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牛津上海英语高一上册 unit 1 More reading语言点梳理

发布时间:2013-11-09 13:39:47  

Balancing world diets

Listen to the tape and find the differences between Western and Asian diets

Differences between Western and Asian diets
Westerners

food

methods of preparing food effects on health

Asians More meat, more dairy Much rice or noodles; products, more eggs, leafy vegetables; fresh fruit; soya more chicken, and products; a variety of more sweet food. food Vegetable oils are Butter is more often commonly used in used in cooking cooking More likely to have weight problems, heart More likely to stay healthy tend diseases and many to live longer forms of cancers

1.weight n. ? (1) What’s the weight of the gold coin? It is 50 grams in weight. ? (2) put on weight lose weight ? (3) by weight 论重量,以斤两计 Fruit and vegetables are sold by weight.

weigh v. 称…重量 eg. The man weighed the fish by hand. 那个人 用手估量那条鱼的重量。 重… eg. How much does it weigh? It weighs six pounds. 仔细考虑,权衡,比较 eg. Weigh your words before speaking.

2.appear vi. 似乎,看起来好像,显得 (seem) eg. She appeared to be happy at the good news. =It appeared that … He appeared to be talking to himself when I came in. =It appeared that … You appear to have traveled a lot. =It appears that …

3.account for 解释,说明(理由) : to be the reason for eg, How can you account for the accident? Recent pressure at work may account for his marks. 汽车污染完全能解释城市污染的主要来源。 他的懒惰完全能解释他未能通过考试的原因. 4. in moderation 适度地,有节制地,不过度地 Will wine be harmful if taken in moderation? The P.E. teacher advised him to do some outdoor exercise but in moderation.

moderate adj. 适度的,中等的 moderately adv. moderate exercise 适度的运动 moderate income 过得去的收入 a man of moderate ability 5. in contrast to / with 与…相比较 eg. In contrast to our old house, the new one is much better. by contrast 相比而言 eg. By contrast, Debbie looked friendly.
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6. variety n. ? a (large / wide) variety of ? a life full of variety 富于变化的生活 ? variety show 综艺节目 ? various adj. ? from various countries ? various reasons ? 7. stay vi. 维持(…的状态),保持,继续 ? stay healthy stay seated ? stay single stay awake
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8.in contrast to与…相比较 In contrast to metals, plastic has both advantages and disadvantages. In contrast to other recent video games, this one isn't very exciting. by contrast 比较起来 After months of living in a tropical climate, Spain seemed cool by contrast. In comparison with… 与…相比 In comparison with others, she is quite clever.

make a comparison 做比较 beyond comparison 无可比拟的 compare…with… 把…和…相比较 Please Compare your handwriting with wangxue’s handwriting . Compared with what he had, the new stamp is not very interesting. compare…t

o… 把…比作… eg. What do you compare your motherland to?

experience 体验,经历 vt. ? They experienced hunger, thirst and heat in the desert. We have never experienced such bad weather. ? Our country has experienced great changes in the last 30 years. n. (u.) 经验 She had no experience of life at all. The job requires three years’ experience as a driver. n. (c.) 经历 Meeting the famous star was a memorable (值得记忆的) experience. ? experienced adj. 有经验的 She is quite experienced in teaching drawing. 9.

10.be aware of …意识到… eg. He wasn’t aware of his failure. ? She was aware of the footsteps hurrying after her. ? 孩子门意识到了吸毒的危险. ? The children are aware of the danger of taking drugs. ? be aware that… 从句 ? eg. You should be aware that what you are doing is wrong. ? 你意识到杨老师不高兴了吗? ? Were you aware that Mrs yang wasn’t happy? ? awareness n. political awareness 政治觉悟

11.fortunately adv. 幸运地 ? Fortunately, zhangwei found the money that he had lost. ? fortunate adj.幸运地 I was fortunate to have/in having a good mother. * She's fortunate enough to enjoy good health. It was fortunate that she met the doctor just when she needed him. 我幸亏选择得对, 结果赢了! ? fortune n. make a fortune 发财 try one’s fortune 碰碰运气
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2.The dress (which /that I bought yesterday) fits me well. 3.The light bulb (which that Mrs Li bought) does not work. 4.The food (which /that we had in the restaurant on the corner) tasted awful. 5.The package (which/that I lost) contained a library present. 6.The book (which /that I borrowed from the library) is about ancient paintings. 7.The trousers (which/that Martin chose) tore when he put them on.

1.People (who eat a variety of foods) can stay healthy. ? 2.There are significant differences between western diets and Asian diets. ? 3.Their first meeting proved to be the beginning of their cooperation. ? 4.Dad decided to make the best use of the May day holiday to take the family to QingDao. ? 5.White agriculture means a new kind of farming (that grows plants in water). ? 6.The red roses (which are in the garden in front of Miss Huang’s house) appear to be well nourished.

