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外研社版小学四年级重点语法,重点句和句型转换

发布时间:2013-11-04 12:34:53  

四年级英语第七册 重点句和重点语法

◆先朗读下面的重点句————

1. Lucy in London . 时间是现在,主语又是第三人称单数,动词用第三人称单数形式。

2.She in London last year. 时间是过去,主语虽然是第三人称单数,动词用过去式。

3.We at Buckingham Palace. 3、4两句的时间不同, 所用的be的形式就不同。

4.We at Buckingham Palace yesterday.

5.He to school every day. 5、6两句的时间不同, 所用的动词的形式就不同。

6.He to school yesterday.

7.He Chinese food.

8. He football. like 后面用doing

9. They and we 词组go swimming / go skating

10. They fell over again. It was really fun. 摔倒---______ 真的有趣 ______

11. They wore warm clothes. wear 过去式 ________

12. They went home by bus . 回家这个词组中home 前面是不能用to 的

13. They went to school by bicycle . walk to school 是用to的。乘公共汽车_________

14. They walked home. home这个词前面是不用to 的

15. They walked to school . 乘车、骑自行车用by bus/ by bicycle ,中间不用a /an /the by bus (对) by a bus (错) by buses (错) by the bus (错)

walk home (对) go home (对) walk to home(错) go to home (错) her toys. and 前面一个动词、后面一个动词形式要一样 前面是动词原形后面的就是动词原形 ;前面的是动词的过去式后面的也要是动词的过去式 the man 词组 看______ (?) by bicycle = on the bike , 区别在冠词上

注意名词的复数形式

19. There are 20 in the box. 注意名词的复数形式

20. Did you go to the supermarket ? 词组 去超市 _______________

21. He is thin now , but he is fat then . now 前面的句子用现在时, then 前面的句子用过去式

22. I am old now, but I was young then. 仔细观察now . then 前面句子的动词的形式

23. What did you do yesterday ? I .

你昨天做什么事情了? 我去超市了。 这个问句相当于对后面的整个词组的对划线部分提问

24. — _______________________ yesterday ? (对划线部分提问) (答案:What did she do ) — She bought some watermelons . a pen and five books . 就近原则;最近的是a pen 所以前面用There is five books and a pen . 就近原则;最近的是five books 所以前面用There is

27. There was a park over there There is 的过去时间的表示法--- There was

28. There were some children in the park There are的过去时间的表示法-----There were

29. She played the flute . 前面有动词了,后面的“好”用well ;前面有be后面的“好”用good

30. —_________did they come ? (对划线部分提问) 回答的重点在“时间” 所以用When —They came here last Sunday.

◆注意: like 后面的动词的正确形式

1. He ________ football. (用play的正确形式) A. play B. to playing C. playing

“like” 当“喜欢”这个意思的用时,后面的动词要用动词ing形式

◆注意: be from 和 come from 的转换

2. Where are you from ? 两句话的意思完全相同,但是用的动词的形式不一样

3. Where do you come from ? is … from 和do … come from 之间的转换要会变化

4. Where is he from ? 根据11句,你能写出它的同义句吗?

5. Where _____ he ______ from? (Where does he come from?)

◆注意时间不同, 同一个动词的形式是不同的。

6. ( )He usually _____his homework at 7:30. A. finishs B. finishes C. finished

7. ( )He _______ his homework at 8:30 yesterday. A. finish B. finishes C. finished 这两句话的时间不同,动词是不是也就应该用不同的形式呀。 (答案: B C)

8. ( )He _______TV at home at 7:30. A. watchs B. watches C. watched

9. ( )He _______ TV at 8:30 yesterday. A. watch B. watches C. watched 用你学会的办法,你一定能选出这两句话的动词的正确形式。(答案: B C)

◆注意: 否定句中的动词的变化

10. He over again. It was fun.

一般过去时中否定动词, 在动词前面用didn’t , 动词用原形。 摔倒—fall over 有趣的(事)--fun

11. The man _______ gold . A. make B. don’t make C. didn’t make

肯定句的话,A对吗? 否定句的话B对还是C对? (答案C)

