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小学英语主要句型归类

发布时间:2013-11-03 12:36:31  

小学英语主要句型归类(三年级上册----六年级下册) I询问姓名、年龄。

1, ----What’s your name? ----你叫什么名字?

----My name is ________. ----我叫……。

2, ----How old are you? ----你几岁了?

----I’m 12. ----我十二岁。

II询问颜色。

1, ----What color is it? ----它是什么颜色的?

----It’s yellow and white. ----黄白相间。

2, ----What color are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?

----They’re green. ----绿色的。

III 询问数量或价钱。

1, ----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝? ----I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。 2, ----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔? ----I have 16. ----我有十六支。

3, ----How many people are there in your family? ----你家有几口人? ----Three. ----三口人。

4, ----How much is this dress? ----这条连衣裙多少钱? ----It’s ninety-nine yuan. ----九十九元。

5, ----How much are these apples? ----这些苹果多少钱? ----They’re thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。

IV 询问时间或日期。

1, ----What time is it now? ----现在几点钟?

----It’s nine o’clock.. It’s time for English class. ----九点。该上英语课了。 (----It’s eight o’clock. It’s time to go to bed.) (----八点。该上床睡觉了。) 2, ----What day is it today? ----今天星期几?

----It’s Monday. ----星期一。

(----What do we have on Mondays? (----我们星期一上哪些课? ----We have Chinese, English, math …) ----语文、英语、数学……) 3, ----When is your birthday? ----你的生日是什么时候? ----It’s October 1st, our National Day. ----十月一日,国庆节。

4, ----When do you do morning exercises? ----你们什么时候做早锻炼? ----I usually do morning exercises at 8:30. ----我们通常8:30做早锻炼。 V 询问方位或地方。

1, ----Where is my toy car? ----我的玩具汽车在哪儿? ----It’s here, under the chair. ----在这儿,在椅子下面。 2, ----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?

----It’s on the first floor. ----在一楼。

3, ----Where are the keys? ----钥匙在哪儿?

----They’re in the door. ----在门上。

4, ----Excuse me. Where is the library, please? ----对不起,请问图书馆在哪儿? ----It’s near the post office. ----在邮局附近。

5, ----Where are you from? ----你从哪儿来?

----I’m from China. ----我从中国来。

6, ----Where does the rain come from? ----雨是从哪儿来的?

----It comes from the clouds. ----它是从云层里来的。

VI 询问想吃的东西。

1, ----What would you like for breakfast / lunch / dinner ? ----你早餐/中餐/晚餐想吃点什么?

----I’d like some bread and milk / rice and soup. ----我想吃面包和牛奶/米饭和汤。

2, ----What’s for breakfast / lunch / dinner? ----早餐/中餐/晚餐吃什么? ----Hamburgers and orange juice. ----汉堡包和橙汁。

VII 询问天气状况。

1, ----What’s the weather like in Beijing? ----北京的天气如何?

----It’s rainy today. How about New York? ----今天是雨天。纽约呢? ----It’s sunny and hot. ----今天是晴天,天气很热。 VIII 询问身体状况或情绪。

1, ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。

2, ----What’s the matter? ----怎么了?

----My throat is sore. / I have a sore throat. ----我的喉咙疼。

3, ----How are you, Sarah? You look so happy. ----你好吗,莎拉?你看起来这么伤心。

----I failed the math test. ----我的数学考试没有通过。 IX 询问职业、身份或人物。

1, ----What’s your father / mother? ----你的父亲 / 母亲是做什么的? ----He’s a doctor. / She’s a teacher. ----他是一名医生。/ 她是一名教师。 2, ----What does you mother / father do? ----你的母亲 / 父亲是做什么的? ----She’s a TV reporter. / He’s a teacher. He teaches English.

----她是一名电视台记者。/他是一名教师。他教英语。

3, ----Who’s that man / woman? ----那位男士 / 女士是谁?

----He’s my father. / She’s my mother. ----他是我父亲。 / 她是我母亲。 4, ----Who’s this boy / girl? ----那个男孩儿 / 女孩儿是谁?

