1) She is an American doctor. 2) He often plays tennis with his friends on Sundays. 3) I love my country. She is a great and beautiful country. 4) You, he and I will carry this big desk. 5) We, you and they will go swimming together tomorrow.
1) Mrs. Smith teaches them English.
2) I have a younger brother. I take him to the park every day.
三 物主代词 注释：1不接冠词和其它代词，即a, an, the, some, any等
This is my clock. ==== This clock is mine. 3 one/a/an/this/that/some/no/three/two +名词 + of + 名词性物主代词 New York is one of the biggest cities in the world.
Some of the children are singing songs in the music classroom.
1) 我的英语书______________________________2）他的小汽车____________________________ 3）她的连衣裙__________________________________
四 反身代词 myself yourself himself herself itself ourselves yourselves themselves
enjoy oneself = have a good time help oneself to
teach oneself by oneself=alone
come to oneself say to oneself
hurt oneself dress oneself
五 指示代词 1)this 2)that 3)these 4)those 5)the same 6) such（这样）
This apple is as sweet as that one.
The weather in Hainan is hotter than that in Shenyang now.
The stories in this book are more interesting than those in that book.
1）some/any + C/UC some肯定句/表示请求的一般疑问句
I have some bread and milk every morning. Would you like some oranges?
They didn’t have any homework last week. If you have any question, you can ask me.
2) little(没有), a little（一点） + UC few（没有）, a few（几个） + C
3) many+可数名词, much+不可数名词
_________ flowers ________milk __________ coffee ________ seats
4) each强调个体, 可以+ of, every强调整体，不能+ of
5) both两个都, neither两个都不, either两个中的任何一个,
none 用来回答how many/how much ，no one用来回答who
one 代指可数名词单数 others其它的
7) 复合不定代词 something, anything, nothing, everything
someone, anyone, none everyone
somebody, anybody, nobody, everybody
somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere
七 疑问代词 what, which, who, whom, whose
八 相互代词 each other(=2) one another(＞或=3)
1加s e.g. opens, swims, comes, writes
2加es (以s, x, sh, ch, ss, tch, o结尾的单词)brushes, passes, watches, catches, goes, does 3辅音+y 结尾，改y为 i+es, carry--- carries, study--- studies, fly--- flies
元音+y结尾，直接+s stay--- stays, lay--- lays, say--- says
4 have---- has, be---- is
1 see_________ 2 live________ 3 like__________ 4 run__________ 5 climb____________ 6catch__________7 wash___________8 pass__________9 finish___________10 go_________ 11study__________12 carry_____________13 fly__________14 say_______15 stay_________ 16 have__________17 write_____________18 be__________19 sleep________20 sing________
1）直接+ed climbed, listened, watched
2）以e结尾的直接+d lived, arrived
3）辅音+y结尾，改y为i + ed study-----studied, carry------carried
元音+y结尾，直接+ed, stayed, played
4）重读闭音节结尾，双写尾字母+ed, stopped, shopped, dropped, preferred(更喜欢的)
1 play____________2 look______________3stay______________4 stop_____________ 5 prefer__________6 arrive____________7 live____________8 cry______________ 9 worry____________10 try_____________11 buy____________12 fly____________ 13 have____________14 write____________15 bring___________16 teach__________ 17 drop___________18meet_____________19 cut_____________20 say_____________
1）直接 + ing, opening, cleaning, washing, flying
2）去不发音e + ing, write-----writing, leave----leaving, arrive-----arriving
3）重读闭音节双写尾字母+ing, running, swimming, sitting, stopping, beginning one …… the other 一个……另一个…… some …… others 一些……另一些……
4）以ie结尾的改ie为y + ing, lie---lying, die---dying 方式副词的构成规则
1） 形容词+ly, slow----slowly, quick----quickly, beautiful----beautifully
2） 元+辅+e------+ly, polite----politely, rude----rudely, immediate----immediately 3） 元+e, 去e+ly, true----truly
4） 辅+y-----改y为i+ly, happy----happily, easy----easily, noisy----noisily 5） 辅+le-----去e+y possible-----possibly, terrible----terribly
6） 形副同形 late---late, early---early, near---near, far---far, fast---fast, high---high, hard---hard,
7） 形副异形 good---well
1)careful____________2)great____________3)free_____________4)usual____________5)happy___________ 6)real___________ 7)angry____________ 8)late_____________ 9)wide___________ 10)hard______________ 11)true________12)terrible___________ 13)good_________14)beautiful____________15)early______________
1 This is ________ (speaking). 6 in fashion 11 not … at all 一点也不 2 lose one’s way 7 see the dentist
12 make a shoping list
