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小学英语总复习语法大全

发布时间:2013-11-18 12:47:44  

熙励师范教育

小学英语语法复习

复习一,名词的数和所有格

一、名词分为:可数名词,不可数名词。

二、可数名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes,

watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives half-halves(一半)

(thief ,wife ,life ,shelf ,knife ,leaf ,self ,half ,wolf)

注意①有少数词后直接加s,如roof-roofs (屋顶)

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen,

mouse-mice, child-children, foot-feet, .tooth-teeth deer—deer goose—geese

fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

6、不可数名词的量有以下两种表示方法:

1) some, much ,a little ,a lot of ,a bit of , plenty of 用等表示多少。

注意既可以与可数名词复数,又可以与不可数名词连用的有:plenty of ,some ,a lot of ,lots of ,most of 等。 如there is much water in the bottle .瓶中有很多水。

I’ll tell you much good news.我要告诉你许多好消息。

we should collect some useful information我们应该收集一些有用的消息。

2) 用单位词表示。

用a ... of 表示。

如 a cup of ( 一杯......),a bottle of (一瓶......)

a piece of ( 一张......),a pair of shoes(一双鞋)

如two cups of tea(两杯茶),five pieces of paper(五张纸)

三,名词所有格

1,单数名词所有格:+’s (有生命的) 如:grandma’s house

2,复数名词所有格:+’ 如:teachers’ office

3,两者共有的物品:后者+’s 如:Jenny and Jean’s bedroom.

4,两者分别拥有的物品:分别+’s 如:Tim’s and Jack’s toy

5,Of + 名词 (无生命的) 如:the map of China.

练习题:

一,列举同类词语,每类至少5个。

1, 动物

2,业余爱好

3,颜色

4,水果

5,交通工具

6,文具

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7,国家

8,职业

9,事物

10,家庭成员

11,学科

12,餐具

13,学校功能室

14,服装

15,房间

16,星期

17,月份

18,身体部位

19,季节 (四个)

20,饮品

二,将下列名词变成复数形式

1,book 2, duck 3,houses 4, orange 5,class

6, box 7,watch 8,bus 9, city 10, factory 11, country 12, family 13, hero 14, potato 15, piano 16, knife 17, leaf 18, life 19, fish 20 sheep 21, foot 22, tooth 23, man 24, man 25, woman 26, fireman 27,policeman 28, postman 29, child 30, mouse 三,请归类可数名词和不可数名词。

A, book B, milk C, rice D, bus E, soup F, water G, tea H, hamburger

I, bread J, money K, paper L, desk M, toy N, baby O, season P, egg Q, coffee computer S, tree T, meat U, pork V, tooth W, room X , pen Y, beef Z, chair 1, 可数名词:

2,不可数名词:

四,按照例子写出英文。

例子:two glasses of water.

1, 一杯茶 2, 两杯牛奶 3, 三袋米

4,两碗水 5, 一片面包 6,六张纸

7,一瓶果汁 8, 一箱苹果 9, 两双鞋

五,选择填空

1, They come from different ____

A, country B, countries C, a country D, countries

2, How many ___ do you see in the picture?

A, tomatos B, tomatoes C, tomato D, the tomato

3, They are ___

A, woman teachers B, women teachers C, women teacher D, woman teacher 4, Would you like ___, please?

A, two glass of water B, two glasses of water C, two glass of waters D, two glasses of waters 5, There are some ___ in these ___

A, knife, pencil-boxes B, knives, pencils-box C, knives, pencil-box D, knives, pencil-boxes 2 R,

熙励师范教育

6, There is some ___ on the plate.

A, cakes B, meat C, potato D, pears

六,用正确的所有格填空

1, _____ bedroom is dirty. (Ben) 2, _______ bag is nice. (My sister )

3, Is that the ________ bike (postman) 4, He is ____________ brother. (Mike and Tom)

5, those are my _________ cars (friends) 6, 一幅中国地图_________________

复习二,数词

表示数目多少或顺序多少的词叫数词,数词分为基数词和序数词。

表示数目多少的数词叫基数词;表示顺序的数词叫序数词。

基数词 序数词

0 zero

1 one first/1st 第一 2 two second/2nd 第二

3 three third/3rd 第三 4 four fourth/4th 第四

5 five fifth/5th 第五 6 six sixth/6th 第六

7 seven seventh/7th 第七 8 eight eighth/8th 第八

9 nine ninth/9th 第九 10 ten tenth/10th 第十

11 eleven eleventh/11th 第十一 12 twelve twelfth/12th 第十二

13 thirteen thirteenth/13th 第十三 14 fourteen fourteenth/14th 第十四

15 fifteen fifteenth/15th 第十五 16 sixteen sixteenth/16th 第十六

17 seventeen seventeenth/17th 第十七 18 eighteen eighteenth/18th 第十八

19 nineteen nineteenth/19th 第十九 20 twenty twentieth/20th 第二十

21 Twenty-one twenty-first/21st 第二十一 22 Twenty-two twenty-second/22nd 第二十二 23 Twenty-three twenty-third/23rd 第二十三

30 thirty thirtieth/30th 第三十 40 forty fortieth/40th 第四十 50 fifty fiftieth/50th 第五十 60 sixty sixtieth/60th 第六十 70 seventy seventieth/70th 第七十 80 eighty eightieth/80th 第八十 90 ninety ninetieth/90th 第九十 100 hundred hundredth/100th 第一百