----He’s my brother. / She’s my sister. ----他是我兄弟。 / 她是我姐妹。 5, ----Who’s your art teacher? ----你们的美术老师是谁?

----Miss Wang. ----王老师。

----What’s she like? ----她长什么样儿?

----She’s young and thin. ----她很年轻、苗条。

X 询问兴趣、喜好。

1, ----What’s your favourite food / drink? ----你最喜欢的食物 / 饮料是什么? ----Fish / orange juice. ----鱼。 / 橙汁。

2, ----What’s your favourite season? ----你最喜欢的季节是什么? ----Winter. ----冬天。

(----Which season do you like best? (----你最喜欢哪个季节?

----Winter.) ----冬天。)

----Why do you like winter? ----你为什么喜欢冬天?

----Because I can make a snowman. ----因为可以堆雪人。

3, ----What’s your hobby? ----你的爱好是什么?

----I like collecting stamps. ----我喜欢集邮。

----What’s his hobby? ----他的爱好是什么?

----He likes riding a bike. ----他喜欢骑自行车。

4, ----Do you like peaches? ----你喜欢吃桃子吗?

----Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ----喜欢。/ 不喜欢。

XI 询问平时一般或通常做的事情。

1, ----What do you do on Saturdays / on the weekends? ----你星期六 / 周末一般做什么?

----I usually do my homework. Sometimes I play football. ----我通常做作业,有时候踢足球。

XII 询问正在做的事情。

1, ----What are you doing? ----你在做什么?

----I’m doing the dishes. ----我在洗盘子。

2, ----What’s your father doing? ----你父亲正在做什么?

----He’s writing an e-mail. ----他正在写电子邮件。

3, ----What’s Mike doing? ----迈克正在干什么?

----He’s watching insects. ----他正在观察昆虫。

4, ----What’s the tiger doing? ----那只老虎在干什么?

----It’s running. ----它在奔跑。

5, ----What are the elephants doing? ----那些大象在干什么?

----They’re drinking. ----它们正在喝水。

XIII 询问将要做的事情。

1, ----What are you going to do? ----你准备做什么?

----I’m going to the cinema. ----我准备去看电影。

----When are you going to do? ----你准备什么时候去?

----This afternoon. ----今天下午。

2, ----Where are you going this afternoon? ----今天下午你准备到哪儿去? ----I’m going to the bookstore. ----我准备到书店去。

----What are you going to buy? ----你打算买点儿什么?

----I’m going to buy a comic book. ----我准备买本漫画书。

XIV 询问曾经做过或发生过的事情。

1, ----Where did you go last weekend / yesterday / on your holiday?

----你上周末/昨天/假期到哪儿去了?

----I went to Wuhan. ----我去了武汉。

2, ----How did you go there? ----你怎么去的?

----I went by train. ----我坐火车去的。

3, ----What did you do there? ----你在那儿做了些什么?

----I went shopping. ----我去购物了。

XV 一般疑问句。

1, ----Is this your bedroom? ----这是你的卧室吗?

----Yes, it is. ----是的。

----Is your sister in the living room? ----你姐姐在客厅吗?

----No, she isn’t. / Yes, she is. ----不在。/ 在。

2, ----Is this your skirt? ----这是你的短裙吗?

----Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. ----是的。/ 不是。

3, ----Is your English teacher young? ----你的英语老师年轻吗? ----Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. ----是的。/不,她不年轻。

4, ----Are these / those / they cucumbers? ----这些 / 那些是黄瓜吗? ----Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. ----是的。/ 不是的。

5, ----Is there a river in the park? ----公园里有一条小河吗? ----Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t. ----有。/ 没有。

----Are there any bridges in your village? ----你们村子里有桥吗? ----Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t. ----有。/ 没有。

6, ----Can I wear my new shirt today? ----我今天可以穿新衬衫吗? ----Yes, you can. / No, you can’t. ----可以。/ 不可以。

7, ----Can you wash your clothes? ----你会洗衣服吗?

----Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. ----会。/ 不会。

8, ----Does your pen pal live in Shanghai? ----你的笔友住在上海吗? ----No, he doesn’t. He lives in Beijing. ----不,他住在北京。

9, ----Does she teach English? ----她教英语吗?

----No, she doesn’t. She teaches math. ----不,她教数学。

10, ----Did you read books yesterday? ----你昨天读书了吗? ----Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ----读了。/ 没读。

XVI “How”问句。

1, ----How do you go to school? ----你怎么上学?

----Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike. –

---我通常步行上学。有时候骑自行车。

2, ----How can I get to Zhong Shan Park? ----我怎么到中山公园去? ----You can go by the No. 15 bus. ----你可以乘坐15路公汽。 (----Go straight for five minutes. Then turn left. It’s on the left.)

----直走五分钟,然后左转。公园就在左边。 3, ----How tall are you? ----你有多高?

----I’m 160 cm tall. I’m taller than you. ----我有160公分。我比你高。 4, ----How heavy are you? ----你有多重?

----I’m 48 kg. You’re heavier than me. ----我有48公斤。你比我重。 5, ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。

----How does Chen Jie feel? ----陈洁感觉如何?

----She’s tired. ----她很疲倦。

XVII其他特殊疑问句。

1, ----What’s in the classroom? ----教室里有什么?

----A board, six lights, three fans, many desks and chairs.

----一块黑板、六盏灯,三把电扇和许多桌椅。

2, What about you? / How about you? ----你呢?

3, I like the white sweater with the green skirt. ----我喜欢这件白毛衣配这条绿短

裙。

4, ----Whose is it? ----它是谁的?

----It’s mine / yours / his / hers. ----是我的。/ 你的。/ 他的。/ 她的。 5, ----What can you do? ----你会做什么?

----I’m helpful. I can sweep the floor and do the dishes. ----我很能干。我会扫地、洗盘子。

6, ----What’s your bedroom like? ----你的卧室是什么样儿的?

----There is a big closet and a new mirror. There are blue curtains.

----卧室里有一个大衣橱和一面新镜子。还有蓝色的窗帘。

三至六年级单词

PEP英语三年级(上册)三会单词

Unit 1: pen (钢笔) pencil (铅笔) pencil-case ( 铅笔盒) ruler(尺)

Eraser(橡皮)crayon(蜡笔)book (书)bag (书包)sharpener (卷笔刀)

school (学校)

Unit 2。head (头) face( 脸) nose (鼻子)mouth (嘴) eye (眼睛) ear (耳朵)

arm (胳膊) finger (手指) leg (腿) foot (脚) body (身体) hand(手)

Unit 3:red (红色的) yellow (黄色的) green (绿色的) blue (蓝色的)

purple (紫色的)white (白色的)black (黑色的)orange (橙色的)pink (粉色的)

brown (棕色的)

Unit 4:cat (猫) dog (狗) monkey (猴子) panda (熊猫) rabbit( 兔子)duck (鸭子) pig (猪) bird (鸟)bear (熊) elephant (大象) mouse (老鼠) squirrel (松鼠)

Unit 5:cake (蛋糕) bread (面包) hot dog (热狗) hamburger (汉堡包) chicken (鸡肉) French fries (榨薯条) Coke (可乐) juice (果汁) milk (牛奶) water (水) tea (茶) coffee (咖啡)

Unit 6:one (一) two (二) three (三) four (四) five (五) six( 六) seven (七) eight (八) nine( 九)ten( 十) doll (玩具娃娃) boat (小船) ball (球)kite (风筝) balloon (气球) car (小汽车) plane (飞机)

PEP英语三年级(下册)三会单词

Unit 1:boy (男孩) girl (女孩)teacher (教师)student (学生)this (这个)

my (我的)friend (朋友)I’m=I am (我是)nice (好的;愉快的)good morning

(早上好) good afternoon(下午好)meet (遇见;碰见)goodbye (再见)too (也;太)

