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小学英语语法:一般将来时

发布时间:2013-11-29 10:33:08  

一般将来时

一、 概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。常与表示将来的时间状语连用:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)this morning , this afternoon , this evening等。

二、基本结构:

①打算、计划或准备做某事:

肯定陈述句句型:主语 +be(am/is/are) going to + 动词原形+其它;

Wu Yifan is going to visit his grandparents next weekend .

否定陈述句句型: 主语 +be(am not/isn’t/aren’t) going to + 动词原形+其它;

Wu Yifan isn’t going to visit his grandparents next weekend .

一般疑问句句型:be(Am/Is/Are)+主语 + going to + 动词原形+其它?

Is Wu Yifan going to visit his grandparents next weekend ?

肯定回答:Yes,主语 + am/is/are.

Yes, he is.

否定回答:No,主语 + am not/isn’t/aren’t.

No, he isn’t.

特殊疑问句句型:疑问词 + am/is/are 主语+ going to + 动词原形+其它?

What is he going to do next weekend?

②将要发生的动作或存在的状态.

肯定陈述句句型:主语 + will+ 动词原形 + 其它.

He will go shopping this afternoon.

否定陈述句句型:主语 + won’t+ 动词原形 + 其它.

He won’t go shopping this afternoon.

一般疑问句句型

肯定回答:Yes,主语 + will.

Yes,he + will.

否定回答:No,主语 + won’t.

No,he + won’t.

特殊疑问句句型:疑问词 + will + 主语+ 动词原形+其它?

What will he do next weekend ?

三. 动词加ing(现在分词)的构成方法:

练习:

填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _____ ____ have a picnic with my friends.

I _____ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What _____ ____ _____ _____ _____ next Monday? I ____ ____ ____ play basketball. What ______ you do next Monday? I ____ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

____ your mother _____ ____ go shopping this ____?

Yes, she _____. She ______ _____ _____ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面?

What time _____ you _____ _____ meet?

改句子。

5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy _____ going to go camping.

6.I’ll go and join them.(改否定)

I _____ go _____ join them.

7.I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

____ ____ ______ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_____ ______ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

______ _____ she _____ _____ ______ after school?

10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)

_____ _____ going to see a play the day after tomorrow?

用所给词的适当形式填空。

11. Today is a sunny day. We _______ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

12. My brother _______ (go) to Shanghai next week.

13. Tom often _____(go) to school on foot. But today is rainy. He _________ (go) to school by bike.

14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually _____ (watch) TV and ________(catch) insects?

15. It’s Friday today. What ____she ______ (do) this weekend? She _________ (watch) TV and _________ (catch) insects.

16. What _____ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ______ (pick) apples on a farm. What _______ (do) next Sunday? I ________ (milk) cows.

17. Mary _______ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

18. Liu Tao _______ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

19. David ________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

20. I ________ (plan) for my study now

练习:填空。

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _____ ____ have a picnic with my friends.

I ______ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What _____ ______ _______ ______ ______ next Monday? I _____ ____ ____ play basketball What _____ you do next Monday? I _____ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother ____ _____ go shopping this ________?

Yes, she _____. She _____ _____ _____ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。What time _____ you ______ _______ meet?

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