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人教版小学英语六年级上unit1~unit6知识点归纳及练习

发布时间:2013-10-29 13:52:19  

Book6 A Unit 1 How Do You Go There ?

一. 知识点归纳

(一)、 词汇

bike ( 自行车

乘坐)

公共汽车(脚) 火车(怎样) 飞机(上学)

轮船)

地铁) ( 交通工具前加by , 表示乘坐但步行要用on foot )

第五 remember记住 find 找到

difference不同 same相同的 every 每个 所有的

三会国家 mean意思是 drive驾驶

right右边的 side 边 England 英国

Australia 澳大利亚 however 但是 left左边的

if 如果 must 必须

(二)、重点句型

① 询问交通方式用疑问代词how

? —— How do you go to school ? 你怎样去上学?

—— I go to school on foot . 我走路去上学。

? —— How do you go to Canada ? 你怎么去加拿大。

—— I go by plane . 我坐飞机去。

? —— How does your father go to work ? 你父亲怎样去上班?

—— He goes to work by subway . 他坐地铁去上班。

② 询问地点,用疑问代词where

?

? —— Where is your home ? 你家在哪里? —— It’s near the post office . 在邮局旁边。 —— Where are the teachers ? 老师们在哪儿?

—— They are in the teacher’s office . 在老师的办公室。

③ 问路

? —— How can I get to Zhongshan Park ? 我怎么去中山公园?

—— You can You can take the No .1 bus ④ 交通规则(traffic rules )

?

?

?

?

? Stop at a red light . 红灯停 Wait at a yellow light . 黄灯停 Go at a green light . 绿灯行 In China and the US , drivers drive on the right side of the road . 在中国和美国,司机靠右行驶。 In England and Australia, however, drivers drive on the left side of the road.

但是在英国和澳大利亚,司机靠左边行驶。

1

Exercise For Unit 1

一、根据答句写问句或根据问句以及所给的信息写答句。

1 A:______________________________________________?

B: I go to school by bus .

2 A:______________________________________________?

B: You can go by the No.3 bus .

3 A:______________________________________________?

B: My home is near the post office .

4 A:______________________________________________?

B: I go to Shanghai by ship .

5 A:______________________________________________?

B: Peter and John go to the park by bike .

6 How does Peter go to school ? ( 地铁)

____________________________________________________.

7 How do they go to school ? (走路)

_____________________________________________________.

8 How can I get to the post office ? (坐10 路公共汽车)

______________________________________________________.

二 选择适当的词完成短文

left, yellow , green , right , rules , are , in , a , three , red ,

You must know the traffic ________ if you walk _______ a city .There ________ always _______ lights for the traffic lights . You can cross the street at the ______ light and you must stop at the ______ light .The _______ light means “Wait ” If you drive _______ , you must drive on the _______ side of the road in China .But in England , people drive on the _______ side of the road.

三 完成对话

A:Excuse me , _____________________________ the library , please ?

B: Yes, _________________ .

A: _____________________________________________ ?

B: No , it’s not far .

A: _______________________________________________?

B: You can go there by bus .

A: __________________________________________________?

B: You can ______________ the No . 3 bus .

A : Thank you very much .

B: ___________________________________________________.

四 完成句子

1 Go _________ a green light .

2 Yellow ______________ wait .

3 Drivers drive ________ ________ _________ side of the road in China .

4 I often go to school _________ foot .

5 My home is not far . It’s ____________.

2

Book 6 A Unit 2 Where is the science museum?

词 汇

图书馆 north (北) 邮局 医院 电影院 (地点书店 (西)west东) 科学博物馆 bank 银行 学校 南) supermarket 超市

shoe store 鞋店 where 在哪里 please请 next to 与…相邻right 右边,正确的 left 左边 straight成直线地 then 然后 turn转弯excuse me 对不起 want 想要 a pair of 双 minute分钟 tell 告诉 take乘坐 far 远 after school 放学以后 get off上车 get on下车 twelfth 第十二 party聚会;晚会 start 开始 buy买

句 型

一、问路

1.Where is the cinema, please? 请问电影院在哪儿?

在医院的旁边。

在学校的前面.

behind the park 在公园的后面

It’s near the zoo. 在动物园的附近.

on the right/left of the bookstore. 在书店的左/右边.

east of the bank. 在银行的东边.

far from here. 离这儿很远.

2. Excuse me, is there a cinema near here 请问这附近有电影院吗?

Yes, there is. 有.