Unit 2:father (父亲爸爸)dad (爸爸)(口语)mother (母亲;妈妈)mom 妈妈(口语)

man (男人)woman(女人)grandmother (外)祖母grandma (口语)(外)祖母grandfather(外)祖父grandpa (口语)(外)祖父sister (姐妹)brother(兄妹)let’s=let us (让我们)great (太好了)really (真地;确切地)and (和;并且)how (多么;怎么样)

Unit 3:eleven (十一)twelve( 十二)thirteen (十三)fourteen (十四)fifteen

( 十五)sixteen (十六)seventeen (十七)eighteen (十八)nineteen (十九)

twenty (二十)how many (多少) can (能够;可以)look at (看;瞧)

Unit 4:peach (桃)pear (梨)orange (橙子)watermelon (西瓜)apple (苹果)banana

(香蕉)strawberry (草莓)grape (葡萄)like (喜欢)some (一些;某些)thanks (多谢)

Unit 5:bus (公共汽车)bike (自行车)taxi (出租车)jeep (吉普车)desk( 课桌)chair

(椅子) walkman (随身听)lamp (台灯) your (你的;你们的) zoo (动物园)

Unit 6:small (小的)big (大的)long (长的)short (短的;矮的)tall (高的)

giraffe (长颈鹿)deer (鹿)

PEP四年级(上册)四会单词词汇表

Unit 1: window(窗户) board(写字板)light(灯,灯管) picture(画,图画)

door (门)floor(地板 )classroom(教室)computer(计算机)teacher’s desk

(讲台)wall(墙)fan(扇子,电扇)classmate(同学) have(我们)有 new(新的) go(去) where (在......哪里) many(许多的) our(我们的)clean(打扫,清洁,擦干净的) good idea(好主意) have a look(看一看) all right(好吧,好的)seat(座位) good job(干的好)near(在......的旁边) you(你)what(什么) see(看)in(在......里面) me(我)the(这个,这里) look at(看) we(我们) Unit 2: Chinese book(语文书) pencil(铅笔) English book(英语书) twenty-one

(二十一)math book(数学书) thirty-one(三十一) schoolbag (书包)

forty-one(四十一)story-book(故事书) fifty(五十)notebook(笔记本) too many

(太多)color(颜色) fat(胖的) heavy(重的;沉重的)may (可以) what’s=what is sure(当然可以)sorry(对不起)here you are(给你) book(书)bag(包 )

ruler(尺子)pen(钢笔) pencil-case (铅笔盒)

Unit 3: long hair (长头发) short hair (短头发) thin(瘦的) strong(健壮的) quiet(安静的friend(s)(朋友) like(喜欢) has(他/她有) name(名字) he(他) teacher(教师) student(学生) music(音乐) science(科学) sports(体育运动) computer game(电脑游戏) painting(绘画) she(她) right(对的) boy(男孩) girl(女孩) friend(朋友)

Unit 4: study(书房) bathroom(卫生间) bedroom(卧室) living room(起居室) kitchen(厨房) it’s=it is fish(鱼) isn’t=is not here(这里) home(家) room(房间) school(学校) classroom(教室) phone(电话) bed(床) sofa(沙发) shelf(书架) fridge(冰箱) table(桌子) key(钥匙) open(打开) look(看) please(请) on(在….上面) no(不;不是) window(窗户) desk(课桌;书桌) door(门) chair(椅子) bed(床)

Unit 5: rice(米饭) noodle(s)(面条)(复数) beef(牛肉) vegetable(蔬菜) soup(汤) bread(面包) milk(牛奶) egg(蛋) water(水) hungry(饥饿的) for(为;给) thank you(谢谢你) knife(刀) chopstick(s)(筷子)(复数) spoon(勺子) plate(盘子) fork(叉子) use(使用) chicken(鸡肉) fish 鱼

Uint 6: family(家庭) parents(父母) uncle(叔叔;舅舅) aunt(姑姑;婶;姨) baby(婴儿) come(来) who(谁) sister(姐妹) brother(兄弟) father(父亲;爸爸) mother(母亲;妈妈) baseball player(棒球运动员) driver(司机) doctor(医生) farmer(农民) nurse(护士)

