海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 小学教育 > 小学英语小学英语

There be 句型

发布时间:2013-11-13 11:46:18  

There be 句型

1. 定义:There be句型表示某处存在某物或某人。

2. 结构:(1) There is/ was +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.

(2) There are/ were +复数名词+地点状语.


eg. ① There is a bird in the tree.


② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom.


③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree.


3. There be句型与have的区别:

(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。eg.

①He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。

②There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。

(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。

eg. A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。 否定句

There be句型的否定式的构成和含有be动词的其它句型一样,在be后加上not或no即可。注意not和no的不同:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n.。例如:

There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall.

There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree.


There be句型的一般疑问句变化是把be动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可,此为。但同时要注意:当肯定句中有some时,要将其改为any(否定变化也一样)。看看下面两句是如何:

There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars?

There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water?


How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语?

How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语?


一. 将下列句子变成否定句和一般疑问句。

1.There is some water in the bottle.

2.There are many apples in the box.

3.There are lots of books in our library.


4.There is a knife over there.

二. 对句子划线部分提问。 1.There are seven days in a week. ___ ___ _____ _____ _____ in a week? 2.There is a little milk in the glass. _____ _____ _____ a little milk ?

3. There are some buses near the hill.(变单数)

4. There are some apples in the tree.(变一般问句)

5. There are some oranges in the glass.(变否定句)

6. Is there a baby in the room?(变复数) 7. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden. (就划线部分提问)

___ ___ in the garden?

8. There is a bookcase in my study. (变一般问句)

_____ _____ _____ _____ in your study?

三. 单项填空。

( )1. There ___ any rice in the bowl.A. are B. is C. isn’t D. aren’t

( )2. There___ not ____ milk in the cup on the table .

A. are, many B. are , much C. is ,many D. is ,much

( )3.There ___ many apples on the tree every year.

A. have been B. were C. are D. is

( )4.How many ___ are there in the room ?

A. apple B. students C. milk D. paper

( )5.There ______ great changes in this kind of computers. A. is B. are C.

will be D. have been

( ) 6.There ____ a school at the foot the hill.

A.have B.is C.are D.stands

( ) 7.How many boys ____ there in Class one?

A. be B. is C. are D. am

( ) 8.There ____ a lot of good news in today's newspaper.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

( ) 9.There ____ pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk.

A. is a B. are some C. has a D. have some

( ) 10.There ____ an apple and ten bananas in the basket. You can take any of them. A. are B. is C. has D. have

( ) 11. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street? A.Is there

B.Are there C.Has D.Have

( ) 12. ----There is no air or water on the moon. Is there?---- ____.

A. Yes, there are B. No, there isn't C. Yes, there isn't D. No, there is

( ) 13.----What did you see in the basket then ?

----There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

( ) 14. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street ?

A. Is there B. Are there C. Has D. Have

( ) 15. ____ is there on the table?

A. How many apples B. How much bread

C. How much breads D. How many food


( ) 16. There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me?

A. any B. some C. a D. an

( ) 17. How many ____ are there in your classroom?

A. desks B. desk C. chair D. door

( ) 18. There ____ something wrong with our classroom.

A. are B. has C. is D. have

( )19. There is some ____ on the table.

A. apple B. orange C. cake D. sandwich

四.there be 与have区别专练。

1. This desk _____ four legs.

2. ______ some books on the desk.

3. Everyone ______ a dictionary in my class.

4. I _____ a new sweater.

5. ______ some flowers and a desk in the room.

6. ______ nothing in the bag.

7. They ______ something to eat.

单项选择。(每小题1分,共20分) 从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案,并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。

( )21. You can improve your English________ practicing more. A. by B. with

C. of D. in

( )22. —Mike , is that new bike ________ ?

—Yes. My mother bought it for me yesterday.

A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself

( )23. —Excuse me, where did you get the book? —I borrowed it from the ________. A. cinema B. Library C. park D. yourself

( )24. —How do you like ________color of my dress? —Wonderful! I like it very much. A. a B. an C. the D. /

( )25. I’ll go to visit my aunt in England _____ the summer holidays start..

A. while B. since. C. until D. as soon as

( )26. Oh, it ________so nice. What beautiful music it is !

