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六年级英语上册知识点

发布时间:2013-11-05 08:39:16  

六年级上册知识点

Unit 1 How do you go to school?

(一)主要词组:

by plane 坐飞机 by ship 坐轮船 on foot步行 by bike 骑自行车 by bus 坐公共汽车 by train 坐火

车 traffic lights交通灯 traffic rules交通规则 Stop at a red light 红灯停 Wait at a yellow light 黄灯等 Go at a green light 绿灯行

(二)、重点句型

① 询问交通方式用疑问代词how

? —— How do you go to school ? 你怎样去上学?

—— I go to school on foot . 我走路去上学。

? —— How do you go to Canada ? 你怎么去加拿大。

—— I go by plane . 我坐飞机去。

? —— How does your father go to work ? 你父亲怎样去上班?

—— He goes to work by subway . 他坐地铁去上班。

② 询问地点,用疑问代词where

? —— Where is your home ? 你家在哪里?

—— It’s near the post office . 在邮局旁边。

? —— Where are the teachers ? 老师们在哪儿?

—— They are in the teacher’s office . 在老师的办公室。

③ 问路

? —— How can I get to Zhongshan Park ? 我怎么去中山公园?

—— You can go by the No.1 bus.

You can take the No .1 bus

④ 交通规则(traffic rules )

?

?

?

? Stop at a red light . 红灯停 Wait at a yellow light . 黄灯停 Go at a green light . 绿灯行 In China and the US , drivers drive on the right side of the road .

在中国和美国,司机靠右行驶。

? In England and Australia, however, drivers drive on the left side of the road. 但是在英国和澳大利亚,司机靠左边行驶。

(三)知识点:

1、There are many ways to go somewhere.到一个地方去有许多方法。

这里的ways一定要用复数。因为there are是there be句型的复数形式。

2、get to到达.关于本单元我们还要学习与get相关的短语:

get on 上车 get off下车

3、on foot 步行 乘坐其他交通工具大都可以用介词by…, 但是步行只能用介词on 。on foot 相当于walk,只是walk是动词。 by subway 和by train,注意区别。

by subway: 地铁,是有墙壁的。by train: 火车,露天的。

4、go to school的前面绝对不能加the,这里是固定搭配。但是go home回家,home前不加to。

5、USA 和 US 都是美国的意思。另外America也是美国的意思。

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6 go to the park前面一定要加the.如果要去的地方有具体的名字,就不能再加the , 如果要去的地方没有具体名字,一定要在前面加the。但 go to school除外。

7、How do you go to …?你怎样到达某个地方?如果要问的是第三人称单数,则要用:How does he/she…go to …?

8、反义词:

get on(上车)---get off(下车) near(近的)—far(远的) fast(快的)—slow(慢的) because(因为)—why(为什么) same(相同的)—different(不同的)

9、近义词:

see you---goodbye sure---certainly---of course

10、频度副词:

always 总是,一直 usually 通常 often经常 sometimes 有时候 never 从来不

11、The traffic lights are the same in every country. There are always three lights: red, yellow and green. 每个国家的交通灯是一样。总是有三种:红,黄,绿。

12、China/ US中国和美国: the right side of the road 右边

England/Australia英国和澳大利亚: the left side of the road 左边

文化知识点:P12记住各个交通标志的意思。

Exercise For Unit 1

一、根据答句写问句或根据问句以及所给的信息写答句。

1 A:______________________________________________?

B: I go to school by bus .

2 A:______________________________________________?

B: You can go by the No.3 bus .

3 A:______________________________________________?

B: My home is near the post office .

4 A:______________________________________________?

B: I go to Shanghai by ship .

5 A:______________________________________________?

B: Peter and John go to the park by bike .

6 How does Peter go to school ? ( 地铁)

____________________________________________________.

7 How do they go to school ? (走路)

_____________________________________________________.

8 How can I get to the post office ? (坐10 路公共汽车)

______________________________________________________.

二、选择适当的词完成短文

left, yellow , green , right , rules , are , in , a , three , red ,

You must know the traffic ________ if you walk _______ a city .There _______ always ______ lights for the traffic lights . You can cross the street at the ______ light and you must stop at the ______ light .The _______ light means “Wait ”If you drive _______ , you must drive on the _______ side of the road in China .But in England , people drive on the _______ side of the road.