PEP四年级(下册)四会单词词汇表

Unit 1:computer(计算机) board(写字板) fan(风扇) light(灯)

this(这;这个)is(是)my(我的) that(那;那个) your(你的) teacher’s desk

(讲台)picture(图画;照片) wall(墙壁) floor(地板) yes(是;是的) it(它)

Unit2。one(一) two(二) three(三) four(四) five(五) six(六 )seven(七)

eight(八) nine(九) ten(十) what(什么) time(时间) it’s=it is

…o’clock(…点钟) math(数学) Chinese(语文)English(英语)

P.E.(体育) music(音乐) for(为;给) class(课程)

Unit 3:jacket(夹克衫) shirt(衬衫) skirt(裙子) dress(连衣裙) T-shirt

(T恤衫) red(红色的) blue(蓝色的) yellow(黄色的) green

(绿色的) white(白色的) no(不;不是) not(不;不是的) color(颜色)

Unit 4:warm(暖和的) cold(寒冷的) cool(凉爽的) today(今天) jeans

(牛仔裤) pants(长裤) socks(袜子) shoes(鞋子) let’s=let us play

(玩;踢) football(足球) snowy(下雪的) sunny(晴朗的)

Unit 5:how much(多少钱) big(大的) small(小的) long(长的) short(短的)apple

(苹果) banana(香蕉) pear(梨) orange(橙子)watermelon(西瓜)

are(是)they 它(他、她)们

Unit 6:horse(马) aren’t=are not cat(猫) rabbit(兔子) pig(猪)

duck(鸭子) dog(狗) eleven(十一) twelve(十二) thirteen(十三)

fifteen(十五) twenty(二十) how many(多少) there(那儿;那里)

PEP五年级(下册)四会单词词汇表

Unit 1:do morning exercises(晨练) eat breakfast(吃早饭) have English class

(上英语课) play sports(进行体育运动) eat dinner(吃晚饭) when(什么时候) evening(夜晚;晚上) get up(起床)at(在……点钟) usually(通常;一般) noon(中午) climb mountains(爬山) go shopping(购物;买东西)

play the piano(弹钢琴) visit grandparents(看望祖父母) go hiking

(去远足)weekend(周末)often(经常) sometimes(有时候)

Unit 2:spring(春天) summer(夏天) fall(秋天) winter(冬天)

season季节) which(哪一个) best(最;极) swim(游泳)

fly kites(放风筝) skate(滑冰;滑冰鞋) make a snowman(堆雪人)

plant trees(种树) why(为什么) because(因为) sleep(睡觉)

Unit 3:Jan./January(一月) Feb./February(二月) Mar./March(三月)Apr./April (四月) May(五月) June(六月) July(七月) Aug./August(八月)

Sept./September(九月) Oct./October(十月) Nov./November(十一月)

Dec./December(十二月) birthday(生日 uncle(叔叔;舅舅) her(她的 date(日期) Unit 4:draw pictures(画画)cook dinner(做饭) read a book(看书)answer the phone (接电话) listen to music9(听音乐) clean the room(打扫房间) write a letter(写信)write an e-mail(写电子邮件)mom(妈妈)grandpa(爷爷;外公)study(书房) Unit 5:fly(飞) jump(跳) walk(走) run(跑) swim(游泳)

kangaroo(袋鼠) sleep(睡觉)climb(往上爬)fight(打架)swing(荡;荡秋千) drink water(喝水)

Unit 6:take pictures(照相) watch insects(观察昆虫) pick up leaves

(采摘树叶) do an experiment(做实验) catch butterfly(捉蝴蝶) honey(蜂蜜) count insects(数昆虫)collect leaves(收集树叶) write a report(写报告) play chess(下棋) have a picnic(举行野餐)