3 say to oneself 8 have a terrible toothache 4 the way to King Street 9 have an appointment 5 take out 10 a lot of / lots of EXERCISE
1 go__________2 come____________3 say__________4 run_____________ 5 smile___________6 ride__________7 jump__________8 drink__________ 9 boil____________10 lie____________11 stop__________12 ask_________ 13 write__________14 type__________15 rise___________16 live___________ 17 look__________18 get___________19 drive________ 20 listen __________
II按要求写出动词的正确形式 过去式 现在分词 单三
1 is _________过去式 2 answer __________过去式 3 do _________过去式 4 say __________过去式 5 telephone ___________过去式 6 play _____________单三 7 am __________过去式 8 are _____________过去式 9 arrive _____________现在分词
10 enjoy ___________现在分词 11 hurry _______________过去式 12 phone ___________现在分词 III 用动词的正确形式填空
1 Look! The boys _________________ (play) football there.
2 I enjoy ______________ (listen) to the radio very much. 3 I ________________ (be) at home yesterday.
4 She didn’t _______________ (call) the doctor the night before.
1 Tom lost his new pen yesterday afternoon. 就划线部分提问
2 He has some magazines. 改为一般疑问句
3 My sister doesn’t have any envelopes. 改为肯定句
4 We are doing our homework now. 改为一般疑问句
5 What did he __________ (say) to you last year? 6 He ____________ (live) in Beijing last year?
7 They _______________ (not open) the box yesterday. 8 She _____________ (not open) the box yesterday. 9 We ____________ (see) our teacher tomorrow. 10 she often ____________ (enjoy) herself.
5 His father works at school. 改为否定句
6 Does he empty the basket every day? 改为肯定句
7 He can come at 8 a.m. 改为否定句
8 He bought a new house last year. 改为否定句
9 He has got much milk. 改为否定句
10 They have got many bananas. 改为一般疑问句
11 I’m making the bed. 就划线部分提问
( ) 1 – Where ________ you last Sunday? -- I ________ in New York.
A was, was B were, were C was, were D were, was
( ) 2 I often say _________ myself “I should study English well.”
A in B for C to D on
( ) 3 He _______ a book and ______ it _________ Mary.
A took out, gave to B took out, gave for C taked out, gives to D took off, gave to
( ) 4 We enjoyed _________ yesterday evening. A ourself B ourselves C us D ourselfs
( ) 5 He doesn’t know me very _________ . A well B welly C good D goodly
( ) 6 Tom ________ his book on the desk a moment ago. A put B putting C put D putting
( ) 7 She waited _________ the bus stop two hours ago. A for B at C in D to
( ) 8 He doesn’t know the way _______ London. A in B on C for D to
( ) 9 Yesterday the little boy _________his way. A lose B loses C lost D losing
( ) 10 Look! He is walking _________ in the street. A slowly B slow C careful D lazy
( ) 11 Can you get a pair of shoes _______ me? A for B in C on D at
( ) 12 These coats are ________ fashion now. A on B in C for D at
( ) 13 Do you have any books _______ these? A like B liking C likes D liked
( ) 14 A friend of ______ will give _________ talk tomorrow. A her, our B his, us C his, we D his, ours
( ) 15 -- _________ size do you like? -- Size Five. A Where B What C What’s D Which’s
( ) 16 My mother ___________ a beautiful dress for me yesterday. A buys B buy C bought D buyed
( ) 17 I went _________ a film last Sunday. A see B to see to C seeing D to see
( ) 18 Do you have an appointment _____ the doctor? A with B for C in D on
( ) 19 Can’t you wait _____ this afternoon? A for B at C till D in
( ) 20 His father _________ a new car last year. A buys B bought C buy D buyed
( ) 21 They haven’t got much tea ________ milk. A or B and C but D of
( ) 22 When _______ he ________ his bike? A did, lost B did, lose C was, lost D does, lost
( ) 23 ______ it like that. A Don’t B Does C Not do D Don’t do
( ) 24 What ________ he _________ now? A is, do B is, doing C in,on D at, in
( ) 25 You must come _______ 2 p.m. ________ Friday. A on, at B at, on C in,on D at, in
( ) 26 Our teacher is very busy ________ the moment. A at B in C / D for
1）有 2）用作行为动词，相当于 eat, enjoy, drink, take
3) 助动词 用于现在完成时 4）have to, has to, had to
1 have / take a bath/ shower/ a meal / a swim/ a haircut/ a look
Have a lesson/ a party/ holiday/ a good time have the last word
2 have breakfast/ lunch/ supper/ snack/ dinner
3 stay at home
4 on television
5 all the time
1) 构造：Have/has + Vp.p.
