haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 小学教育 > 小学英语小学英语

【系列】新概念英语一 L111-112 L115-116 Knock,knock!

发布时间:2013-10-26 10:48:29  

Lesson 115 Knock, Knock!

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

anyone knock everything quiet impossible invite anything nothing lemonade joke

pron. 任何人 v. 敲,打 pron. 一切事物 adj. 宁静的,安静的 adj. 不可能的 v. 邀请 pron. 任何东西 pron. 什么也没有 n. 柠檬水 v. 开玩笑

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

anyone pron. 意义和用法与anybody相同 但anybody比较“口语“化。 1)(用于疑问句和否定句)任何人 有谁在那里吗? Is anyone there? 你不应该依赖任何人。 You should not rely on anyone. 2)(用于肯定句)无论谁 任何人都可以听他演讲。 Anyone may attend his lecture.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

knock 1) 敲,打 我敲了门,但没有回应。 I knocked at the door, but there was no answer. 他没有敲门就进来了 He came in without knocking. 2)用力打,揍 他打我的头。 He knocked me on the head. 3)以…碰撞…,碰撞 他的腿撞到了那张书桌。 He knocked his leg against the desk. knock down 把(人)击倒,(车等)撞倒(人) 他的儿子被汽车撞倒 His son was knocked down by a car.

everything pron. 一切事物,每样事物 Everything is going well. 一切顺利 Tell me everything about it. 告诉我整个事情的来龙去脉。 Money is everything to him. 钱对他而言是最重要的东西 修饰everything的形容词置于everything之 后。 ? 一切有用的东西 ? everything useful ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

quiet 1)宁静的,安静的 a quiet night寂静之夜 a quiet room安静的房间 2)安祥的,安定的 I’d like to live a quiet life in the country. 我想到乡下过悠闲的生活。 live a … life 过着…的生活

? 3)(人,性格等)稳重的,寡言的 ? a quite person 沉默寡言的人

? ? ? ? ?
? ?

?

impossible adj. 不可能的,办不到的 反义词:possible an impossible plan不可能实行的计划 It is impossible for sb to do… 做….是不可 能的 It is impossible to get a taxi on such a rainy day. 在这样的下雨天是不可能搭到出租车的。 It was impossible for him to solve the problem. 要他解决 那个问题是不可能的。

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

invite v. 邀请 invite sb to … 邀请某人到…… He invited them to the party. 他邀请他们参加宴会。 invite sb to do 邀请某人做… I invited her to have coffee. 我邀请她喝咖啡。 invitation n. accept the wedding invitation. 接受邀请参加婚礼。

anything pron. 任何东西 (疑问句,否定句)任何事 物,任何东西都不 你说了些什么吗? Did you say anything? 我不在时发生了什么事吗? Has anything happened during my absence? 你想喝点什么? Do you want anything to drink? 如果有什么我能帮你的,请告诉我。 If there’s anything I can do for you, please tell me. ?

我今天什 么 也没吃。 ? I didn’t eat anything today.= I eat nothing today. ? 修饰anything 的形容词置于其后。 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

nothing pron. 什么也没有。 关于那件事他什么也没说。 He said nothing about it. 那引擎没有什么毛病。 There is nothing wrong with the engine. 没 有任何事能改变他的心意。 Nothing could change his mind. --修饰nothing的形容词要置于其后。 Nothing interesting

? be nothing to 对…不算什么,毫无关系 ? 金钱和名誉两者对他都不重要。 ? Both money and honor were nothing to him. ? have nothing to do with 与。。。毫无关系 ? 这个人与银行抢动案毫无关系。 ? The man had nothing to do with the bank robbery.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

joke 1) v. 开玩笑,戏弄,嘲弄 我的兄弟经常开玩笑 My brother is always joking. 你在开玩笑吧 You must be joking. 我和他开玩笑 I joked with him. 2) n. 玩笑 他有时会说笑话。 He sometimes tells jokes.

课文讲解
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Isn’t there anyone at home? 反义疑问句 玻璃杯中没有什么牛奶吗? Isn’t there any milk in the glass? 你没去过长城吗? Haven’t you been to the Great Wall? anyone是不定代词,是由any和one组成 的复合词,谓语用单数形式。

? I’ll knock again, Helen. Everything’s very quiet. ? 1)everything 也是不定代词 ? 2)表示一切事物 ? 3)everything 作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。 ? 所有可以做的事情己经做完了。 ? Everything can be done has been done. ? 晚会的一切工作都就绪了吗? ? Is everything ready for the party?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

I’m sure there’s no one at home. Be sure 确信,有把握 我想他会同意,但我没有把握 I think he will agree, but I am not sure. 他确信自己会成功 He is sure that he will succeed. no one 也是不定代词 no one 作主语,后面的谓语动词用单数形式。 没有人想要那个房间。 No one wants that room. 教室里没人。 There is no one in the classroom.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

But that’s impossible. that pron. 指代没有人在家的这件事 impossible adj. 不可能 im- (前缀) 无…,不…, 非… polite impolite 不礼貌的 patient impatient 不耐心的

? Carol and Tom invited us to lunch. ? invite sb to… 邀请某人参加…,去……(to是介 词) ? 我想邀请你参加我的生日晚会。 ? I’d like to invite you to my birthday party. ? 我可以邀请你到我家里来作客吗? ? Shall I invite you to my house? ? 谢谢你请我吃午饭。 ? Thank you for inviting me to lunch. ? invite sb to do 邀请某人做某事 ? 我邀请你到我家来。 ? I’d like to invite you to come to my house. ? 她邀请我去喝咖啡。 ? She invited me to have coffee.

