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小学英语课堂教学用语

发布时间:2013-12-01 16:38:33  

Classroom English

小学英语课堂 教学用语

什么是课堂教学用语?
英语课堂用语是指教师运用 英语进行组织、演示、解释、 提问、表扬、更正教学的语言, 换句话说是指不必新授的语言。

特点:
一、要求表达清晰准确。

二、力求简洁、地道、易懂。
三、运用生动活泼的语言。 四、注意语调、节奏、音量的 调控,以引起学生的汪意力。

英语课堂用语在教学实践 中的具体用法举例
辅助型课堂用语 环节型课堂用语 内容型课堂用语 形式型课堂用语 功能型课堂用语

课堂教学用语分类:
目前教师的课堂用语根据其功能可 大致分为四类:问候类(Greeting)、 指令类(Instructions)、提问式 ( Questions) 、评价类(Elaluation) 等四类。

注意事项:
1、使用符合儿童特征的语言。 2、以示范代替繁琐的解释。 3、以体态语辅助口头语。 4、以鼓励和表扬为主。 5、多用礼貌用语。 6、用语要有所变化,不可千篇一律。 7、用语恰当、得体,不能重复。 8、尽量讲英文,必要时才讲中文。

辅助型课堂用语 1.招呼/问候语:
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?

Hi, there! Good morning/ afternoon. Good morning/afternoon, kids. It’s so nice/I’m so happy to see you again. Good boys and girls, you look great/ wonderful today. How are you doing, Kids? How’s it going? You look so happy, any good news? Ok, kids, are you ready to have class?

1.招呼/问候语:
? May I know your name? ? (That’s a nice name.) ? Could you tell me your name, please? ? (You’ve got a beautiful name. I really like it. ) ? Shall we begin our lesson now? ? Let’s start our class, shall we?

告别语
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? OK, kids, that’s all for today. I’ll see you next time. Alright kids. We’ll stop here today. Class is over. See you next time, kids. See you. See you later. Goodbye, kids. Bye, kids. Wish you a good weekend. Have a good weekend! Have a nice day!

考勤(Checking attendance)
?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Who's on duty today? Is everyone/everybody here/present? Is anyone away/ absent? Who's absent?/Who's away? Where is he/she? Try to be on time./Don't be late next time. Go back to your seat, please. What day is it today? What's the date today? What's the weather like today?

自我介绍(Self-introduction)
? ? ? ? ?
Now, let me introduce myself. I’ll just tell you a bit about myself. My name is ... You can call me... I’m your new English teacher. I’ll be teaching you English this term/semester. I’ve got four lessons with you each week.

环节型课堂用语 宣布 (Announcing)
? ? ? ? Let's begin/start our lesson. First, let's review/do some review. What did we learn in the last lesson? Who can tell/remember what we did in the last lesson/yesterday? ? We have some new words/sentences.


热身、新课导入 (Warming-up & Introduction to a New Lesson)
? Let’s do actions! Clap your hands. Stamp your feet. Wave your arms. Nod your head. Shake your head. ? Now, let’s sing the song Old McDonald Had a Farm/play Simon says. ? Have you ever been to the zoo? Can you tell me what animals in the zoo you can already say in English? In today’s lesson, we’ll learn something about animal English name. ? Look at the cards. What do you see on this card?

热身、新课导入 (Warming-up & Introduction to a New Lesson)
? There are all kinds of fruits in our life: apples, oranges, watermelons… Please tell me what your favorite fruit is and why. ? Before starting a new lesson, I’d like to ask you what colors the Olympic five rings are and what each color stands for. ? Look at the cards. What do you see on this card?

提问语
? 教师在提问时态度和声音要和 蔼、可亲。提问语的使用要注 意体现对学生的尊重, 不要让 学生感到紧张,有压力。注意 提问语的使用策略可减轻学生 的学习焦虑情绪,保护学生的 学习积极性。

问与答(Asking and Answering)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Are you clear? Do you understand? (Have you) Got it? / Did you get it? Who wants to come to the front? Please wait a minute/moment/second. I’m sorry. Can you say that again? You know what I mean/what I’m saying /talking about? ? Have you done/finished your work/exercise yet?