月份:January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

星期:周一:Monday; 周二:Tuesday; 周三:Wednesday; 周四:Thursday; 周五:Friday; 周六:Saturday; 周日:Sunday

时间计量单词 :second 秒, minute分 , quarter一刻钟 hour 小时 day 天 week 周 month 月

year 年 century 世纪 morning早晨 ,noon中午 afternoon 下午 night傍晚 midnight深夜

基数词规律:1: 1至12各不同

2: 13至19都以teen 结尾

3: 20至90 的整十数都以ty 结尾

4: 21至 91 的非整数:整数与个数间加 “一”

5: 百是hundred, 千是thousand

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序数词规律:1: 第一至第三有独立式

2: 第四至第十二加th (除fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth 外)

3: 整十数: y 改I 加eth

4: 21至99 间的非整十数:在整数基数词后加“一”,然后加上个位序数词。 基数词变序数词口诀:

基变序,有规律。

一、二、三、特殊记,词尾字母t,d,d.(first, second, third)。

八减t,九去e,(eighth, ninth), f 来把ve替。(twelfth).

单词ty作结尾,ty变成tie(twentieth).

若是碰到几十几,只变个位就可以。(twenty-first)

数词的用法:

时间表达法: 1, 直接表达法 1:53 One fifty-three 8:00 eight o’clock

2, 间接表达法 8:15 a quarter past eight

9:30 half past nine

11:25 twenty-five past eleven.

11:50 ten to twelve

年月日的表达法:年用基数词,日用序数词。

1,月日年, January (the) 19th, 2009

2, 日月年, the 19th of January, 2009

练习题:

一,仿照例句,用两种方式表达时间

例子: 八点十分:eight ten; ten past eight

1, 十一点四十: 2,一点十五:

3,三点四十五: 4,九点零七分:

5,五点半: 6,八点三十七:

二,按照例子,用两种方法表示日期

例子:2009年1月1日 January 1st, 2009; the 1st of January, 2009

1, 2005年6月7日:

2,1998年 3月2日:

3, 2009 年 7月21日:

4, 1976年8月3日:

5, 2015年5月15日:

6, 1843 年 9月13日:

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复习三,代词

人称代词和物主代词

表示“我”、“你”、“他”、“她”、“它”、“我们”、“你们”、“他们”的词,叫做人称代词。人称代词有人称、数和格的变化,见下表:

1、人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于than 之后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。

2、物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则单独使用,后面不带名词。 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词,故其后不必加名词。

Is this your book?

No,,it isn’t, it’s hers(her book)

This pen is mine.

口诀:形容词性物主代词能力差,自己不能来当家,后面需把名词加。名词性物主代词能力强,自己独来又独往。 练习题:

一、用所给代词的正确形式填空。

1. These are ______ ( he ) brothers. 2. That is _______( she ) sister.

3. Lily is _______ ( Lucy ) sister. 4. Tom, this is _____ ( me ) cousin, Mary.

5. Now _____________(her parent) are in America.

6. Those __children________ ( child ) are _____ ( I ) father’s students.

7. Do you know ______ ( it ) name? 8. Mike and Tom __________ ( be ) friends.

9. Thanks for helping ________( I ). 10. ______(Ann安)mother is ______(we) teacher.

二, 填上正确的人称代词和物主代词

1. _____ is my friend. 他是我的朋友。

2. My dog likes _____. 我的狗喜欢她。

3. Who is there? It’s _____. 是谁啊?是我。

4. Come with _____. 跟我来。

5. ______ classroom is bigger than ____. 你们的教室比我们的要大。

6. _____ are Chinese. 我们是中国人。

7. I want to buy some balloons for ______. 我想买些气球送给他。

8. These are ______ photos. 这些是我们的照片。

9. _____ like ______ very much. 他们非常喜欢它。

10. Let _____ give _____ a book. 让我给你一本书。

11.This is _____ father. 这是我的爸爸。

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12. Is that bike ______? Yes, it’s ______. 那辆自行车是你的吗?是,它是我的。

13. _____ like ______ car. 我喜欢他们的小汽车。

14. Our school is here, and ______ is there. 我们的学校在这儿,他们的在那儿.

15. Whose bike is this? It’s _ _____ (= ___ __ ______). 这是谁的自行车?是她的。

16. Is that car ______? Yes, it’s ______. 那辆车是你的吗?是的,它是我的。

三,改错。

1. My am his classmate.

2. They all like I.

3. This is not she pen.

4. Our are the twins.

5. Thses are they desks.

6. lisen, her is singing a pop song.