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7.In contrast to Asians ,westerners eat more meat and dairy products. ? 8.People (who are aware of the importance of health) are paying closer attention to their diets. ? 9. We should pay attention to our diets because they will influence our health. ? 10.The research( which is conducted in SunQi ao Modern Agriculture Development Zone) will bring huge economic benefits to the Chinese farmers.
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Weather___, we”ll go out for a walk. A permitted B permitting C permits D for permitting

独立主格结构主要用于描绘性文字中,其作用 相当于一个状语从句,常用来表示时间、原因、 条件、行为方式或伴随情况等。例如: ? 1) 表示

时间 ? The meeting being over, all of us went home. 开完会后我们都回家了。 ? Her work done, she sat down for a cup of tea. 她干完了活,坐下来喝茶。 ? 2) 表示条件 The condition being favourable, he may succeed. 若条件有利,他或许能成功。 3) 表示原因 There being no taxis, we had to walk. 没有出租车,我们只好步行。
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常见的独立主格结构有如下几种: ? 1. 名词/主格代词+现在分词。名词/主格代词 与现在分词之间主谓关系。 ? Time permitting (= If time permits), ? we will go for an outing tomorrow. ? 如果时间允许的话,我们明天去郊游。 ? 2. 名词/主格代词+过去分词。名词/主格代词 与过去分词之间的动宾关系。 ? 如: The problems solved (= As the problems were solved), the quality has been improved. 随着问题的解决,质量已经提高了。
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Her glasses broken (= Because her glasses were broken), she couldnt see the words on the blackboard. 由于眼镜摔坏了,她看不见黑板上的字。 3. 名词/主格代词+副词。如: The meeting over, they all went home. 会议一结束,他们就都回家了。 4. 名词/主格代词+介词短语。如: The boy goes to the classroom, book in hand. 那男 孩手里拿着书去教室。 Mary was sitting near the fire, her back towards the door. 玛丽靠近火炉坐着,背对着门。

5. There being +名词(代词)如: ? There being nothing else to do, we went home. 没有别的事可做,我们就回家了。 There being no further business, I declare the meeting closed. ? 没有再要讨论的事了,我宣布散会。 ? 6. It being +名词(代词)如: ? It being Christmas, the government offices were closed. ? 由于圣诞节的缘故,政府机关都休息。 ? It being a holiday, all the shops were shut. ? 由于今天是假日,所有商店都关门了。
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1.Climbing to the top of the tower,we saw a magnificent view. ? 2.when asked,you can tell him that I am out. ? 3.Judging from his face,he must be ill. ? 4. Given one more chance,I think I can do it better. ? 5.Visited by thousands of tourists every year,the Forbidden City is one of the world famous sites. ? 6.Following the teacher,the students went into the classroom.
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7.Not having heard from him ,I phoned him. 8.When crossing the street,you must look in both directions. 9.Having been to Beijing many times,he knows it very well. 10.American army had no trouble in controlling Iraq.

1.The fan (that /which you want) is on the desk. 2.The man (who bought out textbook here yesterday )is in the next room. The man (who is in the next room) brought our textbook here yesterday. 3.The magazine(that he has taken away)is mine 4.The student (who don’t study hard) will not pass the exam. 5.The woman (who /that you saw in the park) is our geography teacher. 6.The letter (that/which I received ye

sterday )is from my sister.

7.The play (which/that we saw last night) was wonderful. We saw a play (which /that was wonderful )last night. 8.The train (that /which was going to Nanjing )was late. 9.The boy (who was here a minute ago) is my brother. 10.The tree (that /which he is climbing) is quite tall. 11.Here is the girl( whose brother works in this shop).

12.That is the child (whose drawing was being looked at) just now. 13.This is the boy (whose sister is a famous singer). 14.I want to talk to the boys (whose homework hasn’t been handed in). 15.Is that the woman (whose daughter is in my class)?

1.white agriculture ? 2.agricultural development zone ? 3.be grown in water ? 4.be nourished by… ? 5.a mixture of ? 6.be useful for ? 7.places with poor soil quality ? 8.make the best use of ? 9.experimental research facility ? 10.farming techniques
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11.man-made chemicals ? 12.the most unusual aspect of ? 13.through the new technology ? 14.bring economic benefits to ? 15.regard …as… ? 16.the introduction of modern technology ? 17.health problems ? 18.account for ? 19.in contrast to ? 20.be aware of
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1.Cakes are made from a mixture of flour, eggs and sugar. 2.As students, we should make the best use of our spare time. 3.The learning method (introduced by the teacher) proved to be effective. 4.The introduction of coffee changed the way of life of some Chinese people. 5.White agriculture involves the application of modern technology. 6.Man-made chemicals can help farmers grow better crops.

7.Reading more newspapers will bring benefits to us. ? 8.Eating a variety of food can help people stay healthy. ? 9.In comparison, westerners eat more dairy products. ? 10.If you had been aware of your mistake earlier, you could avoided failure.
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1.新潮流,新趋势 ? 2.体重问题 ? 3.普遍的,普通的 ? 4.不和…一样 ? 5.似乎,好象 ? 6.解释 ? 7.适中的,适度的 ? 8.与…相比较 ? 9.叶状的蔬菜 ? 10.在…的菜单上
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11.各种各样的 ? 12.保持健康 ? 13.经历 ? 14.比较而言 ? 15.幸运的(形容词) ? 16.意识到 ? 17.更加注意
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1.Climbing to the top of the tower ,we saw a magnificent view. ? 2.When asked ,you can tell him that I am out. ? 3.Judging from his face,he must be ill. ? 4.Given one more chance,I think I can do it much better. ? 5.Visited by thousands of tourists every year,the Forbidden City is one of the world famous sites. ? 6.Following the teacher ,the students went into the classroom.
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7.Not having heard from him, I phoned him. ? 8.When crossing the street, you must look in both directions. ? 9.Having been to beijing many times ,he knows it very well. ? 10.American army had no trouble in controlling Iraq.
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