问与答(Asking and Answering)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Who’d like to answer the question? Who can answer this question? Who knows the answer? Would you like to try, Tim? Would you like a second try? Would you like someone to help you? Who’d like to help? Any volunteers?

校对答案和纠错(Answer Check and Correction)
? ? ? ? Raise your hand if you know the answer. Let’s see what the correct answer is. Who can point out the mistake? Let’s see who is correct here. Did you get it right? ? The correct answer to this question is B. Can anyone tell me why? ? How many of you have got it right? ? Let’s continue with the next question.

结束课堂教学(Ending the Lesson)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Hand in your workbooks,please. Time is up. The bell is ringing. There’s the bell. There goes the bell. Let’s stop here. That’s all for today. Class is over. Good bye./Bye./See you next time.

布置作业 (Setting Assignment and Homework)
? ? ? ? ? For today’s homework… Practise after class./Practise at home. Say it out loud,before you write It down. Copy/Print/Write each word twice. Remember(Memorize)these words/ sentences. ? Do your homework./Do the next lesson./ Do the new work. ? Copy/Write each word five times.

内容型课堂用语 语音 (Pronunciation)
? Now, let’s practice some sounds. We’ll begin with the /e/ sound. ? Sometimes “ea” is pronounced… ? Did

you hear the difference? ? Open your mouth wide. ? You pull your mouth. ? That’s right. Let’s try it one more time.

拼读(Spelling)
? Let’s spell this word. ? Can you spell this word? ? Who would like to spell the word “ heavy” for me? ? “L,O, N, G” spells “long”.

词汇(Vocabulary)
? ? ? ? Can you tell me what “U.S.” stands for? What is 汤 in English? What’s the English for “桃子”? “Alive” is the antonym of the word “dead”. ? “Fast” is a synonym of the word “quick”.

读(Reading)
? ? ? ? ? I’m going to read the sentences for you. Who can read the last line/ the title? We’ll read it a little faster/more quickly. Let’s read this one together. I want you to read the conversation in pairs. ? I’ll divide you into two groups. Group One read John and Group Two read Kate. ? I want you to read this passage loudly.

听(Listening)
? Let’s have some listening practice. ? Please listen carefully. ? Listen to the tape and repeat/read after the tape. ? Listen to the passage/conversation twice and then answer the questions.

说(Speaking)
? please tell me what you did this last weekend. ? Could you say something about your hometown? ? Take a careful look at the picture and then describe what you can see in the park.

对子和分组活动(Pair Work and
Group Work)

? Now I’d like you to work in pairs and practice this dialogue. ? Lets’ do some pair work.
? Practise In groups,please.

? Discuss this story in your group. ? Now you are making trip plans with your friends in each group.

角色表演(Role-playing)
? Let’s act./Let’s act out/do the dialogue. ? Who wants to be A? ? Now Tom will be A,and the other half will be B. ? I’d like another group to act it out again. ? Could you act (the part of ) John? ? Who would like to play (the part of) Jenny?

游戏(Games)
? Now, we’re going to play a game. ? You will use these words to play the game. ? Let’s play a guessing game. ? Guess what/where/who it is. ? If you win the game, you may have some candy. ? You three play together. You will be first. ? Who’s the first one/winner? Did you win? ? We’ll score on the board and see which team wins.

讲故事(Story-telling)
? Today I’m going to tell you a story. ? Now we are going to read a story about ... ? Long, long ago, there was a … ? Look at the picture here and guess what might happen next? ? Do you like Snow White ? ? The night went away and the morning came.

歌曲和歌谣(Songs and Rhymes)
? This morning, we are going to learn a new song. ? This song is about… ? I’ll sing it first. You listen. OK? ? Let’s sing this song together. ? This time, we will sing the song a little faster.