a）过去持续到现在 They already lived in China for ten years.
He has studied English since he came to the Middle School.
b)过去的事与现在有联系 I have just had lunch.
c)过去到现在反复发生 I have been to Shanghai three times. 12 We need some potatoes. 就划线部分提问 13 She often does some shopping on Sunday. 改为否定句 6 What’s the number of your car? 7 drive into 8 try to do sth. 9 be worth + money/ doing
buy, borrow, open, close, come, go, arrive, leave, lose, begin, start, end, finish, die, join,等瞬间动词不能与for, since, how long, until等连用。
a. He has just left.==== He has been away for two days.
b. We have already come to Shenyang.==== We have been in Shenyang since three weeks ago.
c. Lily has just bought this new toy.==== Lily has had this new toy for a week.
d. Sam has just joined the army.==== Sam has been in the army since 1990.
e. His grandfather has died. ==== His grandfather has been dead for five months.
4) have/has been to去过已经回来 have/has gone to去了还没回来
a. We have been to the USA eight times.
b. My brother is not in. He has gone to the library.
5) 标志性词语：already, yet, just, ever, never, before, since, for, up till now, lately/recently, so far
（ ）1）_____ you _____ your ruler yet? A Did, find B Were, find C Do, find D Have, found
（ ）2）I_____ never ________ him before. A am, see B has, seen C have, seen D am, seeing
（ ）3）___ you ever ___ on a plane? A Do, travel B Did, travel C Have, travelled D Were, travelling
（ ）4) She __ just ___ the book to the library. A has, returned B have, returned C was, returned D was, returning （ ）5)The Browns ______ to Changsha twice. A has gone B have been C were going D was gone
1.I__________________already_______________(see)the film. I____________(see)it last week.
2._____________ he _________________(finish) his work today ? Not yet .
3._____________you _____________(be)to Hong Kong ? Yes, I ____________(be)there twice .
4._____________ you ever _________________(eat )chocolate sundaes? No, never.
5.My father _____________just _______________(come) back from work. He is tired now.
6.Where's Li Ming? He_______________(go)to the teacher's office.
7.Shanghai ______________(be) a small town hundreds of years ago.
Now it ________________ (become) a large city.
8.I ________________ (work) here since I ________________ (move) here in 1999.
9.So far I ________________(make) quite a few friends here.
10.How long _______________the Wangs _______________________(stay) here? For two weeks.
1.I have been to Macau before.(改为否定句) I _____________ _________________ been to Macau before.
2.He hasn't come to school because he's ill. (就划线部分提问) _________________ _______________ he come to school?
3.He has learned English for 5 years.(就划线部分提问)
______________ _______________________ _______________ ________________ learned English ?
4.I bought a new bike just now.(用just改写) I _____________ just __________________ a new bike.
5.We began to learn English three years ago.(改为同义句)We __________ ___________English _____________three years
五、A.用 already或 yet
1) Have they taken down the old pictures ______? No, not ___________.
2) Most of us have finished our compositions ________
3) He said he hadn’t visited the exhibition ________.
B.用 since或 for
1) We have learned five lessons _____he beginning of this term.
2) Mrs Liao has been in hospital ______last week.
3) I have stayed at my aunt’s _____two weeks.