7. Who is he?---His my cousin.

8. What is he father?

9. His pen is red ,but my is blue.

四,用物主代词填空。

My bag is yellow,_______(her bag) is red,_______(his bag) is blue and _________(your) bag is pink. What’s ________ (you) name?

________ (I ) name is Sally.

Is this ______ (you) book?

No,,it isn’t, it’s ________.(her book)

This is _______ (we) classroom. ______ (They) classroom is over there.

This is not _______ (he) book. ________ (his book) is over there.

This is not ________( I ) book. _________ (my book) is in the bag.

五,选择正确的答案。

1, Is ____ new house larger than ____?

A, you, them B, your, theirs C, your, them

2, ____ classroom is here. ____ is over there.

A, Ours, Theirs B, Our, Their C, Our, Theirs

3, Let ____ begin ____ class.

A, us, us B, us, our C, we, our

4, Please give ____ and ____ friend some tea.

A, me, my B, I, my C, mine, mine

5, Here are two bags. ____ is ____?

A, Who’s, yours B, What, your C, which, yours

6, My watch is broken. Can you repair (修理) ____ for ____?

A, it, I B, it, me C, it, we

7, My cousin put on my dress and I put on ____.

A, she B, her C, hers

8, ____ uncle took ____ to a basketball match yesterday afternoon.

A, His, he B, His, him C, He, his

9, These flowers are for ____.

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A, you and I B, you and we C, you and me

10, Look at these monkeys. Let’s feed ____ some bananas.

A, they B, their C, them

11, This isn’t ____ bag . ____ is at home.

A, your, Yours B, your, Your C, yours, Your

12, There are forty students in Class 1. Twenty-three of ____ are girls

A, their B, them C, they

13, Who’s singing over there ? ____ is Sandy’s sister.

A, That B, It C, She

复习四,冠词

冠词分为:

1, 不定冠词用在单数可数名词前,表示某类人或物中的“一个”:

a用在以辅音音素(不是指辅音字母)开头的名词前面

an用在以元音音素(不是指元音字母)开头的名词前

如:a table, a pencil, a big apple, an orange, an egg, an old woman, an hour等。

2, 定冠词:the用在单数或复数名词前,表示某个或某些特定的人或物

1,指上文提到过的人或事物。I have a dog. The dog is white.

2, 特指某一具体的人或事物。 The cup on the desk is mine.

3, 表示一类人或物 。 the rich, the poor, the old

4, 用在乐器名词前。Play the piano

5, 用在世界独一无二的事物前, the moon, the earth

6, 用在序数词,方位词前和形容词最高级前,the first , the east, the tallest

3、零冠词(不用定冠词)

(1)名词前已有作定语用的this, that, these, those, my, your, his, her, our, their, some等限定词时,不用冠词。如:this eraser, her pencil-box, some boxes, those women等。

(2)泛指的不可数名词前一般不用冠词。如:meat, rice, water, bread, tea, milk, juice等。

(3)复数名词表示泛指时,不用冠词。如:

the people in the room are doctors. 房间里的那些人是医生。

(4)在表示学科的名词前一般不用冠词。如:Chinese, English, math, physics, history等。在三餐饭和球类运动名词前一般不加冠词。如:have breakfast/ lunch/ supper, play basketball/ football等。

(5)在季节、节日、星期、月份前不用冠词。如:autumn, summer, winter, spring, Teachers’ day, Children’s day, Sunday, February等。

(6)在表颜色、语种和国家名词前不用冠词。如:white, brown, French, Australia等。

(7)在表示称呼语的名词之前,以及职务、头衔的名词前不用冠词。如:Doctor green is a scientist. 格林博士是位科学家。

冠词用法口诀:

定冠词: 零冠词:

特指双熟悉 代词限定名词前

上文已提及 专有名词不可数

世上独无二 学科球类三餐饭

叙述最高级 两季星期月份前

某些专有名 颜色语种和国名

习语和乐器 称呼习语和头衔

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练习题:

一,用正确的冠词填空,不需要的地方填“/“.

1, There is ____ book on the desk.

2, December 25th is _______ Chrismas.

3, ______ girl in yellow is my cousin.

4, I have got _____ English book in my desk.

5, Beijing is ______ beautiful city. It’s ______ capital of ______ China.

6, ______ moon goes round ______ earth.

7, _____ first man from the left is ______ youngest.

8, He’s ________ schoolboy.

9, I often have ______ breakfast at 7:00 in _____ morning.

10,_______ spring is _____ beginning of a year.

11, Jack likes playing _______ piano and her brother likes playing ______ football.