反馈语
? 反馈语是课堂教学活动的重要组成部分, 是教师评价和评估学生课堂表现的重要手 段,也是推动教学活

动进展的有效方法。 对学生英语学习的评价现在提倡多种方式 和多元化。 ? 在使用语言行为评价时教师要注意语气和 目光的注视,使学生对老师的表扬和肯定 感到真切。 ? 反馈语可分为肯定式评语、参与式评语和 启发式纠错。

肯定式评语:

教师在使用肯定式评语对学生的课 堂表现进行肯定和表扬时,一定要 让学生感到老师是在由衷地夸奖他。 要避免敷衍和流于形式。不要滥用 ‘Good’。有的老师过多地单一使 用 ‘Good’ 评价学生的表现,很难 使学生从中受到激励,激发学习的 积极性。

参考意见:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Not bad. Thank you. Good!Thank you. Good. That’s a good answer. Thank you. Quite good! Very good! Great! (You did a good job.) Excellent! (Let’s give him/her a big hand!) Wonderful!(I’m so proud of you.) Well done! (Good boy/girl.) Your answer is very good!

参与式评语

在采用学生之间互相评价的 手段时,教师要注意不要拿学生 跟别人比,要拿学生同他自己比。 教师可以说:同学们说某某同学 说得好不好呀?进步大不大呀? 在让学生参加评价时可以使用疑 问和反意疑问句:

参与式评语
? Is it good? ? Isn’t it a good answer? ? Do you like his/her answer/reading? ? Did he/she do a good job? ? I don’t think so. ? He/she did an excellent job, didn’t he/she?

启发式纠错
当学生犯错误时,教师要避免 使用否定的评价语言,如:You are wrong. It’s not correct. 对 回答不出问题来的学生不要简单地 使用“Sit down”,要给他们可能获 得成功的机会,鼓励他们,保护他 们的学习积极性。

启发式纠错
? ? ? ? ? That’s very close. Go on! It’s almost right. Try again, please. Come on! Think it over. I’m sure you can do it. Sorry, I’m sure you can do it better next time. I’m sorry. Would you like a second try? /Would you like to try again? ? Not bad. Go on, please. ? Come on, It’s very close. ? It doesn’t matter. I’m sure you can do it better next time.

非语言评价及策略
非语言评价—既运用手势, 表情(眼神、面容、微笑)及其 他肢体动作语言(body language) 来对学生的学习进 行的评价。在使用语言行为评价 方式的同时注意非语言评价方式 的使用可以加强评价效果。

方式和策略:
? 1.微笑加语言 ? 2.用力点头--是一种肯定。 ? 3.惊讶的表情+ 可表示赞赏。 ? 4.竖起大拇指,可表示一种高度的赞 赏。-增强自信心,获得成就感。 ? 5.一只手手心朝上不断煽动四指同时 说道:Yes, come on, come on. 或 Yes, go on。

方式和策略:
? 6.鼓掌- 当学生任务完成得出色 时,教师可鼓掌表示赞扬。也可以 号召学生一起鼓掌。 掌声可以使 人产生成就

感,增强自信心。 ? 7.抚摸孩子的头,拍拍孩子的肩 膀也是一种鼓励性的非语言行为的 评价手段。

4.指示/演示语
在组织课堂教学时, 教师使用的指示语和演示 语要避免过长和含糊不清, 要力求简洁、清晰并且和 蔼、可亲,避免过于生硬。

指示/演示语
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Say/Read after me,please. Follow me,please. Do what do. Repeat,please./Repeat after me. Once more,please./One more time,please. Come here,please. Please come to the front./Come up and write on the blackboard/chalkboard. ? Come and write It on the blackboard. ? Please go back to your seat. ? In English,please.

指示/演示语
? Put your hand up,please. ? Put your hands down,please./Hands down, please. ? Say it/Write it in Chinese/English. ? Please take out your books. ? Please open your books at page…/Turn to Page… ? Please answer the /my question/questions. ? Please read this letter/word/sentence out loud./ Please readout this letter/word/sentence. ? Please stop now./Stop here,please. ? Clean up your desk/the classroom,please. ? It’s clean-up time./Tidy up your desk/the classroom.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Put your things away./Clean off your desk. Clean the blackboard. Put the tape-recorder away. Put the tap,In it’s box/cassette. Listen and repeat. Look and listen. Repeat after me. Fast./Quickly!please. Hurry!/Hurry up,please. Slowly. Bring me some chalk,please.


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