◆重点句的否定句的变化:

1)He learns to skate with his brother. 他跟哥哥学习滑冰。(否定句)

2)He learnt to skate with his brother last year . 去年他跟哥哥学习滑冰。(否定句)

3) He falls over again. _____________________________. (否定句)

4) He fell over again. _____________________________. (否定句)

5) There was an old man over there. ______________________________. (否定句)

6) There were some tigers in the zoo. _____________________________. (否定句)

7) He has got a bad cold. 这句话很特殊,关键词是has got ,否定句是在has 后面加not

8) They have got a cold. (否定句)

答案:1)He doesn’t learn to skate with his brother.

2)He to skate with his brother last year .

3) He over again.

4) He over again.

5) There an old man over there.

6) There tigers in the zoo.

7) He a bad cold. 这句话很特殊,关键词是has got ,否定句是在has 后面加not

8) They a cold. (否定句)

◆重点句的一般疑问句的变化:

1) They go to the supermarket every Sunday. _____________________________________

2) They came to the supermarket last Sunday. _____________________________________

3) He goes to the zoo on Saturdays. _____________________________________

4) He went to the zoo last Saturday. _____________________________________

5) Amy can play the flute very well. _____________________________________

6) This girl won a gold cup. _____________________________________

7) There are ten books on the desk . _____________________________________

8) There are some books on the desk . _____________________________________

9) We were hungry and thirsty. _____________________________________

10) I’ve got a cold.

答案:1) Do they go to the supermarket every Sunday?

2) to the supermarket last Sunday?

3) to the zoo on Saturdays?

4) to the zoo last Saturday?

5) play the flute very well?

6) won a gold cup?

7) ten books on the desk ?

8) books on the desk . 一般疑问句中some 要变成any

9) hungry and thirsty.

10) got a cold ?

◆重点句的特殊疑问句的变化: 本册书重点只有四个句子一定要掌握

1) ___________________? They went

2) ___________________? They went to the supermarket .

3) ___________________? They last Sunday.

4) ___________________? Sam was .

答案: Where did they go ?

When did they go to the supermarket ?

What did they do last Sunday?

How was Sam ? (要求不严的话, What’s the matter with Sam 也对)

◆下面我们看看三个重要的连词。

前一个句子说了一件事,后面的事情有了转折,但是的意思就用“but”

前一个句子说了一件事,后面的事情没有转折,接着说,补充说,就用“and”

前一个句子说了一件事,形成了后面的结果,有“所以“的意思就用“so ”

你来试试,看看能不能用正确的连词填空

12. He fell over . ________he didn’t hurt. A. But B. And C. So

13. She went ice-skating . _________ she wore warm clothes. A. But B. And C. So

14. She was thirsty. ________she bought some water. A. But B. And C. So

答案: ABC

15. They wore warm clothes. It was very cold.

wear 的过去式很特殊,你会写吗? 暖和的衣服怎样写?

24. 重点句的一般疑问句的变化 :

24. 让我们总结一下这册书中的重点介词的用法-------

1) He lives ______London . A. at B. in C. on D. to

2) He usually gets up ______ six. A. at B. in C. on D. to

3) They usually get up _______ half past six. A. at B. in C. on D. to

4) He walks ______home. A. at B. in C. / (不填) D. to

5) He walks ______school. A. at B. in C. / (不填) D. to

6) He goes swimming ______Sunday morning. A. at B. in C. / (不填) D. on

7) He carried some water ____ the old man. A.on B. in C.for

8) His birthday is _____ April . A. at B. in C. on D. to

9) Daming went ______ the Great Wall last week. A. at B. in C. on D. to

10) She played _____ her toys . A. at B. with C. to

11) Look _____ the picture. A. at B. in C. on D. to

12) He went home _____bus . A. at B. in C. on D.by

13) The bad man went to sea ______his ship. A. at B. in C. on D. by

14) Daminf went _____ a school trip. A. at B. in C. on D. by

15) Look at the man _____ the bicycle . A. at B. in C. on D. by

(1—5) 答案: BAACD (6—10) 答案: DCBDB (11-15) 答案: ADBCC

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