12, I went shopping ______ yesterday.

13, I am going to Beijing _____ next week.

14, Would you like to go to the zoo with me _____ tomorrow morning?

二,选择正确的答案

1, My father bought me ___ toy bike yesterday. A, a B, an C, the D,/

2, Lily saw ___ old woman standing at the side of the river, and ___ woman looked worried.

A, an, a B, an, the C, the, the D, the, a

3, Swimming is one of ___ most popular sports in the world. A, a B, the C, an D, / 4, Please give me ___ pen. A, a B, an C, the D,/

5, Mary is always ____ first one to get to school. A, a B, an C, the D,/ 6, Janet is ____ honest girl. A, a B, an C, the D,/

7, _____ rich has a lot of money. A, A B, An C, The D, /

8, Do you know ___ lady over there in a red coat? A, a B, an C, the D,/

9, I am going to Shanghai ____ day after tomorrow. A, a B, an C, the D,/

10,I don’t kike ___ pork. I prefer beef. A, a B, an C, the D,/

11, __ sun is much bigger than the moon. A, A B, An C, The D, /

12, Which umbrella shall I take, ___ red or ___ blue? A, /,/ B, the, the C, the, / D, a, a 13, Do you have ___ lunch at school? A, a B, an C, the D,/

14, I have ___ ice-cream this morning. A, a B, an C, the D,/

15, What’s __ matter with you? A, a B, an C, the D,/

16, Is this your ___ pencil sharpener? A, a B, an C, the D,/

17, There is _____ big swimming pool behind ___ house. A, a , the B, a, a C, an, a D, /, the 18, Jenny has 5 English classes ___ week. A, a B, an C, the D,/

19, We have a new teacher. ___ teacher is funny. A, A B, An C, The D, /

20, ___ Hangzhou is one of the most beautiful city in China. A, A B, An C, The D, / 21, I have ___ ice-cream this morning. A, a B, an C, the D,/

22, Mr Chen teachers us how to play ___ football. A, a B, an C, the D,/

23, Winter is ___ coldest season, but ___ winter of 2003 was very warm. A, the, a B, the, the C, a, the D, a, a 24, Is this your ___ pencil sharpener? A, a B, an C, the D,/

25, At ___ beginning of this month, we had a picnic. A, a B, an C, the D,/ 26, Jenny has 5 English classes ___ week. A, a B, an C, the D,/

27, Can you play ___ piano ? A, a B, an C, the D,/

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28, Would you like ___ cup of coffee ? A, a B, an C, the D,/

29, There is ___ big swimming pool behind ___ house. A, a , the B, a, a C, an, a D, /, the 30, He works in ___ university. A, a B, an C, the D,/

复习五,介词

一、 概述

介词是英语中很活跃的词,一般置于名词之前。它常和名词或名词性词语构成介词短语。同一个介词常和不同的词语搭配形成固定搭配,表示不同意义。

二、 常用介词的基本用法

at

①表示时间: I go to school at seven every day 我每天早上7点去上学。

②表示在某一具体地点: He is standing at the bus stop 他站在公共汽车站。

③表示动作的方向、目标: Let me have a look at the picture 让我看看这幅图。

④用于某些固定搭配: at once 立刻、马上 at last 最后 look at 看

at the same time 同时 at first 开始时

not at all 一点也不

about

①表示大约时间: It’s about six o'clock now. 现在大约6点钟了。

②表示地点;在……周围: Everything about me is so beautiful 我周围的一切都那么美好。

③关于,对于: We are talking about the news. 我们正在谈论新闻。

after

①在……之后: After dinner I watch TV. 晚饭后我看电视。

②在……后面: He came into the room after me. 他在我后面进了房间。

behind

①在……之后: There is a bike behind the tree. 树后有一辆自行车

②比……晚,迟于: The train is behind time. 火车晚点了

by

①在……旁: He is sitting by the bed. 他正坐在床边。

②到……时候: We have learned three English songs by now. 到现在为止,我们已经学会了三首英文歌曲。 ③以……方式: I go to school by bus. 我乘公共汽车去上学。

④用于某些固定搭配: one by one 一个接一个 by the way 顺便说一句

for

①为,给,替: I'll make a card for my teacher. 我要给老师做张卡片。

②由于: Thank you for helping me. 谢谢你帮我。

③表示给(某人)用的: There is letter for you. 这儿有你一封信。

in

①在……里面: The pencil is in the desk. 铅笔在课桌里。

②在一段时间里: We have four classes in the morning. 我们上午有四节课。

③用,以: What's this in English? 这用英语怎么说?

