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一般过去时 综合复习

发布时间:2013-11-30 14:32:17  

一般过去时态

什么是一般过去时?
动词的一般过去时态表示过去发生的 动作、情况或存在的状态。 行为动词(即实义动词)的过去式没有人称 和数的变化。

所有时态都是通过

动词
变化来表现的

Please look at the sentences
我今年12岁. am I ___ 12 years old this year. 我去年11岁. was I ____ 11 years old last year. 他现在在北京。 is He ____ in Beijing now. 他昨天在上海。 was He ____ in Shanghai yesterday.

他们今天在中国。 are They ____ in China today.
他们昨天在日本。

were They ____ in Japan yesterday.
am/ is are

was were

每天,早餐我吃鸡蛋和牛奶。 I have eggs and milk for breakfast ____ every morning. 昨天,早餐我吃面条。 had I ____ noodles for breakfast yesterday morning. 他每天都吃水果。 has He _____ fruit every day. 昨天他吃了3个苹果。 He _____ 3 apples yesterday. had

have/ has

had

I get up at 6:30 every morning. got I ___ up at 9:00 last Sunday. He plays football every afternoon. played He _____ basketball yesterday afternoon. He does his homework every evening. did He ____ some reading last night.
动词原形、第三人称单数 动词过去式

They don’t watch TV in the evening. didn’t watch They _________ TV last night.

She doesn’t play basketball after school. She _________ basketball after school didn’t play yesterday. Do you go to school on foot every day? go ___ you __ to school on foot yesterday. Did Does he go to school by bus every day? go Did ___ he ___to school by bus yesterday?

don’t/ doesn’t do/ does

didn’t did

was , were 1.动词 be had 2.动词 have, has 3.助动词do, does did 4.行为动词用过去式 一般过去时以动词的过去式来表示, 没有人称和数的变化.(was,were除外) I went to school yesterday. They went to school yesterday.

谓语构成

一般过去时的谓语构成:由动词 的过去式构成(参看书本)

规则变化

1.一般加ed work — worked 2.以e结尾加d change — changed 3.末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭 音节词,先双写这个辅音字母,再 加ed . stop — stopped

prefer — preferred

4.以辅音字母加y 结尾的词,先 改 y为 studied study — i,再加ed
5.不规则变化.(见不规则动词表P102)

规则动词过去式-ed的发音
1.在以清辅音结尾的规则动词后, -ed读作/ t / worked

/w3:k/ t/

2.在以浊辅音或原音结尾的规则动词后, -ed读作/d /

ed live /lIv d/ /

play ed /pleI d/ /

3.在以/t/或/d/结尾的规则动词后, -ed读作/Id /

visit ed /’vIzIt Id/ /
finished /t/ enjoyed /d/ shouted /Id/ moved /d/ helped wanted called needed /t/ /Id/ /d/ /Id/

用于一般过去时的时间状语
1.与ago 连用: a moment two minutes three hours five days one week six months four years

ago

2.与last 连用

last

3.与yesterday 连用:

time night week month term Monday

yesterday

morning afternoon evening

the day before ye

sterday

4.与one 连用: morning evening one day Monday afternoon 5.与that 连用: morning winter day year

that

6.其他时间状语:
just now in the old days in those days in 1980 the other day at that time once upon a time

行为动词一般过去时的否定式
一般过去时的否定式是在动词原形 前加助动词did not (didn’t).

主语+didn’t+动词原形
told I ____ (tell) them the news yesterday. didn’t tell I _________ them the news.

行为动词一般过去时的疑问式
一般过去时的一般疑问式在句 首加助动词did Did+主语+动词原形……?

They finished ______(finish) their work at four. 一般疑问句: Did finish ____ they _____ their work at four? didn’t did Yes, they _____. No, they _____.

行为动词一般过去时的疑问式
一般过去时的特殊疑问式 疑问词+did+主语+动词原形……? They finished their work at four. B A

对划线部分提问 A: What did they do at four? B:When did they finish their work?

注意
1.外加助动词did后,动词须返回原形。

Did he went to school F yesterday? Did he go to school yesterday? T 2.简略回答用助动词did/didn’t代替 行为动词。 Did he find the boy yesterday? -Yes, he did. -No, he did not (didn’t).

写出下列动词的过去式
1. look

2. live

3. stop 4. go

5. hope
6. trip 7. call 8. eat 9. want 10. are

looked lived stopped went hoped tripped called ate wanted were

11. go 12. have 13. do 14.get 15. come 16. say 17.see 18. put 19. read 20.take

went had did got came said saw put read took

21.buy 22.sing 23.hear 24.make 25. find 26.break 27.think 28.fall 29.write 30.be

bought sang heard made found broke thought fell wrote was/were

C 1.I ____ the number down on a piece of paper a moment ago. A. write B. writed C. wrote D. writing B 2. Everything ___ ready before Father came. A. were B. was C. is D. are

Exercises

1.____ you remember (remember) to Did ________ buy the oranges? went 2.We _____ (go) to the cinema last night. The film _____ (be) very good. was did get 3.What time ____ you ____ (get) to school this morning? 4.Jim ___ (do) a lot yesterday. He did ____ (go) shopping and ______ (cook) went cooked supper.

用动词的适当时态填空

gets 5. He usually ____ (get) up at 6 is getting in the morning. Look! He ______ (get) up now. But yesterday he got ____ (get) up very late, so he was went ____ (go) to school late. He ___ (be) late for school.

1.Lucy did her homework at home. (改否定句) Lucy didn’t____ her homework at home. ___ do 2.He found some meat in the fridge. (变一般疑问句) find any Did he ___ ____ meat in the fridge? ___ 3.She stayed there for a week. (对划线部分提问) stay How long ____ she _____ there? ____ ____ did 4.There was some orange in the cup. (变一般疑问句) Was any ____ there ____ orange in the cup?


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