sit —— sat throw —— threw am, is —— was

drink —— drank draw —— drew are —— were

sing —— sang fly ——flew do —— did

begin —— began grow —— grew have, has —— had

swim —— swam put —— put may —— might

give —— gave cut —— cut can —— could

ring —— rang let —— let shall ——should

run —— ran read —— read will —— would

ride —— rode catch —— caught go —— went

write —— wrote teach —— taught eat —— ate

drive —— drove think —— thought hear--heard

keep —— kept buy —— bought see —— saw

sleep —— slept fight —— fought find —— found

sweep —— swept hold —— held wear —— wore

feel —— felt tell —— told meet —— met

come —— came get —— got mean —— meant

make —— made speak —— spoke become —— became

take —— took say —— said

小学英语语法复习要点(1)

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice ;chi

ld-children; foot-feet,; tooth-teeth

fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

二、一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。如:

I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:

We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。

如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?

2.行为动词的变化。

否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。如:

I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn't构成否定句。如:

He doesn't often play.

一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:

- Do you often play football?

- Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。如:

- Does she go to work by bike?

- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?

动词+s的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies

一般现在时用法专练:

用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today?

- It’s Saturday.

三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

___________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

________________________________________________________

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

五、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He likes play games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________

小学英语语法复习要点(2)

三、现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.

3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动词ing?

但疑问词当主语时其结构为:

疑问词不达意 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则

1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

现在进行时专项练习:

用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) ____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

____________________________________________________________

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)

____________________________________________________________

四、将来时理论及练习

一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year?),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

二、基本结构:①be going to + do;

②will+ do.

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?

五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.

2. 问干什么。What ? do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.

3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

六、同义句:be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

练习:填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上) _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____

________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.

小学英语语法复习要点(3)

五、一般过去时

1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?

如: What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?

如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

过去时练习

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

Be动词的过去时练习(1)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago.

4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

二、 句型转换

1. It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. They were in his pocket.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

Be动词的过去时练习(2)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..

8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型转换

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

行为动词的过去时练习(1)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. We sang some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 行为动词的过去时练习(2)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ____.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

二、句型转换

1. They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

过去时综合练习(1)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

二、 中译英

1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。

_________________________________________________________

2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。

_________________________________________________________

3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。

_________________________________________________________

4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。

_________________________________________________________

过去时综合练习(2)

Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

一、 用动词的适当形式填空

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday.

Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often ______ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

二、中译英

1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。

_________________________________________________________

2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比赛。

_________________________________________________________

3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。

小学英语语法复习要点(4)

六、形容词和副词的比较级复习及练习

一、形容词的比较级

1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

2.形容词加er的规则:

⑴一般在词尾加er ;

⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;

⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;

⑷以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。

3.不规则形容词比较级:

good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

二、副词的比较级

1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)

⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后

⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)

三、练习

一、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级

old__________ young________ tall_______ long________

short________ strong________ big________ small_______

fat_________ thin__________ heavy______ light________

nice_________ good_________ beautiful__________________

low__________ high_________ slow_______ fast________

late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______

二、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me.

2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim.

3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is.

4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.

5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is.

6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s.

7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.

8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____.

9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls.

10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..

11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig?

12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?

13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______.

14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).

15.The child doesn’t______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.

三、翻译句子:

1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。

________ is _________than Jim? ________ are

2、谁比David更强壮?是Gao Shan.

________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.

3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。

_________ pencil is _________,______or________?________is,I think.

4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。

_________ apples ________ ________,your _______ or your _______? My ____________ ___________.

5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。

_________ ________as _________as your uncle? Yes,I am.

6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。

He _______ as __________ as ________ ________ Jim.

7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。

________ ________ as _________ as______ twin _______?

No, _________ _________ than him.

11.多做运动,你会更强壮。

________ more exercise,you’ll ________ _________ soon.

12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。

I ______ ________ at Science.But I don’t _________ well in Chinese.

13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。

____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing?No,I______it _____than___.

14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。

I like_______.All my______ _______ _______than me.

15.我的姐姐起得比我早。

My_____ _____ up _____than me.

16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。

____the girls______ ______ ______the boys? Yes,they ____.

17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。

She doesn’t ____ _____ in PE. But I don’t ______ _____than_____.

18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。

___ you ____football _____than your classmates?No,they____as____as me.

19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。

My_____ _____ ______than my ______.

20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。

_____sweater_____ as_______as_____.

21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。

My dress_____ too_____. I want to _____a______one.

22. I'm taller than Mike .(该成用原级的比较)

I'm _________ as ________ as Mike .

七、There be 句型与have, has的区别

、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)

、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最*近be 动词的那个名词决定。

、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示人拥有某物。

、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。 、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。 、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?

How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

What’s + 介词短语?

ill in the blank with “have,has”or “there is , there are”

. I________a good father and a good mother.

. ____________a telescope on the desk.

. He_________a tape-recorder.

. _____________a basketball in the playground.

. She__________some dresses.

. They___________a nice garden.

. What do you___________?

. ______________a reading-room in the building?

. What does Mike___________?

0. ______________any books in the bookcase?

1. My father_________a story-book.

2. _______________a story-book on the table.

3. _______________any flowers in the vase?

4. How many students____________in the classroom?

5. My parents___________some nice pictures.

6. _____________some maps on the wall.

7. ______________a map of the world on the wall.

8. David__________a telescope.

9. David’s friends___________some tents.

0. ______________many children on the hill.

用恰当的be动词填空。

、There a lot of sweets in the box.

、There some milk in the glass.

、There some people under the the big tree. 、There a picture and a map on the wall.

、There a box of rubbers near the books.