三、完成对话

A:Excuse me , _____________________________ the library , please ?

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B: Yes, _________________ .

A: _____________________________________________ ? B: No , it’s not far .

A: _______________________________________________? B: You can go there by bus .

A: __________________________________________________? B: You can ______________ the No . 3 bus .

A : Thank you very much .

B: ___________________________________________________.

四、完成句子

1 Go _________ a green light .

2 Yellow ______________ wait .

3 Drivers drive ________ ________

4 I often go to school _________ foot .

5 My home is not far . It’s _________.

_________ side of the road in China .

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Unit 2 Where is the science museum?

主要单词:library 图书馆 post office 邮局 hospital医院 cinema 电影院 bookstore书店 science museum科学博物馆 turn left向左转 turn right 向右转 go straight 直行 north北 south南 east东 west西

主要句子:

一、问路

1.Where is the cinema, please? 请问电影院在哪儿?

next to the hospital. 在医院的旁边。

in front of the school. 在学校的前面.

behind the park 在公园的后面

It’s near the zoo. 在动物园的附近.

on the right/left of the bookstore. 在书店的左/右边.

east of the bank. 在银行的东边.

far from here. 离这儿很远.

2. Excuse me, is there a cinema near here 请问这附近有电影院吗?

Yes, there is. 有.

3. How can I get to the hospital? 我该怎样到达医院呢?

You can go …

二、指引路

1. You can go by the No.312 bus. 你可乘坐312路公交车去那儿.

2. Get on / off at the … 在…地方上车/ 下车.

3. Walk straight for three minutes. 向前直走在分钟.

4. Turn right/ left at the … 在… 地方向右/ 左转.

5. Walk east/ west/ south/ north for … minutes.

朝东/ 西/南/北/ 走…分钟.

三 Is it far from here? 离这儿远吗?

Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.

知识点:

1、问路时要用―excuse me对不起,打扰一下‖

2、描述路时可以用顺序词: first首先, next接着, then然后

3、near 表示在附近,next to 表示与…相邻。它的范围比near小。

in front of 在。。。前面 behind 在。。。后面

4、在左边,在右边介词要用on, on the left/on the right,但是东西南北,介词要用in, in the north/east/south/west.

5、for 表示持续多长时间,当表示做某事多长时间都要用for. 如:Walk east for 5 minutes. Then walk straight for three minutes.

6、乘几路车可以用by the No.301 bus, 注意No.中N要大写,后面要加点。如果要用动词可以用take,例如take the No.301 bus.

7、当表示某个地方在另一个地方的哪一方向时,要用介词of。如:the hospital is east of the cinema. 医院在电影院的东边。

8、表示在哪儿转时,用介词at。 如:Turn left at the bank。在银行左转。

9、find表示―找到‖,强调找的结果。Look for 表示―寻找‖,强调找的过程。

10、在几点前面要用介词at,如at 7p.m.

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11、英文的书信与中文的书信不完全一样:

开头:英语是在人称后面加逗号,中文是加冒号。

正文:英语是空三个或者五个字母写,中文要空两个中文字格。

结尾:英语的落款与人名是顶格而且是分开写的。中文则是另起一行,放在一起且稍靠后一点儿的地方。英文名字的书写要注意下。

12、近义词:

bookstore==bookshop 书店 go straight==go down直行

after school==after class 放学后

13、反义词或对应词:

here (这里)---there(那里) east(东)---west(西) north(北)---south(南)

left(左)---right(右) get on (上车)---get off(下车)

14、in the front of…表示在…的前面,是指在该地方的范围内,in front of而则表示在该地方的范围外。如:in front of our classroom是指在教室的外面而且在教室的前面。而in the front of classroom则是指在教室里的前面。

15、 be far from…表示离某地远. be 可以是am , is ,are。介词要用from。

如:I am far from school now. 我现在离学校很远。

My home is not far from school.我家离学校不远。

Exercise for unit2

一 根据对话中上下文意思,在空格中填上合适的词使句子完整。

1 can I go to the zoo ? You can go the No.41 bus. ’s ______the bank.

