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Lesson79-80

发布时间:2013-11-01 11:37:19  

Lesson 79

.

One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘,谬之千里。

Carol’s shopping list

Revision

Use in/on/at to describe the time.
_____ 2012 in

on ___May 5th, 2009

on ____ June 26th in _____November

____Monday on

at ____ten o’clock ___ spring in

on ____Monday morning

Translate these phrases:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 看牙医 see the dentist 预约 have an appointment 很紧急 It’s very urgent. 我难受极了 I feel awful. 牙疼的厉害 have a terrible toothache 现在 at the moment 等到今天下午 wait till this afternoon

New words and expressions

?shopping ?list ?vegetable ?need ?hope ?thing ?money

n. 购物 n. 单子 n. 蔬菜 v. 需要 v. 希望 n. 事情 n. 钱

单词学习

★shopping n. 购物
?go shopping=do some shopping 去购物 ?shopping center 购物中心 ?shopping mall 商业街区

shopping list

need things

shopping list

购物单

make a shopping list 制作一个购物清单
整理床铺 make the bed 泡茶, 泡咖啡 make the tea/coffee

fruit groceries

vegetable

hope money

stationary stationer

newsagent

newspaper

magazine

medicine

chemist

1.我昨天和我朋友去逛了街. I went shopping with my friends yesterday. ______________ 2.我打算明天去购物. I’m going to do some shopping tomorrow. 3.我需要制作一个购物清单. need to shopping list I _______ make a ____________. 4.我正在制作一个购物清单. I am making a shopping list. 5.我必须现在去一趟购物中心. must shopping center I _____ go to the ______________ now.

★list
?List 名词 n. 表;名册;目录[C] ?His name was dropped from the list. ?他的名字被从名单上除去了。

? 及物动词 vt. ?1.把...编列成表,把...编入目录 ?Mother listed the things she wanted to buy. ?母亲把她想买的东西列出清单。
?2.列举 ?The reasons are listed .

★need v. 需要
① v. 需要(作实意动词) Does he need to know? ② n. 需要(物);必要 ?There is no need of worrying.不必担心。 ?There`s no need that you leave so hurrily. ※it is no need doing sth. 没必要做某事 ?It is no need spending so much money. ③ v 必要,需要(作情态动词,一般用于否定句和疑问 句) He needn`t speak so loudly.他不必说那么大声。 He needn`t have cleaned the window. 他本没必要擦窗户。

I need many things.

need

v. 需要 -ee /i:/

①.需要某物

need sth.
②.需要做某事

need to do sth.

我需要两支笔. I need two pens. 他需要一块肥皂. He ____________ soap. needs a bar of 我妈妈需要去超市. needs to go to My mom ___________ the supermarket. Tom需要洗个澡. Tom needs to take a bath.

compare need with want :
区别: need 需要 want 想要 相同点: need



need sth.

want

need to do sth.



want sth.

want to do sth.

I want to have a birthday party, can you guess what do I need to buy?

You need ….

★hope v. 希望

① v. 希望;盼望;期待

※hope to do sth. 希望做某事
? I hope to study abroad next year. ?我明年想去国外学习。

hope that + 从句 希望… 我希望今晚我能玩电脑游戏. I hope that I can play computer games tonight. ②.hope n.名词 希望

Where there is life, there is hope.
留得青山在,不怕没柴烧.

?③ n. 期望着的事;被寄予希望的人

?His hope is that his son will get married and settle down soon. 他所希望的是他儿子能早点结婚,安顿下来。
?wish 不真实的一些东西,只是一些希望 ?Best wishes.

money [不可数n.] 钱
pocket money 零用钱 lucky money 压岁钱 I hope that you’ve got some money. 我希望你还有些钱.
Time is money.
时间就是金钱.

We need a lot of money.

Notes on the text 课文注释

1.Listen and answer the questions

Answer the questions:
1. What’s Carol doing? She is making a shopping list. 2. Have they got any tea and coffee? No, they haven’t. 3. Have they got any potatoes? Yes, they’ve got a lot of potatoes. 4. Have they got any meat? No, they haven’t got any meat at all. 5. Has Tom got much money? No, he hasn’t. 6. What’s Carol not going to buy? She is not going to buy any meat.

Text

Listen again, and write the shopping list.

s h o p p in g lis t
te a c o ffe e ja m to m a to e s m eat sugar

课文讲解
1. I’m making a shopping list.
Make a shopping list 做采购物品清单 ?我需要做个采购物品清单。 I need to make a shopping list. ?我得给Rudder的材料做个清单。 I need to make a material list for Rudder。

A lot of 很多=lots of

2. We need a lot of things...

?既可用在可数名词前,也可用于不可数名词前。

?一般用于肯定句 ?桌子上有很多苹果。 ?There are a lot of apples on the table ?瓶子里有很多牛奶。 ?There is a lot of milk in the bottle ?many和much均可译成“许多”,但用法不同: ?many放在可数名词之前 ?much放在不可数名词之前。

3. We haven’t got much tea or…
have got = have haven’t got = don’t have ?我有一些朋友。 I have got some friends. ?我一个朋友也没有。 I haven’t got any friends.

4. I must go to the greengrocer’s. Must & need
?must表示“必须,应当” ?你不该弄出噪音来! You mustn’t make a noise! ?我必须请大夫吗? Must I call the doctor? No , you needn`t.