PEP五年级(上册)四会单词词汇表

Unit 1:Young (年轻的) funny (滑稽可笑的) tall (高的)strong (强壮的)

kind (和蔼的、亲切的) old (年老的) short(矮的)thin ( 瘦的) Mr (先生) like (像、喜欢) strict (严格的)smart (聪明的、巧妙的) active (积极的、活跃的) quiet (安静的、文静的)very(很、非常) but (但是)

Unit 2:Monday (星期一)Tuesday (星期二) Wednesday (星期三) Thursday

(星期四) Friday (星期五) Saturday (星期六) Sunday (星期天)

day (天) have (有、吃) on (在…..时候) do homework (做作业)

watch TV (看电视) read books (读书)

Unit 3:eggplant (茄子) fish (鱼) green beans (青豆) tofu (豆腐) potato (土豆) tomato(西红柿) for(为) lunch (中餐) we(我们)

tasty (好吃的) sweet(甜的) sour(酸的) fresh(新鲜的) salty (咸的) favourite (最喜欢的) they are (他们是)fruit (水果) grape (葡萄)

Unit 4:Cook the meals (烧饭) water the flowers (浇花) sweep the floor

(扫地) clean the bedroom (打扫卧室) make the bed(铺床) set the table (摆饭桌)wash the clothes (洗碗碟) do the dishes (收拾衣服)

use a computer (使用计算机)

Unit 5:curtain (空调) trash bin (垃圾箱) closet (壁橱) mirror(镜子) end table (床头柜) bedroom(卧室) kitchen (厨房)bathroom (卫生间) living room (客厅) in (在…里面) on(在…上面) under (在…下面) near (在..旁边) behind (在…后边)clothes (衣服)

Unit 6:river (河流) flower (花) grass (草)lake (湖泊)forest(森林) path (路) park (公园) picture (照片)house (房子)bridge (桥)

tree (树) road (公路) building (建筑物)clean (干净的)

PEP六年级(上册)四会单词词汇表

Unit 1:by (经,乘) foot(脚) bike(自行车) bus(公共汽车) train(火车)

how(怎样) go to school(上学) traffic(交通) traffic light(交通灯)

traffic rule(交通规则) stop(停,停车站)wait(等待) get to(到达)

Unit 2:library(图书馆) post office(邮局) hospital(医院) cinema(电影院) bookstore(书店) where(在哪里,到哪里) please(请) next to(与…相邻) turn(转弯) right (右边) left(左边) straight(成直线地) then(然后)

Unit 3:next week(下周) this morning(今天上午) this afternoon(今天下午)

this evening (今天晚上) comic book(漫画书) post card(明信片)

newspaper(报纸) buy(购买)

Unit 4: hobby(爱好) ride a bike--riding a bike(骑自行车) dive--diving(跳水)

play the violin—playing the violin(拉小提琴) make kites—making kites

(制作风筝) collect stamps—collecting stamps(集邮) live –lives(居住) teach--teaches(教) go--goes(去) watch--watches(看) read--reads(读,看) does doesn’t=does not

Unit 5:singer(歌唱家,歌手) writer(作家) actor(男演员) actress(女演员) artist(画家) TV reporter(电视台记者) engineer(工程师) accountant(会计) policeman(男警察) salesperson(销售员) cleaner(清洁工) where(在哪里,到哪里) work(工作)

Unit 6:rain(雨) cloud (云) sun(太阳) stream(河,溪) come from(来自,从…来) seed(种子) soil(土壤) sprout (苗,芽) plant(植物,种植) should (应该) then(然后)

PEP六年级(下册)四会单词词汇表

Unit 1:tall—taller更高的 short—shorter 更矮的 strong—stronger更强壮的 old—older 年龄更大的 young—younger 更年轻的 big—bigger更大的heavy—heavier 更重

的 long—longer 更长的 thin—thinner 更瘦的 small—smaller (体型)更小的

Unit 2:have a fever 发烧 have a sore throat喉咙疼 have a cold感冒 have a toothache 牙疼 have a headache 头疼 matter事情,麻烦 sore 疼的 hurt疼痛 nose 鼻子 tired疲劳的,累的 excited兴奋的 angry生气的 happy高兴的 bored无聊的,烦人的 sad 忧伤的,悲伤的