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④在某一年份,季节,月份: in 2002, in spring, in January

⑤表示状态,服饰: Helen is in yellow. 海伦身穿黄色衣服。

⑥在……方面: He is weak in English. 他的英语不行。

⑦用于某些固定搭配: in front of 在……前面 in the end 最后 in time 及时

like

①像……样: He looks like his father. 他像他的父亲。

②这样,那样: Don't look at me like that. 别那样看着我。

③怎样: What's the weather like? 天气怎样。

near

靠近,在……附近: My bed is near the window. 我的床在窗户旁。

of

①的(表示所属关系): This is a photo of my family. 这是一张我家的照片。

②……的(用于所有格): He is a friend of mine. 他是我的一个朋友。

③表示数量(与连词连用): One of us is from Beijing. 我们中有一个来自北京

④想到,谈到: I often think of them. 我常常想到他们。

⑤用于某些固定搭配: of course 当然

because of 因为,由于

on

①在……上面: There are some apple on the tree. 树上有些苹果。

②在(星期)天,在某天的上午(下午,晚上): They go to English class on Sunday. 星期天他们去上英语课。 I left Beijing on the morning of May 1. 我在5月1日早上离开北京。

③用于某些固定搭配: on duty 值日 on time 准时

over

①在……正上方: There is a lamp over the table. 桌子上方有一盏灯。

②遍及,穿过: There is a bridge over the river. 有座桥横跨那条河。

③超过,不止: She is a little over 2. 她两岁多了。

to

①到,往,向: He walks to the window. 他走向窗户。

②表示时间、数量,

到……为止 Please count from ten to thirty. 请从10数到30.

③向,对,给: Happy New Year to you all. 大家新年好。

under

What's under your desk? 你书桌底下是什么?

with

①和,写: Could you go home with me? 你能和我一起回家吗?

②表示伴随状态,带有: Who's that girl with glasses? 那位戴眼睛的女孩是谁?

三、 介词的固定搭配

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熙励师范教育

1)介词和名词的连用 in a minute 立刻 Catch up with 赶上 at in order to 为了 3)形容词和介词连用 at first 起初;开始 in front of 在…前边(外部) be afraid of 害怕

at last 最后 in the front of 在…前边 (内部) be careful with 小心;关心

at school 在上课,在上学 be interested in 对……感兴趣

at the moment 此刻 2)动词和介词的连用 be good at 善于

at home 在家;无拘束 arrive at/in 到达 be proud of 感到自豪 at present 现在 get on 上车 be crazy about 酷爱 at work 上班,在工作 get off 下车 be late for 干某事迟到 at the same time 同时 help yourself to … 随便吃 … be good for 对……有利 on help sb. With sth. 帮组某人做某事 be different from…不同于… on duty 值日 ask for 请求 be worried about … 担心…

on holiday 度假 get up 起床

on time 准时 get to 到达

on the left/right 在左/右边 hand in 上交 4)其他

on the radio 在广播中 wait for 等待 by+交通工具

by on foot 步行 laugh at 嘲笑

bus/train/plane/air/ship/bike/sea/landon sale 出售;降价出售 look after 照顾

… on TV 在电视上播放 look for 寻找

on the phone 在电话中 learn from 向……学习 lots of/a lot of 许多,大量 on the way 在路上 think for 想到 at most 至多

in worry about 担心 at least 至少

in all 总体 listen to 听 at once 立刻;马上 in class 在课堂上 look at 看;注视 from … to… 从…到… in English 用英语 talk about 交谈;谈 Of

in short 总之 wait for 等候;等 a glass of 一杯

in a hurry 匆忙地 thank for 为……而感谢 a lot of 许多

in the end 最后 turn on 打开 a pair of 一双

in bed 躺在床上 turn off 关闭 a picture of 一幅 in danger 在危险中 put on 穿上 full of… 充满…

in fact 事实上 take off 脱下 at the top of 在…的顶部 in time 及时地 talk about 谈及….

时间名词前所用介词的速记歌

年月周前要用in,日子前面却不行。 In 1998, in May, in this week

遇到某天要用on,上午下午又是in。 On Saturday, On my birthday,

要说某日上下午,用on换in才能行。 in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening

午夜黄昏须用at,黎明用它也不错。 At night, at midnight, at dawn, at noon.

at用在具体时间点前,说“差”可要用上to, at 6:00, ten to twelve

说“过”只可使用past,多说多练牢牢记, five past ten

莫让岁月空蹉跎。

其他介词口诀:

和,同,随谁一起with I go to the park with my father.

固定搭配help…..with Can you help me with my backpack ?

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熙励师范教育

因为,由于for Thank you for your help.

给 for I bought presents for my friend.

小处at, 大处in at the door, at home, at school, in the world, in Beijing, in China.

步行,骑马,左右on on foot, on a horse, on the left , on the right

From… to 从 …到…. From home to school

Far from 离…远 Guangzhou is far from Beijing.

交通工具要用by by bike, by plane

练习题:

一,选择on, in, at 填空。(提示:年,季节,月,周前要用in, 具体日期要用On,星期之前也用On,时间之前

要用at, 还有at noon, at night, at Christmas, at the weekend)

1, She often gets up ______ half past six ______ the morning.

