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小学 英语语法 一般现在时

发布时间:2013-11-06 13:38:51  

概 念
表示经常发生 的动作或状态, 也表示永远不 变的现象

s
es es es

再来看看这些题:
? ? ? Her name is Mary. She ____ (like) swimming. And I ___ (like) swimming too. She ____ ___ ____ (go to school) from Monday to Friday. After dinner, she always ____ ____ (watch TV) before she ____ ____ ____ .(go to bed) Her father is a dentist he always ____ ____ (fix teeth).

?

一般现在时的构成:
? I/We/You/They + 动词原形+…. ? He/She/It/Tom和其他名字及所有能转化成 he, she, it的词+动词三单(s,es,ies, has)+…

10 points 一般情况直接加s
? ? ? ? get-gets live-lives like-likes want-wants

30 points 以s, x, ch, sh, o结尾时, 动词词尾加es
? ? ? ? ? ? guess-guesses fix-fixes watch-watches brush-brushes go-goes do-does

20 points 辅音字母加y结尾时, 去掉y变i,加es
? fly-flies ? cry-cries 注意:元音字母+y 则直接加s ? play-plays

10 points have-has
? 只有一个 have-has

动词一般现在时的第三人称单数
? ? ? ? 1.一般情况直接加s 2.以s, x, ch, sh, o结尾时,动词词尾加es 3.辅音字母加y结尾时,去掉y变i,加es 4.have-has

My day

? 表示习惯性、经常性的动作, 也可表示现在的状态与特征, 还可以表示普遍真理。 ? be动词;行为动词do/does

? 什么是第三人称单数?
? he、she、it ? 所有可以转换成he、she、it的词或词组。 ? 如:my mother the table

? 肯定句
? 主语(非三单)+动词+……
? We play the piano every Sunday. ? I go fishing with my father twice a month.

? 主语(三单)+动词(变形)+……
? Tim watches TV every night. ? My sister has curly hair.

? 一般疑问句
? Do+主语(非三单)+动词+……?
? Do you want to have a cup of coffee? ? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

? Does+主语(三单)+动词+……?
? Does he always walk to school? ? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

小贴士

助动词后面的动词,都是动词原形!

1.表示经常发生的动作,或通常存在的状态。
一般现在时中经常会出现的时间副词: always, usually, often, sometimes, never, every day (week, month, year…)

? We never get up late. ? She brings mails every day.

2.表示客观存在或者普遍真理特征时。
一般在表示客观存在,所以通常不用时间状语, 用一般现在时陈述。

? The moon is up in the sky. ? The earth turns around the sun. ? The lemonade tastes sour.

3.一些表示心理状态或情感的动词。
很多系动词通常也用一般现在时,而不用现在 进行时。

? I wish you a Merry Christmas. ? He doesn’t agree with you. ? Do you remember your homework?

小贴士
很多系动词通常也用一般现在时,而不用 现在进行时 。
小学英语中常见的有: like, dislike, love, hate, want, wish, hope, think, understand,

remember, forget, mean, need, hear, feel, see. I think it is going to snow. I really hope you can enjoy your stay here.

Exercise in P


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