3. I want to buy a book, I’m going to the . I want to send a letter. I’m going to the .

4.If you hurt your leg. You can go to the to see a .

5. A is a place where you can get or save money.

二 把下列句子按要求进行变化.

1. The library is near the hospital. ( 对画线部分提问)

2. Go straight for five minutes. Then turn right.(对回答进行提问)

3. The cinema is near here. (变一般疑问句)

4. There is a bank near here. ( 变成一般疑问句并做出肯定回答)

5 Thank you. ( 写出回答) .

三 完成下列对话.

A: _____ ______ . ____ _____a post office near here?

B: Yes, ____ ____. It’s _____ to the bank.

A: _____ ________ ________ ? B: No, it’s near here.

A: _____ ______ ________ _______ _________ ?

B: You can go by the No. 12 bus. _____ _____ the bus at the park. Then get off at the zoo. Walk

____________ for two minutes. It’s _____ the left. A: _____________ . B: You’re welcome.

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Unit 3 What are you going to do ?

主要单词:

this morning 今天上午 this afternoon 今天下午this evening 今天晚上 next week 下周 tomorrow 明天 tonight 今晚post card 明信片

comic book漫画书 newspaper报纸

主要句子:

本单元中出现的一个重点语法项目是一般将来时:表示将要发生的动作或状态 ,常和表示将来的时间连用。

构成: 陈述肯定句: be going to + V原+ 其他

I am going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon.

否定句: be + not going to + V原+其他

I’m not going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon.

一般疑问句: Be+ 主语+ going to + V原 +其他

Are you going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon? Yes, I am. /No, I’m not. What are you going to do this afternoon?

Where are you going this afternoon?

How are you going to the bookstore this afternoon?

When are you going to the bookstore by bus?

知识点:

1、What are you going to do?你想做什么?询问他人在未来的打算。be going to 后面要跟动词的原形。注意be going to be 意思是 ―打算成为什么,干什么职业。‖

注意一下句子的区别,找出正确回答。

What are you going to do this afternoon?

What are you going to buy?

What are you going to be?

When are you going?

Where are you going?

How are you going?

Who are you going with?

2、this evening 和 tonight的 区别:this evening指的是今天晚上睡觉以前的时间,一般指晚上十二点以前。而tonight指的是今晚,一般是指一整晚的时间,通宵。

3、P30写周末的作文的模板

4、部分疑问代词的意义与用法:

(1)What 什么。用来问是什么,做什么,叫什么,什么样等等。如:What is your name? 你的名字叫什么?

What is your father? 你爸爸是干什么的?

What is your hobby?你的爱好是什么?

What is your favourite food?你最喜爱的食物是什么?

What’s your math teacher like? 你的数学老师长得什么样子?

(2)Where , 在哪里,到哪里。用来问地点。

如:Where are you from?你从哪里来?

Where are you going to ?你打算去哪里?

Where is my ruler?我的尺子在哪里?

6 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句 ?

(3)When,什么时候。用来问时间。如:

When is your birthday? 你的生日是什么时候?

When are you going to ?你打算什么时候去?

When do you go to school?你什么时候去上学?

(4)what time 几点了。用来问具体的时间,

如:What time is it? 现在几点了?

(5)What colour什么颜色。用来问物体的颜色。如:

What colour is your schoolbag?你的书包是什么颜色的?

(6)What kind of 什么种类。用来问类别。如

What kind of fruit do you like?你最喜欢哪一种水果?

(7)who谁。用来问人物是谁。如:

Who is your English teacher ?你的英语老师是谁?

Who’s that man? 那个男人是谁?

(8) whose谁的。用来问物体的主人是谁?如:

Whose pencil is this? 这是谁的铅笔?