4). Jill has been in Ireland ___________ Monday.
5) Jill has been in Ireland _____________ three days.
6) My aunt has lived in Australia ___________ 15 days.
7). Margaret is in her office. She has been there____________ 7 o'clock.
8). India has been an independent country __________1974.
9). The bus is late. We've been waiting ______________20 minutes.
10). Nobody lives in those houses. They have been empty ____________ many years.
11). Mike has been ill ____________ a long time. He has been in hospital_________ October
C. 用have gone或 have been
1) -- Where are the boy students? --They _________________to the school factory.
2) A: Is your father in?
B: No, he ___________to Shenzhen.
A: _________________ he ever_______________there before?
B: Yes, he __________________there several times
3) He asked me if I __________________to Hangzhou before.
I told him that I wanted to go there for a visit as I _______________never __________________ to that city before. EXERCISE B
( )1 There are _______ people in the street on Sunday. A lot of B much C a lot of D a lot
( )2 She hasn’t got any money. I’ve got much, _________. A too B either C or D also
( )3 What ________ you ________ ? We had beef and potatoes.A did, have B do, has C did, has D are, having
( )4 What’s the matter _________ your bike? A for B with C in D on
( )5 Where _________ your brother? He is ________.A are, upstairs B is, upstairs C is, upstairs D are, uptairs
( )6 The students are all busy________ the exam.A getting ready for B getting ready to C to get ready for D to get ready to
( )7 ______ your coat. It’s snowing outside. A Wear B Dress C Put on D Dress up
( )8 We can _______ dinner ________ six o’clock. A have, in B has, at C had, in D have, at
( )9 Yesterday afternoon I got home ______. A late B lately C later D slow
( )10 Where are you going? I’m going to ________.A greengrocer’s B the greengrocer’s C greengrocer D the greengrocer
( )11 I met her in the street yesterday and she greeted me ________.A warm B warmly C warmy D wormly
( )12 They had a meal _______ the restaurant yesterday evening. A at B on C for D under
( )13 I must stay ______ home today. A on B in C for D at
( )14 he is going to ________ a holiday. A have B has C having D had
( )15 Do you want to go _______ us? A with B for C in D about
( )16 When ______ you _______ yesterday evening? A do, leave B did, left C do, left D did, leave
( )17 They ______ already _______ their lunch. A had, had B have, had C have, have D have eat
( )18 They arrived ________ a quarter _______ five. A at, to B in, to C to, at D to, past
( )19 _______ she ________ any tea? A Has, has B Has, had C Has, have D Did, has
( )20 Let’s go _______ the classroom. A into B in C for D after
( )21 _______ a cup of tea, please. A Had B Has C Have D Having
( )22 He _________ very lucky. A has B does C is D have
( )23 Have you been ______ Beijing ________ ? A to, already B to, yet C for, yet D for, already
( )24 Please bring the book _______ me. A to B for C on C after
( )25 When ____ you ________ the television? A did, tell B have, buy C did, buy D have, bought
( )26 _________ the truth. I don’t agree with you. A for tell B On tell C about tell D To tell
( )27 I saw “Paris in the spring” _______ television last year. A on B in C of D into
( )28 May I have a look _______ your photo? A in B at C for D out
( )29 When ______ he _______ breafast? A did, has B did, had C does, had D did, have
( )30 He drove his car _______ a tree. A into B in C for D on
( )31 what’s the number ______ your car? A for B of C in D on
( )32 He _______ Tom two weeks ago. A didn’t meet B didn’t met C doesn’t meet D meets
( )33 He _____ this book two years ago. A reads B read C is read D has read ( )34 The teacher spoke ______ us yesterday afternoon. A to B at C for D out
( )35 ____ you ______ your homework yesterday evening? A do, did B Did, did C Do, do D Did, do ( )36 I think is ________ sale. A in B at C for D about
( )37 This film is worth ________. A see B to see C saw D seeing
( )38 I ______ to Beijing for two Times. A have been B go C will go D went ( )39 You’d better ________ my advice. A took B to take C take D in ( )40 They have been here _________ 1980. A in B for C since D about II 同义句转换