2, He was born ______ the morning of the fifteenth, of May.

3, We started for the zoo ______ 8:30.

4, Mid-Autumn Day is often ______ September or October.

5, Summer usually starts ______ June and ends ______ August.

6, I arrived at school ______ seven thirty.

7, People often swim ______ summer.

8, Tom doesn’t watch TV ______ night.

9, I have lunch ______ half past eleven.

10, National Day is ______ October 1st.

11, We have a music lesson ______ Monday morning.

12, I was born ______ 2001.

13, You were late ______ Monday last week.

二,选择填空。

1, I am sure you can catch up ______ the others.

A, at B , from C, with D, to

2, Is there a river ______ the house?

A, to B, of C, in D, behind

3, Mr Webb comes ______ Britain.

A, at B, from C, in D, to

4, My grandfather is standing ______ the dog and the desk.

A, between B, next to C, over D, for

5, It’s cold outside. Please ____ your warm clothes.

A, put in B, take off C, put on D, put up

6, What’s this ____ English ?

A, in B, at C, on D, under

7, Sometimes I go to school ____ foot.

A, by B, in C, on D, with

8, He often helps his mother ____ the housework ?

A, on B, with C, by D, in

9, There is a map ____ China on the wall.

A, with B, on C, in D, of

10, My mother is looking ____ her handbag now.

A, at B, after C, for D, to

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熙励师范教育

11, The bottle is full ____ water.

A, of B, with C, in D, for

12, Here are some presents ____ you.

A, to B, for C, of D, at

13, Count ____ one ____ ten .

A, from, by B, from, to C, to, to D, at, to

14, It’s time ____ supper.

A, at B, in C, on D, for

15, The classroom is quite different ____ that one.

A, of B, from C, with D, like

16, Go straight ahead, the post office is ____ your right. A, of B, from C, with 17, You can come and have dinner ____ us.

A, of B, from C, with D, like

18, A panda looks ____ a bear.

A, of B, from C, with D, like

19, Did you hand ____ your homework this morning ?

A, of B, from C, with D, in

20, I painted a picture ____ horses.

A, of B, from C, with D, in

三,用正确的介词填空。

1, The bed and the pillows ____ my new bedroom are the presents ____ my parents. 2, We often have hamburgers ____ lunch.

3, I help my mother ____ the housework.

4, Let’s put the bed ____ the wall.

5, My father goes to work ____ bike.

6, It’s a letter ____ the USA.

7, We usually stay ____ home ____ Saturday afternoon.

8, Shall we meet ____ the gate ____ the school?

9, I’d like a plate ____ rice, please.

10, Adults usually give lucky money to children ____ Spring Festival.

11, They work ____ 8:00 ____ 16:00.

12, We are going to stay here ____ six months.

13, Ben looks ____ his father.

14, His mother is worried ____ him.

15, Xiao Ling was born ____ March25th, 1991.

16, Do they usually have a rest ____ noon ?

17, Would you like to go ____ Pearl River Cruise (珠江游)?

18, Mother’s day is always ____ May.

19, Can you help me look _______ the baby for 10 minutes?

20, How do you get home _______ school ?

21, He was only two years old _______ 2000.

22, Do you agree _______ me.

23, I waited _______ you for a long time yesterday.

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熙励师范教育

复习六,连词

And 和,连接 or或者,选择 but但是,转折 then然后,承接 when当…的时候,时间 because 因为 ,原因 so 所以,结果 if 如果,条件

练习题:

一, 用and, but, if ,so , when, then, or, because 填空。

1, Ben ______ Janet are both from Britain.

2, My room is old and small, ______ it’s very bright and tidy.

3, I was doing my homework ______ my mother came in.

4, Which pen is yours? The red one ______ the yellow one ?

5, Let’s go for a walk ______ you are free now.

6, I was happy ______ I got a letter from my friend in the USA.

7, First we dug a hole, ______ we put the young tree into the hole.

8, Which do you prefer, tea ______ coffee.

9, I can’t carry this box ______ it’s too heavy.

10, I like dogs ______ they are lovely.

11, What do you want to be ______ you grow up?

12, I am ______ glad to see you.

13, I have a toy car ______ a toy train.

二,找出下列句子中连词用错的地方,画上横线,并把正确的连词写在括号里。

1, They started to sing but dance. ( )

2, I was sad so my bike was broken. ( )

3, Which subject do you like better, English or Chinese ? ( )

4, I was really excited if Mr Chen said I won the gold Medal. ( )

5, Is he older and younger than you ? ( )

6, Let’s have a rest so you are tired. ( )

7, First, we will go to Shenzhen, so we will go to Hongkong. ( )

复习七 动词

Be动词和助动词do的用法

1. 由连系am,is,are构成的句子:变一般疑问句时把am,is,are提到句子的前面,句尾用问号即可。变否定句时直接在am,is,are后面加not即可。例如:

肯定句:He is a student.

