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There be句型课程讲解

发布时间:2013-11-08 12:36:43  

There be 句型课程讲解(一)

一、 There be 句型的用法:

表示某个地方存在某物或某人,Be动词的单复数必须依主语的变化而变化。如:房间里有一张桌子。There is a table in the room.

区别: 表达一个人拥有某样东西时则用have/has,如:我有一张桌子。I have a table.

二、 There be 句型的结构:

There is+第三人称单数可数/不可数主语+地点状语

例:There is a ruler on the desk. 书桌上有一把尺。 There is some water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一些水。

There are+复数主语+地点状语

例:There are four apples on the tree. 树上有四个苹果。 There are many flowers in the park. 公园里有许多花。 There is+第三人称单数可数+V-ing+地点状语

例:There is a bird singing in the tree. 树上有一只鸟正在唱歌。 There is a baby sleeping in the room. 房间里有一个宝宝正在睡觉。 There are+复数主语+V-ing+地点状语

例:There are some birds singing in the tree.

树上有一些鸟正在唱歌。

There are two boys running on the street.

街上有两个男孩正在奔跑。

There be 句型的否定形式(二)

一、There be 句型的否定:

否定形式只要在be动词后面加not即可,但要注意的是句中的some改成any.

1. There is a knife in the kitchen.

否定:There is not a knife in the kitchen.

2. There are five apples on the tree.

否定:There are not five apples on the tree.

3. There is some ink in the bottle.

否定:There is not any ink in the bottle.

4. There are some birds singing in the tree.

否定:There are not any birds singing in the tree.

二、There be否定句型中的not any与no可以互换,not any强调一个都没有。

1. There are not any books in the bag.

=There are no books in the bag.

2. There is no baby crying in the room.

=There is not any baby crying in the room.

3. There are no students in the classroom.

=There are not any students in the classroom.

4. There is not any milk in the bottle.

=There is no milk in the bottle.

There be 句型的疑问句及回答(三)

一、There be 句型的疑问

1. 在“There is/are...”的疑问句中,要把Be动词放在there之前,并将句号变问号。难点:句中出现的some要改成any。 2. 肯定回答为:Yes, there is/are.

3. 否定回答为: No, there isn’t/aren’t. 结构分析:

Be动词+there+主语……? 1. There is an apple on the tree. Is there an apple on the tree? 肯定回答: Yes, there is. 否定回答: No, there isn’t. 2. There are five pens on the desk. Are there five pens on the desk? 肯定回答: Yes, there are. 否定回答: No, there aren’t. 3. There is some water in the cup. Is there any water in the cup? 肯定回答: Yes, there is. 否定回答: No, there isn’t.

There be 句型的练习题

一、选择题:

1.

A.a B.an C.some

2. There is ______ rocking chair in my bedroom.

A. a B.an C.five

3. There are _____ new books for you.

A. a B.an C.two

4. There is _______ ruler on the desk.

A. a B.an C.some

5. There is________cap on the desk.

A. one B.an C.three

6. There are ______ pencil boxes in the book bag.

A. a B.an C.two

二. 把下例句子改成疑问句:

1. There are four apples on the ground.

疑问句:_______________________________________

2. There are five birds in the tree.

疑问句:_______________________________________

3. There are five birds singing in the tree.

疑问句:_______________________________________

4. There is an armchair in the living room.

疑问句:______________________________________

5. There’s a sofa in the living room.

疑问句:______________________________________

6. There’s a rubber duck in the bathmat.

疑问句:______________________________________

三.把下例句子改成否定句:

1. There are two bowls on the table.

否定句:__________________________________________

2. There are some beautiful flowers in the garden.

否定句:__________________________________________

3. There is a tree in the garden.

否定句:___________________________________________

4. There is an apple tree in the garden.

否定句:____________________________________________

四. 按要求改句子(…not any…=…no…)

1. There are not any cats in my family.

=_________________________________________

2. There is not any milk in the bottle.

=_________________________________________

3. There are no teachers in the school.

=_________________________________________

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