? ? ? ? ? ?

Look through the window. through prep. 穿过… 穿过森林。 go through the forest 太阳穿过去层照耀着。 The sun is shinning through the clouds.

? Can you see anything? ? Anything用在疑问句和否定句当中,谓语用 单数形式。 ? 你有没有什么吃的? ? Do you have anything to eat? ? 她对烹饪一窍不通。 ? She doesn’t know anything about cooking.

? Nothing at all. ? Nothing是不定代词,作主语时,后面的谓语 用单数形式。 ? 没有什么可以喝的。 ? There is nothing to drink. ? 对此她什么都不了解。 ? She knew nothing about it. ? at all 根本, 一点也(不)(用在否定句当 中) ? 我根本不喜欢他。 ? I don’t like him at all. ? 她一点钱也没有。 ? She has no money at all.

? Let’s try the back door. Look! Everyone’s in the garden. Everybody wants to have lunch in the garden. ? try 试一下 ? Try it again ? 再试一下 ? Everyone,everybody ? 不定代词每个人(大家),作主语,谓语用单 数形式。 ? 所有人都必须参加这个会议。 ? Everyone must attend the meeting.

? It’s nice and worm out here. Come and have something to drink. ? nice and在这里失去了本意,而是在形容词 前加强语气,译为“挺…的”。 ? 森林里挺冷的。 ? It was nice and cool in the woods. ? 每个人到的都挺早的。 ? Everybody arrived nice and early. ? come and do 过来做… ? 来看看我们的新车。 ? Come and see our new car. ? have something to drink 喝点什么东西

? Thanks, Carol. May I have a glass of beer please? There’s none left. You can have some lemonade. ? May I…? 我能……? ? 我可以看一下你的书吗? ? May I have a look at your book? ? 我可以问你一个问题吗? ? May I ask you a question? ? none 表示“没有任何东西”,是代词。 ? there’s none 表示“什么也没有” ? left 是过去分词,表示“剩下的”,修饰none.

? Don’t believer her, Jim. She’s only joking. Have some beer! ? Don’t …不要…(祈使句否定形式) ? 别关门 ? Don’t close the door! ? joke v. 开玩笑 ? sb is only joking. 某人只是在开玩笑。

复合不定代词总表
后缀
前缀 someanyeverynosomeone anyone everyone no one / none somebody anybody everybody nobody something anything everything nothing somewhere anywhere everywhere nowhere

-one

-body

-thing

-where

方位介词 ? ? ? ? ? ? on in under behind in front of beside 在……上面 在……里面 在……下面 在……后面 在……前面 在……旁边

There be 句型 “某处有某物”
? There is a/an … + 方位短语 ? There is a dog in front of the house.

? There are …+方位 介词 ? There are two balloons in the sky.

? There is …… in the sky. ? There are ……in the sky. ? There is ……

in front of the mushrooms. ? …

? There is a bear in the garden. ? Is there a bear in the garden? ? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

? There are three butterflies in the garden. ? Are there three butterflies in the garden? ? Yes, there are./There aren’t.

? Is there anyone in the garden? ? Yes, there is. ? There is someone in the garden.

不定代词
? someone, somebody, something, somewhere ? anyone, anybody, anything, anywhere ? everyone, everybody, everything, everywhere ? no one, nobody, nothing, nowhere

“人”篇
? ? ? ? Everyone/Everybody is asleep. Is there anyone/anybody at home? There’s no one/nobody at home. There’s someone/somebody in the garden.

“事,物”篇
? ? ? ? Everything is untidy. Is there anything in that box? There’s nothing in this box. There’s something under that chair!

“地点”篇
? I looked for my pen everywhere. ? I couldn’t find my pen anywhere. ? Where did you go yesterday?--Nowhere. I stayed at home. ? My glasses must be somewhere!---You are wearing them!

Let’s try!
? ? ? ? ? ? ? anyone/anybody Is there __________ in the room?(人) There isn’tanyone/anybodyin the room. __________ There issomeone/somebody the room. __________ in someone/somebody There is __________ on the playground.(人) anything Is there __________ behind the tree.(物) anything There isn’t __________ behind the tree. something There is __________ behind the tree.

? ? ? ?

Everyone/Everybody awake.(所有人) __________ is everywhere I can see people __________.(地点) anywhere We couldn’t see shops __________. (地点) nowhere We could see shops __________.(否定,地点)

翻译句子
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 他昨天晚上哪也没去。 我谁也没看到。 椅子底下有东西。 你买东西了吗? 晚上大家都睡觉了。 你有什么吃的吗? 他敲了敲门,但是没有人在家。 他邀请我晚上去他家吃晚餐。 我能在这里吸烟吗? 这个车挺新的。 我透过玻璃往窗外看,看到了一只小鸟。


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com