一般疑问句: Is he a student?

否定句: He is not a student.

反问句: He is a student, isn't he?

He isn't a student, is he?

画线提问: 对he提问: Who is a student?

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熙励师范教育

对 a student 提问: What is he? or What does he do?

2. 由情态动词can, may, should等构成的句子: 变一般疑问句时把can,may,提到句子的前面,句尾用问号即可.变否定句时直接在can,may,后面加not即可. 例如:

肯定句: She can swim.

一般疑问句: Can she swim?

否定句: She can not swim.

反问句: She can swim, can't she?

She can not swim, can she?

画线提问: 对she提问: Who can swim?

对swim提问: What can she do?

3. 由行为动词构成的句子: 需要加助词do或does. 变一般疑问句时把do/does放在句子前面. 例如:

肯定句: They play football after school.

一般疑问句: Do they play football after school?

否定句: They don't (do not) play football after school.

反问句: They play football after school, don't they?

They don't play football after school, do they?

画线提问: 对they提问: Who play football after school?

对play football提问: What do they do after school?

对after school提问: When do they play football?

根据句后括号内的要求,填入句中所缺的词:

1.I know the answer.(一般疑问句) ______ ______ know the answer?

2.We can see some birds.(一般疑问句) ______ ______ see ______ birds?

3.There is a computer in my house.(一般疑问句) ______ ______ a computer in house?

4.There are some flowers on the teachers’desk.(一般疑问句) ______ ______ ______ flowers on the teachers’desk?

5.There are some apples on the tree.(否定式) There ______ ______ ______ apples on the tree.

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熙励师范教育

6.I think he is very old.(否定句) I ______ think he ______ very old.

7.Please colour it green.(否定句) ______ ______ colour it green.

8.We can speak good English.(变否定句) We ______ ______ speak good English.

9.Thank you for helping me.(同义句) Thank you for ______ ______ .

10.There aren’t any pears in thebox.(同义句) There are ______ pears in the box.

11.Whose are these clothes?(同义句) ______ ______ are these?

12.Let me look at your book.(同义句) Let me ______ ______ ______ ______ your book.

13.Her sweater is red.(对划线部分提问) ______ ______ is her sweater?

14.My pencils are in the pencil-box.(对划线部分提问) ______ ______ your pencils?

15.I get up at six every day.(对划线部分提问) ______ ______ do you get up every day?

16.There are fifty students in my class.(对划线部分提问) ______ ______ students are there in your class?

17.These are cars.(用buses改写成选择疑问句) Are these cars______ ______ ?

18.The book is in my schoolbag.(变否定疑问句) ______ the book in your school-bag?

19.Two boys are in our house.(改为there be句型) ______ ______ two boys in our house.

20.Can’t you find the map?(作肯定回答) ______ ,I______ .

参考答案:

1.Do you 2.Can you,any 3.Is there,your 4.Are there any 5.are not any 6.don’t,is 7.Please don’t 8.can not 9.your help 10.no 11.Whose clothes 12.have a look at 13.What colour 14.Where are 15.What time 16.How many 17.or buses 18.Isn’t 19.There are 20.Yes,can

一、变否定句时相关词的改变

肯定句变否定句时,除将谓语变为否定式外,句中其他词语也可能随之改变,如将some改为any,too和also改为either,already改为yet,and改为or等:

There are some birds in the tree. 树上有些鸟。

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熙励师范教育

→There aren’t any birds in the tree. 树上没有鸟。

He likes the girl, too. 他也喜欢这个女孩。

→He doesn’t like the girl, either. 他也不喜欢这个女孩。

We have already seen the film. 我们已看过这部电影。

→We have not seen the film yet. 我们没有看这部电影。

He likes singing and dancing. 他喜欢唱歌和跳舞。

→He doesn’t like singing or dancing. 他不喜欢唱歌也不喜欢跳舞。

二、不变谓语动词而变其他词语

有时将肯定句变为否定句时,不改变谓语而改变其他词语:

Both of us went there. 我们两人都去了那儿。

→Neither of us went there. 我们两人都没去那儿。

Both Jim and Mary can sing this song. 吉姆和玛丽都会唱这首歌。

→Neither Jim nor Mary can sing this song. 吉姆和玛丽都不会唱这首歌。 All of the books are worth reading. 所有这些书都值得读。

→None of the books are worth reading. 所有这些书都不值得读。

三、部分否定与完全否定

比较以下句子:

All of us laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们都笑了。(肯定句) 17

熙励师范教育

All of us didn’t laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们并未都笑。(部分否定)

Not all of us laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们并未都笑。(部分否定)

None of us laughed when we heard it. 听到这事时我们都没笑。(完全否定)

【注】可能涉及部分否定的词语有both, all, always, every等,即not both表示“并非两者都”,not all 表示“并非所有的都”,not always 表示“并非总是”,not every表示“并非每个…都”。

第三人称单数

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熙励师范教育

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熙励师范教育

过去式:一般过去时:

1. 概念:

1)表示过去某一时间内发生的动作或存在的状态。 2) 表示过去接连发生的一系列动作。For example:

Tom played football and then went home to do his homework.