A. smells B. sounds C. tastes D. looks

( )27. — I called you yesterday evening, but you were not in . — Sorry, I ________ in the shop with my mother. A. am B. will be C. was D. have been

( )28. The girl in purple is new here, so ________ people know

her. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little

( )29. Please be ________ .There’s an important meeting in the

next room. A. quickly B. quick C. quietly D. quiet


( )30. —Hurry up , or you ________ catch the train. A. can’t B. needn’t

C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t

( )31. Just a minute! My brother________ his car in the garden

A. washes B. is washing C. washed D. will wash

( )32. —________ does your father play tennis after work? —Every Tuesday and Thursday. A. How often B. How soon C. Where D. Why

( )33. A lot of trees________ around here every year, and we can enjoy fresher air now. A. were planted B. are planted

C. will planted D. are planting

( )34. —Daddy , can you come home for supper with us this weekend? —________, but I might be a little late. A. I’m busy B. Hard to say C. Of course D. never mind

( )35.We’ll ________ an English play “Snow White” during this

year’s Art Festival. A. look up B. look out C. put off D. put on

( )36. — Did the radio say ________?—Yes, from Hunan. A. how

the bad rice came B. where the bad rice came from C. how did the bad rice come

D. where did the bad rice come from

( )37. It will be hard for us to get up in the morning if we________ to bed too late. A. go B. went C. will go D. have gone

( )38. He lost his key. It made him ________ in the cold to

wait for his wife’s return. A. to stay B. stayed C. stays D. stay( )39. You look tired these days. I think you need a ________

sleep. A. shorter B. shortest. C. better D. best

( )40. Don’t be nervous whenever you have a test. — ________ . A. You’d better not B. Please don’t

C. Yes, I’d love to D. Well , I won’t

III. 完型填空。(每小题2分,共20分) 根据短文内容,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个能填入相应空格内的最佳答案,并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。

Dear Jenny,

How’s it going? Are you busy with your study these days? I’ve been back at school nearly four weeks. I’m very glad to tell you that great have taken place in our school this term. First of all, we’re asked to “clear our plates” when having our meals and say to wasting. Some of us used to order more than what we could eat. That was a big waste of food. Now we need to the food we order. We should also stop wasting in some other ways. For example, we should turn off the lights when we vegetables. Each class is given a small garden and our class has decided to grow some tomatoes and beans( 豆


类) in our time. I think that’ll be very interesting. Maybe I’

ll be able to you some beans we’ve grown by ourselves next time! What’

s more, we have only two classes in the afternoon time for after-school activities. I’m one of the traffic safety

volunteers in our school. After school, we take turns to go to the streets near our school and ask people to the traffic rules. I think we are having a different school life now! Please write

back soon and tell more about your school. Yours, Wang Wei

( )41. A. in B. for C. on D. at

( )42. A. changes B. things C. interests D. lessons

( )43. A. yes B. hello C. no D. thanks

( )44. A. clean B. pay C. cook D. finish

( )45. A. leave B. reach C. open D. build

( )46. A. busy B. free C. happy D. sad

( )47. A. plant B. buy C. post D. lend

( )48. A. because B. when C. before D. so

( )49. A. follow B. make C. break D. think

( )50. A. him B. her C. you D. me

IV.阅读理解。(每小题2分,共30分) 阅读下列材料,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳的答案,并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂

黑。 A San Francisco has many museums. You can visit one and learn something new. We have art, science, history and other special museums. Some museums are open every day. Some are only open on certain days. Many museums are expensive, and others are free. But some of the expensive ones have free days . May museums have websites. The websites usually have information about the things you can see in the museums.On a museum’s website you can get information about ticket

prices and free days. You can also know where the museum is and when it is open. Sometimes the information is on the first page, and it’

s very easy for you to find. But sometimes you have to click

(点击) on the words like Visit Information, or About to find the

information. That will be hard work for you.

( )51. San Francisco has many museums for you visit and________. A. learn something new B. play computer games C. watch the movies D. click on Information


( )52. Some museums in San Francisco are open every day, but some are only open ________. A. on weekdays B. on weekends

C. on certain days D. on holidays

( )53. Many museums have_____ with information about the things you can see inthem. A.ticket prices B. their websites C. open hours

D. free days B News Review Head-on Train Crash On May 18, two trains had a head-on crash(相撞)

near New York City. Over 250 people were on the trains then. About

60 people were hurt, but no deaths were reported.

