一：there be 句型基本认识
1、 定义：There be句型表示某处存在某物或某人。
2、结构：(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.
(2) There are +复数名词+地点状语.
① There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。
② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom.
③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree.
二： there be 句型的常考点
或no即可。注意not和no的不同：not是副词，no为形容词，not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n.。例如：
There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall.
There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree.
There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars?
There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water?
对主语提问：当主语是人的时候，则用who 引导，当主语是物的时候，则用what 引导。注意：无论原句的主语是单数还是复数，对之提问时一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如：
There are many things over there. →What's over there?
There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room?
There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer?
There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children?
How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语？
How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语？
考点二：there be 句型的时态。
be可以有现在时（there is/are）、过去时(there was/were)、将来时(there
is/are going to be或there will be)和完成时(there have/has been)；还可用there must be ,there can’t be, there used to be等。 如：
---There ______ a concert this evening.
---Yeah. Exciting news!
A. are going to be B. is going to be C. is going to have D. will have
考点三：there be 句型反意疑问句的构成：be (not) there? 如：
There is some milk in the bottle, ____ ?
A．isn't there B．aren't there C．isn't it D．are there
考点四：there be 句型的主谓一致：
There be 结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致,遵循就近原则。如：
1.There ___ any rice in the bowl.
A. are B. is C. isn’t D. aren’t
2.There ___ many apples on the tree last year.
A. have been B. were C. are D. is
考点五：there be 句型用的其他动词：
there be 句型中有时不用动词be ，而用come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be , happen to be ,等。如：
There ____ a knife and a fork on the table. (2007黄冈)
A. seems to be B. seem to be C. is seeming to be D. are 剖析：根据就近原则，首先排除B、D，而 there be 句型中有时不用动词be ，而用come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be等，所以答案应从A、C中选。感官动词一般不用进行时，故C也不正确。
注意事项：there be 句型与have句型的区别
(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下：There be表示“某
He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。
There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。
(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时，There be 句型与其可互换。如：
A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。
1.There is some water in the bottle.
2.There are many apples in the box.
( )1.There___ not ____ milk in the cup on the table .
A. are, many B. are , much C. is ,many D. is ,much
( )2.How many ___ are there in the room ?
A. apple B. students C. milk D. paper
( )3.－ Is this the last exam we have to take ?
－ No, but there ____ another test three months later from now.
A. will be going to B. is C. will be D. has been
( )4.There ____ a school at the foot of the hill.
A．have B．stand C．are D．stands
)5.How many boys ____ there in Class one?
A. be B. is C. are D. am
( )6.There ____ a lot of good news in today's newspaper.
A. is B. are C. was D. were
( )7.There ____ pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk.
A. is a B. are some C. has a D. have some
( )8.There ____ an apple and ten bananas in the basket. You can take any of them.
A. are B. is C. has D. have
( )9. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street?
A．Is there B．Are there C．Has D．Have
( )10. There is little water in the glass, ____ ?
A. isn't there B. isn't it C. is it D. is there
( )11 ----There is no air or water on the moon. Is there? ---- ____.
A. Yes, there are B. No, there isn't
C. Yes, there isn't D. No, there is
( )12.----What did you see in the basket then ?
----There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges.
A. is B. are C. was D. were
( )13. ____ is there on the table?
A. How many apples B. How much bread
C. How much breads D. How many food
( )14. There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me?
A. any B. some C. a D. an
( )15. How many ____ are there in your classroom?
A. desks B. desk C. chair D. door