?Need有两种词性 1、need 做情态动词时,need表示“需要”、 “必须” need + 动词原形 -> need 是情态动词 多用于疑问句和否定句 没有时态,人称、数格的变化 可以直接加否定形式 不能单独做谓语,后边加动词原形。 ?我需要约一下时间吗? Need I make an appointment? ?你不必太匆忙。 You need not hurry.

2、need 做实义动词 有人称、数格及时态上的变化,疑问句中也需用 助动词do; ?need + to + 动词原形 -> need 是实义

动词 ?在肯定句中,need后只跟动词不定式,不跟动词 原形。 ?I need to go home. ?而在否定句和疑问句中,情况就不是这样了。 ?I needn't study. (need 情态动词) ?I don't need to study. (need 实义动词) ?Need you study? (need 情态动词) ?Do you need to study? (need 实义动词)

由need 和 must 引出的疑问句
? 由need引出的一般疑问句,肯定回答常用must或have to; 否定答语常用needn‘t. 如: —Need I answer the question? 我需要回答那个问题吗? —Yes, you must. /Yes, you have to.是的,你必须回答。/是 的,你得回答。/No, you needn’t.不,不必了。 ? 由must引出的一般疑问句,肯定回答用must,否定答语用 needn't或don't have to。如: —Must I do the work now? 我必须现在干这个活吗? —Yes, you must /have to.是的,你必须做。/No, you needn't /don't have to. 不,你现在不必做。

5. We haven’t got any meat at all.
? ? ? ? ? at all 丝毫,一点,根本,完全 我完全不同意你的看法。 I don't agree with you at all. 完全没有什么可担心的。 There was nothing to worry about at all.

not … at all 一点也不, 根本不 只用于否定句 中
1. 我一点也不饿. at I’mnot hungry _____ all ____ ______ . 2. 他一点也不喜欢苹果. doesn at all He _______ like apples ____ ____. ’t 3. 我们根本不需要钱. don’t need money at all We ____________________________.

6. And I’m not going to get any!
? 此处“get”表示“买…”,相当于 “buy”。

Grammar in use 语法点
—1. have & have got 2. many, much, a lot of

1. have and have got
1. have got 表示“有”,其中 have 为助动词
2. have got 三单形式: has got

I’ve got a lot of ....
fruits

books

flowers

cocacola cheese

①.含义:
have = have got 意为“有…” 但是have got通常用于口语,have适用于任何环 境.

I have some apples. = I have got some apples. He has some friends. = He has got some friends.

②.否定形式: 我没有苹果. don any I ______ have ______ apples. ’t haven got ______ apples. any = I ______ ’t 他没有朋友. doesn any He _______ have _____ friends. ’t hasn got any = He ______ _____ _____ friends. ’t

否定句构成: have: don’t/doesn’t have have got: have/has not got = haven’t/hasn’t got

注意: some → any, and → or

③.一般疑问句形式: 你有一些土豆吗? Do you have any potatoes? Have got _____ you ______ any potatoes? 他有朋友吗? Does _______ he have any friends? got Has ______ he _____ any friends? 构成: have: 助动词do/does提前 have got: 助动词have/has提前

have got 小练习:
一.用 have got 改写下面句子.

1. Do you have a headache?
Have you got a headache?

2. I had a temperature last week.
I had got a temperature last week.

3. Do you have any brothers and sisters?
Have you got any brothers and sisters?

1.我们没

有糖和果酱了. ( C)We __________ any sugar ____ jam. A. haven’t got; and B. don’t have; and C. haven’t got; or D. don’t have; or 注意: 否定句中and → or 2.我们的番茄不多了. ↓可数名词 many haven’ We _______ got _______ tomatoes. t 3.我们的茶叶和咖啡不多了. haven much got or We _______ _______ _______ tea ______ ’t ↑不可数名词 coffee.

2. many, much, a lot of, some
many much a lot of some
+ 可数n.复数 + 不可数n. 疑问句,否定句
+ 可数n.复数/不可数n.

△否定句,疑问句中一般用any不用some

cabbages

birds

Have you got many …? I haven’t got many… colour eggs

? 意义区分: We haven’t got much tea.我们茶叶不多了. We haven’t got any tea. 我们的茶叶没有了.

exercise:
1. 我们需要很多东西. We need a lot of things. 2. 我们还有啤酒吗? Have we got any beer? 3. 我没有许多葡萄酒了. I haven’t got much wine.

Have you got much …? I haven’t got much …

Scotch whisky steak

cheese

Fill in the blank.
a lot of ①.We need __________ things this week. much ②.We haven’t got _____ tea or coffee, and we haven’tany _____sugar or jam. got many ③.We haven’t got ______ tomatoes. any ④. Have we got _____ beer and wine? ⑤.We haven’t got any _____ meat at all ____ ____.

Remember it!
a lot of + 可数名词复数 用于肯定句 many + 可数名词复数 much + 不可数名词 用于否定句,疑问句 用于否定句,疑问句

Have you got many/much …? Yes, I’ve got a lot of… No, I haven’t got many/much…

Let’s make a shopping list!

Lesson 80 I must go to the …

writing paper glue

envelope

stationery
n. 文具

magazine

newspaper

bread

cakes

chemist 药剂师

pills

药片

medicine Chinese medicine 中药

Homework
1. 造句: need, hope, have got . 2. 完成课练L79&L80. 3. 准备(听写) and (背诵) of L79 4. 预习 81&82


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