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五年级英语句法句式

发布时间:2013-11-20 09:39:11  

句法

1、陈述句

说明事实或陈述说话人观点的句子。基本结构:主语+谓语+其他

1)肯定陈述句 We all like pandas very much.

2)否定陈述句 He doesn’t do housework at weekends

2、疑问句

用来提出问题,询问情况的句子,末尾用问号。

1)一般疑问句:一般疑问句常用来询问一件事是否属实,通常以be动词,助动词或情态动词开头,用yes或no来回答,因此又叫是非疑问句,通常读升调。

—Is Mr Green from the UK? —Yes,he is. / No,he isn’t. —Do you have any hobbies? —Yes,I do. / No,I don’t. —Can you play the guitar? —Yes,I can. / No,I can’t.

2)特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词引导,要求回答具体问题,不能用yes或no来回答。—How do you go to work every day? —I go to work by car.

常用疑问词:

3)选择疑问句:提供两种或两种以上情况,让对方选择,往往用or连接。

—Would you like some tea or coffee? —Some coffee, please.

3、祈使句

表示请求或命令别人做某事或不做某事。

1)用于第二人称,通常省略you。

①肯定祈使句:Open the door, please.

②否定祈使句:Don’t be late again.

2)用于第一人称和第三人称,通常以let(let后跟宾格)或shall开头。

Let me have a look. Let’s play a game now. Let him go home now.

Shall we meet at one thirty in front of the Garden Theatre?

4、感叹句

表达喜怒哀乐等强烈感情,句尾常用感叹号(!),语气用降调。

1)what + 名词或名词性短语

What a big garden (it is)!

What an interesting storybook (it is) !

What lovely weather (it is)!

What pretty girls (they are)!

2)how +形容词或副词+主语+动词

How nice!

How beautiful the flowers are!

How tall Yao Ming is!

句式变换: 陈述句变一般疑问句

1、 人称变化:句首I 变you,you变I,句中my变your,your变my, me变you,you变me。be动词跟着人称变。

2、 有be,be提前;有情,情提前;无be无情,do、does放句首,其他动词统统用原形。

I am a pupil. → Are you a pupil?

Eve is washing clothes. →Is Eve washing clothes?

They are in the playground. → Are they in the playground? I can swim. →Can you swim?

I can help you. →Can you help me.

He has a long ruler. →Does he have a long ruler?

对划线部分提问

注意:人称变化同陈述句变一般疑问句的规则一样,划线部分在提问时坚决不能再用到,打死也不能用。

1、 对现在分词进行提问,套用“What+be+主语+doing?”

I am doing my →What are you doing?(有人称的变化)

2、 对现在分词后面部分提问,套用“What+be+主语+现在分词?” Eve is drawing a little girl. →What is Eve drawing?

3、 对地点方位进行提问,套用“Where+be+主语+其他” I am here. →Where are you? The boys in my class are in the playground. →

Where are the boys in your class?(有其他成分,有人称的变化)

4、对人物提问,只把划线部分改成Who.

肯定句变否定句

人称不用变,and变成or,some变any,有be,be not;有情,情not;无be无情,主语后面放上don’t,doesn’t,其他动词统统用原形。

It’s a computer. → It isn’t a computer. (be not)

He can read and write. →He can’t read or write.(情not,and变成or)

Ted has some cakes. →Ted doesn’t have any cakes.(Ted后面放上doesn’t,has变原形,some变any)

同音词

right-write to-too-two no-know by-bye-buy there-their

for-four son-sun see-sea-c eye-I our-hour where-wear meet-meat be-bee hi-high deer-dear are-r you-u why-y 反义词

long-short tall-short big-small new-old right-left outside-inside fast-slow there-here

right-wrong good-bad white-black come-go

day-night in-out open-close stand-sit

this-that up-down

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