3. How can I get to the hospital? 我该怎样到达医院呢?

You can go …

二、指引路

1. You can go by the No.312 bus. 你可乘坐312路公交车去那儿.

2. Get on / off at the … 在…地方上车/ 下车.

3. Walk straight for three minutes. 向前直走在分钟.

4. Turn right/ left at the … 在… 地方向右/ 左转.

5. Walk east/ west/ south/ north for … minutes.

朝东/ 西/南/北/ 走…分钟.

三 Is it far from here? 离这儿远吗?

Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

3

Exercise for unit2

一 根据对话中上下文意思,在空格中填上合适的词使句子完整。

’s ______the bank.

3. I want to buy a book, I’I’m going to 二 把下列句子按要求进行变化.

对画线部分提问)

2. Go straight for five minutes. Then turn right.(对回答进行提问)

3. The cinema is near here. (变一般疑问句)

4. There is a bank near here. ( 变成一般疑问句并做出肯定回答)

5 Thank you. ( 写出回答) 三 完成下列对话.

A: _______ ______ . _______ _____a post office near here?

B: Yes, ________ ________. It’s ________ to the bank.

A: _____ ________ ________ ?

B: No, it’s near here.

A: _____ ______ ________ __________ _________ ?

B: You can go by the No. 12 bus. _______ ________ the bus at the park.

Then get off at the zoo. Walk ____________ for two minutes. It’s _____ the left.

A: _____________ .

B: You’re welcome.

四 阅读,判断对错, 对的定 “T” 错的写 “ F”. ( Z: Zhang Peng P: policeman)

Z: Excuse me ,sir. Is there a bookstore near here?

P: No, there isn’t . But there is one next to the hospital.

Z; Where is the post office , please?

P: It’s west of the hospital.

Z: Is it far from here? P: Yes.

Z: How can I get there?

P: First , turn left and take the No.l6 bus at the bus stop. Next , get off at the hospital. Then ,

cross the street. You’ll be in front of the post office.

Z: Thank you. P: You’re welcome.

( ) 1 There is a bookstore near the school.

( ) 2.The post office is next to the bookstore.

( ) 3 The post office is west of the hospital.

( ) 4 Zhang Peng walks to the bookstore.

( ) 5 Zhang Peng asks a policeman for help.

4

Book6 A Unit 3 What are you going to do?

一. 知识点归纳

(一)、 词汇

四会next week 下周newspaper 报纸

his morning 今天上午comic book 漫画书

this afternoon 今天下午magazine 杂志

(时间this evening 今天晚上dictionary 字典

tonight 今夜post card 明信片

tomorrow 明天

去旅游theme park 主题公园

buy some fruit 买一些水果 others 宠物店

(活动)go to the cinema 去看电影 (其他)fruit stand 水果摊

visit the Great Wall 参观长城shoe store 鞋店

read a magazine about plants 阅读有关植物的杂志shop 商店 三会:

busy 忙碌的 together 一起地 need 需要 else 其他

二、 重点句式和句型:

本单元中出现的一个重点语法项目是一般将来时:表示将要发生的动作或状态 ,常和表示将来的时间连用。

构成: 陈述肯定句: be going to + V原+ 其他

否定句: be + not going to + V原+其他

一般疑问句: Be+ 主语+ going to + V原 +其他

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句 ?

E.g. I am going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon.

I’m not going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon. Yes, I am.

Are you going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon?

No, I’m not.

What are you going to do this afternoon?

Where are you going this afternoon?

How are you going to the bookstore this afternoon?

When are you going to the bookstore by bus?

三、 重点句型:

1. I’m going to have a busy weekend! 我将要度过一个繁忙的周末。

2. That will be fun! 那将会很有意思。

3. What else? 还要什么?

4. ----What are you going to do in the future? 你将来想干什么?

---- 我想将来有一天当科学老师。

----- What about you ? 你呢?

-----我想当个电脑专家。

5

Exercise for Unit 3

一、 根据上下文填空

A: What ________ you __________ _________ do after school?

B: I want to buy ____ __________ ________ shoes. __________ is the shoestore? A: It’s __________ to the post office.

B: _________ can I get to the post office?

A: You can _________ the No. 8 bus. Get ________ at the cinema. Then __________

straight for 5 minutes. The post office is on the right.

B: ________ _________ ____________ _________.

A: You are _______________.

二、 根据答句写问句或根据问句以及所给的信息写答句。

1. _________________________________________________________ ?

I’m doing my homework now.

2. __________________________________________________________ ? I’m going to do some housework for my mom this afternoon.

3. ____________________________________________________________ ? I always go to the library and read books there on Sunday.

4. ____________________________________________________________ ?

My cousin usually come to my home and do homework with me on Saturday afternoon.