Travel Time Tourists came together to the Taishan Mountain, on

May1. Over 180,000tourists visited the place of great interest

from April 29 to May 1, during the three-day holiday. Brave

Volunteer Liao Zhi , a dance teacher from Chengdu who lost her 1-year-old daughter and her legs in the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, arrived in Ya’an 13 hours after the earthquake. The dancer said she had had a terrible time herself and knew what people needed most, so she decided to come and offer help. Tomato Competition A tomato competition was held in Huainan, Anhui Province, on April The best tomatoes were chosen according to their shape, color and taste. The competition hoped to encourage the farmers to grow better


( ) 54. About ________ people were hurt in the head-on crash. A. 18 B. 29

C. 60 D. 250

( )55. A lot of people visited the Taishan Mountain________. A. 13 hours after the earthquake B. on May 18 C. during the May Day holiday D. on April 16

( )56. Liao Zhi, the dance teacher from________, came to Ya’an to offer help.

A. Huainan B. Chengdu C. Taishan D. New York

( )57. The tomato competition in Anhui Province was held to________. A. help the people in Ya’an B. save the people on the trains C. forget the terrible time D. help grow better tomatoes C

Sometimes the easiest way to get somewhere is on the back of a

bike. More and more people are using cars in many places in

Africa today. However, things are different in Malawi( 马维 ).

Bikes are the most popular in this African country. Bike riding

is a way of life in Malawi. People use them to carry heavy things.They also use bikes to carry people, especially tourists. These years,taking a “ bicycle ta 6

xi” to travel around Malawi has become quitepopular among tourists from all over the world.

If you go to Malawi, you will find a lot of bike taxis waitingon the sides of the roads.The riders make the bikes comfortable for

passengers to sit on . You can jump on a bike

taxi and get around at a very low cost. Alice is a 21-year-old student from Canada. She enjoys the special bike riding a lot. “I really like the bike taxi,” she says. “It’s easy and cheap.” Alice usually pays just $1 for going shopping in town. 28-year-old Panjira Khombe began to ride a bike taxi two years ago. The young man enjoys this job.“I used to make boats for a living, but that’s a hard job. Being a bike taxi rider is easy for me and I don’t mind carrying heavy people,” he says.

( )58. In Malawi ________ are the most popular way for people to get somewhere. A. cars B. bikes C. trains D. buses

( )59. The passage tells us that Alice enjoys the bike taxi

because it’s________. A. on the side of the road B. popular and heavy C. all over the country D. cheap and easy

( )60. From the passage we can learn Panjira Khombe thinks that________. A. going shopping is easy B. making boats is difficult C. riding a bike taxi is cheap D. carrying heavy people is interesting

( )61. The best title of the passage may be “________ ” . A. Bike Riders B. A Special Country C. Bike Taxis

D. A Cheap Journey


Kindergartens( 幼儿园 )

may teach you very important things you need to know. Dancy, a 5-year-old boy, saved his father’s life with the skills he learned. The boy’s father became seriously ill on the way home from a father-son shopping. He couldn’t speak and could hardly move, but he tried hard to stop the car safely. At that point, Dancy used his father’s phone to call his mother for help. The 5-year-old boy tried his best to give her useful information and he was able to tell where they were. Just as he had learned in the kindergarten, Dancy read the letters he saw on a nearby store sign: “F,U,R,N,I,T,U,R,E.” But that wasn’t enough for his mother to find them. Then he added that they were near a bridge. Finally, his mother understood he was talking about a store called Furniture 22 on New Jersey’s Route22.The mother called 911 and the father was saved in time. “He just thought his dad needed help,” Dancy’


s mother told the reporter. She also pointed out that her husband was a hero, too. “ It is surprising for him to get off the highway ( 高速

路 ) and get himself and his child to safety even when he was so sick,” she said. Shine, head of the kindergarten, felt proud of his pupil. “ Dancy’” he said. “And that’s the real value (价值 ) of education.”