、There lots of flowers in our garden last year.

、There a tin of chicken behind the fridge yesterday. 、There four cups of coffee on the table.

ill in the blank with “ have, has ”

. I_________ a nice puppet. 2. He_________a good friend.

. They__________ some masks. 4. We___________some flowers.

. She___________ a duck. 6. My father____________ a new bike.

. Her mother___________a vase.

. Our teacher_________ an English book.

. Our teachers___________a basketball.

0. Their parents___________some blankets

1. Nancy_________many skirts. 12. David__________some jackets.

3. My friends__________a football. 14. What do you__________?

5. What does Mike__________?

6. What do your friends___________?

7. What does Helen___________?

8. His brother________a basketball.\

9. Her sister_________a nice doll.

0. Miss Li__________an English book.

权限: 公开

八、人称代词和物主代词

、人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于than 之后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。

、物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则单独使用,面不带名词。一.填写代词表

二.用所给词的适当形式填空

. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( . The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are ________ he )

. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it0. Are these _________ tickets? No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t her they )

1. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we

2. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she )

3. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

4. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( the

5. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!

6. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

7. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we )

8. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

9. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only

. I like _________ very much. ( he )

0. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

1. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )

2.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

九、用am, is, are 填空

. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

. The girl______ Jack's sister.

. The dog _______ tall and fat.

. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

. ______ your brother in the classroom?

. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

. How _______ your father?

. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

. Whose dress ______ this?

0. Whose socks ______ they?

1. That ______ my red skirt.

2. Who ______ I?

3.The jeans ______ on the desk.

4.Here ______ a scarf for you.

5. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

6. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

7. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

8. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

9. Some tea ______ in the glass.

0. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

1. My sister's name ______Nancy.

2. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

3. ______ David and Helen from England?

4. There ______ a girl in the room.

5. There ______ some apples on the tree.

6. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

7. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

8. There _______ some bread on the plate.

9. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park. 0. You, he and I ______ from China.

词 语 练 习

一、介词填空

、 the first day______ school 2、_______ the school playground 、_______ classes 4、 _________ Wednesday

、__________ a farm 6、 pull _________ carrots

、 a lot _______ fruit trees 8、 live _________ a town

、 ________ the weekends 10、_________ the sitting room

1、________ the 4th ______ November 12、 look ______ them

3、 _________ the playground 14、 _______ the school hall

5、 ________ New Year 16、 talk ____ his students ___ holidays

7、 _________ Christmas Day

8、 have a big lunch _____ my family

9、 dress _______ ________ costumes

0、 _________ September or October

1、 ________ his grandpa’s house

2、 _________ the Christmas tree 23、 ________ me

4、 __________ Mum and Dad. 25、 _________ English

6、 ________ Christmas 27、 play ________ lanterns

8、 ________ Christmas Day 29、 the names _______ the day

0、 a book ________ holidays

三、用代词的适当形式填空。

、There is a letter for ________ (her 、hers) mother.

、That is _____ (she ) coat. The coat is red. ______ (its)is a new one. 、Whose pens are these? _______(their) are ______ (we).

、Give _______(he) a toy, please.

、________(we) eyes are black. _______ (us) come from Japan.

、Tim and Bill are twins. _______ (their)are from England.

________ (them) parents are teachers in No 6 school.

、Give the book to __________(I ).

、These books are __________(we).

用do does填空

、_____ you ride a bike after school? Yes, I ________.

、______ your sister like PE? No, she ______ not.

、 What_______ the students have? They have some pens.

、 How______ Linda go to school? She goes to school on foot.

、He ______ not speak English. He speaks Cjinese.

、 ______ they watch TV on Sundays? Yes, they ______ .

、 My father and mother ______ not read newspapers on Saturday.

用一般现在时填空。

、 What ______ he _____ (have)? He ________ (have) a toy plane.

、 My mother ________ not________ (like) English. She _______ (like) Chinese. 、 ______ you ______ (go ) to school by bus? No, I _____ (go) to school by car. 、 Miss Wang ______ (swim ) every day.

、 I _____(like) English . Tom ______ _______ _______(not like ) English. 、 The moon ______ (go) around the earth.

、When_____ you _______ (go ) to school? I _____ (go) to school at five every day. 用进行时填空。

、 I ____ _____ (read ) English now.

、 He ______ _______ (go) to the park now.

、 We ________ ________ (have ) an English class.

、 What ________ they ______ (do ) ? They _______ ________ (sit) in the park. 、 My mother __________ ________ (clean ) the room now.

用一般过去时填空

、I ________(go) to the cinema last Saturday.

、 He______ (is ) ill yesterday.

、 We _______ (have ) a lesson yesterday.

、 What ___your uncle ____(do) yesterday morning? He _(read ) English.

、 She ______ (clean) our classroom yesterday afternoon.

七、用动词的适当形式填空。

、 My mother _________(wash) the plates in the kitchen every day.

、 Please _________ (have) some oranges.

、 It’s seven o’clock. I _______ (get) up now.

、 School is over. The pupils can _______ (play) games.

、 ________ you ________ (go) to school every day?

、 Don’t ________ (run) in the school now.

、 We ___________ (like) music. Now we _______ (sing)

、 Let me ____________ (go) to the cinema.

、 Mary, ________ you ________ (clean ) the table now? Yes.

0、 My hands are dirty. Let me _________(go) and _______ (wash ) them.

1、 Look, Miss White ________(have ) a English lesson. We _______(like) English.

2、 The workers _________ (want) some tea. They are thirsty.

3、 Listen, who _________ (speak) English in the park?

4、 The runners __________(run) every morning.

5、 I can ________ (listen ) to the radio on Sunday

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