5. _______________________________________________________________ ? Sometimes my classmates go to the cinema on Saturday evening.

6. What are you going to be in the future? (根据实际情况回答)

___________________________________________________________.

三、 按要求改写句子,每条横线只填一个单词:(8分)

1. John is going to plant trees with his classmates this weekend. (改为一般疑问句) __________________________________________________________________

2. The monkeys are going to swim in the river .(用who 提问)

___________________________________________________________________

3. We will visit the theme park in summer holiday.( 重写句子,使意思与原句基本相同) ___________________________________________________________________

4. I’.(就划线部分提问)

_____________________________________________________________________________

5. When do you read English every day? ( 用 6:30回答)

___________________________________________________________________

6. When are you going to read English ? ( 用 6:30回答)

___________________________________________________________________ 6

Book 6A Unit 4 I have a pen pal

知识点归纳:

一. 本单元主要是谈论某人的兴趣爱好。

二. 语法是动词的-ing形式和动词的第三人称单数形式。

三. 词汇:ing a bike) 骑自行车

ing ) 跳水

hobby ing the volin) 拉小提琴

(爱好)ing kites ) 制作风筝

ing stamps) 集邮

s) 居住,住

es) 教

es) 去

三单es) 看

s) 读

es)

其他:show(展览) pen pal(笔友) dear (亲爱的) twin(双胞胎之一) look (看上去) fun (快乐,乐趣) with(同…)

四.句型:

1. 询问某人的爱好:

----What’s your hobby? 你的爱好是什么?

----I like collecting stamps. 我喜欢集邮

2. 表示征求别人意见:

(1)----what about you ? 你呢?

----Me too. 我也是。

(2)--- Let’s go together. 让我们一起去吧。

(3)---- Can he go with us?

----- Sure!

五.语法:

一般现在时的用法

(1) 表示经常或习惯性的动作或状态,常与everyday /norning /beening ,

often, usually ,always 等状语连用。

如: We do morning exercises every day.

He usuallly goes to school by bike.

(2) 表示主语的特征或能力。

如: Our school is beautiful.

结构:陈述句:主语+动词+其他。

如: Miss white teaches English.

一般疑问句:Do/ Does +主语+ 动词原形+其他?

如: Does Miss White teach English?

肯否定回答:Yes,she does ./ No, she doesn’t .

7

Exercise for Unit 4

一.写出下列动词的—ing 形式和三单形式。

1.二.根据上下句写句子。

1 A :________________________________________________?

B: I like playing basketball.

2 A:_____________________________________________________?

B: He likes diving.

3 A: ___________________________________________________?

B: My father likes reading newspapers.

4 A:__________________________________________________?

B: Yes , she goes to work by bus.

5 A: _______________________________________________________? B: Yes , he teaches us math.

6 .Amy watches TV every day. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

_____________________________________________? ___________________. 7 A: _______________________________________________________? B: No , my father doesn’t work in a school.

三.完成对话

A:Good morning.

B: _______________________.

A: ____________________________________________?

B: I am going to the library this Saturday.

A: ____________________________________________?

B: I like reading books.

A: ______________________________________________?

B: My father is a doctor.

A: _______________________________________________?

B: Yes , he works in a hospital.

A: ______________________________________________?

B: Yes , he doesn’t like reading books. He likes listening to music

A: ______________________________________________?

B: My mother likes shopping

8

Book6 A Unit 5 What does she do ?

一、知识点归纳

(一) 词汇

四会

歌手

香港) 作家公司) an actor ( 男演员工厂) an actress ( 女演员设计) an artist ( 画家小提示) 电视台记者帮助) an engineer (工程师金钱) an accountant ( 工程师好,对 )

男警察从…获得乐趣)

salesperson ( 销售员旅游者 )

清洁工路,道) 工作摩托车) 在哪里警察部门) 其他表示职业的词:worker ( 工人) doctor ( 医生) nurse (护士) teacher ( 老师) student ( 学生) drive (司机、驾驶员)

(二 )重点句型

① 询问职业

? —— What does he do ?/What is he ? 他是做什么的?

—— He is a doctor. 他是一个医生。

? —— What do you do ?/What are you ? 你是做什么的?

—— I ’m a student . 我是一个学生。

② 询问工作的地点

? —— Where do you work ? 你在哪儿工作?

—— I work in a school . 我在一个学校工作。

? —— Where does your mother work ? 你妈妈在哪儿工作?

—— She works in a hospital . 她在一个医院工作。

一般疑问句 :

—— Does he work in a company ? 他在公司工作吗?

—— Yes ,he does . 是的。

③ 询问怎样去工作

—— How does your father go to work ? 你父亲怎么去上班?

