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pep小学六年级上unit3

发布时间:2013-11-05 09:41:15  

Unit 3 What are you going to do?

一、语法:

本单元中出现的一个重点语法项目是一般将来时:表示将要发生的动作或状态 ,常和表示将来的时间连用。

构成: 陈述肯定句: be going to + V原+ 其他

否定句: be + not going to + V原+其他

一般疑问句: Be+ 主语+ going to + V原 +其他

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句

E.g. I am going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon.

I’m not going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon.

Are you going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon?

Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.

What are you going to do this afternoon?

Where are you going this afternoon?

How are you going to the bookstore this afternoon?

When are you going to the bookstore by bus?

二、 重点句型:

1. ---What are you going to do on the weekend?你周末打算做什么?

---I’m going to visit my grandparents this weekend?

这个周末我打算去看望我的外祖父母。

2. ---Where are you going this afternoon? 你今天下午打算去哪里?

---I’m going to the bookstore.我打算去书店。

3. ---What are you going to buy?你打算去买什么?

---I’m going to buy a comic book。我打算去买一本漫画书。

4. I’m going to have a busy weekend! 我将要度过一个繁忙的周末。

5. That will be fun! 那将会很有意思。

6. What else? 还要什么?

7. ----What are you going to do in the future? 你将来想干什么?

---- 我想将来有一天当科学老师。 ----- What about you ? 你呢?

-----我想当个电脑专家。

三、知识点

1、this evening 和 tonight的 区别:this evening指的是今天晚上睡觉以前的时间,一般指晚上十二点以前。而tonight指的是今晚,一般是指一整晚的时间,通宵。

2、部分疑问代词的意义与用法:

(1)What 什么。用来问是什么,做什么,叫什么,什么样等等。如: What is your name? 你的名字叫什么?

What is your father? 你爸爸是干什么的?

What is your hobby?你的爱好是什么?

What is your favourite food?你最喜爱的食物是什么?

What’s your math teacher like? 你的数学老师长得什么样子?

(2)Where , 在哪里,到哪里。用来问地点。

如:Where are you from?你从哪里来?

Where are you going to ?你打算去哪里?

Where is my ruler?我的尺子在哪里?

(3)When,什么时候。用来问时间。如:

When is your birthday? 你的生日是什么时候?

When are you going to ?你打算什么时候去?

When do you go to school?你什么时候去上学?

(4)what time 几点了。用来问具体的时间,

如:What time is it? 现在几点了?

(5)What colour什么颜色。用来问物体的颜色。如:

What colour is your schoolbag?你的书包是什么颜色的?

(6)What kind of 什么种类。用来问类别。如

What kind of fruit do you like?你最喜欢哪一种水果?

(7)who谁。用来问人物是谁。如:

Who is your English teacher ?你的英语老师是谁?

Who’s that man? 那个男人是谁?

(8) whose谁的。用来问物体的主人是谁?如:

Whose pencil is this? 这是谁的铅笔?

Whose bike is blue? 谁的自行车是蓝色的?

(9) which哪一个。用来问具体的哪一个。如:

Which season do you like best?你最喜欢哪个季节?

Which pencil is ken’s? the long one or the short one?

哪只铅笔是Ken的?长的那支还是短的那支?

(10)①how怎样?用来问身体状况,或者事情的状况,对事件的看法等。如:How are you?你好吗?

How is your mother? 你妈妈好吗?

How about you? 你呢?

②how怎样?用来问交通方式。如:

How do you go to school? 你怎样去学校?

How do you go to Canada? 你怎样去加拿大?

(11)how many多少个。用来问有多少个,后面要跟名词的复数形式。如: How many books do you have?你有多少本书?

How many kites can you see? 你能看见多少只风筝?

(12) how much 多少钱。用来问物体的价钱。如:

How much are they? 他们多少钱?

How much is your schoolbag? 你的书包多少钱?

(13)how old 几岁了。用来问年龄。如

How old are you ? 你几岁了?

How old is your father? 你爸爸多大了?

(14)why为什么。用来问原因,一般要用because来回答。如:

why do you like spring?你为什么喜欢春天?

Because I can fly kites.国为我可以放风筝。

(15) ①how long 表示多长时间,主要用来对一段时间(如three days, four weeks 等)提问。如:

How long does it take to get to London from here? 从这里到伦敦要多长时间? At least ten hours. 至少要10个小时。

②how long表示某东西有多长。如:

How long is the river? 这条河有多长?

About 500 km. 大约500千米。

(16)how tall 多高

How tall are you? 你多高?

3、I want to be…我想成为… 表示理想。相当于I’m going to be ….

4、地点名称:fruit stand 水果店 clothes shop服装店 shoe store鞋店 pet shop宠物店 theme park主题公园 the Great Wall长城 plant shop 植物店 restaurant 饭店 bus stop 公交车站

5、在哪个门用介词at。 at the north/east/south/west gate.

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