Whose bike is blue? 谁的自行车是蓝色的?

(9) which哪一个。用来问具体的哪一个。如:

Which season do you like best?你最喜欢哪个季节?

Which pencil is ken’s? the long one or the short one?

哪只铅笔是Ken的?长的那支还是短的那支?

(10)how怎样?用来问身体状况,或者事情的状况,对事件的看法等。如:

How are you?你好吗?

How is your mother? 你妈妈好吗?

How about you? 你呢?

(11)how many多少个。用来问有多少个,后面要跟名词的复数形式。如:

How many books do you have?你有多少本书?

How many kites can you see? 你能看见多少只风筝?

(12) how much 多少钱。用来问物体的价钱。如:

How much are they? 他们多少钱?

How much is your schoolbag? 你的书包多少钱?

(13)how old 几岁了。用来问年龄。如

How old are you ? 你几岁了?

How old is your father? 你爸爸多大了?

(14)why为什么。用来问原因,一般要用because来回答。如:why do you like spring?你为什么喜欢春天? Because I can fly kites.国为我可以放风筝。

(15) how long 多长

(16)how tall 多高

5、I want to be…我想成为… 表示理想。相当于I’m going to be ….

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6、地点名称:fruit stand 水果店 clothes shop服装店 shoe store鞋店 pet shop宠物店 theme park主题公园 the Great Wall长城 plant shop 植物店

restaurant 饭店 bus stop 公交车站

7、在哪个门用介词at, at the north/east/south/west gate.

8、现在进行时与一般将来时的区别:

注意 be going to 加动词的原形,表示的不是现在进行时,而是表示将来时态。

练习:play __________ swim ___________ write __________ be _________

Unit 4 I have pen pal

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1、动词变为动名词的规则:

动词变为动名词,即是动词加ing。一般要遵循以下三条规则:

(1)一般情况下,在动词的后面直接加ing。如:play—playing read—reading do—doing go—going

(2)以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,要去掉不发音的字母e,再加ing。如:write—writing ride—riding make—making dance—dancing

(3)以单元音加单辅音结尾的重读闭音节,要双写最后一个辅音字母,再加ing。如:run—

running swim—swimming put—putting sit—sitting

2、记住like后面要加动词ing,说爱好有三种说法:

①I like swimming.

②Swimming is my hobby.

③My hobby is swimming.

注意:She likes drawing pictures, listening to music and making kites.这几个爱好是并列的,都是在like后面,所以都要加ing.

3、第48页是写自己或者笔友的作文模板

4、第49页是写自己或者是其他人一天的作文模板,记住要用一般现在时态。

2、关于第三人称单数:

动词变为第三人称单数形式的规则:

(1)在一个句子中,如果主语人称既不是你,也不是我,而是另外的一个人,这时的人称叫做第三人称单数。

(2)在第三人称单词的句子中,动词要使用第三人称单词形式。

(3)动词变为第三人称单数形式,要遵循以下规则:

①一般情况下,在动词的后面直接加s。如:

read--reads make—makes write—writes

②以字母s, x, o , sh , ch结尾的动词,在词尾加es。如:do—does wash—washes teach—teaches go—goes pass—passes

③以y结尾的动词分为两个情况,以元音字母加y结尾的动词,在词尾直接加s。如:play—plays buy--buys

以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,要把y变为i,再加es.如:study--studies

④以f , fe结尾的名词,先把f,fe变为v,再加-es.

⑤特殊变化:have--has

(4)在一个第三人称单数的句子中,只要句子中出现了does或者其否定形式doesn’t.该句子中的其他动词就要使用原形。

(5)第三人称单数的肯定句在变为否定句时,在动词的前面加doesn’t. 动词恢复原形。如:He lives in Beijing.---He doesn’t live in Beijing.

(6) 第三人称单数的陈述句在变为一般疑问句时,用does开头,后面的动词也要变为原形。如:He lives in Beijing.---Does he live in Beijing?