Unit 3:watch—watched 看 wash—washed 洗 clean—cleaned打扫 play—played玩 visit—visited 看望 do—did last weekend上一个周末 go—went去 go to a park—went to a park 去公园 go swimming—went swimming去游泳 go fishing—went fishing去钓鱼 read—read 读 go hiking—went hiking 去郊游

Unit 4:learn Chinese—learned Chinese学汉语 sing and dance—sang and danced 唱歌和跳舞 eat good food—ate good food吃好吃的食物take pictures—took pictures 照相 climb—climbed 爬 have—had buy presents—bought presents买礼物 row a boat—rowed a boat 划船 see elephant—saw elephant 看大象 go skiing—went skiing 去滑雪 go ice-skating—went ice-skating 去滑冰

how怎么,如何 get—got 到达 last上一个的,仅余的,留在最后的

语法知识

可数名词的复数变化规则:

1.一般情况下,直接在词尾加-s, 如:girl-girls, book-books, pen-pens

2.以s,x,sh,ch结尾的词,在词后加-es, 如:class-classes, box-boxes, match-matches,

3.以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y 为i 再加-es, 如:city-cities, family-families, country- countries

4.以f或fe结尾的,变f或fe为v再加-es, 如:knife-knives, wife-wives, life-lives,

一般现在时态的标志词:always、usually、often、every day 、never . on Mondays … 第三人称单数的变化情况:

1. 一般情况在词尾直接加-s ,如play--plays

2. 以ch,sh,s,x或o结尾的词加-es ,如: go--goes

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的词,将y改成i再加-es ,如: study--studies

句型; 主语+动词原形或(第三人称单数)+ 其他

I usually go to school on foot .

She often goes to school by bike .

一般正在进行时的标志词; .now/ look/ listen…动名词的变化规则:

1. 一般情况在词尾直接加-ing ,如:go--going

2. 以e结尾的词,去掉e再加-ing, 如:come--coming

3. 以重读闭音节结尾的词,双写最后一个字母加-ing, 如:get--getting

句型: 主语+ Be动词(am is are )+ 动名词

I am watching TV now .

Look , they are cooking dinner .

一般将来时态的标志词:tonight , tomorrow , this morning , this afternoon , this evening ,next week …

句型: 主语+be going to/will + 动词原形

I am going to play football tomorrow .

He is going to swim this morning .

They are going to the cinema next week .

一般过去时的标志词:.yesterday (morning/afternoon/evening) last( year/month/) a minute ago/ an hour ago

一般过去时变化规则

1. 一般情况在词尾直接加-ed ,如:look--looked

2. 以e结尾的词加-d ,如:live--lived

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的词,将y改成i再加-ed ,如:study--studied

4. 以重读闭音节结尾的词,双写最后一个字母加-ed ,如: stop—stopped

句型: 主语+动词过去式+ 其他

I visited my uncle yesterday.

Last year , I often played football after school .

二、形容词的比较级、最高级。

形容词有比较级与最高级之分, 单音节词的变化规则:

1.一般情况下,直接在词尾加-er或-est, 如:small-smaller-smallest, short-shorter-shortest

2.以e结尾的,加-er或-est, 如:large-larger-largest, nice-nicer-nicest.

3.以辅音字母+y结尾的, 变y 为i 再加-er或-est, 如:busy-busier-busiest, heavy-heavier-heaviest.

4.以重读闭音节,一个辅音字母结尾的,双写该字母,再加-er或-est, 如:big-bigger-biggest, thin-thinner-thinnest.

5.多音节的词,前加more, most, 如: beautiful-more beautiful-most beautiful.

6.good-better-best

比较级句型: 主语+Be动词+形容词比较级+ than+比较对象

John is 156cm , Peter is 185cm . Peter is taller than Jonh .

最高级句型: 主语+Be动词+ the +形容词最高级+ 名词+ 比较范围

Amy is the tallest girl in her class.

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