1 He is from China. He ___________ ___________ China.
2 What’s the matter with your sister? What’s ____________ with your sister?
3 I drank a glass of water a moment ago. I __________ a glass of water a moment ago.
4 We enjoyed purselves at the party. We __________ ___________ ___________ __________ at the party. 5 They are having their lunch now. They are __________ their lunch. III句型转换
1 I have just been to th cinema. 一般疑问句
2 She has already had her lunch. 一般疑问句
3 Sh listened to the radio just now. 一般疑问句
4 He cleaned the room this morning. 一般疑问句
5 His brother works in the factory. 就划线部分提问
6 He left forty minute ago. 就划线部分提问
7 There was a pencil on the desk during the break. 就划线部分提问
8 All of our classmates were in the park last Saturday. 就划线部分提问
9 He was a teacher ten years ago. 就划线部分提问
10 Jim was in his classroom. 就划线部分提问
11 We are cleaning the room now. 否定句
12 he has gone to Beijing. 否定句
13 He has already painted the bookcase. 否定句
14 They had lunch at twelve yesterday. 否定句
15 They have washed their hands. 否定句
1 He __________ back a month ago. (come)
2 She _________________ to the Great Wall several times. (go)
3 Great changes ____________________ in our country since 1978. (take place) 4 Tim _______________________ from here for about two hours. (be away) 5 There ______________ an English test for about two hours. (be away)
6 I’m sorry you’ve missed the last bus. It ________________ ten minutes ago. (leave) 7 This is the first time I have _________________ in England. (be) 8 The film ________________ on for nearly fifteen minutes. (be) 9 He has typed three __________________ since 8 o’clock. (letter) 10 She has ____________________ the waste basket. (empty)
11 They have cleaned their __________________ with the shoepolish. (shoe) 12 I took a lot of __________________ in the park. (photo)
复习提要 I 时态表格
Say/ think/believe/ understand/ is afraid/ is sorry/ is sure+宾语从句
1 move to
2 give sb. regards
3 plenty of
1. It is a fine day. The sun _____________________(shine) in the sky now.
2. They ________________(go) to the Great Wall next Sunday.
3. Mr Brown __________________(live) in Beijing since he came to China.
4. Mr Wang ___________(teach) us English two years ago.
5. Mr Smith _______________( watch) TV now.
6. We _______________(learn) about ten English songs since 2007.
7. Father ___________________(buy) a new bike for me next Friday.
8. Bill isn’t here. He ___________(draw) with his friends in the classroom.
9. The moon __________(go) round the earth.
10. The students ______________________ (go to) the zoo next Sunday.
11. Listen! They ______________________(talk) about the new film.
12. Jim __________________ (ask) me a question yesterday.
13. I ______________ (lose) mobile phone on a bus last week.
14. The woman ____________(see) the little boy just now.
15. Miss Green ________________________(watch) TV now.
16. He _________________________(telephone) me tomorrow.
17. We ______________________(learn) English for about three years.
18. My brother_____________(come) to the city in 1997.
19. The farmers ___________________(pick) apples on the farm now.
20.My mother _____________ (give) me 10 yuan last week.
21. I _______________ (get) to the cinema late yesterday evening.
22. The girl ______________________ (fly) to Japan with her sister next week.
23. My sister _____________(study) at a middle school.
24. Mr Green ___________________(be) to many places in South China since he came here.
25. My father often ___________________ (read) newspaper after supper every day.
26. His younger sister always ______________ (drink) bean juice in the mornings. 4 next door to 5 in five hours’ time 6 the train to London 7 belong to 8 Had better 9 at once
27. I _______________________(not finish) my homework yesterday.
29. That girl ___________________(write) three books since she was seven.
30. I ____________(stay) in New York last year.
31 She ________________ (like) to drink black coffee.
32 They ______________________ (swim) in the pool every morning.
33 Peter often ___________________ (play) basketball with his friends after class.
34 Jim _________________ (eat) two chicken burgers yesterday.
35 Lily _____________________ (do) her homework in her bedroom now.
36 They ____________________ (sold) their house this week.
37 I _________ just ___________ (arrive) in Beijing.
38 He ____________ ever ___________ (see) the film.
39 We __________ never ____________ (buy) the fish before.
40 He ___________________ (play) computer games for three hours.
41.I_______already________(see)the film. I__________(see)it last week.