—— He goes to work by car . 他开车去上班。

④ An artist draws pictures . 画家画画。

A cleaner cleans streets . 清洁工打扫街道。

A doctor helps sick people 医生帮助病人。.

A teacher teaches lessons . 老师上课。

A salesperson sells things . 销售员卖东西。

9

Exercise For Unit 5

一、完成对话

1 . A: ________________________________________________________________? B: Fine , ________________________.

A: _____________________________________________________________? B: That man is my father .

A: ________________________________________________________________? B: He is a policeman .

A: _________________________________________________________________? B: He works in a police station .

A: ________________________________________________________________? B: He goes to work by motor cycle.

A : _________________________________________________________________?

B : He likes playing sports .

二 根据所给的信息写句子。

1 What does your mother do ? (工程师)

____________________________________________.

2 Where does your uncle work ? (医院)

____________________________________________.

3 How does Miss White go to work ? (坐地铁)

_____________________________________________________________________. 4 Does Amy go to school by bike ? (否定)

_____________________________________________________________________. 5 A:___________________________________________________________________?

B: She ’s a cleaner .

6 A: ___________________________________________________________________?

B: My aunt live in Beijing .

7 A : ________________________________________________________________?

B: My brother works in a company .

8 A: ___________________________________________________________________?

B: I’m going to be an engineer .

9 A : __________________________________________________________________?

B: Yes , he goes to work by car .

三 、根据句子意思及首字母填单词。

1 My father helps sick people . He is a d_______________.

2 My mother is a t_____________. She works in a school .

3 Tom is an a ________________. He works in a company .

4 She sells things in a shop . She is a s_____________.

5 My aunt cleans streets every day .She is a c___________________.

6 John’s father draws pictures .He is an a _________________.

7 Jacky Chen acts many films . He is an a _________________.

10

Book 6 A Unit 6 The story of rain

词 汇

③seed

②④ ②④

①①sprout

Sun太阳 come from… 来自…; 从…来 should 应该 then 然后

shine 照耀 become变成 little 小的 drop(液体的)珠;滴 wake up醒;醒来 feel感觉到;感受到 think想; 思考 meet遇见;碰见 high高的

other其他的;另外的别的 fall down落下;掉落 into进入;到…里面

come out出现;露出 again再一次;又;再 garden花园 easy简单的

put放;放置 several一些;几个 day天 see看见 pot锅;碗; 盆 lovely可爱的 make sure核实或查明某事物 get 得到 month月份 old年龄的 still仍然;依旧;还是 come on 鼓励用语hardly几乎没有;几乎不

重要句型:

1. Where does the rain come from? 雨来自于哪儿?

It comes from the cloud. 雨来自于云朵.

(注意同be from 区分)

Where are you from? 你来自于哪?

I’m from China. 我来自于中国.

2. How do you do that? 你怎样做呢?

3. Would should you do then ? 然后你又该怎样做?

4. 描述事情的先后顺序和过程

first… then… next…

How do you plant a tree? First dig the soil. Then put the plant in the soil.

Next water it often. Wait for it to grow.

11

Exercise

一 根据上下文内容完成短文.

Do you how to grow wheat? Let me tell you. _________, dig the ________. Then put the________ in the soil. And then water them. You can see the __________ in a several days. You can see the ____________ in several months.

A: Where _______ the rain come from?

B: It _______ from the clouds.

A: _________________________ ?

B: It comes from the vapour.

A: Where does the vapour come from?

B: ___________________________.

A: ______ can the water become vapour?

B: The sun shines and the water becomes vapour.

A: ___________________________ ?

B: I’m going to plant flower seeds in our garden.

A: __________________________ ?

B: It’s easy . First put the seeds in the soil.

A: _______________________________ ?

B: Then water it . In several days , you can see the sprout.

二 阅读理解.

根据短文内容,判断句子的正误,正确的写出 “T” 错误的写出 “F”. It’s fine Sunday morning. Kate and her brother are in a big bus. There are many people in it. Some of them come from American and some come from England. They are all their friends. They are going to the Summer Palace. There are two Chinese in the bus. One is a man. He is a driver . The other is a young woman. She speaks English well. She is talking about the Summer Palace. The other people are all listening to her. They like the Summer Palace. They want to see it very much. 1 ( ) Kate and her mother are in a big bus on Sunday afternoon.

2 ( ) Kate’s friends all come from English.

3 ( ) The young Chinese woman can’t speak English.

4 ( ) The young woman is talking about the Summer Palace.

5 ( ) Kate’s friends all like China very much.

12

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