2. 过去时间:

yesterday, yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening, last night, last year, last month, last

week, last summer, last January, just now, an hour ago, the day before yesterday

3. 动词过去时的变化规则:

1)规则变化:1). 一般情况下,动词原形后直接加-ed. For example: played, visited

2). 以e结尾的动词,直接加-d. eg: decided, liked

3). 以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,改y为i, 再加-ed. eg: studied, cried

4). 以单元音+单辅音结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写这个辅音字母,再加ed.

For example: stopped, shopped

2) 不规则变化:

am/is: was, are : were, make :made, have/has: had, write: wrote

do/does: did, take: took, go: went, feel: felt, break: broke, get: got,

find: found, tell: told

3) 句式结构:

1)肯定式: 主语+动词的过去式+其他。

I went to the beach last Sunday.

My father was at home yesterday evening.

2) 否定式:主语+didn’t +动词原形+其他,或:主语+wasn’t / weren’t +其他。

I didn’t go shopping with my mother yesterday.

The shops weren’t too crowded.

3) 一般疑问句:Did +主语+原形动词+其他?或:Was /Were +主语+其他?

Did they stay at home? Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

Was the vacation exciting? Yes, it was. / No, it wasn’t.

4) 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词 + 一般疑问句?

Where do you go last night?

动词ing形式的用法

a. 表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。

We are waiting for you. b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。 Mr. Green is writing another novel. (说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。) She is learning piano under Mr. Smith. 20

熙励师范教育

c. 表示渐变的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。

The leaves are turning red.

It's getting warmer and warmer.

d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。

You are always changing your mind.

动词 ing变化规律

1.英语动词加-ing,通常是在原形词尾直接加-ing构成:cough—coughing,climb—climbing,stand—standing,fight—fighting

2.以-e结尾的动词

(1)如果动词原形以一辅音加一不发音的-e结尾,一般应去掉e再加ing:

write—writing,hope—hoping,care—caring,stare—staring,plane—plan-ing,have—having,save—saving, produce—producing, breathe—breathing

(2)以-ie结尾的动词应先将e去掉,将i变成y然后再加-ing:

die—dying,tie—tying,vie—vying,lie—lying

(3)以-ee,-oe,-ye结尾的动词加-ing时应保留词尾e:

see—seeing,flee—fleeing,free—freeing,agree—agreeing,hoe—hoeing, dye—dyeing,eye—eyeing

(4)以-ue结尾的动词大多应先去e再加-ing:

sue—suing,imbue—imbuing,construe—construing,pursue—pursuing,rue—ruing

有时,词尾e可去掉也可保留:

glue—gluing或 glueing,cue—cuing或 cueing, blue—blueing或 bluing,

true—truing或trueing,clue—clueing或cluing

3.以一元音加一辅音结尾的动词

(1)如果动词最后一音节为重读闭音节,最后一个字母需要重复:

run—running, stop—stopping, hop—hopping, plan—planning,star—starring, control—controlling但辅音x是个例外,无需重复(x其实起着两个辅音的作用):

tax—taxing,relax—relaxing

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熙励师范教育

(2)如果动词最后一个音节为次重读音节,最后一个字母有时也重复:

kidnap—kadnapping或kidnaping,program—programming或programing

(3)如果动词最后一个音节为非重读音节,最后一个字母大多无需重复:

open—opening,offer—offering,audit—auditing但在有些动词中,重复或不重复均可:

worship—worshiping或 worshipping,focus—focusing或 focussing,cancel—canceling或cancelling,travel—traveling或travelling

以非重读的-el结尾的动词加-ing时,英国英语习惯于重复词尾l,而美国英语则习惯于不重复1。

4.若动词以一元音加一半元音(y或w)结尾,可直接加-ing:

pay—paying, throw—throwing,follow—following, draw—drawing, em-ploy—employing

5.以-ic结尾的动词应先在字母c后加一字母k再加-ing:

frolic—frolicking,panic—panicking,mimic—mimicking,picnic—picnicking,traffic—trafficking

这主要是为在动词后加-ing之后保留/k/这个音。若不在字母c后加字母k而直接加-ing,字母 c的发音就不再是/k/,而是/s/:

其实,保持发音不变是英语中的一条一般规则。再如,在-ing前面无论是增加、保留还是去掉一个字母,都倾向于保留原先的长元音或短元音的发音:

hoping与hopping staring与starring playing与planning

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