42.____________ he ______________ (finish) his work today? Not yet.
43.___________you _____________ (be) to Hong Kong? Yes, I ______________(be)there twice .
44.___________ you ever _____________ (eat ) chocolate sundaes? No, never.
45.My father ____________just _________(come) back from work. He is tired now.
46.--Where's Li Ming? --He________________(go)to the teacher's office.
47.Shanghai _________(be) a small town hundreds of years ago. Now it _____________ (become) a large city.
48.I _________________ (work) here since I _____________ (move) here in 1999.
49.So far I _______________ (make) quite a few friends here.
50.How long _____________the Wangs ______________(stay) here? For two weeks.
1 Let ________ help you. (I) 2 What’s _______ name, please? (he)
3 I didn’t tell __________the news. (she) 4 Can you come with__________ ? (we)
5 These books are _________ .(them) 6 We are going to work in _________ factory tomorrow. (we) 7 The bikes are new, take care of _________. (they) 8 The chair has broken one of ________ legs. (it) 9 Could you pass ________ a piece of paper, please? (she) 10 It’s time for __________ to have lunch. (we) 11 Mr. Hu will give _________ a talk next week.(we)
12 These books are theirs, _______ are over there. (you)
13 The students really enjoyed ___________ at the park. (they)
14 She wants to give the cat to a friend of _________ . (she)
15 We can work out the problem by _________________ (we).
16 These flowers are _____________ and those flowers are _______________. (you, they)
17 Peter is my neighbour and I saw _____________ in the supermarket yesterday. (he)
( ) 1 I saw______ playing in the street at that time. A. them B. they C. their D. theirs
( ) 2 Jim will give____ a short talk tomorrow. A. we B. us C. our D. ours
( ) 3 Please ask____ not to skate on the thin ice. A. they B. them C. their D. theirs
( ) 4 The pen is hers. Pass it to_______, please. A. her B. she C. hers D. herself
( ) 5 Let me go and give the coat to_______. A. he B. his C. himself D. him
( ) 6 They asked___ to do the work. A. you, he and I B. you, him and me C. I, you and he D. me, you and him
( ) 7 The bird built___ nest in the tree. A. it's B. her's C. hers D. its
( ) 8 Have you seen___pen, a black one? A. these B. my C. you D. hers
( ) 9 Sorry I have forgot ____ telephone number. A. yours B. him C. you D. his
( ) 10 Our room is big, but____ is bigger than____.A. their; our B. their; ours C. theirs; ours D. theirs; our
( ) 11 They aren't our books. Are they____? A. your B. his C. her D. their
( ) 12 Our room is bigger than _______. A. you B. your C. yours D. her
( ) 13 You have a good room, I should say. But it's not as big as___. A. I B. my C. me D. mine
( ) 14 We ____ at the party last Sunday.
A. enjoyed myself B. enjoyed ourselves C. enjoy myself D. enjoyed ourself
( ) 15 "Make ____ at home." he said to his friends. A. yourself B. yourselves C. you D. yours
( ) 16 Let Tony do it by____. He is no longer a kid A. him B. his C. himself D. he
( ) 17 You are twelve now. ___ must look after___.
A. You; yourself B. Your; yourself C. You; your D. You're; yourself
( )18 She and her mother enjoyed ___ at the party. A. her B. them C. herself D. themselves
( )19 He and she are exactly as tall as____. A. themselves B. them C. their D. each other
( ) 20 People usually put small presents in ____ stocking on Christmas Eve.
A. each other B. each others C. each other's D. each others'
( ) 21 The students often help___.
A. one the other B. each the other C. one another D. two another
1 see_________ 2 live________ 3 like__________ 4 run__________ 5 climb____________
6catch__________7 wash___________8 pass__________9 finish___________10 go_________
11study__________12 carry_____________13 fly__________14 say_______15 stay_________
16 have__________17 write_____________18 be__________19 sleep________20 sing________
1 go__________2 come____________3 say__________4 run_____________5 smile___________ 6 ride__________7 jump__________8 drink__________9 boil____________10 lie____________ 11 stop__________12 ask_________13 write__________14 type__________15 rise___________