注意:用来does,后面的动词就不能用第三人称形式。

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练习:get ________ teach ________ go ________ study ________fix _______ have ________

3、注意几个单词的变化:

hobby(复数形式)—hobbies have to(同义词)—must same(反义词)---different look the same 看起来一样

4、几种时态的比较:

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5、city 城市 county 国家或者乡村 province 省

Unit5 What does she do?

1、一些由动词变化而来的职业名词:

teach—teacher clean—cleaner sing—singer dance—dancer

drive—driver write—writer TV report—TV reporter

act—actor act—actress art—artist engine—engineer

play basketball/football/baseball—basketball/football/baseball player

2、提问职业有两种方式: What is your father? 或者What does your father do?

3、a/an的区别,跟元音发音有关。例如:

a singer/writer/TV reorter

an actor/actress/artist/engineer/accountant

4、What are you going to be ?问的是长大想干什么,注意用―be‖.

I’m going to be a …记住p61和63有关职业信息的内容

5、记住几个地点: shoe /car/air-conditioner company 鞋/汽车/空调公司

6、做―对句子划线部分提问‖试题时,一般应该遵循三个步骤:

(1)确定与句子划线部分相应的特殊疑问词,并且特殊疑问词代替相应的划线部分。

(2)把特殊疑问词代替划线部分后的句子变成一般疑问句。

(3)最后再把特殊疑问词提到句首。

以上三个基本步骤可以用三个字来概括,即:定,问,提。例如:This is a book.

①This is what. ②Is this what ? ③What is this ?

注意:句①②只是一种变化过程,不必写入试题中。句③才是试题所要求的形式和结果,必须写到试题上。以上三个步骤是对句子划线部分提问最基本的过程。

然而对不同句子的不同成份提问时,还要注意以下几点:

(1). 如果句子的划线部分是主语,只找出相应的特殊疑问词,用来代替划线部分即可。如:

Who teaches us English?

2) clothes are over there. Whose clothes are over there?

(2). 如果句子的划线部分是谓语(包括谓语动词),不论原来的谓语动词是何种形式(时态、语态),都要将谓语动词变为do的相应的形式:不论原来的谓语动词后面跟的是人、物还是地点,一律用What来代替。如:

①They are doing what. ②Are they doing what? ③What are they doing?

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①They wolf is going to do what. ②Is the wolf going to do what?

③What is the wolf going to do?

(3). 如果句子的划线部分是定语,并且在谓语部分,这时,需将特殊疑问词和紧跟其后的名词一起提到句首。如: ①That is whose pen. ②Is that whose pen? ③Whose pen is that?

对定语划线部分提问题,如果划线部分是所属关系,特殊疑问词用whose;如果划线部分指具体的―某一个‖时特殊疑问词用which;如果划线部分指内容或职业时,特殊疑问词用what;如果划线部分指数量时,特殊疑问词用how many(可数)或how much(不可数)。如:

1) They are the legs of the desk.

①They are whose legs. ②Are they whose legs? ③Whose legs are they?

2)I like red one.

①You like which one. ②Do you like which one? ③Which one do you like?

3)They have five English books.

They have how many English books.

Do they have how many English books?

How many English books do they have?

文化知识点:职业男女的称呼区别 actor—actress salesman—saleswoman salesperson 男女售货员都可以 mailman—mailperson(女)

Unit6 The story of rain

这一单元是一个阅读单元,基本上没有什么知识点,我们只需注意几个单词的变化就可以。

1、名词变形容词:

rain-rainy cloud –cloudy wind-windy sun- sunny snow- snowy

2、We can see water in the sea/river/lake/stream/rain/snow

3、注意表示顺序的词:first 首先 then然后 next接下去

4、记住第71页的水循环的图和72页的过程。

5、注意几对来自:wheat----flour---bread sheep--- mutton apple----apple juice pig---pork cow----milk

6、注意植物的生长顺序,有可能考到排列顺序题P73

6、should 是情态动词,后面加动词的原形。

文化知识点:水在不同的温度下有三种状态 ice water vapour

最后注意下,音标第82,一般考到的是给你音标,你能选出相对应的单词。

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