( )62. When the father became seriously ill, he and his son were ________

A. on the highway B. at home C. in a shopping center D. in a hospital

( )63. Dancy called ________for help when his father couldn’t speak. A. his mother B. 911 C. Shine D. the reporter

( )64. The Chinese meaning of the word “seize” in this passage is probably“________”. A. 成功 B.抓住 C. 救援 D. 失去

( )65. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Dancy drove his father home. B. The reporter was really a hero. C. Shine sent Dancy’s father to hospital

D. Dancy saved his father with his spelling skills. 第II卷(共50分) V. 任务型阅读。(每小题2分,共6分)阅读下文并回答问题。

One day, a rich father took his young son on a trip to the countryside. He wanted to show him how poor the villagers were and wished him to cherish what he had. They spent two days in a poor family in the village. On their return from the trip ,the father asked his son, “How was the trip?” “ It was great, Dad.” “Did you see how poor people could be?” the father asked. “Oh, yeah!” said the son. “So what did you learn from the trip?” asked the father.After thinking for a while, the son answered, “I saw that we have a dog ,while they have four. We have a pool in the garden. And they have a small river without an end. At night, We have small lights in the garden, but they have the stars in the sky. We buy our food, but they grow theirs. We have walls around to keep us safe but they have friends.” You could imagine the look on the father’s face! Then the son went on, "Thanks, Dad. Now I know how poor we are!”

66. Did the rich father take his young son to the countryside? ______________________________________________________________

67.How long did they spend in the poor family in the village? _____________________________________________________________

68. Where was the pool of the rich family? ____________________________________________________________

VI 完成句子。(每空1分,共10分) 根据所给提示,完成句子。每空一词,含缩略词。

69. The student of Class Three have cleaned their classroom.( 改为否定句) The student of Class Three ________ _________ their classroom .


70.She often has dinner at half past six in the evening .(对画线部分提问) __________ __________ does she often have dinner in the evening ?

71.I feel like going for a walk this afternoon .(改为同义句)

I ___________ __________ go for a walk this afternoon.

72. 我认为这主意不错,但她不同意。(完成译句)

I thought it was a good idea, but she didn’t _______ _______ me.

VII. 口语应用。(每小题1分,共5分)阅读下面对话,从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话。 A: Hello, this is Lucy speaking.

B: Is that Li Wei? 73 We are expecting your coming. A: Thank you! My plane leaves Beijing this afternoon. B: 74 A: It’

s CA1409. B: Ok, It’

s CA1409. 75 A: Yes , I have been there many times . B: At 3:30, and arrives?.. A: It arrives at 6:10, and I’

ll have to wait some time for my luggage( 行

李 ) . B: All right. 76 A:Thanks a lot. 77 B: I’ve ordered a room for you in the center of the city near my home. A: Wonderful! See you then! B: See you! A. When does it take off ? B.How about my hotel ? C.When does it arrive ? D.What’s your flight number ? E.Li Wei is speaking. F.Who will meet you? G. I’ll will wait for you at the gate at 6:30

VIII. 短文填空。(每空2分,共16分) 根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。

Peter was the best table tennis player in his school and hardly ever lost a match. He hated losing anything.When he 78 ,he would feel really good. If he lost, he would feel terrible. It seemed to Peter that losing was the 79 thing in the world . A new kid, Albert, came to Peter’s school .He was good at table tennis, too. Soon there would be a match 80 Peter and Albert. Peter worked hard to get ready for the match, but Albert didn’

t seem to think 81 of it. When the match began, Albert was a real player. There was always a 82 on his face, while Peter looked serious all the time. Peter thought it was so important to win the match that he even wanted to cheat(舞

弊) , but he lost in the end. “ You played very well, Peter. I think we can play again sometime, ”said Albert. But Peter didn’t 83 happy and couldn’t fall asleep that night . One day, Peter saw Albert playing basketball. 84 he lost again and again, the happy smile never left his face. Peter found Albert was great at table tennis but bad at basketball. However, he 9

enjoyed 85 of them. Whether he won or lost the game, Albert enjoyed it. Peter came to realize that enjoying a game was much more important than winning or losing it. He felt happier than ever before.

IX.书面表达。(15分) 埃及千年神庙惊现中文涂鸦“丁 ××到此一游”。此事曝光后,引起国内外广泛关注,某国外英语网站就此发起讨论。请你以一名中国中学生(网名

Whitecloud) 的身份,跟帖发表自己的看法。 要点提示: 1.表明身份; 2. 发表看法; 3. 你的行动 要求: 1. 词数:80词左右, 开头已给出,不计入总词数。 2. 文中不能出现自己的姓名和所在学校的名称


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。